Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, his wife, Oludolapo, APC National Chairman Abdullahi Adamu, Special Duties Minister, George Akume, on Thursday paid condolence visits on the FCT Minister of State, Dr Ramatu Aliyu, over her mother’s death.
In his condolence, Osinbajo said the contributions of the deceased in the lives of so many, especially the less privileged would remain indelible.
“We are here to commiserate with our dear sister, the FCT Minister of State, her husband and the family over the sad demise of our mother.
“Of course, when we heard, we were deeply shocked because she wasn’t particularly old, so we were shocked that she had passed on.
” We ought to have been here on Wednesday because the minister is very dear to me and my wife, and we have a relationship over so many years.
“This loss is very personal to us as well, that is why we came to commiserate with her, the family as well as the good people of the Federal Capital Territory.
“All we can say is, it is God who gives life and He is the only one who can take life.
None of us have any control over when we come or when we go.
” All that we are left with is the memories, especially the contributions in the lives of others that the departed had made.
“We are very confident that in the case of our mother who made significant contributions in the lives of so many, especially those who are less privileged, the poor and the vulnerable, will remain indelible in our minds.
“So, we just want to thank God for her life and pray for comfort for our dear sister and the rest of the family and to say a prayer that all of us will live long to mourn all of our elderly people and we ourselves will live very long.
” Earlier, the 17 Graded Chiefs in the FCT also paid condolences to the bereaved family.
The traditional rulers, led by the FCT Chairman of Traditional Council of Chiefs, and Onah of Abaji, Dr Adamu Yunusa, prayed that may the good Lord grant the deceased eternal rest and make the highest paradise be her abode.
“May God grant the family, the good people of Kogi State and the good people of the FCT, the fortitude to bear this irreparable loss,” he said.
Other dignitaries who paid condolence visits to the minister were, Sen. Philip Aduda, Director General NDLEA, retired Gen. Buba Marwa, former Minister of Interior, Abdulrahman Dambazau, and Gen. Tukur Yusuf Buratai.
Also, the wife of the APC Vice Presidential Candidate, Haj. Nana Kashim Shettima, Minister of State for Niger Delta, Mrs Sharon Ikeazor, Minister of State for Industry, Trade and Investment, Maryam Katagum, Wife of the Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Mrs Olufunmilayo Mustapha, among others.
The Nigerian Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Regulatory Authority (NMDPRA) has bega n to review the midstream and downstream petroleum regulations to bequeath the industry with laws and policies to enable investment in the sector.
Chief Timipre Sylva, Minister of State for Petroleum Resources at the NMDPRA stakeholders’ consultation forum on regulations on Monday in Abuja said the regulations had been shared with stakeholders for review and input.
The News Agency of Nigeria reports that the 10 regulations to be considered are: Petroleum (Transportation and Shipment) Regulations and Assignment and Transfer of Licence and Permit Regulations.
The regulations include Midstream and Downstream Petroleum(Operations) Regulations; Petroleum Pipeline Regulations; Gas Pricing Domestic Demand and Delivery Regulations; and Natural Gas Pipeline Tariff Regulations.
Others are Midstream and Downstream Decommissioning and Abandonment Regulations; Environmental Regulations for Midstream and Downstream Operations; Midstream and Downstream Gas Infrastructure Fund Regulations and Environmental Remediation Funds Regulations.
“We are now at the point of engagement and interaction with a view to issuing regulations that would benefit all stakeholders,” the minister said.
The minister said that with creation of the Petroleum Industry Act of 2021, the authority was saddled with the responsibility of technically and commercially regulating both the mid- and down-stream operations in the sector.
He said the review was in fulfillment of the provisions of Sections 33 and 216 of the PIA 2021. This, he said mandated NMDPRA to consult with relevant stakeholders prior to finalising regulations concerning the processing, refining, transmission, distribution, supply, sale and storage of petroleum products, or any other matters deemed expedient.
“This administration understands the need to have an all-encompassing, well thought-out, and unambiguous regulatory instruments that are painstakingly developed to meet the present and future aspirations of the government.
“The regulations are required to attract much needed investments and create opportunities in the sector; hence the need for stakeholders participation and engagement in developing regulations, processes and procedures.
“Prior to this event, the authority has initiated and proposed ten different regulations which span operations, pricing and environmental management, in line with its statutory mandate.
“Whilst noting that the current state of our local energy landscape is dire and is in need of ingenious solutions, we have an opportunity to ameliorate the situation through these sets of regulatory instruments,” he said.
He said that the regulations would provide clarity and certainty for investors, promote and build investor confidence, increase and improve foreign and indigenous participation in these sectors, and optimise value for all stakeholders.
These, he said would cumulate into enablement of businesses, growth of the industry and creation of myriads of opportunities for Nigerians.
Mr Farouk Ahmed, Authority Chief Executive, NMDPRA in an address said this innovation, amongst others in the PIA, aligned with the vision and commitment of President Muhammadu Buhari and the minister of state.
Ahmed, while extending appreciation to the ninth National Assembly who ensured the passage of the PIA, said Section 216 of the PIA mandated the authority to ‘consult with stakeholders prior to finalising amendments to regulations.
However, he said it did not consider this an obligation or box-ticking exercise as continuous engagement with its stakeholders to enable their business was at the core of its regulatory philosophy.
“Accordingly, our priority will be to ensure these regulations are primary enablers of the Federal Government’s Decade of Gas initiative and will help catalyse investment and enhance the attractiveness of the domestic gas value chain,” the NMDPRA boss said.
In a remark, Chairman Senate Committee on Petroleum (Downstream), Sen. Sabo Mohammed, said the passage into law of the PIA was a watershed in the legislative history of the nation.
Mohammed, represented by its Vice Chairman, Sen. Philip Aduda, said it was expected that, as secondary legislation, the regulations would complement the PIA in unlocking the vast potential of the midstream and downstream sector.
The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has congratulated Sen. Philip Aduda (PDP- FCT) on his emergence as the Minority Leader of the Senate.
The party congratulated Aduda in a statement by its National Publicity Secretary, Mr Debo Ologunagba in Abuja on Friday.
The party said that Aduda’s emergence as Minority Leader underscored the confidence PDP, his colleagues in the Senate and indeed Nigerians at large ,had in his long-standing legislative experience, competence and capacity as a lawmaker.
it said that Aduda’s selection could not have come at a better time when Nigerians were looking up to the PDP.
“The PDP trust in Aduda’s capacity to lead our fold in the Senate.
“We charge him to use the attributes that earned him this enviable position to strengthen his commitment as a strong voice for the independence of the legislature, the democratic tenets of the Rule of Law and the pursuit of the interest and wellbeing of the people.
“The PDP urges Aduda to put in all his effort to ensure that our party’s caucus in the National Assembly remains united and focused for the task ahead.”,the party said.
The PDP said that it wished Aduda success as he leads PDP caucus in the Senate.
The Public and Private Development Center (PPDC) urged the federal government to provide satellite communities in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) with social infrastructure.
Senior Program Director, PPDC, Mr. Onyekachi Chukwu, on Tuesday called in Abuja for a program to promote inclusive governance through civic engagement of "rights holders" in the CTF.
The Nigerian News Agency reports that the center organized a series of community engagements between September and October that revealed citizens' expectations regarding service delivery in the CTF.
Chukwu denounced the poor state of infrastructure in some communities, saying that “one will think that the natives are doing well, considering that these communities are located in the CTF.
“You will be surprised that most of these communities within the CTF are inaccessible.
“During our visit, these communities were very difficult to access. For some of these places we had to park our cars and use our legs to get to some of these communities.
“We want to shine a light on these CTF communities that have not seen a government presence for over ten years. Basically, since these people are in the CTF, it doesn't necessarily mean that everything is fine with them.
“We visited these communities. And today we brought in members of those communities to discuss the challenges they face, '' he said.
The official, who took the time to enlighten the natives on how to monitor government projects within their communities, assured the PPDC will provide them with the necessary assistance to get the government to complete projects within their communities. .
“We are also trying to empower communities in the CTF, especially rights holders who see how they can improve their participation in governance.
“It's in their communities and it's also demanding for the delivery of services in their communities.
“We make people in the communities aware of the various tools available to them to improve their participation in governance and help them have more accessibility to their representatives.
“This is to ensure that some of the challenges they face in their communities, such as the lack of schools, the lack of physical facilities such as roads, also access to water and insecurity. , can be resolved, ”said the senior program manager.
In his remarks, a member of the clergy, Reverend Thomas Bako, who represented the Yimi community under the Gwagwalada Regional Council, said that the FCT natives were the most cheated people in Nigeria.
Bako said some communities were not accessible during the rainy season.
He added that the population could not see their representatives to file a complaint.
“You go to their offices; they will say you should come another day. We are peasant farmers. How are you going to keep spending the transportation to visit the office of someone who doesn't care about you?
“The roads are bad and accidents happen every day. You hear that the contract is awarded, if you go to the site, nothing is done in this area. Some communities are only accessible during the dry season, '' the cleric said.
In addition, Dr Ray Jamberlary, a representative of the Buzumkure community in the Kuje Regional Council, said some of the elected presidents of the local government were not accessible.
“You can't even know where they're sleeping. You can't even access the presidents of local governments. Seeing Senator Philip Aduda is easier than seeing a local government chairman in the CTF.
“They have ways of sneaking out of their homes and offices. So you can't even see them file a complaint, ”he added.
Also reports that PPDC is currently working in six communities within FCT to train indigenous people on project monitoring and how to involve government in delivering quality services.
The six communities are Karonmajigi, Yimi, Buzunkure, Ijakpada, Abaji and Apiawoyi in the six regional councils of Abuja.
By Chijioke OkoronkwoVice President Yemi Osinbajo on Sunday led Federal Government’s delegations to church buildings’ dedication services where clergymen offered prayers for Nigeria’s unity.
The church buildings dedicated are All Saints Anglican Church Wuse, Zone 5, and the Redeemed Christian Church of God (RCCG), City of David Parish, Utako, Abuja.
Osinbajo’s spokesman, Laolu Akande, in a statement said that clergymen at both churches prayed for an end to the spate of violent attacks in parts of the country.
They prayed God to intercede on behalf of Nigeria and grant it victory over the sponsors and perpetrators of violence in the country.
Most Rev. Henry Ndukuba, the Archbishop Metropolitan and Primate of All Nigeria Anglican Communion, assisted by Bishop of Kubwa Diocese, Bishop Duke Akamisoko, led the prayers for the security, peace and prosperity of Nigeria.
Ndukaba offered prayers to God for the unity of the country, peace and protection of leaders.
He prayed God to give the president and the vice president and other officials of the administration wisdom to lead the country.
“God give all who serve in the Federal Government the wisdom from above.
“When they speak, grant them utterance that comes from the Holy Spirit, fill their hearts with wisdom, and give them kindness of mind. And being filled and led by you, oh Holy Spirit, they will fulfill their purpose.
“And in this government, Lord, may your name be glorified,” he prayed.
On his part, Akamisoko prayed for that God’s blessings reigned in the East, West, North, and South.
“Let your blessings reign on this country, let your glory reign.
“All the plans of the evil one against this country; Lord, it shall not come to pass in Jesus name.
”We shall remain united serving and loving you on this day of the dedication of the Church of All Saints Anglican Church.
“All together, we unite our faith and pray that this nation shall be great again in Jesus name,” he prayed.
The dedication of the new Church building of RCCG, City of David Parish, Utako, was led by Pastor Idowu Iluyomade, an Assistant General Overseer and Regional Pastor from the RCCG City of David Parish, Apapa, Lagos.
He thanked God for His blessings that had culminated in the dedication of a new church building over a short period of time and urged Christians to remain steadfast with God especially in times of difficulty.
Iluyomade prayed for leaders of the country, including President Muhammadu Buhari and Osinbajo and assured that sponsors of trouble in parts of the country would soon be arrested.
“God will intervene personally and arrest those causing trouble in the country,” he said.
Speaking shortly after the dedication of the new church auditorium at the All Saints Anglican Church, Osinbajo urged members to see the occasion as a call to the greater work of transforming the entire society.
According to the vice president, the dedication of the physical building called the church must only reminds Christians that the real work of building the church is that of bringing up men and women in the knowledge of the Lord.
“The forces of evil and of hate are more vehement than ever. The battle between light and darkness is more intense than ever, but we will prevail.”
At the dedication, Osinbajo urged members of the parish to look beyond the physical dedication of the church building and focus on bringing up great leaders that would carry on the legacies of the church.
He commended the Pastor of City of David Parish, Abuja, Pastor Gbolade Okenla, for his dedication and hard work.
He also praised the members of the congregation for the sacrifices that birthed the new building, assuring them of the blessings that would follow their contributions.
Osinbajo cited the example of David in the Bible.
“David only thought he did not build a church; he thought about building a church and the Lord blessed his generations forever.
“But you have not only thought of building a Church, you have built a church.
“So, the wonders and miracles of God will attend to you and your families forever more in the name of the Lord Jesus,” he said.
Other dignitaries at the dedication of the City of the David building include Sen. Philip Aduda, Minister of Women Affairs, Dame Pauline Tallen, among other officials.
Beside the Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Boss Mustapha, who joined the vice president at the Anglican Church, was also the former Information Minister, Prof. Jerry Gana, among others.
By Bridget Ikyado
Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, on Sunday, led some clerics to pray for God to grant Nigeria victory over sponsors and perpetrators of violence in the country.
The prayers were offered during the dedication of two Churches in Abuja.
The Churches were the All Saints Anglican Church Wuse Zone 5, and the Redeemed Christian Church of God (RCCG) City of David Parish, Utako, Abuja.
Osinbajo used the occasion to pray for an end to the spate of violent attacks in parts of the country.
According to Osinbajo, as the Federal Government continues to work hard at finding solutions to the challenges confronting the nation, clergymen and congregants should also pray fervently for the nation to overcome these challenges.
The vice presidents first visited the Archbishop Metropolitan and Primate of all Nigeria Anglican Communion, Most Revd. Henry Ndukuba.
Ndaukuba, assisted by Bishop of Kubwa Diocese, Bishop Duke Akamisoko, led the prayers for the security, peace and prosperity of Nigeria.
Archbishop Ndukuba prayed God to give the President and the Vice President and other officials of the present administration wisdom to lead the country.
He prayed that God will grant “ all who serve in the Federal Government the wisdom from above.
“When they speak, grant them utterance that comes from the Holy Spirit, fill their hearts with wisdom, and give them kindness of mind.
“And being filled and led by you, oh Holy Spirit, they will fulfill their purpose. And in this government, Lord, may your name be glorified.”
Also Bishop Akamisoko of Kubwa diocese prayed for unity of the nation.
“For our country, to the East, West, North, and South, let your blessings reign on this country, let your glory reign.”
The Bishop prayed God to grant wisdom, good health, sound mind to Osinbajo and Secretary to the Government of the Federation (SGF), Boss Mustapha, to be able to administer the country successfully.
There were also prayers during the dedication of the new Church building of RCCG City of David Parish, Utako.
Osinbajo urged members of the church to see the occasion as a call to the greater work of transforming the entire society.
“The dedication of the physical building called the church must only remind us that the real work of building the church is that of bringing up men and women in the knowledge and nurture of the Lord.
“The forces of evil and of hate are more vehement than ever. The battle between light and darkness is more intense than ever, but we will prevail,” he added.
He urged members of the parish to also focus on bringing up great leaders that will carry on the legacies of the church.
He commended the Pastor, Gbolade Okenla for his dedication and hard work.
The vice president also praised the members of the congregation for the sacrifices that birthed the new building, assuring them of the blessings that will follow their contributions.
He referred to the example of David in the Bible, and said “David thought about building a church and the Lord blessed his generations forever.
“You have also built a church. So, the wonders and miracles of God will attend to you and your families forever more in the name of the Lord Jesus.”
Prayers were led by Pastor Idowu Iluyomade, Assistant General Overseer and Regional Pastor, RCCG City of David Parish, Apapa, Lagos.
While thanking God for his blessings that has culminated in the dedication of a new church building, the pastor urged Christians to remain steadfast with God, especially in times of difficulty.
He prayed for leaders of the country, including the President and his vice, and assured that sponsors of trouble in parts of the country will soon be arrested.
He noted that “God will intervene personally and arrest those causing trouble in the country.”
The cleric offered prayers to God for the unity of the country, peace and protection of leaders.
Dignitaries at the dedication of the City of David building include Sen. Philip Aduda; Minister of Women Affairs, Dame Pauline Tallen; the SGF, and a former Information Minister, Prof. Jerry Gana, among others.
By Naomi Sharang
Chairman, Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), Prof. Mahmood Yakubu, has expressed confidence in the National Assembly’s ability to pass Electoral Act Amendment Bill before the 2023 general elections.
Yakubu stated this at a public hearing on the ‘National Electoral Offences Commission (Establishment) Bill, 2021’ organised by Senate Committee on INEC, on Tuesday in Abuja.
The INEC boss, who noted the importance of the bill to the 2023 general elections, said, “We are confident that the National Assembly will conclude work on the legal framework in earnest.
“In order to do so, there should be clarity and certainty about the electoral legal framework to govern the 2023 general elections.
“We are confident that the national assembly will do the needful and do so in earnest.
“The commission is anxious to know the legal framework to govern the conduct of the 2023 general elections.
“By the principle established by the commission, the 2023 general elections will hold on Feb. 18, 2023, which is exactly one year, nine months, two weeks and six days away from today.”
Yakubu said that the commission would release the timetable for the general elections immediately after the Anambra governorship election, scheduled to hold on Nov. 6.
On the Electoral Offences Commission Bill, Yakubu appealed to the national assembly for its expeditious passage.
“It is not that the commission hasn’t done much or anything about the prosecution of electoral offenders.
“Since the 2015 general elections, 124 cases have been filed in court and are being prosecuted. So far, we have only achieved 60 convictions out of the cases.
“We will like to see more prosecution of offenders, not just of ballot box snatchers and falsifiers of results of elections, but more importantly, their sponsors.
“We look forward to the day when highly-placed sponsors of thuggery, including chieftains of political parties and candidates, will be prosecuted,” he said.
Earlier, President of the Senate, Ahmad Lawan, while opening the hearing, said that the bill would not only harmonise regulations and laws related to electoral offences, but also serve as deterrence to offenders.
Lawan, who was represented by Senate Minority Whip, Sen. Philip Aduda, said having the electoral offences commission would be a solution to ensuring diligence in the administration of electoral justice system.
While commenting on the Electoral Act Amendment Bill, Chairman, Senate Committee on INEC, Sen. Kabiru Gaya, said that it would be passed soon.
“The process will soon be concluded. We are presently working with stakeholders towards concluding the process and the president’s assent within this quarter,” he said.
On the electoral offences commission, Gaya said the bill provided for the commission to investigate and prosecute electoral offenders on the powers of the attorney-general and adopt measures to prevent, minimise and eradicate electoral offences. (NAN)(NAN)
The FCT minister, Malam Muhammad Bello, has urged stakeholders to form a united front under one fundamental objective to protect lives, properties, livelihood and return normalcy to the territory
Bello made the call at an emergency security meeting with the six Area Council Chairmen, FCT Commissioner of Police, Director SSS, Religious and traditional leaders as well as heads of various security agencies, held on Wednesday in Abuja.
The minister said that the meeting will enable the FCT administration and all stakeholders to review the traumatic incidences of the last one week in the territory.
Bello also said that the meeting will avail stakeholders the opportunity to get first hand briefings from the relevant officials that have experienced what happened in the city during the last few days.
He commiserated with all those that were affected by the sad incident, assuring that the administration is considering providing assistance to those affected.
The minister disclosed that the FCT Administration will establish a committee for people to report their grievances to with a view to ensuring amicable resolutions.
“This is very important because as community leaders and very important stakeholders, our primary goal is to save lives, properties and livelihood because these are the fundamental bedrock of any community. And also to proffer solutions as to the way forward that will ensure that normalcy is return as quick as possible.”
“I want to acknowledge all the very good work done by all of you, particularly those of you that has direct responsibility in trying to ensure that normalcy is restored.
“I also acknowledged the sufferings that many FCT residents went through, particularly those who have their properties burned, those who were injured and the one or two fatalities recorded,” Bello said.
He appealed to the FCT residents to continue to live in peace and harmony and refuse to allow anybody to instigate them against one another.
He assured that the FCT administration will continue to engage the youth, stressing that youth are very important segment of the nation’s population.
Senator Philip Aduda, representing FCT, declared support for peaceful protest in line with the provision of the law in the territory.
Aduda, however, cautioned the youth against violence and decried the situation of some individuals linking him to violence protest.
The News Agency of Nigeria reports that the meeting was also attended by the stakeholders from the private sector, leadership of the various market groups and other members of the FCT community.
Edited By: Vincent Obi
The FCT Minister, Malam Muhammad Bello, on Tuesday in Abuja, urged political and community leaders in the territory to cooperate with the administration for the overall development of the capital city.
Bello made the appeal when the FCT political and community leaders led by Sen. Philip Aduda, paid him a courtesy visit.
The visit came in the wake of the removal of illegal structures at Apo Akpajenya and Dagbalo in the Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC).
Bello reiterated the importance of cooperation between the political and community leaders and the FCT administration, stressing that there was need for constant communication between the administration and community leaders.
“Dialogue and sensitisation, community engagement of traditional, religious, indigenous communities as well as the area council political leadership and overall information dissemination are solutions to community issues.
“I assure you as advised, the relevant departments will make sure that what happened doesn’t happen in the way it happened,” he said.
The minister explained that the case of Apo Akpajenya and Dagbalo were inherited by his administration, adding that demolition was always the very last resort.
Bello, however, advised the FCT political and community leaders not to shy away from reality as there were a number of pending projects that would require the cooperation of the communities to ensure success and the overall development of Abuja.
The minister said that he was an advocate of community integration and urban renewal where urban development would be implemented around indigenous communities.
“But this will require the cooperation of those communities,” he said.
Bello decried situations where community heads refused to cooperate with the administration for the development of certain areas within the FCT.
He reminded the leaders that the development of towns and cities took years and could not be accomplished within short periods of time.
The minister, therefore, encouraged community leaders who were relocated and resettled to move to the new locations to encourage members of their community to follow suit.
Bello also enjoined community heads to show leadership and lead by example.
Aduda said that in future, before such exercises were carried out, enough notice and time should be given to the affected communities to forestall any hardship.
The News Agency of Nigeria , recalls that the FCTA on Saturday, demolished 134 makeshift houses at Apo Akpmajenya indigenous community to pave way for the construction of a major road network in the area.
Edited By: Chioma Ugboma/DonaldUgwu (NAN)
Aduda made the promise while fielding questions from newsmen during the Commissioning of some projects executed by the Bwari Area Council Chairman, Mr John Gabaya in Bwari, Abuja.
The senator said that the FCT adminstration would partner with the Community and Social Development Project (CSDP), to key into more developmental projects that would benefit communities in the council.
“The FCTA would collaborate with the area councils to ensure urgent attention is given to some of these inaccessible roads, especially within the remote communities.
“Not just roads, but I should be able to give hundreds of communities access to clean water, classrooms, solar power and so many others.
“For me, it is to ensure that every community is carried along, especially on these infrastructure that need to be put in place,” he said.
The senator also said that the FCT Administration would collaborate with Bwari Area Council, as well as with other area councils, where flooding had been a serious challenge.
He said it would proffer solutions, especially to roads that needed urgent attention.
Aduda however, called on residents to adhere to the building guidelines as advised by the FCT Development Control, in order not to fall victims to disasters that could be averted.
Similarly, Mr John Gabaya, Chairman, Bwari Area Council, said that the council was already working out modalities to address flooding challenges in communities such Byazhin, Chika-kwere road in Kubwa District.
According to him, the council is working tirelessly to ensure roads within the council are in good condition.
He said that while some engineers were working on some roads, it was important to call on residents to desist from dumping refuse in rivers and drainage, which often posed danger to them.
The News Agency of Nigeria , reports that the area council commissioned the Official Residence of the Councils Chairman and the Tokolo Bridge, which leáds to ‘Gabaya’s hometown.
Dr Shuaibu Adamu, General Manager, CSDP, who spoke on the Tokolo Bridge, said that the project cost about N17 million to construct.
Adamu added that communities were carried along in selecting the projects, and they were also fully engaged in the execution process.
“Everything is done by the community. The design, the implementation and monitoring, while the area council supervises, but at our level, we monitor to ensure that the funds granted are utilised judiciously.
Adamu further explained that CSDP for Nigeria, which was funded by the World bank, worked assiduously to increase vulnerable persons’ access to social infrastructure and natural resources.
Edited By: Josephine Obute/Nyisom Fiyigon Dore (NAN)