2 The Uganda Virus Research Institute confirmed the case after testing a sample taken from a 24-year-old man.
3 This follows an investigation by the National Rapid Response team into six suspicious deaths that occurred in the district this month.
4 There are currently eight suspected cases receiving care at a health facility.
5 “This is the first time in over a decade that Uganda has registered the Ebola strain in Sudan.
6 We are working closely with national health authorities to investigate the origin of this outbreak, while supporting efforts to rapidly implement effective control measures,” said Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, Regional Director of the World Health Organization.
8 “Uganda is no stranger to effective Ebola control.
9 Thanks to his experience, steps have been taken to quickly detect the virus and we can rely on this knowledge to stop the spread of infections.” There have been seven previous outbreaks of the Sudan strain of Ebola, four in Uganda and three in Sudan.
10 Uganda last reported an Ebola outbreak in Sudan in 2012.
11 In 2019, the country experienced an Ebola outbreak in Zaire.
13 WHO is assisting the Ugandan health authorities with the investigation and is deploying staff to the affected area.
14 The Organization has dispatched supplies to support patient care and is sending a tent that will be used to isolate patients.
15 While ring vaccination of high-risk individuals with the Ervebo (rVSV-ZEBOV) vaccine has been highly effective in controlling the spread of Ebola in recent outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and elsewhere, this vaccine has only been licensed to protect against Zaire.
17 Another vaccine produced by Johnson and Johnson may be effective, but has not yet been tested specifically against the Sudan strain.
18 Ebola is a serious, often fatal disease that affects humans and other primates.
19 It has six different strains, three of which (Bundibugyo, Sudan and Zaire) have previously caused large outbreaks.
20 Case fatality rates for the Sudan strain have ranged from 41% to 100% in previous outbreaks.
21 Early initiation of supportive treatment has been shown to significantly reduce Ebola deaths.