1 Protection services are in short supply for refugees and migrants making perilous journeys from the Sahel and the Horn of Africa to North Africa and Europe, including survivors of human trafficking, UNHCR, the UN agency, warned today.
2 for Refugees.
3 In a report released today, on the eve of World Day Against Trafficking in Persons, UNHCR mapped the protection services available to asylum seekers, refugees and migrants as they travel these routes.
4 Some victims die in the desert, others experience repeated sexual and gender-based violence, kidnapping for ransom, torture and many forms of physical and psychological abuse.
5 The report is the second of its kind and highlights the gaps in available protection services, particularly in terms of shelter, access to justice, identification of survivors and the provision of responses to gender-based violence, trafficking and children.
6 unaccompanied and separated.
8 “I am appalled by the abuses refugees and migrants face as they travel through the Sahel and East and Horn of Africa into North Africa and sometimes into Europe,” the UNHCR special envoy said.
9 for the situation of the central and western Mediterranean, Vincent Cochetel.
11 “Too many lives have been lost or broken on these routes.”
12 Cochetel emphasized the urgent need for more funds to implement better services to prevent human trafficking, identify and support survivors, ensure access to asylum for victims and people at risk of trafficking in need of international protection, as well as bring the perpetrators to justice.
13 He also cited the need for States, UN agencies, civil society and NGOs to redouble efforts to implement existing international frameworks, such as the UN Palermo Protocols on human trafficking and smuggling, such as the best collective means to save lives and combat these crimes.
14 Given the global expansion in the use of technology and online platforms that allow traffickers and smugglers to advertise their services and lure unsuspecting victims, part of the new effort, he added, must also involve collaboration between states and the private sector to crack down.
15 with the use of the Internet by traffickers to identify, groom and recruit victims, including children.
16 However, digital technologies can also be harnessed to provide communities with reliable information about the risks of irregular travel, including traffic, and empower them with advice and information on safe options.
17 All measures to respond to human smuggling and trafficking, including online, must comply with international law and human rights standards.
18 The report, ‘Mapping Protection Services for Vulnerable People on the Move, Including Victims of Trafficking’, provides tailored information for refugees and migrants about the services that are currently available on the different routes.
19 It also serves as a reference for donors to target resource investments where they are most needed, and for the actors best placed to deliver these essential services.