1 The President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Félix-Antoine Tshilombo, has called on UN to support Africa-led mediation, noting that the DRC has faced decades of ‘aggression’ at the hands of a neighbouring country.
2 Tshilombo made the call while addressing world leaders at the ongoing 77th session of UN General in New York.
“Peace and security for all, controlling climate change, relaunching the global economy post-COVID economic recovery; combatting poverty and promoting collective well-being are today’s most pressing challenges,’’ he said.
4 Stressing that international peace and security remains the UN’s primary objective, he said that “neither indifference nor impetus on its part” are acceptable “in the face of any threats to international peace and security”.
5 At present, this question is “crystallising around the fight against terrorism as well as calming hotbeds of tension” in Europe and in Africa, he said.
6 “Terrorism has spared no continent,” Tshilombo said, adding that having metastasised in Africa, the continent is paying a heavy price.
7 He noted that in the name of religious fundamentalism terrorists are barbarically killing innocent people in the East, West, Centre and South of the continent.
8 And while remarkable progress has been made in the Middle East to combat the scourge, it is far from being eliminated.
9 As a DRC is victim of terrorism, despite its membership in the Global Coalition against the Islamic State, the President called upon the UN to become actively involved in implementing the recommendations of Coalition and the Aqaba process.
10 “Statements of intention and proclamations of faith without any vigorous collective action on the ground will never be enough to eradicate terrorism,” he said.
11 The president argued that the DRC had been a victim of a security crisis that has lasted more than 20 years aggression.
12 “Despite tireless international efforts a massive UN military presence in the DRC and diplomatic support for 23 years, this security problem continues to aggrieve my country,” he said.
13 To eradicate insecurity once and for all and restore lasting peace, and stability in the country’s east, several agreements were signed with armed groups and neighbouring countries along with the creation of national and international mechanisms, but he lamented that the settlement lasted only a few months.
14 “Very quickly the architecture of those prospects cracked, and the building collapsed,” he said.
15 The Head of State drew attention to attacks from neighbouring Rwanda along with what he saw as that country’s support of armed terrorist groups that are ravaging the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
16 In defiance of international law, the UN Charter and the Constitutive Act of the African Union, he said that Rwanda, on March 23, not only launched a direct military incursion in North Kivu but had also provided ”massive” support to the M23 armed terrorist group in occupying localities there.
17 “The M23 with the support of the Rwandan army even shot down a MONUSCO helicopter and killed eight blue helmets…committing a war crime,” he said, referring to the UN peace and stabilisation mission in the country.
18 Tshilombo said that he would continue to “tirelessly denounced” the aggression.
19 He went on to call for increasing pressure on Rwanda and the M23 so that they respect the positions taken by international organisations.
21 He told the Assembly that that Rwanda’s responsibility along with that of its allies, the M23, have been documented in reports by UN-mandated experts and the expanded joint verification mission of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, international humanitarian non-governmental organisations and human rights organisations.
22 But, to dispel any doubts and put an end to the denials of Rwandan authorities on the subject, the DRC’s most senior official asked the Security Council President to officially distribute to its members, the latest UN report on the subject.
23 “It is a question of the very image and credibility of our organisation,” he said.
24 To proceed otherwise would encourage Rwanda to continue its aggression, war crimes and crimes against humanity in the DRC, he warned.
25 He added that it would also further fuel the Congolese people’s legitimate suspicion surrounding the UN’s impartiality as well as the complicity of some of its members in these crimes.