– In recent years, some China hawks in Washington obsessed with the Cold War mentality have been provoking confrontation in the field of science and technology through their ideologically biased “talent uncoupling” policy against China.
Experts have been warning that such dangerous moves, which have been hampering bilateral science and technology cooperation to a large extent, will only harm the United States itself in due course.
A MORE ATTRACTIVE CHINA
According to data from the Asian American Scholar Forum (AASF), more than 1,400 US-trained Chinese scientists left their US academic or business affiliation for a Chinese one in 2021, an increase of 22% over the previous year.
According to the Global Talent Competitiveness Index 2022, released by INSEAD in collaboration with the Portulans Institute and the Human Capital Leadership Institute in November, China continues to climb the rankings, coming in at 36th this year.
Wang Huiyao, president of the Center for China and Globalization, said China has witnessed a steady increase in the arrival of Chinese-descent scientists from abroad, and their return will make further contributions to innovation and entrepreneurship, breakthroughs technology and the people of China. -Diplomacy of people.
More than 80 percent of all Chinese students have returned to China after finishing their education abroad since 2012, according to China’s Ministry of Education.
As a magnet for international talent, the United States is being eclipsed as a result of its unscrupulous suppression of Chinese academics.
In an AASF report, Xie Yu, a member of the US National Academy of Sciences and a professor at Princeton University, and other scholars from Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology surveyed 1,304 scientists from US-based Chinese ethnicity and found that they displayed a strong sense of restlessness and fear on all five psychological indicators.
A total of 35 percent of respondents do not feel welcome in the United States and 72 percent do not feel safe as an academic researcher, while 42 percent are afraid of doing research. Furthermore, a remarkable 86 per cent perceive that it is more difficult to recruit the best international students now than it was five years ago.
Additionally, a staggering 61 percent have thought about leaving the United States.
These repercussions stem primarily from the “China Initiative” launched by the US Department of Justice in 2018, which has consistently stigmatized scientists of Chinese descent under the guise of “national security” and through the distorted lens of racism. Earlier this year, the initiative was finally canceled amid strong criticism and opposition.
“In the past, there have been complaints that while they contributed a lot of the hard work, they generally failed to achieve leadership positions or commensurate recognition, reaching a ‘bamboo ceiling.’ Under the China Initiative, most Chinese-American scientists are now feeling the chilling effect of potential federal investigations and prosecutions and have new reason to be pessimistic about their careers in the United States,” the report said.
DIMINISHED SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION
Cultural and people-to-people exchanges have brought tangible benefits to both peoples. According to the AASF report, 17 percent of all 2020 US science or engineering doctoral degrees were awarded to foreign students from China, with some choosing to stay in the United States to work. Along with native Chinese Americans, Chinese immigrants have become a large and visible demographic in the field of science and technology in the United States.
Chinese students and researchers can boost US competitiveness in at least three ways: through their contributions to US university revenue, to US science and innovation, and to security US national, according to a report on the background, policy and impact of the US-China relationship. “Decoupling” of STEM Talent published by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.
Unfortunately, Washington’s politics, riddled with ideological bias and Cold War mentality, have greatly hampered people-to-people exchanges between China and the United States and are therefore widely opposed.
Former US ambassador to China Max Baucus said Washington’s anti-China rhetoric reminded him of the McCarthy era.
“Scientific progress is based on collaboration, on recruiting the best possible talent for important scientific problems and on making these findings known around the world. So establishing science as a competition with talented scientists in other countries and harboring secrets that They should not be disclosed.” widely shared goes against the fundamental values of the scientific community,” H. Holden Thorp, editor-in-chief of Science magazines, wrote in an editorial titled “China’s Initiative Must End” in February.
US campuses see fewer international students. During the 2020-21 academic year, 329,272 graduate students studied in the United States, down 12.1% from the previous year, while the number of international scholars in the United States (specifically, postdocs and visiting researchers) plummeted 31%, from 123,508 to 85,528, reported Nature magazine, citing data from the Institute for International Education.
Under the current situation, it is more necessary than ever for China and the United States to strengthen dialogue and exchanges in scientific and technological circles, especially among academic communities and civil societies, so that scientific cooperation can resume course and progress. Scientists have the right to choose their cooperation partners, said Liang Zheng, deputy director of the China Institute of Science and Technology Policy at Tsinghua University. ■