1 The main challenges facing humanity are “complex and intertwined,” said Félix-Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo, president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), on Tuesday night, while also noting that the DRC had faced decades of ‘ aggression’ at the hands of a neighboring country.
2 “Peace and security for all, control of climate change, relaunch of the global economy post-COVID economic recovery; combating poverty and promoting collective well-being ”are the most pressing challenges of today, he said.
3 Overcoming them will require working in greater concert, with more cooperation and solidarity among states and nations, the DRC leader said in his opening speech at the UN General Assembly’s annual high-level debate.
4 Terrorism Underlining that international peace and security remain the main objective of the UN, he said that “neither indifference nor impetus on its part” is acceptable “in the face of any threat to international peace and security.”
5 Currently, this issue is “crystallizing around the fight against terrorism as well as defusing hot spots” in Europe and Africa, he continued.
6 “Terrorism has spared no continent,” Mr. Tshilombo said, adding that having metastasized to Africa, the continent is paying a heavy price.
7 He pointed out that in the name of religious fundamentalism, terrorists are barbarously killing innocent people in the East, West, Center and South of the continent.
8 And while remarkable progress has been made in the Middle East to combat the scourge, it is far from being eliminated.
9 As the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a victim of terrorism, despite its membership in the Global Coalition against the Islamic State, the president urged the UN to be actively involved in the implementation of the Coalition’s recommendations and the Aqaba process.
10 “Declarations of intent and proclamations of faith without vigorous collective action on the ground will never be enough to eradicate terrorism,” he said.
11 Security crisis The president argued that the DRC has been the victim of a security crisis that has lasted more than 20 years of aggression.
12 “Despite tireless international efforts, the massive UN military presence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and diplomatic support for 23 years, this security issue continues to plague my country,” he said.
13 To eradicate insecurity once and for all and restore lasting peace and stability in the east of the country, several agreements were signed with armed groups and neighboring countries along with the creation of national and international mechanisms, but he regretted that an arrangement lasted only a few months .
14 “Very quickly, the architecture of those perspectives cracked and the building collapsed,” he said.
15 Rwanda‘s ‘aggression’ The Head of State drew attention to the attacks in neighboring Rwanda and what he saw as that country’s support for the armed terrorist groups that are devastating the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
16 In defiance of international law, the United Nations Charter and the Constitutive Act of the African Union, he said that Rwanda, on March 23, not only launched a direct military incursion into North Kivu, but also provided “massive” support ” to the armed forces of the M23.
18 committing a war crime,” he said, referring to the UN peacekeeping and stabilization mission in the country.
19 Mr. Tshilombo said he would continue “tirelessly denouncing” the aggression.
20 He then called for increased pressure on Rwanda and M23 to respect the positions taken by international organizations.
21 He further said there must be broad support for the continuation of the process.
23 In that context, he also urged the international community to support and encourage th The former president of Kenya, Uhuru Kenyatta, and the current President of Angola, João Lourenço, mediators of the East African Community (EAC) and the African Union in the security crisis in the DRC, to continue their good offices Image issue He told the Assembly that Rwanda’s responsibility along with that of its allies, the M23, has been documented in reports by UN-mandated experts and the expanded joint verification mission of the International Conference on Re Great Lakes region, international humanitarian non-governmental organizations and human rights organization.
24 But, to dispel any doubts and put an end to the denials of the Rwandan authorities on the subject, the DRC’s top official asked the president of the Security Council to officially distribute to its members the latest UN report on the subject.
25 “It is a matter of image and credibility of our Organization,” he said.
26 Doing otherwise would encourage Rwanda to continue its aggression, war crimes and crimes against humanity in the DRC, he warned, adding that it would also further fuel the legitimate suspicion of the Congolese people about the impartiality of the UN, as well as the complicity of some of its members.
27 in these crimes.