Parliament passed the Uganda Human Organ Donation and Transplantation Bill 2022 which establishes severe penalties for trading in human organs for commercial purposes.
The Uganda Human Organ Donation and Transplantation Bill 2022 seeks to establish a legal framework for organ, cell and tissue transplantation in Uganda.
The bill also sought to regulate the conduct of donation and transplant activities in the country.
In an attempt to prevent the vices associated with human organ donation and transplantation, Parliament passed a life sentence for people who traffic in human organs and tissues for commercial purposes.
It also prescribes life imprisonment without option to pay for child organ traffickers.
The Bill establishes the Uganda Organ and Transplant Council to oversee and regulate organ and cell donation and transplantation in Uganda.
The Health Committee, which previously reviewed the bill, listening to views from various stakeholders, recommended that children’s organ donation only take place in exceptional circumstances approved by the Council with the consent of a parent or guardian.
“The provisions include stem cell therapy for miners who are twins or close siblings after Council approval.
Prescribing a life sentence for a person who contravenes the provision,” said Dr. Charles Ayume, chairman of the Health Committee.
The bill imposes a life sentence on anyone who removes a human organ, tissue, or cell from a living donor without consent or authorization; and prohibits the sale of one’s own organs for financial gain.
Legal persons will face a penalty of Shs 10 billion for engaging in the human organ trade.
For the same offence, people, including health workers or traffickers, face a fine of 2 billion shs or a term of imprisonment not exceeding 20 years, or both.
The bill prohibits monetary compensation or any other form of compensation for organs, tissues or cells other than reimbursement for donation-related expenses, except for justifiable expenses approved by the council.