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Salva Kiir

  •   By NJ Ayuk Executive Chairman of the African Energy Chamber www EnergyChamber org It has been four years since the US imposed sanctions on South Sudan s oil industry The goal had been to prevent oil money from financing the civil war that has raged since 2013 US officials reasoned that by restricting the ability of companies and organizations to provide revenue to the South Sudanese government they could put pressure on President Salva Kiir to end the civil war conflict raging in his country Whether or not you believe that sanctions contributed to peace the war is indeed over Government leaders signed a peace agreement in 2018 and formed a unified government in 2020 Why then are sanctions that were meant to end the war still in place At this point what was initially meant for good is now doing harm Sanctions are hampering foreign investment in South Sudan s oil and gas projects thereby preventing the country from harnessing its natural resources 3 5 billion barrels of proven oil reserves on behalf of its people Sanctions are making it unnecessarily difficult for South Sudan to use oil and gas to foster economic growth create jobs and business opportunities build capacity and particularly importantly develop gas to energy programs capable of minimizing the country s widespread energy poverty I have no doubt that the United States imposed sanctions on the South Sudanese energy industry with the people of South Sudan in mind His goal was to help free them from violence and protect lives Now the African Chamber of Energy is asking US officials to make another decision with the South Sudanese in mind lift the sanctions Time to release the chokehold The US sanction on South Sudan s oil and gas production has targeted 15 companies and government units ranging from international and local oil companies operating in South Sudan to the South Sudan Ministry of Petroleum and Nile Petroleum Corporation Nilepet South Sudan s national oil and gas company Each added to the U S Department of Commerce s Bureau of Industry and Security BIS Entity List engaged in activities contrary to national security or foreign policy interests from United States As a result oil and gas exploration in South Sudan has become considerably more challenging If a business government organization or individual wishes to export or re export specific items petroleum from a listed entity they must first convince the US government to allow them to proceed by obtaining a special license Violation of these requirements could result in criminal or civil proceedings denial of export privileges and possibly also your being added to the Entity List Unsurprisingly oil and gas activity in South Sudan has been limited Investments in oil and gas projects have dwindled and sanctions have dampened interest in the country s first round of licenses The 14 block round was announced in 2021 and continues until 2023 While this opportunity is far from over so far it is not seeing the level of interest the Oil Ministry expects I am not saying that South Sudan s oil and gas industry has come to a standstill The country produces roughly 150 000 to 170 000 barrels a day but that s far from enough to meet government budget needs or achieve much needed economic growth South Sudan needs more investment and activity to truly capitalize on its oil and gas reserves Sanctions are making it harder to resolve energy poverty US sanctions also serve as an obstacle to natural gas production in South Sudan which could be used to help alleviate energy poverty South Sudan has one of the lowest electrification rates in the world as of 2020 only 1 of the country s 12 5 million people had access to electricity Even those connected to the grid must contend with frequent power outages and outages Gas to power projects could make a big difference in South Sudan But without oil and gas revenues building gas fired power plants is extremely difficult Currently the country is not producing natural gas for export or domestic use Sanctions are slowing the move to renewables Some may argue that South Sudan will be better off without an oil and gas industry and that the country should simply focus on renewable energy projects like solar wind and hydrogen Renewables hold promise for South Sudan but how on earth will South Sudan pay the billions of dollars needed to develop the necessary infrastructure without a healthy economy And without the income jobs skills development and business opportunities that come from a thriving energy industry how exactly is South Sudan going to rebuild its economy in the short term Don t get me wrong I am in favor of renewable energy But as I have said repeatedly oil and gas production will play a vital role in the transition of African countries like South Sudan to renewable energy Natural gas in particular can be monetized to generate revenue and can serve as a feedstock for the manufacture of fertilizers and chemicals creating even more opportunity and revenue South Sudan can develop a healthy energy industry including oil gas and renewable energy but US sanctions will make that task much slower and more difficult Additional Complications I also urge the US to consider who will capitalize on South Sudan s oil resources if the Commerce Department continues to discourage investors from exploring and producing there The most likely candidates are governments and companies that are not concerned with or are already on the US Entity list China is already a major player in South Sudan while Russia and the South Sudanese Oil Ministry have been discussing the possibility of working together China s presence in the region dates back to 1995 before South Sudan became independent when the Second Sudanese Civil War was underway The United States had imposed economic sanctions on Sudan in response to accusations of war crimes but they did little to prevent China from capitalizing on Sudan s oil Fast forward to today China National Petroleum is a major stakeholder in the Dar Petroleum Operating Company a consortium of oil companies that continues to produce oil in South Sudan despite being added to the US Entity List There is no reason to believe that China will leave South Sudan any time soon And then there is Russia South Sudan has already made it clear that it is interested in working with Russia to help develop its oil natural gas and refining industries During a visit to Russia in 2020 Awut Deng Acuil then South Sudan s Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation met with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov to discuss areas of possible cooperation We have yet to see Russia assume a larger role in South Sudan but the door remains open My question to the US is do you want to create a future where China and Russia remain the main foreign investors in South Sudan s energy industry Would it not be better to allow the participation of strong and stable Western countries So much to offer It s frustrating to see South Sudan s energy industry struggling to build momentum especially when you consider its promise That potential will be on display during South Sudan Oil Power SSOP 2022 East Africa s Gateway to Energy The conference scheduled for September 13 14 in Juba is being organized by Energy Capital Power an Africa focused investment platform for the energy sector in partnership with the South Sudanese Ministry of Petroleum the Ministry of Energy and Dams and Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning The African Chamber of Energy is a proud sponsor of the event Energy Capital Power Senior Director James Chester recently urged governments and countries to consider what South Sudan has to offer South Sudan is not only making the licenses available but has built its own data facility in Juba and has purchased its own aircraft to conduct aerogravity studies in the country said Chester With most of South Sudan unexplored and producing areas for further exploration the government knows it has high potential assets to trade with oil and gas companies but that information is critical Until last year South Sudan did not control its own exploration industry and data It now has world class facilities Chester added that South Sudan s location linking the Nile Basin and Rift Valley areas makes it a logical hub for exploration in an oil rich region stretching from Egypt through Sudan to Uganda Kenya and beyond I only hope that the barriers to investing in South Sudan s oil and gas industry do not prevent it from realizing this potential To be fair US sanctions are not the only challenge facing South Sudan The country s future will be bleak without long term stability good governance and transparency But South Sudan must also have a healthy and growing economy and reliable electricity if it is to offer its people a better future When approached strategically oil and gas production can make that happen in South Sudan It can stimulate growth create economic opportunity and help alleviate energy poverty But only if the United States gets out of the way
    African Energy Chamber urges the United States (US) to lift oil sanctions on South Sudan (by NJ Ayuk)
      By NJ Ayuk Executive Chairman of the African Energy Chamber www EnergyChamber org It has been four years since the US imposed sanctions on South Sudan s oil industry The goal had been to prevent oil money from financing the civil war that has raged since 2013 US officials reasoned that by restricting the ability of companies and organizations to provide revenue to the South Sudanese government they could put pressure on President Salva Kiir to end the civil war conflict raging in his country Whether or not you believe that sanctions contributed to peace the war is indeed over Government leaders signed a peace agreement in 2018 and formed a unified government in 2020 Why then are sanctions that were meant to end the war still in place At this point what was initially meant for good is now doing harm Sanctions are hampering foreign investment in South Sudan s oil and gas projects thereby preventing the country from harnessing its natural resources 3 5 billion barrels of proven oil reserves on behalf of its people Sanctions are making it unnecessarily difficult for South Sudan to use oil and gas to foster economic growth create jobs and business opportunities build capacity and particularly importantly develop gas to energy programs capable of minimizing the country s widespread energy poverty I have no doubt that the United States imposed sanctions on the South Sudanese energy industry with the people of South Sudan in mind His goal was to help free them from violence and protect lives Now the African Chamber of Energy is asking US officials to make another decision with the South Sudanese in mind lift the sanctions Time to release the chokehold The US sanction on South Sudan s oil and gas production has targeted 15 companies and government units ranging from international and local oil companies operating in South Sudan to the South Sudan Ministry of Petroleum and Nile Petroleum Corporation Nilepet South Sudan s national oil and gas company Each added to the U S Department of Commerce s Bureau of Industry and Security BIS Entity List engaged in activities contrary to national security or foreign policy interests from United States As a result oil and gas exploration in South Sudan has become considerably more challenging If a business government organization or individual wishes to export or re export specific items petroleum from a listed entity they must first convince the US government to allow them to proceed by obtaining a special license Violation of these requirements could result in criminal or civil proceedings denial of export privileges and possibly also your being added to the Entity List Unsurprisingly oil and gas activity in South Sudan has been limited Investments in oil and gas projects have dwindled and sanctions have dampened interest in the country s first round of licenses The 14 block round was announced in 2021 and continues until 2023 While this opportunity is far from over so far it is not seeing the level of interest the Oil Ministry expects I am not saying that South Sudan s oil and gas industry has come to a standstill The country produces roughly 150 000 to 170 000 barrels a day but that s far from enough to meet government budget needs or achieve much needed economic growth South Sudan needs more investment and activity to truly capitalize on its oil and gas reserves Sanctions are making it harder to resolve energy poverty US sanctions also serve as an obstacle to natural gas production in South Sudan which could be used to help alleviate energy poverty South Sudan has one of the lowest electrification rates in the world as of 2020 only 1 of the country s 12 5 million people had access to electricity Even those connected to the grid must contend with frequent power outages and outages Gas to power projects could make a big difference in South Sudan But without oil and gas revenues building gas fired power plants is extremely difficult Currently the country is not producing natural gas for export or domestic use Sanctions are slowing the move to renewables Some may argue that South Sudan will be better off without an oil and gas industry and that the country should simply focus on renewable energy projects like solar wind and hydrogen Renewables hold promise for South Sudan but how on earth will South Sudan pay the billions of dollars needed to develop the necessary infrastructure without a healthy economy And without the income jobs skills development and business opportunities that come from a thriving energy industry how exactly is South Sudan going to rebuild its economy in the short term Don t get me wrong I am in favor of renewable energy But as I have said repeatedly oil and gas production will play a vital role in the transition of African countries like South Sudan to renewable energy Natural gas in particular can be monetized to generate revenue and can serve as a feedstock for the manufacture of fertilizers and chemicals creating even more opportunity and revenue South Sudan can develop a healthy energy industry including oil gas and renewable energy but US sanctions will make that task much slower and more difficult Additional Complications I also urge the US to consider who will capitalize on South Sudan s oil resources if the Commerce Department continues to discourage investors from exploring and producing there The most likely candidates are governments and companies that are not concerned with or are already on the US Entity list China is already a major player in South Sudan while Russia and the South Sudanese Oil Ministry have been discussing the possibility of working together China s presence in the region dates back to 1995 before South Sudan became independent when the Second Sudanese Civil War was underway The United States had imposed economic sanctions on Sudan in response to accusations of war crimes but they did little to prevent China from capitalizing on Sudan s oil Fast forward to today China National Petroleum is a major stakeholder in the Dar Petroleum Operating Company a consortium of oil companies that continues to produce oil in South Sudan despite being added to the US Entity List There is no reason to believe that China will leave South Sudan any time soon And then there is Russia South Sudan has already made it clear that it is interested in working with Russia to help develop its oil natural gas and refining industries During a visit to Russia in 2020 Awut Deng Acuil then South Sudan s Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation met with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov to discuss areas of possible cooperation We have yet to see Russia assume a larger role in South Sudan but the door remains open My question to the US is do you want to create a future where China and Russia remain the main foreign investors in South Sudan s energy industry Would it not be better to allow the participation of strong and stable Western countries So much to offer It s frustrating to see South Sudan s energy industry struggling to build momentum especially when you consider its promise That potential will be on display during South Sudan Oil Power SSOP 2022 East Africa s Gateway to Energy The conference scheduled for September 13 14 in Juba is being organized by Energy Capital Power an Africa focused investment platform for the energy sector in partnership with the South Sudanese Ministry of Petroleum the Ministry of Energy and Dams and Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning The African Chamber of Energy is a proud sponsor of the event Energy Capital Power Senior Director James Chester recently urged governments and countries to consider what South Sudan has to offer South Sudan is not only making the licenses available but has built its own data facility in Juba and has purchased its own aircraft to conduct aerogravity studies in the country said Chester With most of South Sudan unexplored and producing areas for further exploration the government knows it has high potential assets to trade with oil and gas companies but that information is critical Until last year South Sudan did not control its own exploration industry and data It now has world class facilities Chester added that South Sudan s location linking the Nile Basin and Rift Valley areas makes it a logical hub for exploration in an oil rich region stretching from Egypt through Sudan to Uganda Kenya and beyond I only hope that the barriers to investing in South Sudan s oil and gas industry do not prevent it from realizing this potential To be fair US sanctions are not the only challenge facing South Sudan The country s future will be bleak without long term stability good governance and transparency But South Sudan must also have a healthy and growing economy and reliable electricity if it is to offer its people a better future When approached strategically oil and gas production can make that happen in South Sudan It can stimulate growth create economic opportunity and help alleviate energy poverty But only if the United States gets out of the way
    African Energy Chamber urges the United States (US) to lift oil sanctions on South Sudan (by NJ Ayuk)
    Africa2 weeks ago

    African Energy Chamber urges the United States (US) to lift oil sanctions on South Sudan (by NJ Ayuk)

    By NJ Ayuk, Executive Chairman of the African Energy Chamber (www.EnergyChamber.org) It has been four years since the US imposed sanctions on South Sudan's oil industry.

    The goal had been to prevent oil money from financing the civil war that has raged since 2013.

    US officials reasoned that by restricting the ability of companies and organizations to provide revenue to the South Sudanese government, they could put pressure on President Salva Kiir. to end the civil war.

    conflict raging in his country.

    Whether or not you believe that sanctions contributed to peace, the war is indeed over.

    Government leaders signed a peace agreement in 2018 and formed a unified government in 2020.

    Why, then, are sanctions that were meant to end the war still in place?

    At this point, what was initially meant for good is now doing harm.

    Sanctions are hampering foreign investment in South Sudan's oil and gas projects, thereby preventing the country from harnessing its natural resources (3.5 billion barrels of proven oil reserves) on behalf of its people.

    Sanctions are making it unnecessarily difficult for South Sudan to use oil and gas to foster economic growth, create jobs and business opportunities, build capacity and, particularly importantly, develop gas-to-energy programs capable of minimizing the country's widespread energy poverty.

    I have no doubt that the United States imposed sanctions on the South Sudanese energy industry with the people of South Sudan in mind.

    His goal was to help free them from violence and protect lives.

    Now, the African Chamber of Energy is asking US officials to make another decision with the South Sudanese in mind: lift the sanctions.

    Time to release the chokehold The US sanction on South Sudan's oil and gas production has targeted 15 companies and government units, ranging from international and local oil companies operating in South Sudan to the South Sudan Ministry of Petroleum and Nile Petroleum Corporation (Nilepet), South Sudan's national oil and gas company.

    Each added to the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) "Entity List" engaged in activities contrary to national security or foreign policy interests from United States".

    As a result, oil and gas exploration in South Sudan has become considerably more challenging.

    If a business, government, organization, or individual wishes to export or re-export specific items (petroleum) from a listed entity, they must first convince the US government to allow them to proceed by obtaining a special license.

    Violation of these requirements could result in criminal or civil proceedings, denial of export privileges, and possibly also your being added to the Entity List. Unsurprisingly, oil and gas activity in South Sudan has been limited.

    Investments in oil and gas projects have dwindled and sanctions have dampened interest in the country's first round of licenses.

    The 14-block round was announced in 2021 and continues until 2023.

    While this opportunity is far from over, so far, it is not seeing the level of interest the Oil Ministry expects.

    I am not saying that South Sudan's oil and gas industry has come to a standstill.

    The country produces roughly 150,000 to 170,000 barrels a day, but that's far from enough to meet government budget needs or achieve much-needed economic growth.

    South Sudan needs more investment and activity to truly capitalize on its oil and gas reserves.

    Sanctions are making it harder to resolve energy poverty US sanctions also serve as an obstacle to natural gas production in South Sudan, which could be used to help alleviate energy poverty.

    South Sudan has one of the lowest electrification rates in the world: as of 2020, only 1% of the country's 12.5 million people had access to electricity.

    Even those connected to the grid must contend with frequent power outages and outages.

    Gas-to-power projects could make a big difference in South Sudan.

    But without oil and gas revenues, building gas-fired power plants is extremely difficult.

    Currently, the country is not producing natural gas for export or domestic use.

    Sanctions are slowing the move to renewables Some may argue that South Sudan will be better off without an oil and gas industry, and that the country should simply focus on renewable energy projects like solar, wind and hydrogen.

    Renewables hold promise for South Sudan, but how on earth will South Sudan pay the billions of dollars needed to develop the necessary infrastructure without a healthy economy?

    And without the income, jobs, skills development and business opportunities that come from a thriving energy industry, how exactly is South Sudan going to rebuild its economy in the short term?

    Don't get me wrong: I am in favor of renewable energy.

    But, as I have said repeatedly, oil and gas production will play a vital role in the transition of African countries like South Sudan to renewable energy.

    Natural gas, in particular, can be monetized to generate revenue and can serve as a feedstock for the manufacture of fertilizers and chemicals, creating even more opportunity and revenue.

    South Sudan can develop a healthy energy industry including oil, gas and renewable energy, but US sanctions will make that task much slower and more difficult.

    Additional Complications I also urge the US to consider who will capitalize on South Sudan's oil resources if the Commerce Department continues to discourage investors from exploring and producing there.

    The most likely candidates are governments and companies that are not concerned with, or are already on, the US Entity list.

    China is already a major player in South Sudan, while Russia and the South Sudanese Oil Ministry have been discussing the possibility of working together.

    China's presence in the region dates back to 1995, before South Sudan became independent, when the Second Sudanese Civil War was underway.

    The United States had imposed economic sanctions on Sudan in response to accusations of war crimes, but they did little to prevent China from capitalizing on Sudan's oil.

    Fast forward to today: China National Petroleum is a major stakeholder in the Dar Petroleum Operating Company, a consortium of oil companies that continues to produce oil in South Sudan, despite being added to the US Entity List. There is no reason to believe that China will leave South Sudan any time soon.

    And then there is Russia.

    South Sudan has already made it clear that it is interested in working with Russia to help develop its oil, natural gas and refining industries.

    During a visit to Russia in 2020, Awut Deng Acuil, then South Sudan's Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, met with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov to discuss areas of possible cooperation.

    We have yet to see Russia assume a larger role in South Sudan, but the door remains open.

    My question to the US is: do you want to create a future where China and Russia remain the main foreign investors in South Sudan's energy industry?

    Would it not be better to allow the participation of strong and stable Western countries?

    So much to offer It's frustrating to see South Sudan's energy industry struggling to build momentum, especially when you consider its promise.

    That potential will be on display during South Sudan Oil & Power (SSOP) 2022, "East Africa's Gateway to Energy."

    The conference, scheduled for September 13-14 in Juba, is being organized by Energy Capital & Power, an Africa-focused investment platform for the energy sector, in partnership with the South Sudanese Ministry of Petroleum, the Ministry of Energy and Dams, and Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning.

    The African Chamber of Energy is a proud sponsor of the event.

    Energy Capital & Power Senior Director James Chester recently urged governments and countries to consider what South Sudan has to offer.

    “South Sudan is not only making the licenses available, but has built its own data facility in Juba and has purchased its own aircraft to conduct aerogravity studies in the country,” said Chester.

    “With most of South Sudan unexplored and producing areas for further exploration, the government knows it has high-potential assets to trade with oil and gas companies, but that information is critical.

    Until last year, South Sudan did not control its own exploration industry and data.

    It now has world-class facilities.” Chester added that South Sudan's location, linking the Nile Basin and Rift Valley areas, makes it a logical hub for exploration in an oil-rich region stretching from Egypt through Sudan to Uganda, Kenya and beyond.

    I only hope that the barriers to investing in South Sudan's oil and gas industry do not prevent it from realizing this potential.

    To be fair, US sanctions are not the only challenge facing South Sudan.

    The country's future will be bleak without long-term stability, good governance, and transparency.

    But South Sudan must also have a healthy and growing economy and reliable electricity if it is to offer its people a better future.

    When approached strategically, oil and gas production can make that happen in South Sudan.

    It can stimulate growth, create economic opportunity and help alleviate energy poverty.

    But only if the United States gets out of the way.

  •   South Sudan s leaders must address chronic insecurity rights abuses and a worsening humanitarian situation during the country s lengthy transition period Human Rights Watch said today Regional and international partners must increase pressure and influence to ensure that institutional reforms are completed the rule of law is restored and that there is significant progress in protecting human rights On August 4 2022 the parties to the September 2018 peace agreement agreed to extend it for another 24 months from February 2023 when the original agreement is expected to expire President Salva Kiir who signed the extension along with four other political groups said the extension will allow for the unification of the armed forces the creation of a new constitution and time to prepare for elections to avoid a return to war The past four and a half years in South Sudan have been marked by repression violence against civilians and attacks that have undermined efforts to complete the transition said Nyagoah Tut Pur South Sudan researcher at Human Rights Watch The extension must be accompanied by a drastic change in the attitude of South Sudanese leaders and concrete steps to improve the human rights situation in the country The extension takes place in a context of generalized insecurity and a climate of strong repression Between localized and intercommunal conflicts in parts of the country flooding chronic underdevelopment and the impact of COVID 19 residents of South Sudan face a dire humanitarian situation with 60 of the population in distress of food insecurity South Sudan plunged into violent conflict in 2013 with all parties to the conflict committing abuses against civilians A peace deal signed in 2015 for a unity government collapsed in 2016 further spreading the conflict That agreement was reinvigorated by the warring parties in 2018 and was scheduled to end in February 2023 But sporadic violence has continued The extension of the peace agreement must not be used to extend the suffering and betray the hopes of the people of South Sudan Pur said Regional and international partners must be ready to take bold action to ensure that leaders mend their past failures and pave the way for justice democracy and sustainable peace During the extended transition authorities must address the following human rights violations and other issues previously raised by Human Rights Watch and its partners Ensuring justice for serious crimes While large scale conflicts between signatories to the peace agreement and rebel forces outside the agreement have subsided since 2018 civilians have continued to experience conflict related abuses in parts of Central Equatoria states Unity and Upper Nile For example cases of sexual violence according to the UN have increased by 218 percent since last year In the latest episode of violence the UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan and the ceasefire monitoring unit documented attacks killings and sexual violence following clashes between government forces and their allied militias and the Sudan People s Liberation Army SPLA IO in Leer Unity State in April A government committee set up to investigate human rights concerns associated with the attacks has yet to begin work and no one has been held accountable In 2021 the UN peacekeeping mission documented the killings of 440 civilians and the rapes of 64 women and girls in Tombura Western Equatoria at the hands of the SPLA IO and the military but no one has been held accountable High ranking government officials and rebels have been routinely allowed to go free after instigating and financing violence between and within communities Senior government officials have openly rejected calls for accountability for serious crimes committed by various groups including government and rebel forces in South Sudan during the conflict and after the signing of the 2018 peace agreement roadmap that extends the peace agreement the country s leaders committed to creating a Truth Reconciliation and Healing Commission CTRH by September and a Compensation and Reparations Authority CRA by November Consultations on the CTRH legislation have been completed and a report has been submitted to the Minister of Justice Similar inquiries are pending on the CRA But South Sudanese leaders have not provided clear timelines for the creation and start up of a hybrid court to prosecute the most serious violations since the current conflict began in 2013 Development of the court has stalled since it was drawn up a plan to create it first introduced in the previous peace agreement The authorities through the military courts have concentrated on prosecuting lower ranking officials misrepresenting the scope of the atrocities The South Sudanese authorities and the African Union have a responsibility to ensure justice and must promptly increase their commitment to facilitate the creation of the court and build support within South Sudan Discussions on the creation of the Truth Commission and the Reparations Authority must be broad and inclusive Ensuring that these three institutions work to complement each other has the potential to improve justice and respect for human rights in South Sudan Human Rights Watch said Cultivate civic space and end repression Authorities have continued to violate freedom of expression and freedom of association and assembly arresting and detaining critics human rights defenders and journalists Those illegally detained include Kuel Aguer Kuel a politician and Abraham Chol Maketh a cleric both detained since late 2021 on various dubious criminal charges related to the exercise of freedom of expression Human Rights Watch has called on judicial authorities to bring the two men to court or release them unconditionally The UN also documented how in March unidentified armed individuals kidnapped a journalist in Juba took him to an undisclosed location interrogated him and forced him to confess his affiliation with the reformist movement Popular Coalition for Civil Action and the rebel group Front of National Salvation In the most recent incident on August 7 police and National Security Service agents arrested and detained seven people at the Konyo Konyo market in Juba who were protesting the rising cost of living Security agents fired on protesters wounding one person in the leg and beating others Police arrested Diing Magot a freelance journalist for the Voice of America who was interviewing the protesters Lawyers who spoke to Human Rights Watch said that she was illegally detained for eight days at the Malakia police station but that she was not charged Reform the National Security Service The National Security Service has broad powers of arrest detention and surveillance Human Rights Watch has documented how the agency operates with near total impunity without significant judicial or legislative oversight Since 2013 the agency has kidnapped tortured and forcibly disappeared hundreds of people based on their ethnic affiliations or in retaliation for their views with the clear goal of quashing criticism of those in power Since the peace agreement was signed the agency has repeatedly harassed journalists shut down media outlets restricted the media s ability to print or publish stories deemed critical of the government and illegally detained people in poor conditions which has led to deaths in custody In April 2019 the constitutional review commission submitted proposals for amendments to the National Security Service NSS Law to the Ministry of Justice for deliberation and presentation to the National Assembly The proposed bill is currently before the presidency but has not yet been brought before parliament The amendments would limit but not eliminate the agency s arrest and detention powers They maintain the agency s surveillance powers without sufficient oversight and allow too broad a charge of crimes against the state as a basis for arrest The proposed law defines the offense as any activity aimed at undermining the government and makes reference to the same offense in the 2008 Criminal Law which is equally vague South Sudanese leaders should review the law to really limit the role and powers of the agency They must order the closure of all unauthorized places of detention and release detainees or hand them over to legitimate law enforcement officials for charge and trial They should also hold accountable those responsible for gross abuses of the NSS over the years End summary executions South Sudan s underinvestment in the criminal justice system and general impunity for public and security officials have contributed to the decline of the rule of law Human Rights Watch has documented patterns of summary executions by government and military officials often in response to suspected crimes International and African human rights law as well as the laws of South Sudan prohibit in all circumstances and at all times cruel and degrading punishment or disciplinary action and any inhumane treatment of detainees In June 2022 the army executed three civilians including a child in Kajokeji on suspicion of killing a soldier None of the three had been charged or brought to trial Although authorities arrested six soldiers and promised to investigate in June Human Rights Watch is not aware of any prosecutions or sentences In April and May 2021 security forces executed at least eight suspected criminals including two children by firing squad as part of their crackdown on crime in Warrap State None of the suspects had ever been investigated by the judicial authorities Human Rights Watch called for an investigation into the killings but none was opened On August 8 state and army officials executed three unarmed rebel soldiers by firing squad and burned another alive in Mayom Unity state Media sources report that the four were arrested and deported from neighboring Sudan and were part of a South Sudanese rebel group that attacked and killed several people in Mayom in late July These killings could constitute war crimes and the government must credibly investigate those responsible and hold them accountable
    South Sudan: Use peace deal extension for reforms
      South Sudan s leaders must address chronic insecurity rights abuses and a worsening humanitarian situation during the country s lengthy transition period Human Rights Watch said today Regional and international partners must increase pressure and influence to ensure that institutional reforms are completed the rule of law is restored and that there is significant progress in protecting human rights On August 4 2022 the parties to the September 2018 peace agreement agreed to extend it for another 24 months from February 2023 when the original agreement is expected to expire President Salva Kiir who signed the extension along with four other political groups said the extension will allow for the unification of the armed forces the creation of a new constitution and time to prepare for elections to avoid a return to war The past four and a half years in South Sudan have been marked by repression violence against civilians and attacks that have undermined efforts to complete the transition said Nyagoah Tut Pur South Sudan researcher at Human Rights Watch The extension must be accompanied by a drastic change in the attitude of South Sudanese leaders and concrete steps to improve the human rights situation in the country The extension takes place in a context of generalized insecurity and a climate of strong repression Between localized and intercommunal conflicts in parts of the country flooding chronic underdevelopment and the impact of COVID 19 residents of South Sudan face a dire humanitarian situation with 60 of the population in distress of food insecurity South Sudan plunged into violent conflict in 2013 with all parties to the conflict committing abuses against civilians A peace deal signed in 2015 for a unity government collapsed in 2016 further spreading the conflict That agreement was reinvigorated by the warring parties in 2018 and was scheduled to end in February 2023 But sporadic violence has continued The extension of the peace agreement must not be used to extend the suffering and betray the hopes of the people of South Sudan Pur said Regional and international partners must be ready to take bold action to ensure that leaders mend their past failures and pave the way for justice democracy and sustainable peace During the extended transition authorities must address the following human rights violations and other issues previously raised by Human Rights Watch and its partners Ensuring justice for serious crimes While large scale conflicts between signatories to the peace agreement and rebel forces outside the agreement have subsided since 2018 civilians have continued to experience conflict related abuses in parts of Central Equatoria states Unity and Upper Nile For example cases of sexual violence according to the UN have increased by 218 percent since last year In the latest episode of violence the UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan and the ceasefire monitoring unit documented attacks killings and sexual violence following clashes between government forces and their allied militias and the Sudan People s Liberation Army SPLA IO in Leer Unity State in April A government committee set up to investigate human rights concerns associated with the attacks has yet to begin work and no one has been held accountable In 2021 the UN peacekeeping mission documented the killings of 440 civilians and the rapes of 64 women and girls in Tombura Western Equatoria at the hands of the SPLA IO and the military but no one has been held accountable High ranking government officials and rebels have been routinely allowed to go free after instigating and financing violence between and within communities Senior government officials have openly rejected calls for accountability for serious crimes committed by various groups including government and rebel forces in South Sudan during the conflict and after the signing of the 2018 peace agreement roadmap that extends the peace agreement the country s leaders committed to creating a Truth Reconciliation and Healing Commission CTRH by September and a Compensation and Reparations Authority CRA by November Consultations on the CTRH legislation have been completed and a report has been submitted to the Minister of Justice Similar inquiries are pending on the CRA But South Sudanese leaders have not provided clear timelines for the creation and start up of a hybrid court to prosecute the most serious violations since the current conflict began in 2013 Development of the court has stalled since it was drawn up a plan to create it first introduced in the previous peace agreement The authorities through the military courts have concentrated on prosecuting lower ranking officials misrepresenting the scope of the atrocities The South Sudanese authorities and the African Union have a responsibility to ensure justice and must promptly increase their commitment to facilitate the creation of the court and build support within South Sudan Discussions on the creation of the Truth Commission and the Reparations Authority must be broad and inclusive Ensuring that these three institutions work to complement each other has the potential to improve justice and respect for human rights in South Sudan Human Rights Watch said Cultivate civic space and end repression Authorities have continued to violate freedom of expression and freedom of association and assembly arresting and detaining critics human rights defenders and journalists Those illegally detained include Kuel Aguer Kuel a politician and Abraham Chol Maketh a cleric both detained since late 2021 on various dubious criminal charges related to the exercise of freedom of expression Human Rights Watch has called on judicial authorities to bring the two men to court or release them unconditionally The UN also documented how in March unidentified armed individuals kidnapped a journalist in Juba took him to an undisclosed location interrogated him and forced him to confess his affiliation with the reformist movement Popular Coalition for Civil Action and the rebel group Front of National Salvation In the most recent incident on August 7 police and National Security Service agents arrested and detained seven people at the Konyo Konyo market in Juba who were protesting the rising cost of living Security agents fired on protesters wounding one person in the leg and beating others Police arrested Diing Magot a freelance journalist for the Voice of America who was interviewing the protesters Lawyers who spoke to Human Rights Watch said that she was illegally detained for eight days at the Malakia police station but that she was not charged Reform the National Security Service The National Security Service has broad powers of arrest detention and surveillance Human Rights Watch has documented how the agency operates with near total impunity without significant judicial or legislative oversight Since 2013 the agency has kidnapped tortured and forcibly disappeared hundreds of people based on their ethnic affiliations or in retaliation for their views with the clear goal of quashing criticism of those in power Since the peace agreement was signed the agency has repeatedly harassed journalists shut down media outlets restricted the media s ability to print or publish stories deemed critical of the government and illegally detained people in poor conditions which has led to deaths in custody In April 2019 the constitutional review commission submitted proposals for amendments to the National Security Service NSS Law to the Ministry of Justice for deliberation and presentation to the National Assembly The proposed bill is currently before the presidency but has not yet been brought before parliament The amendments would limit but not eliminate the agency s arrest and detention powers They maintain the agency s surveillance powers without sufficient oversight and allow too broad a charge of crimes against the state as a basis for arrest The proposed law defines the offense as any activity aimed at undermining the government and makes reference to the same offense in the 2008 Criminal Law which is equally vague South Sudanese leaders should review the law to really limit the role and powers of the agency They must order the closure of all unauthorized places of detention and release detainees or hand them over to legitimate law enforcement officials for charge and trial They should also hold accountable those responsible for gross abuses of the NSS over the years End summary executions South Sudan s underinvestment in the criminal justice system and general impunity for public and security officials have contributed to the decline of the rule of law Human Rights Watch has documented patterns of summary executions by government and military officials often in response to suspected crimes International and African human rights law as well as the laws of South Sudan prohibit in all circumstances and at all times cruel and degrading punishment or disciplinary action and any inhumane treatment of detainees In June 2022 the army executed three civilians including a child in Kajokeji on suspicion of killing a soldier None of the three had been charged or brought to trial Although authorities arrested six soldiers and promised to investigate in June Human Rights Watch is not aware of any prosecutions or sentences In April and May 2021 security forces executed at least eight suspected criminals including two children by firing squad as part of their crackdown on crime in Warrap State None of the suspects had ever been investigated by the judicial authorities Human Rights Watch called for an investigation into the killings but none was opened On August 8 state and army officials executed three unarmed rebel soldiers by firing squad and burned another alive in Mayom Unity state Media sources report that the four were arrested and deported from neighboring Sudan and were part of a South Sudanese rebel group that attacked and killed several people in Mayom in late July These killings could constitute war crimes and the government must credibly investigate those responsible and hold them accountable
    South Sudan: Use peace deal extension for reforms
    Africa1 month ago

    South Sudan: Use peace deal extension for reforms

    South Sudan's leaders must address chronic insecurity, rights abuses, and a worsening humanitarian situation during the country's lengthy transition period, Human Rights Watch said today.

    Regional and international partners must increase pressure and influence to ensure that institutional reforms are completed, the rule of law is restored, and that there is significant progress in protecting human rights.

    On August 4, 2022, the parties to the September 2018 peace agreement agreed to extend it for another 24 months from February 2023, when the original agreement is expected to expire.

    President Salva Kiir, who signed the extension along with four other political groups, said the extension will allow for the unification of the armed forces, the creation of a new constitution and time to prepare for elections to avoid a return to war.

    “The past four and a half years in South Sudan have been marked by repression, violence against civilians, and attacks that have undermined efforts to complete the transition,” said Nyagoah Tut Pur, South Sudan researcher at Human Rights.

    Watch.

    “The extension must be accompanied by a drastic change in the attitude of South Sudanese leaders and concrete steps to improve the human rights situation in the country.” The extension takes place in a context of generalized insecurity and a climate of strong repression.

    Between localized and intercommunal conflicts in parts of the country, flooding, chronic underdevelopment, and the impact of COVID-19, residents of South Sudan face a dire humanitarian situation, with 60% of the population in distress.

    of food insecurity.

    South Sudan plunged into violent conflict in 2013, with all parties to the conflict committing abuses against civilians.

    A peace deal signed in 2015 for a unity government collapsed in 2016, further spreading the conflict.

    That agreement was "reinvigorated" by the warring parties in 2018 and was scheduled to end in February 2023.

    But sporadic violence has continued.

    “The extension of the peace agreement must not be used to extend the suffering and betray the hopes of the people of South Sudan,” Pur said.

    "Regional and international partners must be ready to take bold action to ensure that leaders mend their past failures and pave the way for justice, democracy and sustainable peace."

    During the extended transition, authorities must address the following human rights violations and other issues previously raised by Human Rights Watch and its partners.

    Ensuring justice for serious crimes While large-scale conflicts between signatories to the peace agreement and rebel forces outside the agreement have subsided since 2018, civilians have continued to experience conflict-related abuses in parts of Central Equatoria states , Unity and Upper Nile. For example, cases of sexual violence, according to the UN, have increased by 218 percent since last year.

    In the latest episode of violence, the UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan and the ceasefire monitoring unit documented attacks, killings and sexual violence following clashes between government forces and their allied militias and the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA/IO) in Leer, Unity State, in April.

    A government committee set up to investigate human rights concerns associated with the attacks has yet to begin work, and no one has been held accountable.

    In 2021, the UN peacekeeping mission documented the killings of 440 civilians and the rapes of 64 women and girls in Tombura, Western Equatoria, at the hands of the SPLA/IO and the military, but no one has been held accountable.

    High-ranking government officials and rebels have been routinely allowed to go free after instigating and financing violence between and within communities.

    Senior government officials have openly rejected calls for accountability for serious crimes committed by various groups, including government and rebel forces, in South Sudan during the conflict and after the signing of the 2018 peace agreement.

    roadmap that extends the peace agreement, the country's leaders committed to creating a Truth, Reconciliation and Healing Commission (CTRH) by September and a Compensation and Reparations Authority (CRA) by November.

    Consultations on the CTRH legislation have been completed and a report has been submitted to the Minister of Justice.

    Similar inquiries are pending on the CRA.

    But South Sudanese leaders have not provided clear timelines for the creation and start-up of a hybrid court to prosecute the most serious violations since the current conflict began in 2013.

    Development of the court has stalled since it was drawn up.

    a plan to create it.

    first introduced in the previous peace agreement.

    The authorities, through the military courts, have concentrated on prosecuting lower-ranking officials, misrepresenting the scope of the atrocities.

    The South Sudanese authorities and the African Union have a responsibility to ensure justice and must promptly increase their commitment to facilitate the creation of the court and build support within South Sudan.

    Discussions on the creation of the Truth Commission and the Reparations Authority must be broad and inclusive.

    Ensuring that these three institutions work to complement each other has the potential to improve justice and respect for human rights in South Sudan, Human Rights Watch said.

    Cultivate civic space and end repression Authorities have continued to violate freedom of expression and freedom of association and assembly, arresting and detaining critics, human rights defenders and journalists.

    Those illegally detained include Kuel Aguer Kuel, a politician, and Abraham Chol Maketh, a cleric, both detained since late 2021 on various dubious criminal charges related to the exercise of freedom of expression.

    Human Rights Watch has called on judicial authorities to bring the two men to court or release them unconditionally.

    The UN also documented how in March unidentified armed individuals kidnapped a journalist in Juba, took him to an undisclosed location, interrogated him and forced him to confess his affiliation with the reformist movement Popular Coalition for Civil Action and the rebel group Front of National Salvation.

    In the most recent incident, on August 7, police and National Security Service agents arrested and detained seven people at the Konyo Konyo market in Juba who were protesting the rising cost of living.

    Security agents fired on protesters, wounding one person in the leg and beating others.

    Police arrested Diing Magot, a freelance journalist for the Voice of America, who was interviewing the protesters.

    Lawyers who spoke to Human Rights Watch said that she was illegally detained for eight days at the Malakia police station, but that she was not charged.

    Reform the National Security Service The National Security Service has broad powers of arrest, detention and surveillance.

    Human Rights Watch has documented how the agency operates with near-total impunity without significant judicial or legislative oversight.

    Since 2013, the agency has kidnapped, tortured and forcibly disappeared hundreds of people based on their ethnic affiliations or in retaliation for their views with the clear goal of quashing criticism of those in power.

    Since the peace agreement was signed, the agency has repeatedly harassed journalists, shut down media outlets, restricted the media's ability to print or publish stories deemed critical of the government, and illegally detained people in poor conditions, which has led to deaths in custody.

    In April 2019, the constitutional review commission submitted proposals for amendments to the National Security Service (NSS) Law to the Ministry of Justice for deliberation and presentation to the National Assembly.

    The proposed bill is currently before the presidency, but has not yet been brought before parliament.

    The amendments would limit, but not eliminate, the agency's arrest and detention powers.

    They maintain the agency's surveillance powers, without sufficient oversight, and allow too broad a charge of “crimes against the state” as a basis for arrest.

    The proposed law defines the offense as “any activity aimed at undermining… the government” and makes reference to the same offense in the 2008 Criminal Law, which is equally vague.

    South Sudanese leaders should review the law to really limit the role and powers of the agency.

    They must order the closure of all unauthorized places of detention and release detainees or hand them over to legitimate law enforcement officials for charge and trial.

    They should also hold accountable those responsible for gross abuses of the NSS over the years.

    End summary executions South Sudan's underinvestment in the criminal justice system and general impunity for public and security officials have contributed to the decline of the rule of law.

    Human Rights Watch has documented patterns of summary executions by government and military officials, often in response to suspected crimes.

    International and African human rights law, as well as the laws of South Sudan, prohibit in all circumstances and at all times cruel and degrading punishment or disciplinary action, and any inhumane treatment of detainees.

    In June 2022, the army executed three civilians, including a child, in Kajokeji on suspicion of killing a soldier.

    None of the three had been charged or brought to trial.

    Although authorities arrested six soldiers and promised to investigate in June, Human Rights Watch is not aware of any prosecutions or sentences.

    In April and May 2021, security forces executed at least eight suspected criminals, including two children, by firing squad as part of their crackdown on crime in Warrap State.

    None of the suspects had ever been investigated by the judicial authorities.

    Human Rights Watch called for an investigation into the killings, but none was opened.

    On August 8, state and army officials executed three unarmed rebel soldiers by firing squad and burned another alive in Mayom, Unity state.

    Media sources report that the four were arrested and deported from neighboring Sudan and were part of a South Sudanese rebel group that attacked and killed several people in Mayom in late July. These killings could constitute war crimes and the government must credibly investigate those responsible and hold them accountable.

  •  South Sudan s leaders announced Thursday that the country s post war transitional government would remain in power two years beyond an agreed deadline in a move foreign partners warned lacked legitimacy Martin Elia Lomuro the minister of cabinet affairs said the decision was taken to address the challenges that impede the implementation of the peace agreement following a 2018 deal to end a five year civil war that left nearly 400 000 people dead Thus a new roadmap has been agreed the minister said speaking in the presence of President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar who formed a unity government more than two years ago after half a decade of fighting The world s newest nation was meant to conclude a transition period with elections in February 2023 but the government has so far failed to meet key provisions of the agreement including drafting a constitution The so called troika of the United States Britain and Norway boycotted Thursday s announcement pointing out that the government had not consulted all the parties involved in the 2018 deal before announcing the extension In a letter to Kiir the troika expressed profound concern that fully inclusive consultations must take place with civil society faith based groups business women s groups youth representatives eminent persons and international partners before the peace deal is amended Whether a roadmap and an extension are seen as legitimate by the people of South Sudan and the international community will depend on an inclusive consultation process the letter said We cannot guarantee that we will be able to support a roadmap or extension in other circumstances South Sudan s lumbering peace process has run into multiple delays with violence breaking out between Kiir and Machar s forces as recently as this year The roadmap must demonstrate how another extension would differ from previous ones and include steps for clear progress in setting up the institutions and mechanisms necessary to hold elections the troika said Alleged war crimesThe United States last month pulled out of two peace process monitoring organisations in South Sudan due to the country s failure to meet reform milestones citing a lack of sustained progress After long delays Kiir and Machar finally inked a deal on the creation of a unified armed forces command in April a key provision of the peace deal The United Nations which maintains a peacekeeping mission in the country has repeatedly criticised South Sudan s leadership for its role in stoking violence cracking down on political freedoms and plundering public coffers The peacekeeping operation with up to 17 000 soldiers and 2 100 police officers is one of the UN s most expensive with an annual budget topping 1 billion The UN has also accused the government of rights violations amounting to war crimes over deadly attacks in the southwest last year South Sudan one of the poorest countries on the planet despite large oil reserves has suffered from war natural disasters hunger ethnic violence and political infighting since it gained independence in 2011 The UN s World Food Programme warned in March that over 70 percent of South Sudan s 11 million people would face extreme hunger this year because of natural disasters and violence
    South Sudan extends transitional govt by two years
     South Sudan s leaders announced Thursday that the country s post war transitional government would remain in power two years beyond an agreed deadline in a move foreign partners warned lacked legitimacy Martin Elia Lomuro the minister of cabinet affairs said the decision was taken to address the challenges that impede the implementation of the peace agreement following a 2018 deal to end a five year civil war that left nearly 400 000 people dead Thus a new roadmap has been agreed the minister said speaking in the presence of President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar who formed a unity government more than two years ago after half a decade of fighting The world s newest nation was meant to conclude a transition period with elections in February 2023 but the government has so far failed to meet key provisions of the agreement including drafting a constitution The so called troika of the United States Britain and Norway boycotted Thursday s announcement pointing out that the government had not consulted all the parties involved in the 2018 deal before announcing the extension In a letter to Kiir the troika expressed profound concern that fully inclusive consultations must take place with civil society faith based groups business women s groups youth representatives eminent persons and international partners before the peace deal is amended Whether a roadmap and an extension are seen as legitimate by the people of South Sudan and the international community will depend on an inclusive consultation process the letter said We cannot guarantee that we will be able to support a roadmap or extension in other circumstances South Sudan s lumbering peace process has run into multiple delays with violence breaking out between Kiir and Machar s forces as recently as this year The roadmap must demonstrate how another extension would differ from previous ones and include steps for clear progress in setting up the institutions and mechanisms necessary to hold elections the troika said Alleged war crimesThe United States last month pulled out of two peace process monitoring organisations in South Sudan due to the country s failure to meet reform milestones citing a lack of sustained progress After long delays Kiir and Machar finally inked a deal on the creation of a unified armed forces command in April a key provision of the peace deal The United Nations which maintains a peacekeeping mission in the country has repeatedly criticised South Sudan s leadership for its role in stoking violence cracking down on political freedoms and plundering public coffers The peacekeeping operation with up to 17 000 soldiers and 2 100 police officers is one of the UN s most expensive with an annual budget topping 1 billion The UN has also accused the government of rights violations amounting to war crimes over deadly attacks in the southwest last year South Sudan one of the poorest countries on the planet despite large oil reserves has suffered from war natural disasters hunger ethnic violence and political infighting since it gained independence in 2011 The UN s World Food Programme warned in March that over 70 percent of South Sudan s 11 million people would face extreme hunger this year because of natural disasters and violence
    South Sudan extends transitional govt by two years
    Foreign2 months ago

    South Sudan extends transitional govt by two years

    South Sudan’s leaders announced Thursday that the country’s post-war transitional government would remain in power two years beyond an agreed deadline, in a move foreign partners warned lacked legitimacy.

    Martin Elia Lomuro, the minister of cabinet affairs, said the decision was taken “to address the challenges that impede the implementation of the peace agreement”, following a 2018 deal to end a five-year civil war that left nearly 400,000 people dead.

    “Thus a new roadmap has been agreed,” the minister said, speaking in the presence of President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar, who formed a unity government more than two years ago after half a decade of fighting.

    The world’s newest nation was meant to conclude a transition period with elections in February 2023, but the government has so far failed to meet key provisions of the agreement, including drafting a constitution.

    The so-called troika of the United States, Britain and Norway boycotted Thursday’s announcement, pointing out that the government had not consulted all the parties involved in the 2018 deal before announcing the extension.

    In a letter to Kiir, the troika expressed “profound concern that fully inclusive consultations must take place with civil society, faith-based groups, business, women’s groups, youth representatives, eminent persons and international partners before the (peace deal) is amended”.

    “Whether a roadmap and an extension are seen as legitimate by the people of South Sudan and the international community will depend on an inclusive consultation process,” the letter said.

    “We cannot guarantee that we will be able to support a roadmap or extension in other circumstances.

    ” South Sudan’s lumbering peace process has run into multiple delays, with violence breaking out between Kiir and Machar’s forces as recently as this year.

    “The roadmap must demonstrate how another extension would differ from previous ones and include steps for clear progress in setting up the institutions and mechanisms necessary to hold elections,” the troika said.

    Alleged war crimesThe United States last month pulled out of two peace process monitoring organisations in South Sudan due to the country’s failure to meet reform milestones, citing a “lack of sustained progress”.

    After long delays, Kiir and Machar finally inked a deal on the creation of a unified armed forces command in April — a key provision of the peace deal.

    The United Nations, which maintains a peacekeeping mission in the country, has repeatedly criticised South Sudan’s leadership for its role in stoking violence, cracking down on political freedoms and plundering public coffers.

    The peacekeeping operation, with up to 17,000 soldiers and 2,100 police officers, is one of the UN’s most expensive, with an annual budget topping $1 billion.

    The UN has also accused the government of rights violations amounting to war crimes over deadly attacks in the southwest last year.

    South Sudan, one of the poorest countries on the planet despite large oil reserves, has suffered from war, natural disasters, hunger, ethnic violence and political infighting since it gained independence in 2011.

    The UN’s World Food Programme warned in March that over 70 percent of South Sudan’s 11 million people would face extreme hunger this year because of natural disasters and violence.

  •   President Uhuru Kenyatta has urged the leaders of the East African Community EAC to speed up the implementation of programs and projects that bring quick results for the benefit of the citizens of the EAC Acknowledging the progress the EAC has made since its reestablishment more than two decades ago the President emphasized the need for leaders to remain focused on community goals to fulfill the desire for an inclusive equitable and responsive integration process that addresses the daily needs of EAC residents Citizens expect us to accelerate and implement programs and projects that will transform our region Although the EAC is ranked as one of the most integrated Regional Economic Communities RECs in Africa our citizens still do not fully enjoy the freedoms and rights of integration So our responsibility at all levels of leadership must be to ensure that the goals of establishing the community are on track the president said President Kenyatta spoke Friday as he addressed the 22nd Ordinary Summit of Heads of State of the East African Community at the EAC headquarters in Arusha Tanzania The Head of State said that East African citizens should be involved in all stages of the integration process making them aware of what is happening in the community as part of ensuring inclusion While I appreciate the efforts being made by partner states as well as community bodies and institutions to raise awareness I believe we can and should do more to ensure that the people of East Africa are not left behind in integration process Of equal importance are partnerships with all stakeholders in the integration process Experience has shown that stakeholder partnership is the key to achieving global sustainable development As we move forward we must invest in developing collaboration with the private sector and development partners said President Kenyatta The president recalled that in re establishing the EAC the leaders envisioned four pillars namely the Customs Union the Common Market the Monetary Union and the Political Federation to push forward the integration process Among them the implementation of the Customs Union established in 2005 and the Common Market established in 2010 are ongoing Although slowly the community has also made significant progress in the Monetary Union whose protocol was ratified eight years ago said the President President Kenyatta took the opportunity to highlight some of the key achievements of the EAC during his tenure Achievements included ratification of the ambitious African Continental Free Trade Area ACFTA trade pact by all EAC states and deepening financial integration where indigenous banks adopted a regional business model driven by consumer demand customers Other achievements included the declassification of seas along the east coast of Africa by Kenya Uganda and Rwanda to reduce the cost of insurance and shipping and reduce the cost of doing business through the ports of Lamu Mombasa and Dar es Salaam President Kenyatta said that it was also during his tenure at the head of the EAC that Kenya and South Sudan waived visa requirements for their two citizens Pursuant to Article 10 of the EAC Common Market Protocol the two partner states have agreed to allow workers from each of their countries to accept employment within the territory of the other South Sudan and Uganda have also waived visa requirements for their citizens the president said He added that during his tenure Kenya and Uganda supported the construction of the Kshs 7 billion Angololo Irrigation and Water Resources Development Project which will benefit 127 000 people The project will irrigate 3 300 hectares of farmland and supply water to 20 000 households in Kenya s Busia and Bungoma counties and Uganda s Tororo district It will also generate 1 75 megawatts of hydroelectric power he said On the enlarged EAC region President Kenyatta said he looked forward to Somalia s admission to the regional economic bloc Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud attended the summit as a special guest and observer During the summit President Kenyatta handed over the mantle of EAC leadership to President Ndayishimiye of Burundi and congratulated him on assuming the role of chair of the EAC Heads of State summit At the same time President Kenyatta was appointed by the East African Community to be the facilitator of the peace process in DR Congo In his acceptance speech President variste Ndayishimiye pledged to work closely with all EAC leaders to take the community to a higher level focused on improving the well being of EAC citizens In their remarks the host President Samia Suluhu Hassan and President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda praised President Kenyatta for his visionary leadership of the EAC which saw the community record significant achievement during his tenure For his part Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud who attended the summit as a special guest affirmed his country s commitment to join the EAC community Other speakers included Prime Ministers douard Ngirente of Rwanda and Jean Michel Sama Lukonde of the Democratic Republic of Congo who represented Presidents Paul Kagame and F lix Antoine Tshisekedi respectively while South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit he was represented by Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin at the one day summit EAC Secretary General Dr Peter Mathuki and East African Community and Kenya Regional Development CS Betty Maina who is also the President of the EAC Council of Ministers also spoke at the summit held under the theme EAC Deepening Integration Broadening Cooperation Earlier President Kenyatta and President Samia Suluhu Hassan presided over the official opening of the 42 4 km Arusha Ring Road one of three regional road projects that have benefited Arusha the EAC headquarters The others include the 14 km Arusha Tengeru dual carriageway which is part of the Arusha Holili Taveta Voi highway and the 243 km Arusha Namanga Athi River highway which was completed and inaugurated by EAC leaders in 2012
    Accelerate programs to benefit East African Community (EAC) citizens, President Kenyatta urges EAC leaders
      President Uhuru Kenyatta has urged the leaders of the East African Community EAC to speed up the implementation of programs and projects that bring quick results for the benefit of the citizens of the EAC Acknowledging the progress the EAC has made since its reestablishment more than two decades ago the President emphasized the need for leaders to remain focused on community goals to fulfill the desire for an inclusive equitable and responsive integration process that addresses the daily needs of EAC residents Citizens expect us to accelerate and implement programs and projects that will transform our region Although the EAC is ranked as one of the most integrated Regional Economic Communities RECs in Africa our citizens still do not fully enjoy the freedoms and rights of integration So our responsibility at all levels of leadership must be to ensure that the goals of establishing the community are on track the president said President Kenyatta spoke Friday as he addressed the 22nd Ordinary Summit of Heads of State of the East African Community at the EAC headquarters in Arusha Tanzania The Head of State said that East African citizens should be involved in all stages of the integration process making them aware of what is happening in the community as part of ensuring inclusion While I appreciate the efforts being made by partner states as well as community bodies and institutions to raise awareness I believe we can and should do more to ensure that the people of East Africa are not left behind in integration process Of equal importance are partnerships with all stakeholders in the integration process Experience has shown that stakeholder partnership is the key to achieving global sustainable development As we move forward we must invest in developing collaboration with the private sector and development partners said President Kenyatta The president recalled that in re establishing the EAC the leaders envisioned four pillars namely the Customs Union the Common Market the Monetary Union and the Political Federation to push forward the integration process Among them the implementation of the Customs Union established in 2005 and the Common Market established in 2010 are ongoing Although slowly the community has also made significant progress in the Monetary Union whose protocol was ratified eight years ago said the President President Kenyatta took the opportunity to highlight some of the key achievements of the EAC during his tenure Achievements included ratification of the ambitious African Continental Free Trade Area ACFTA trade pact by all EAC states and deepening financial integration where indigenous banks adopted a regional business model driven by consumer demand customers Other achievements included the declassification of seas along the east coast of Africa by Kenya Uganda and Rwanda to reduce the cost of insurance and shipping and reduce the cost of doing business through the ports of Lamu Mombasa and Dar es Salaam President Kenyatta said that it was also during his tenure at the head of the EAC that Kenya and South Sudan waived visa requirements for their two citizens Pursuant to Article 10 of the EAC Common Market Protocol the two partner states have agreed to allow workers from each of their countries to accept employment within the territory of the other South Sudan and Uganda have also waived visa requirements for their citizens the president said He added that during his tenure Kenya and Uganda supported the construction of the Kshs 7 billion Angololo Irrigation and Water Resources Development Project which will benefit 127 000 people The project will irrigate 3 300 hectares of farmland and supply water to 20 000 households in Kenya s Busia and Bungoma counties and Uganda s Tororo district It will also generate 1 75 megawatts of hydroelectric power he said On the enlarged EAC region President Kenyatta said he looked forward to Somalia s admission to the regional economic bloc Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud attended the summit as a special guest and observer During the summit President Kenyatta handed over the mantle of EAC leadership to President Ndayishimiye of Burundi and congratulated him on assuming the role of chair of the EAC Heads of State summit At the same time President Kenyatta was appointed by the East African Community to be the facilitator of the peace process in DR Congo In his acceptance speech President variste Ndayishimiye pledged to work closely with all EAC leaders to take the community to a higher level focused on improving the well being of EAC citizens In their remarks the host President Samia Suluhu Hassan and President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda praised President Kenyatta for his visionary leadership of the EAC which saw the community record significant achievement during his tenure For his part Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud who attended the summit as a special guest affirmed his country s commitment to join the EAC community Other speakers included Prime Ministers douard Ngirente of Rwanda and Jean Michel Sama Lukonde of the Democratic Republic of Congo who represented Presidents Paul Kagame and F lix Antoine Tshisekedi respectively while South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit he was represented by Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin at the one day summit EAC Secretary General Dr Peter Mathuki and East African Community and Kenya Regional Development CS Betty Maina who is also the President of the EAC Council of Ministers also spoke at the summit held under the theme EAC Deepening Integration Broadening Cooperation Earlier President Kenyatta and President Samia Suluhu Hassan presided over the official opening of the 42 4 km Arusha Ring Road one of three regional road projects that have benefited Arusha the EAC headquarters The others include the 14 km Arusha Tengeru dual carriageway which is part of the Arusha Holili Taveta Voi highway and the 243 km Arusha Namanga Athi River highway which was completed and inaugurated by EAC leaders in 2012
    Accelerate programs to benefit East African Community (EAC) citizens, President Kenyatta urges EAC leaders
    Africa2 months ago

    Accelerate programs to benefit East African Community (EAC) citizens, President Kenyatta urges EAC leaders

    President Uhuru Kenyatta has urged the leaders of the East African Community (EAC) to speed up the implementation of programs and projects that bring quick results for the benefit of the citizens of the EAC.

    Acknowledging the progress the EAC has made since its reestablishment more than two decades ago, the President emphasized the need for leaders to remain focused on community goals to fulfill the desire for an inclusive, equitable, and responsive integration process that addresses the daily needs of EAC residents.

    “Citizens expect us to accelerate and implement programs and projects that will transform our region. Although the EAC is ranked as one of the most integrated Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in Africa, our citizens still do not fully enjoy the freedoms and rights of integration.

    “So our responsibility at all levels of leadership must be to ensure that the goals of establishing the community are on track,” the president said.

    President Kenyatta spoke Friday as he addressed the 22nd Ordinary Summit of Heads of State of the East African Community at the EAC headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.

    The Head of State said that East African citizens should be involved in all stages of the integration process, making them aware of what is happening in the community as part of ensuring inclusion.

    “While I appreciate the efforts being made by partner states as well as community bodies and institutions to raise awareness, I believe we can and should do more to ensure that the people of East Africa are not left behind in integration. . process.

    “Of equal importance are partnerships with all stakeholders in the integration process. Experience has shown that stakeholder partnership is the key to achieving global sustainable development. As we move forward, we must invest in developing collaboration with the private sector and development partners,” said President Kenyatta.

    The president recalled that in re-establishing the EAC, the leaders envisioned four pillars, namely the Customs Union, the Common Market, the Monetary Union and the Political Federation to push forward the integration process.

    “Among them, the implementation of the Customs Union established in 2005 and the Common Market established in 2010 are ongoing. Although slowly, the community has also made significant progress in the Monetary Union, whose protocol was ratified eight years ago”, said the President.

    President Kenyatta took the opportunity to highlight some of the key achievements of the EAC during his tenure.

    Achievements included ratification of the ambitious African Continental Free Trade Area (ACFTA) trade pact by all EAC states and deepening financial integration where indigenous banks adopted a regional business model driven by consumer demand. customers.

    Other achievements included the declassification of seas along the east coast of Africa by Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda to reduce the cost of insurance and shipping and reduce the cost of doing business through the ports of Lamu, Mombasa and Dar es Salaam.

    President Kenyatta said that it was also during his tenure at the head of the EAC that Kenya and South Sudan waived visa requirements for their two citizens.

    “Pursuant to Article 10 of the EAC Common Market Protocol, the two partner states have agreed to allow workers from each of their countries to accept employment within the territory of the other. South Sudan and Uganda have also waived visa requirements for their citizens," the president said.

    He added that during his tenure, Kenya and Uganda supported the construction of the Kshs 7 billion Angololo Irrigation and Water Resources Development Project which will benefit 127,000 people.

    “The project will irrigate 3,300 hectares of farmland and supply water to 20,000 households in Kenya's Busia and Bungoma counties and Uganda's Tororo district. It will also generate 1.75 megawatts of hydroelectric power,” he said.

    On the enlarged EAC region, President Kenyatta said he looked forward to Somalia's admission to the regional economic bloc.

    Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud attended the summit as a special guest and observer.

    During the summit, President Kenyatta handed over the mantle of EAC leadership to President Ndayishimiye of Burundi and congratulated him on assuming the role of chair of the EAC Heads of State summit.

    At the same time, President Kenyatta was appointed by the East African Community to be the facilitator of the peace process in DR Congo.

    In his acceptance speech, President Évariste Ndayishimiye pledged to work closely with all EAC leaders to take the community to a higher level focused on improving the well-being of EAC citizens.

    In their remarks, the host President Samia Suluhu Hassan and President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda praised President Kenyatta for his visionary leadership of the EAC which saw the community record significant achievement during his tenure.

    For his part, Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, who attended the summit as a special guest, affirmed his country's commitment to join the EAC community.

    Other speakers included Prime Ministers Édouard Ngirente of Rwanda and Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde of the Democratic Republic of Congo, who represented Presidents Paul Kagame and Félix Antoine Tshisekedi, respectively, while South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit, he was represented by Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin at the one-day summit.

    EAC Secretary General Dr. Peter Mathuki and East African Community and Kenya Regional Development CS Betty Maina, who is also the President of the EAC Council of Ministers, also spoke at the summit held under the theme "EAC: Deepening Integration, Broadening Cooperation".

    Earlier, President Kenyatta and President Samia Suluhu Hassan presided over the official opening of the 42.4 km Arusha Ring Road, one of three regional road projects that have benefited Arusha, the EAC headquarters.

    The others include the 14 km Arusha-Tengeru dual carriageway which is part of the Arusha-Holili-Taveta-Voi highway and the 243 km Arusha-Namanga-Athi River highway which was completed and inaugurated by EAC leaders in 2012.

  •  Kenya will hold a state funeral on Friday for former President Mwai Kibaki who died aged 90 last week and whose decade in power was marked by economic revival as well as scandal and violence Kibaki was the third head of state in Kenyan history serving from December 2002 to April 2013 after Daniel arap Moi s 20 year authoritarian rule and preceding current President Uhuru Kenyatta The benches of the Nyayo National Stadium in the heart of the capital Nairobi were packed under thick skies on Friday morning A procession accompanying Kibaki s coffin approached at 10 30 local time 0730 GMT Along with ambassadors officials and members of the government a dozen heads of state and prime ministers from across the African continent were expected including South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir According to a statement from the Kenyan Foreign Ministry Britain s Queen Elizabeth II praised Kibaki s lifetime record of service to the people of Kenya It will be a deep sadness for your country to have lost a great statesman but Kenya can take pride in the legacy of his leadership the queen said in a message of condolence to President Kenyatta on Thursday Kibaki who trained as an economist in Uganda and London was elected in 2002 after promising to fight corruption But his decade in power was marred by scandals and Kenya s worst political violence since independence In late 2007 his disputed re election led to violence between the Kikuyu and the Kalenjin two of the country s largest communities More than 1 000 people died and hundreds of thousands were displaced However Kenya experienced strong economic growth under his leadership especially through his Vision 2030 program taken over by Kenyatta which enabled the launch of major infrastructure projects as well as reforms in health and education The circumstances of Kibaki s death have not been made public His health deteriorated after a serious car accident in 2002 and he was regularly admitted to the hospital in recent years The former president will be buried on Saturday in the city of Othaya 80 kilometers 50 miles north of Nairobi where he spent time after leaving office
    State funeral for Kenya’s ex-president Kibaki
     Kenya will hold a state funeral on Friday for former President Mwai Kibaki who died aged 90 last week and whose decade in power was marked by economic revival as well as scandal and violence Kibaki was the third head of state in Kenyan history serving from December 2002 to April 2013 after Daniel arap Moi s 20 year authoritarian rule and preceding current President Uhuru Kenyatta The benches of the Nyayo National Stadium in the heart of the capital Nairobi were packed under thick skies on Friday morning A procession accompanying Kibaki s coffin approached at 10 30 local time 0730 GMT Along with ambassadors officials and members of the government a dozen heads of state and prime ministers from across the African continent were expected including South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir According to a statement from the Kenyan Foreign Ministry Britain s Queen Elizabeth II praised Kibaki s lifetime record of service to the people of Kenya It will be a deep sadness for your country to have lost a great statesman but Kenya can take pride in the legacy of his leadership the queen said in a message of condolence to President Kenyatta on Thursday Kibaki who trained as an economist in Uganda and London was elected in 2002 after promising to fight corruption But his decade in power was marred by scandals and Kenya s worst political violence since independence In late 2007 his disputed re election led to violence between the Kikuyu and the Kalenjin two of the country s largest communities More than 1 000 people died and hundreds of thousands were displaced However Kenya experienced strong economic growth under his leadership especially through his Vision 2030 program taken over by Kenyatta which enabled the launch of major infrastructure projects as well as reforms in health and education The circumstances of Kibaki s death have not been made public His health deteriorated after a serious car accident in 2002 and he was regularly admitted to the hospital in recent years The former president will be buried on Saturday in the city of Othaya 80 kilometers 50 miles north of Nairobi where he spent time after leaving office
    State funeral for Kenya’s ex-president Kibaki
    Foreign5 months ago

    State funeral for Kenya’s ex-president Kibaki

    Kenya will hold a state funeral on Friday for former President Mwai Kibaki, who died aged 90 last week and whose decade in power was marked by economic revival as well as scandal and violence.

    Kibaki was the third head of state in Kenyan history, serving from December 2002 to April 2013 after Daniel arap Moi's 20-year authoritarian rule and preceding current President Uhuru Kenyatta.

    The benches of the Nyayo National Stadium in the heart of the capital, Nairobi, were packed under thick skies on Friday morning.

    A procession accompanying Kibaki's coffin approached at 10:30 local time (0730 GMT).

    Along with ambassadors, officials and members of the government, a dozen heads of state and prime ministers from across the African continent were expected, including South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir.

    According to a statement from the Kenyan Foreign Ministry, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II praised Kibaki's "lifetime record of service" to the people of Kenya.

    "It will be a deep sadness for your country to have lost a great statesman, but Kenya can take pride in the legacy of his leadership," the queen said in a message of condolence to President Kenyatta on Thursday.

    Kibaki, who trained as an economist in Uganda and London, was elected in 2002 after promising to fight corruption. But his decade in power was marred by scandals and Kenya's worst political violence since independence.

    In late 2007, his disputed re-election led to violence between the Kikuyu and the Kalenjin, two of the country's largest communities. More than 1,000 people died and hundreds of thousands were displaced.

    However, Kenya experienced strong economic growth under his leadership, especially through his Vision 2030 program, taken over by Kenyatta, which enabled the launch of major infrastructure projects, as well as reforms in health and education.

    The circumstances of Kibaki's death have not been made public. His health deteriorated after a serious car accident in 2002 and he was regularly admitted to the hospital in recent years.

    The former president will be buried on Saturday in the city of Othaya, 80 kilometers (50 miles) north of Nairobi, where he spent time after leaving office.

  •  At least 72 civilians were killed over a seven week period in a single county in South Sudan some beheaded and others burned alive as inter ethnic violence rocks the oil rich region the United Nations said on Monday Bloodshed between February 17 and April 7 in Leer County in Unity State reportedly forced 40 000 people to flee their homes with UN investigators recording 64 cases of sexual violence said the United Nations Mission in South Sudan UNMISS UNMISS strongly condemns the widespread sexual violence killings including beheadings burning civilians alive and attacks on humanitarian workers it said in a statement In total 72 civilians were killed at least 11 were injured the statement added Two women told a UN team that they were repeatedly raped by armed youths and gang raped as they came out of hiding to look for food for their children Another woman who had recently given birth met the same fate and was beaten for three days I am deeply shocked by these horrific attacks on civilians in Leer said Nicholas Haysom who heads UNMISS We must all do everything we can to ensure that victims and survivors get the justice they deserve and receive the care and support they need Earlier this month terrified villagers told AFP they spent days hiding in the swamps as gunmen set fire to their huts and raided their cattle Some described horrific abuse including the rape of women and girls The violence has raised fears of a return to conflict in the fragile young nation which plunged into civil war in 2013 just two years after gaining independence from Sudan Fighting between troops loyal to President Salva Kiir and his rival Vice President Riek Machar left nearly 400 000 dead before the two men agreed to lay down their arms in 2018 But the country of 11 million has struggled to maintain a tenuous peace in the intervening years dealing with lawlessness and explosions of inter ethnic violence Political bickering between Kiir and Machar has not helped with the two sides exchanging fire in recent months Although Kiir and Machar announced an end to the latest hostilities earlier this month and vowed to salvage the faltering peace pact Unity State was rocked by fresh violence less than a week later Nearly nine million people more than half of whom are children will need help to survive this year the UN said this month The Mission urges national and local authorities to take immediate steps to de escalate tensions and prevent further escalation and retaliatory attacks Haysom said calling the perpetrators to account UNMISS was originally deployed for a year when the world s youngest nation gained its independence but its mandate has been expanded again and again as the country lurches from one crisis to another
    UN says dozens killed in South Sudan interethnic violence
     At least 72 civilians were killed over a seven week period in a single county in South Sudan some beheaded and others burned alive as inter ethnic violence rocks the oil rich region the United Nations said on Monday Bloodshed between February 17 and April 7 in Leer County in Unity State reportedly forced 40 000 people to flee their homes with UN investigators recording 64 cases of sexual violence said the United Nations Mission in South Sudan UNMISS UNMISS strongly condemns the widespread sexual violence killings including beheadings burning civilians alive and attacks on humanitarian workers it said in a statement In total 72 civilians were killed at least 11 were injured the statement added Two women told a UN team that they were repeatedly raped by armed youths and gang raped as they came out of hiding to look for food for their children Another woman who had recently given birth met the same fate and was beaten for three days I am deeply shocked by these horrific attacks on civilians in Leer said Nicholas Haysom who heads UNMISS We must all do everything we can to ensure that victims and survivors get the justice they deserve and receive the care and support they need Earlier this month terrified villagers told AFP they spent days hiding in the swamps as gunmen set fire to their huts and raided their cattle Some described horrific abuse including the rape of women and girls The violence has raised fears of a return to conflict in the fragile young nation which plunged into civil war in 2013 just two years after gaining independence from Sudan Fighting between troops loyal to President Salva Kiir and his rival Vice President Riek Machar left nearly 400 000 dead before the two men agreed to lay down their arms in 2018 But the country of 11 million has struggled to maintain a tenuous peace in the intervening years dealing with lawlessness and explosions of inter ethnic violence Political bickering between Kiir and Machar has not helped with the two sides exchanging fire in recent months Although Kiir and Machar announced an end to the latest hostilities earlier this month and vowed to salvage the faltering peace pact Unity State was rocked by fresh violence less than a week later Nearly nine million people more than half of whom are children will need help to survive this year the UN said this month The Mission urges national and local authorities to take immediate steps to de escalate tensions and prevent further escalation and retaliatory attacks Haysom said calling the perpetrators to account UNMISS was originally deployed for a year when the world s youngest nation gained its independence but its mandate has been expanded again and again as the country lurches from one crisis to another
    UN says dozens killed in South Sudan interethnic violence
    Foreign5 months ago

    UN says dozens killed in South Sudan interethnic violence

    At least 72 civilians were killed over a seven-week period in a single county in South Sudan, some beheaded and others burned alive, as inter-ethnic violence rocks the oil-rich region, the United Nations said on Monday.

    Bloodshed between February 17 and April 7 in Leer County in Unity State reportedly forced 40,000 people to flee their homes, with UN investigators recording 64 cases of sexual violence. said the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).

    "UNMISS strongly condemns the widespread sexual violence, killings, including beheadings, burning civilians alive, and attacks on humanitarian workers," it said in a statement.

    In total, "72 civilians were killed, at least 11 were injured," the statement added.

    Two women told a UN team that they were repeatedly raped by armed youths and gang-raped as they came out of hiding to look for food for their children.

    Another woman who had recently given birth met the same fate and was beaten for three days.

    "I am deeply shocked by these horrific attacks on civilians in Leer," said Nicholas Haysom, who heads UNMISS.

    "We must all do everything we can to ensure that victims and survivors get the justice they deserve and receive the care and support they need."

    Earlier this month, terrified villagers told AFP they spent days hiding in the swamps as gunmen set fire to their huts and raided their cattle.

    Some described horrific abuse, including the rape of women and girls.

    The violence has raised fears of a return to conflict in the fragile young nation, which plunged into civil war in 2013, just two years after gaining independence from Sudan.

    Fighting between troops loyal to President Salva Kiir and his rival, Vice President Riek Machar, left nearly 400,000 dead before the two men agreed to lay down their arms in 2018.

    But the country of 11 million has struggled to maintain a tenuous peace in the intervening years, dealing with lawlessness and explosions of inter-ethnic violence.

    Political bickering between Kiir and Machar has not helped, with the two sides exchanging fire in recent months.

    Although Kiir and Machar announced an end to the latest hostilities earlier this month and vowed to salvage the faltering peace pact, Unity State was rocked by fresh violence less than a week later.

    Nearly nine million people, more than half of whom are children, will need help to survive this year, the UN said this month.

    “The Mission urges national and local authorities to take immediate steps to de-escalate tensions and prevent further escalation and retaliatory attacks,” Haysom said, calling the perpetrators to account.

    UNMISS was originally deployed for a year when the world's youngest nation gained its independence, but its mandate has been expanded again and again as the country lurches from one crisis to another.

  •  A joint high level delegation composed of the Special Representative of the President and Head of the AU Mission in South Sudan HE Amb Prof Joram Biswaro Special Representative of the Secretary General and Head of the UN Mission in South Sudan Prof Nicholas Haysom IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan HE Amb Dr Ismail Wais and the Acting Chairman of the Reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Assessment Commission RJMEC His Excellency Major General Charles Tai Gituai rtd held two days of consultations with the Presidency of the Republic of South Sudan on recent issues of concern in the country On Wednesday March 30 2022 the delegation met with HE President Salva Kiir Mayardit and HE First Vice President Dr Riek Machar Teny and on Thursday March 31 2022 met with H E Vice Presidents Mama Rebecca Nyandeng de Mabior Dr Wani Igga and General Taban Deng Gai The delegation encouraged the reaffirmation by both the President and the First Vice President that they would not return the country to war urging them to de escalate the escalating political tensions engage in dialogue with each other to address any concerns and return to full implementation of the Convention In the meeting with the president the delegation acknowledged his intervention through the press conference on Monday March 28 2022 which helped reduce anxiety in Juba and throughout the country The delegation underscored the importance of the members of the Presidency recommitting to the full implementation of the 2018 Peace Agreement and urged them to fulfill their commitments to demonstrate to the nation their true desire for peace He welcomed their readiness and willingness to meet and discuss their differences on the implementation of the Agreement The delegation encouraged them to maintain dialogue and improve communication among the members of the Presidency It encouraged the Sudan People s Liberation Movement Army in Opposition SPLM A IO to rescind its suspension from participation in the Agreement s institutions and mechanisms including RJMEC and CTSAMVM In addition he underscored the seriousness of the rise in intercommunal violence which serves to undermine security throughout the country With only 11 months remaining in the Transition Period the delegation highlighted the pending tasks of the Agreement such as the unification of forces the process of creating a constitution and preparations for the elections and urged the transitional government to develop a route to establish how to complete what must be implemented before the end of the Transition Period The meetings came at a time of growing political and security concerns in the country the suspension of the participation of SPLM A IO representatives from the Agreement s institutions and mechanisms and the slow overall implementation of the R ARCSS The delegation expressed its availability to support the Chair if necessary nbsp
    AUMISS, UNMISS, IGAD, and RJMEC Appeal for Calm and Urge South Sudanese Leaders to Pursue Dialogue and Complete Implementation of the R-ARCSS
     A joint high level delegation composed of the Special Representative of the President and Head of the AU Mission in South Sudan HE Amb Prof Joram Biswaro Special Representative of the Secretary General and Head of the UN Mission in South Sudan Prof Nicholas Haysom IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan HE Amb Dr Ismail Wais and the Acting Chairman of the Reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Assessment Commission RJMEC His Excellency Major General Charles Tai Gituai rtd held two days of consultations with the Presidency of the Republic of South Sudan on recent issues of concern in the country On Wednesday March 30 2022 the delegation met with HE President Salva Kiir Mayardit and HE First Vice President Dr Riek Machar Teny and on Thursday March 31 2022 met with H E Vice Presidents Mama Rebecca Nyandeng de Mabior Dr Wani Igga and General Taban Deng Gai The delegation encouraged the reaffirmation by both the President and the First Vice President that they would not return the country to war urging them to de escalate the escalating political tensions engage in dialogue with each other to address any concerns and return to full implementation of the Convention In the meeting with the president the delegation acknowledged his intervention through the press conference on Monday March 28 2022 which helped reduce anxiety in Juba and throughout the country The delegation underscored the importance of the members of the Presidency recommitting to the full implementation of the 2018 Peace Agreement and urged them to fulfill their commitments to demonstrate to the nation their true desire for peace He welcomed their readiness and willingness to meet and discuss their differences on the implementation of the Agreement The delegation encouraged them to maintain dialogue and improve communication among the members of the Presidency It encouraged the Sudan People s Liberation Movement Army in Opposition SPLM A IO to rescind its suspension from participation in the Agreement s institutions and mechanisms including RJMEC and CTSAMVM In addition he underscored the seriousness of the rise in intercommunal violence which serves to undermine security throughout the country With only 11 months remaining in the Transition Period the delegation highlighted the pending tasks of the Agreement such as the unification of forces the process of creating a constitution and preparations for the elections and urged the transitional government to develop a route to establish how to complete what must be implemented before the end of the Transition Period The meetings came at a time of growing political and security concerns in the country the suspension of the participation of SPLM A IO representatives from the Agreement s institutions and mechanisms and the slow overall implementation of the R ARCSS The delegation expressed its availability to support the Chair if necessary nbsp
    AUMISS, UNMISS, IGAD, and RJMEC Appeal for Calm and Urge South Sudanese Leaders to Pursue Dialogue and Complete Implementation of the R-ARCSS
    Africa6 months ago

    AUMISS, UNMISS, IGAD, and RJMEC Appeal for Calm and Urge South Sudanese Leaders to Pursue Dialogue and Complete Implementation of the R-ARCSS

    A joint high-level delegation composed of the Special Representative of the President and Head of the AU Mission in South Sudan, HE Amb. Prof. Joram Biswaro, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Mission in South Sudan, Prof. Nicholas Haysom, IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan, HE Amb. Dr. Ismail Wais and the Acting Chairman of the Reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Assessment Commission (RJMEC), His Excellency Major General Charles Tai Gituai (rtd), held two days of consultations with the Presidency of the Republic of South Sudan on recent issues of concern in the country.On Wednesday, March 30, 2022, the delegation met with HE President Salva Kiir Mayardit, and HE First Vice President Dr. Riek Machar Teny, and on Thursday, March 31, 2022, met with H.E. Vice Presidents Mama Rebecca Nyandeng de Mabior , Dr. Wani Igga and General Taban Deng Gai.The delegation encouraged the reaffirmation by both the President and the First Vice President that they would not return the country to war, urging them to de-escalate the escalating political tensions, engage in dialogue with each other to address any concerns, and return to full implementation of the Convention. In the meeting with the president, the delegation acknowledged his intervention through the press conference on Monday, March 28, 2022, which helped reduce anxiety in Juba and throughout the country.The delegation underscored the importance of the members of the Presidency recommitting to the full implementation of the 2018 Peace Agreement, and urged them to fulfill their commitments to demonstrate to the nation their true desire for peace. He welcomed their readiness and willingness to meet and discuss their differences on the implementation of the Agreement. The delegation encouraged them to maintain dialogue and improve communication among the members of the Presidency.It encouraged the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) to rescind its suspension from participation in the Agreement's institutions and mechanisms, including RJMEC and CTSAMVM. In addition, he underscored the seriousness of the rise in intercommunal violence, which serves to undermine security throughout the country.With only 11 months remaining in the Transition Period, the delegation highlighted the pending tasks of the Agreement, such as the unification of forces, the process of creating a constitution and preparations for the elections, and urged the transitional government to develop a route to establish how to complete what must be implemented before the end of the Transition Period.The meetings came at a time of growing political and security concerns in the country, the suspension of the participation of SPLM/A-IO representatives from the Agreement's institutions and mechanisms, and the slow overall implementation of the R-ARCSS. The delegation expressed its availability to support the Chair if necessary. 

  •   Clashes in parts of South Sudan s Unity and Upper Nile states over the past few weeks have resulted in killings displacement attacks on aid and other abuses These clashes between government forces under President Salva Kiir and Sudan People s Liberation Movement Army in Opposition SPLM A IO forces under First Vice President Riek Machar are a symptom of multiple defections and opposition fragmentation that has followed a failure to enforce security arrangements in South Sudan s revitalized peace agreement The international community must maintain a strong commitment to prevent further human rights abuses and the deterioration of the humanitarian situation In 2018 warring factions in South Sudan signed a peace agreement that reduced violence in most of the country Under the deal the two main opposing factions and other groups agreed to form a unity government and share responsibility for the armed forces On March 23 the SPLM A IO suspended its participation in the peace agreement monitoring mechanisms citing continued attacks on its bases by government forces and aligned militias In a March 28 statement the SPLM A IO alleged that government forces had been deployed to Riek Machar s house on March 27 before withdrawing the next morning President Kiir described the deployment as a crime prevention measure Civil society leaders and diplomats have warned that these cycles of violent clashes and provocations could lead to renewed conflict The United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan UNCHRSS has warned that almost all risk factors for UN heinous crimes are present in South Sudan The Commission s need could not be more obvious Its mandate must be renewed by the UN Human Rights Council including to investigate collect and preserve evidence for future accountability processes Although Kiir and Machar have called for calm they should issue public orders to prevent and end attacks on civilians and civilian property The parties to the peace agreement must take immediate steps to complete the integration of forces and address other outstanding security sector reform issues as well as ensure accountability for abuses committed by senior officials South Sudan s foreign partners especially its neighbours should pressure and encourage the country s leaders to take action to better protect South Sudanese civilians who bear the brunt of the terrible political economic and social crisis generated by many years of conflict This is not the time to reduce international commitment Rather monitoring reporting and accountability efforts are essential to keeping South Sudan s fragile transition on track
    Cracks in South Sudan’s Fragile Peace Could Further Harm Civilians
      Clashes in parts of South Sudan s Unity and Upper Nile states over the past few weeks have resulted in killings displacement attacks on aid and other abuses These clashes between government forces under President Salva Kiir and Sudan People s Liberation Movement Army in Opposition SPLM A IO forces under First Vice President Riek Machar are a symptom of multiple defections and opposition fragmentation that has followed a failure to enforce security arrangements in South Sudan s revitalized peace agreement The international community must maintain a strong commitment to prevent further human rights abuses and the deterioration of the humanitarian situation In 2018 warring factions in South Sudan signed a peace agreement that reduced violence in most of the country Under the deal the two main opposing factions and other groups agreed to form a unity government and share responsibility for the armed forces On March 23 the SPLM A IO suspended its participation in the peace agreement monitoring mechanisms citing continued attacks on its bases by government forces and aligned militias In a March 28 statement the SPLM A IO alleged that government forces had been deployed to Riek Machar s house on March 27 before withdrawing the next morning President Kiir described the deployment as a crime prevention measure Civil society leaders and diplomats have warned that these cycles of violent clashes and provocations could lead to renewed conflict The United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan UNCHRSS has warned that almost all risk factors for UN heinous crimes are present in South Sudan The Commission s need could not be more obvious Its mandate must be renewed by the UN Human Rights Council including to investigate collect and preserve evidence for future accountability processes Although Kiir and Machar have called for calm they should issue public orders to prevent and end attacks on civilians and civilian property The parties to the peace agreement must take immediate steps to complete the integration of forces and address other outstanding security sector reform issues as well as ensure accountability for abuses committed by senior officials South Sudan s foreign partners especially its neighbours should pressure and encourage the country s leaders to take action to better protect South Sudanese civilians who bear the brunt of the terrible political economic and social crisis generated by many years of conflict This is not the time to reduce international commitment Rather monitoring reporting and accountability efforts are essential to keeping South Sudan s fragile transition on track
    Cracks in South Sudan’s Fragile Peace Could Further Harm Civilians
    Africa6 months ago

    Cracks in South Sudan’s Fragile Peace Could Further Harm Civilians

    Clashes in parts of South Sudan's Unity and Upper Nile states over the past few weeks have resulted in killings, displacement, attacks on aid and other abuses. These clashes, between government forces under President Salva Kiir, and Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) forces under First Vice President Riek Machar, are a symptom of multiple defections and opposition fragmentation that has followed a failure to enforce security arrangements in South Sudan's revitalized peace agreement.

    The international community must maintain a strong commitment to prevent further human rights abuses and the deterioration of the humanitarian situation.

    In 2018, warring factions in South Sudan signed a peace agreement that reduced violence in most of the country. Under the deal, the two main opposing factions and other groups agreed to form a unity government and share responsibility for the armed forces. On March 23, the SPLM/A-IO suspended its participation in the peace agreement monitoring mechanisms, citing continued attacks on its bases by government forces and aligned militias.

    In a March 28 statement, the SPLM/A-IO alleged that government forces had been deployed to Riek Machar's house on March 27, before withdrawing the next morning.

    President Kiir described the deployment as a crime prevention measure.

    Civil society leaders and diplomats have warned that these cycles of violent clashes and provocations could lead to renewed conflict. The United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan (UNCHRSS) has warned that almost all risk factors for UN heinous crimes are present in South Sudan. The Commission's need could not be more obvious. Its mandate must be renewed by the UN Human Rights Council, including to investigate, collect and preserve evidence for future accountability processes.

    Although Kiir and Machar have called for calm, they should issue public orders to prevent and end attacks on civilians and civilian property. The parties to the peace agreement must take immediate steps to complete the integration of forces and address other outstanding security sector reform issues, as well as ensure accountability for abuses committed by senior officials.

    South Sudan's foreign partners, especially its neighbours, should pressure and encourage the country's leaders to take action to better protect South Sudanese civilians, who bear the brunt of the terrible political, economic and social crisis. generated by many years of conflict.

    This is not the time to reduce international commitment. Rather, monitoring, reporting and accountability efforts are essential to keeping South Sudan's fragile transition on track.

  •   The Democratic Republic of the Congo DRC was officially admitted to the East African Community EAC on Tuesday during the 19th Extraordinary Summit of EAC Heads of State and Government chaired virtually by President Uhuru Kenyatta Welcoming the newcomer to the EAC President Kenyatta called the admission of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the EAC a historic event that demonstrates the agility of the community in expanding beyond its socio cultural boundaries to new people and associations and trade focused collaborations that will expand opportunities for citizens region of Today as President of the EAC I warmly and proudly welcome our brothers and sisters from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the EAC and look forward to joining hands to strengthen our community together By working together we have more to gain than when we are apart In fact our community s combined population and GDP will grow 50 percent and 25 percent respectively implying a corresponding expansion of the market for goods and services These numbers imply greater market opportunities for producers located within EACs under the Customs Union said President Kenyatta The president added that the enlarged community will attract more investment in all sectors a move that will create more wealth and employment for the people He noted that with the inclusion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo the EAC will be in a better position to combine resources to develop much needed infrastructure especially the main east west transit corridors Such infrastructure is crucial to facilitating cross border movements of goods people and physical capital as envisioned in the EAC Common Market the President said With a larger market of around 300 million people President Kenyatta expressed his optimism that the community will achieve better results through economies of scale and the pooling of productive human and financial resources Speaking during the summit other East African leaders praised President Felix Tshisekedi of the Democratic Republic of the Congo for working hard to ensure his country joined the community noting that the action he took is not only beneficial to his country but to the region in general Leaders including Presidents Yoweri Kaguta Museveni Uganda Paul Kagame Rwanda and Samia Suluhu Tanzania thanked the EAC Council of Ministers and Secretariat for speeding up the process that led to the admission of DRC into the community The union of the East African Community by the Democratic Republic of the Congo is an event of great importance I have been involved in these efforts for almost 60 years and it is really very nice that the DRC has finally formally reconnected with the EAC said President Museveni For his part President Kagame said that the admission of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the EAC is in line with the community s quest to broaden and deepen the integration of the region and the continent in general noting that Rwanda is ready to play their part in ensuring the success of the community Rwanda commends the Council of Ministers and the Secretariat for accelerating this process I urge all EAC bodies to accelerate the full integration of the DRC into our organization in accordance with the roadmap approved by the Council of Ministers he said Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu said that President Tshisekedi s decision to seek admission of his country to the EAC will provide an opportunity to consolidate peace and security in the DRC To my brother Felix Tshisekedi I congratulate you on your decision to apply for admission to the EAC And to the people of the DRC your country s decision to join the EAC will provide you with a great opportunity to expand the space for peace and security prosperity and solidarity within your country and the region he said In his opening address at the EAC Summit President Tshisekedi thanked the EAC leaders for welcoming him to the community and assured his commitment to working closely with them for the development and prosperity of the region President variste Ndayishimiye of Burundi was represented at the summit by Vice President Prosper Bazombanza while President Salva Kiir Mayardit of South Sudan was represented by Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin The summit appointed President Kenyatta chairman of the EAC to sign the DRC s accession treaty to the EAC by April 14 this year
    Democratic Republic Of Congo Formally Admitted To The East African Community (EAC)
      The Democratic Republic of the Congo DRC was officially admitted to the East African Community EAC on Tuesday during the 19th Extraordinary Summit of EAC Heads of State and Government chaired virtually by President Uhuru Kenyatta Welcoming the newcomer to the EAC President Kenyatta called the admission of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the EAC a historic event that demonstrates the agility of the community in expanding beyond its socio cultural boundaries to new people and associations and trade focused collaborations that will expand opportunities for citizens region of Today as President of the EAC I warmly and proudly welcome our brothers and sisters from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the EAC and look forward to joining hands to strengthen our community together By working together we have more to gain than when we are apart In fact our community s combined population and GDP will grow 50 percent and 25 percent respectively implying a corresponding expansion of the market for goods and services These numbers imply greater market opportunities for producers located within EACs under the Customs Union said President Kenyatta The president added that the enlarged community will attract more investment in all sectors a move that will create more wealth and employment for the people He noted that with the inclusion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo the EAC will be in a better position to combine resources to develop much needed infrastructure especially the main east west transit corridors Such infrastructure is crucial to facilitating cross border movements of goods people and physical capital as envisioned in the EAC Common Market the President said With a larger market of around 300 million people President Kenyatta expressed his optimism that the community will achieve better results through economies of scale and the pooling of productive human and financial resources Speaking during the summit other East African leaders praised President Felix Tshisekedi of the Democratic Republic of the Congo for working hard to ensure his country joined the community noting that the action he took is not only beneficial to his country but to the region in general Leaders including Presidents Yoweri Kaguta Museveni Uganda Paul Kagame Rwanda and Samia Suluhu Tanzania thanked the EAC Council of Ministers and Secretariat for speeding up the process that led to the admission of DRC into the community The union of the East African Community by the Democratic Republic of the Congo is an event of great importance I have been involved in these efforts for almost 60 years and it is really very nice that the DRC has finally formally reconnected with the EAC said President Museveni For his part President Kagame said that the admission of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the EAC is in line with the community s quest to broaden and deepen the integration of the region and the continent in general noting that Rwanda is ready to play their part in ensuring the success of the community Rwanda commends the Council of Ministers and the Secretariat for accelerating this process I urge all EAC bodies to accelerate the full integration of the DRC into our organization in accordance with the roadmap approved by the Council of Ministers he said Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu said that President Tshisekedi s decision to seek admission of his country to the EAC will provide an opportunity to consolidate peace and security in the DRC To my brother Felix Tshisekedi I congratulate you on your decision to apply for admission to the EAC And to the people of the DRC your country s decision to join the EAC will provide you with a great opportunity to expand the space for peace and security prosperity and solidarity within your country and the region he said In his opening address at the EAC Summit President Tshisekedi thanked the EAC leaders for welcoming him to the community and assured his commitment to working closely with them for the development and prosperity of the region President variste Ndayishimiye of Burundi was represented at the summit by Vice President Prosper Bazombanza while President Salva Kiir Mayardit of South Sudan was represented by Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin The summit appointed President Kenyatta chairman of the EAC to sign the DRC s accession treaty to the EAC by April 14 this year
    Democratic Republic Of Congo Formally Admitted To The East African Community (EAC)
    Africa6 months ago

    Democratic Republic Of Congo Formally Admitted To The East African Community (EAC)

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was officially admitted to the East African Community (EAC) on Tuesday during the 19th Extraordinary Summit of EAC Heads of State and Government chaired virtually by President Uhuru Kenyatta.

    Welcoming the newcomer to the EAC, President Kenyatta called the admission of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the EAC a historic event that demonstrates the agility of the community in expanding beyond its socio-cultural boundaries to new people and associations. and trade-focused collaborations that will expand opportunities for citizens. region of.

    “Today, as President of the EAC, I warmly and proudly welcome our brothers and sisters from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the EAC and look forward to joining hands to strengthen our community together. By working together, we have more to gain than when we are apart.

    “In fact, our community's combined population and GDP will grow 50 percent and 25 percent respectively, implying a corresponding expansion of the market for goods and services. These numbers imply greater market opportunities for producers located within EACs under the Customs Union,” said President Kenyatta.

    The president added that the enlarged community will attract more investment in all sectors, a move that will create more wealth and employment for the people.

    He noted that with the inclusion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the EAC will be in a better position to combine resources to develop much-needed infrastructure, especially the main east-west transit corridors.

    "Such infrastructure is crucial to facilitating cross-border movements of goods, people and physical capital as envisioned in the EAC Common Market," the President said.

    With a larger market of around 300 million people, President Kenyatta expressed his optimism that the community will achieve better results through economies of scale and the pooling of productive human and financial resources.

    Speaking during the summit, other East African leaders praised President Felix Tshisekedi of the Democratic Republic of the Congo for working hard to ensure his country joined the community, noting that the action he took is not only beneficial to his country but to the region in general.

    Leaders including Presidents Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (Uganda), Paul Kagame (Rwanda) and Samia Suluhu (Tanzania) thanked the EAC Council of Ministers and Secretariat for speeding up the process that led to the admission of DRC into the community.

    “The union of the East African Community by the Democratic Republic of the Congo is an event of great importance. I have been involved in these efforts for almost 60 years and it is really very nice that the DRC has finally formally reconnected with the EAC,” said President Museveni.

    For his part, President Kagame said that the admission of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the EAC is in line with the community's quest to broaden and deepen the integration of the region and the continent in general, noting that Rwanda is ready to play their part in ensuring the success of the community. .

    “Rwanda commends the Council of Ministers and the Secretariat for accelerating this process. I urge all EAC bodies to accelerate the full integration of the DRC into our organization in accordance with the roadmap approved by the Council of Ministers,” he said.

    Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu said that President Tshisekedi's decision to seek admission of his country to the EAC will provide an opportunity to consolidate peace and security in the DRC.

    “To my brother Felix Tshisekedi, I congratulate you on your decision to apply for admission to the EAC. And to the people of the DRC, your country's decision to join the EAC will provide you with a great opportunity to expand the space for peace and security, prosperity and solidarity within your country and the region," he said.

    In his opening address at the EAC Summit, President Tshisekedi thanked the EAC leaders for welcoming him to the community and assured his commitment to working closely with them for the development and prosperity of the region.

    President Évariste Ndayishimiye of Burundi was represented at the summit by Vice President Prosper Bazombanza, while President Salva Kiir Mayardit of South Sudan was represented by Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin.

    The summit appointed President Kenyatta, chairman of the EAC, to sign the DRC's accession treaty to the EAC by April 14 this year.

  •   South Sudan faces unprecedented challenges due to the pandemic rising international fuel and food prices due to the war in Ukraine and three consecutive years of major flooding The Staff Monitored Program SMP has underpinned key currency and monetary reforms and seeks to support macroeconomic stability and strengthen fiscal discipline and budget transparency With oil revenues buoyant and prices of major imported commodities rising it will be important to use the increased fiscal space to clear wage arrears as a matter of priority and focus budget resources in a timely manner on priority spending especially in health and education An International Monetary Fund IMF staff team led by Mr Niko Hobdari visited South Sudan from 14 to 25 March 2022 The mission held discussions with the authorities on the Staff Supervised Program SMP and Article IV of 2022 Consultation At the end of the visit Mr Hobdari issued the following statement South Sudan s economy has been hit hard by the global pandemic and three consecutive years of major flooding This year s floods have caused large production losses in the agricultural and oil sectors and have exacerbated the difficult humanitarian situation in the country As a result a record proportion of the population is expected to experience acute food insecurity during the upcoming lean season While the recent rise in world commodity prices due to the war in Ukraine will increase South Sudan s revenue from oil exports the majority of the population will experience the impact in the form of higher prices for everyday goods especially food and fuel Despite these challenges the authorities are building on last year s successful currency and monetary reform that closed the gap between parallel and official rates and stabilized the value of the South Sudanese Pound SSP The removal of restrictions on the foreign exchange market has made it possible for individuals and businesses to buy and sell currencies at predictable and competitive rates This together with the Bank of South Sudan s BoSS prudent control of the money supply resulted in an appreciation of the SSP that has mitigated some of the global price gains To consolidate these gains the authorities reiterated their commitment to refrain from monetary financing of the deficit and to keep money growth under control to continue holding regular currency auctions to maintain an exchange rate determined by the market and to expand the instruments available for managing currency and liquidity The recent approval of the 2021 22 budget by the Transitional National Legislative Assembly TNLA presents an opportunity to improve budget management for the remainder of the current fiscal year Oil prices higher than anticipated and the good performance of non oil revenues in addition to the fulfillment of the commitments of the Temporary Financial Agreement with Sudan have increased fiscal space Given the absence of social safety nets the mission welcomed the commitment of the authorities to progressively reduce wage arrears and eliminate them by the end of the fiscal year which will reduce the adverse impact of rising food prices and fuel due to the war in Ukraine Going forward budget releases should be made in a timely manner and in accordance with approved allocations subject to regular consideration by the newly established cash management committee The mission encouraged the authorities to increase the transparency of government revenues and expenditures including the publication of quarterly budget execution reports to assure stakeholders that budget priorities are being met This should also include full information on oil production and associated government revenue For the 2022 23 budget discussions focused on establishing a realistic resourcing and ensuring the budget calendar allows for timely submission to the TNLA for approval before the start of the fiscal year In addition indicative quarterly cash planning should ensure that no further arrears accumulate and that priority spending especially on health and education is protected At the same time should oil revenues prove more buoyant than anticipated the mission recommends that the authorities create additional international reserves to insure against future shocks Performance under the SMP has been in line with expectations All but one of the quantitative targets have been met arrears clearance being the only exception and progress has been made on a number of structural benchmarks The mission encourages the authorities to complete and publish the audit of expenditure financed by disbursements under the Rapid Credit Service and implement the Auditor General s recommendations publish external debt data and ensure its integrity in the future and also ensure that any indebtedness future external is reviewed by the Loan Committee and approved by the TNLA Discussions with the authorities on the finalization of the SMP review are expected to continue in the context of the upcoming Spring Meetings The team met with His Excellency President Salva Kiir Mayardit His Excellency First Vice President Riek Machar TNLA First Vice President Hon Oyet Nathaniel Perieno Minister of Finance and Planning Mr Agak Achuil Lual Minister of Roads and Bridges Mr Simon Mijok Mijak Minister of Petroleum Mr Puot Kang Chol Minister of Education Ms Awut Deng Acuil Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Ms Josephine Lagu Joseph Governor of the Bank of South Sudan Mr Moses Makur Deng Auditor General Mr Steven Wondu other high level government officials and TNLA members and representatives from the diplomatic community the private sector and civil society The IMF team thanks the authorities for their hospitality and productive discussions
    IMF Staff and Republic of South Sudan Hold Discussions on Second Review of Staff Monitored Program and Article IV Consultation
      South Sudan faces unprecedented challenges due to the pandemic rising international fuel and food prices due to the war in Ukraine and three consecutive years of major flooding The Staff Monitored Program SMP has underpinned key currency and monetary reforms and seeks to support macroeconomic stability and strengthen fiscal discipline and budget transparency With oil revenues buoyant and prices of major imported commodities rising it will be important to use the increased fiscal space to clear wage arrears as a matter of priority and focus budget resources in a timely manner on priority spending especially in health and education An International Monetary Fund IMF staff team led by Mr Niko Hobdari visited South Sudan from 14 to 25 March 2022 The mission held discussions with the authorities on the Staff Supervised Program SMP and Article IV of 2022 Consultation At the end of the visit Mr Hobdari issued the following statement South Sudan s economy has been hit hard by the global pandemic and three consecutive years of major flooding This year s floods have caused large production losses in the agricultural and oil sectors and have exacerbated the difficult humanitarian situation in the country As a result a record proportion of the population is expected to experience acute food insecurity during the upcoming lean season While the recent rise in world commodity prices due to the war in Ukraine will increase South Sudan s revenue from oil exports the majority of the population will experience the impact in the form of higher prices for everyday goods especially food and fuel Despite these challenges the authorities are building on last year s successful currency and monetary reform that closed the gap between parallel and official rates and stabilized the value of the South Sudanese Pound SSP The removal of restrictions on the foreign exchange market has made it possible for individuals and businesses to buy and sell currencies at predictable and competitive rates This together with the Bank of South Sudan s BoSS prudent control of the money supply resulted in an appreciation of the SSP that has mitigated some of the global price gains To consolidate these gains the authorities reiterated their commitment to refrain from monetary financing of the deficit and to keep money growth under control to continue holding regular currency auctions to maintain an exchange rate determined by the market and to expand the instruments available for managing currency and liquidity The recent approval of the 2021 22 budget by the Transitional National Legislative Assembly TNLA presents an opportunity to improve budget management for the remainder of the current fiscal year Oil prices higher than anticipated and the good performance of non oil revenues in addition to the fulfillment of the commitments of the Temporary Financial Agreement with Sudan have increased fiscal space Given the absence of social safety nets the mission welcomed the commitment of the authorities to progressively reduce wage arrears and eliminate them by the end of the fiscal year which will reduce the adverse impact of rising food prices and fuel due to the war in Ukraine Going forward budget releases should be made in a timely manner and in accordance with approved allocations subject to regular consideration by the newly established cash management committee The mission encouraged the authorities to increase the transparency of government revenues and expenditures including the publication of quarterly budget execution reports to assure stakeholders that budget priorities are being met This should also include full information on oil production and associated government revenue For the 2022 23 budget discussions focused on establishing a realistic resourcing and ensuring the budget calendar allows for timely submission to the TNLA for approval before the start of the fiscal year In addition indicative quarterly cash planning should ensure that no further arrears accumulate and that priority spending especially on health and education is protected At the same time should oil revenues prove more buoyant than anticipated the mission recommends that the authorities create additional international reserves to insure against future shocks Performance under the SMP has been in line with expectations All but one of the quantitative targets have been met arrears clearance being the only exception and progress has been made on a number of structural benchmarks The mission encourages the authorities to complete and publish the audit of expenditure financed by disbursements under the Rapid Credit Service and implement the Auditor General s recommendations publish external debt data and ensure its integrity in the future and also ensure that any indebtedness future external is reviewed by the Loan Committee and approved by the TNLA Discussions with the authorities on the finalization of the SMP review are expected to continue in the context of the upcoming Spring Meetings The team met with His Excellency President Salva Kiir Mayardit His Excellency First Vice President Riek Machar TNLA First Vice President Hon Oyet Nathaniel Perieno Minister of Finance and Planning Mr Agak Achuil Lual Minister of Roads and Bridges Mr Simon Mijok Mijak Minister of Petroleum Mr Puot Kang Chol Minister of Education Ms Awut Deng Acuil Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Ms Josephine Lagu Joseph Governor of the Bank of South Sudan Mr Moses Makur Deng Auditor General Mr Steven Wondu other high level government officials and TNLA members and representatives from the diplomatic community the private sector and civil society The IMF team thanks the authorities for their hospitality and productive discussions
    IMF Staff and Republic of South Sudan Hold Discussions on Second Review of Staff Monitored Program and Article IV Consultation
    Africa6 months ago

    IMF Staff and Republic of South Sudan Hold Discussions on Second Review of Staff Monitored Program and Article IV Consultation

    South Sudan faces unprecedented challenges due to the pandemic, rising international fuel and food prices due to the war in Ukraine, and three consecutive years of major flooding; The Staff Monitored Program (SMP) has underpinned key currency and monetary reforms and seeks to support macroeconomic stability and strengthen fiscal discipline and budget transparency; With oil revenues buoyant and prices of major imported commodities rising, it will be important to use the increased fiscal space to clear wage arrears as a matter of priority and focus budget resources in a timely manner on priority spending, especially in health and education.

    An International Monetary Fund (IMF) staff team, led by Mr. Niko Hobdari, visited South Sudan from 14 to 25 March 2022. The mission held discussions with the authorities on the Staff Supervised Program (SMP) and Article IV of 2022. Consultation. At the end of the visit, Mr. Hobdari issued the following statement; “South Sudan's economy has been hit hard by the global pandemic and three consecutive years of major flooding. This year's floods have caused large production losses in the agricultural and oil sectors and have exacerbated the difficult humanitarian situation in the country. As a result, a record proportion of the population is expected to experience acute food insecurity during the upcoming lean season. While the recent rise in world commodity prices due to the war in Ukraine will increase South Sudan's revenue from oil exports, the majority of the population will experience the impact in the form of higher prices for everyday goods. , especially food and fuel.

    “Despite these challenges, the authorities are building on last year's successful currency and monetary reform that closed the gap between parallel and official rates and stabilized the value of the South Sudanese Pound (SSP). The removal of restrictions on the foreign exchange market has made it possible for individuals and businesses to buy and sell currencies at predictable and competitive rates. This, together with the Bank of South Sudan's (BoSS) prudent control of the money supply, resulted in an appreciation of the SSP that has mitigated some of the global price gains. To consolidate these gains, the authorities reiterated their commitment to refrain from monetary financing of the deficit and to keep money growth under control, to continue holding regular currency auctions to maintain an exchange rate determined by the market, and to expand the instruments available for managing currency and liquidity. .

    “The recent approval of the 2021/22 budget by the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA) presents an opportunity to improve budget management for the remainder of the current fiscal year. Oil prices higher than anticipated and the good performance of non-oil revenues, in addition to the fulfillment of the commitments of the Temporary Financial Agreement with Sudan, have increased fiscal space. Given the absence of social safety nets, the mission welcomed the commitment of the authorities to progressively reduce wage arrears and eliminate them by the end of the fiscal year, which will reduce the adverse impact of rising food prices. and fuel due to the war in Ukraine. Going forward, budget releases should be made in a timely manner and in accordance with approved allocations, subject to regular consideration by the newly established cash management committee. The mission encouraged the authorities to increase the transparency of government revenues and expenditures, including the publication of quarterly budget execution reports to assure stakeholders that budget priorities are being met. This should also include full information on oil production and associated government revenue."

    “For the 2022/23 budget, discussions focused on establishing a realistic resourcing and ensuring the budget calendar allows for timely submission to the TNLA for approval before the start of the fiscal year. In addition, indicative quarterly cash planning should ensure that no further arrears accumulate and that priority spending, especially on health and education, is protected. At the same time, should oil revenues prove more buoyant than anticipated, the mission recommends that the authorities create additional international reserves to insure against future shocks.

    “Performance under the SMP has been in line with expectations. All but one of the quantitative targets have been met, arrears clearance being the only exception, and progress has been made on a number of structural benchmarks. The mission encourages the authorities to complete and publish the audit of expenditure financed by disbursements under the Rapid Credit Service and implement the Auditor General's recommendations, publish external debt data and ensure its integrity in the future, and also ensure that any indebtedness future external is reviewed by the Loan Committee and approved by the TNLA. Discussions with the authorities on the finalization of the SMP review are expected to continue in the context of the upcoming Spring Meetings.”

    The team met with His Excellency President Salva Kiir Mayardit, His Excellency First Vice President Riek Machar, TNLA First Vice President Hon. Oyet Nathaniel Perieno, Minister of Finance and Planning Mr. Agak Achuil Lual, Minister of Roads and Bridges Mr. Simon Mijok Mijak, Minister of Petroleum, Mr. Puot Kang Chol, Minister of Education, Ms. Awut Deng Acuil, Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Ms. Josephine Lagu Joseph, Governor of the Bank of South Sudan, Mr. Moses Makur Deng, Auditor General Mr. Steven Wondu, other high-level government officials and TNLA members, and representatives from the diplomatic community, the private sector, and civil society. The IMF team thanks the authorities for their hospitality and productive discussions.”