- The following are the latest developments in the Ukraine crisis:
More than 4,000 emergency shelters called "Invincibility Points" have been set up in Ukraine amid blackouts after recent Russian missile attacks on energy infrastructure, Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal said.
“Invincibility Points” provide people with heating, water, lighting, mobile communication, Internet, power for mobile devices, resting places, first aid kits, and basic supplies for mothers and children. Each emergency shelter can accommodate from 40 to 500 people with no length of stay.
A total of 430 emergency shelters have been established in kyiv alone, according to its mayor, Vitaly Klitschko.
- - - -
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky met the foreign ministers of seven European countries on Monday, the Ukrainian presidential press service said.
The meeting was attended by the foreign ministers of Estonia, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Finland and Sweden.
At the talks, Zelensky said the joint visit of the foreign ministers of the seven Baltic and northern European states to Ukraine is "an important sign of strong support and solidarity," noting that the countries provide significant humanitarian assistance. , financial and defense to Ukraine in the midst of the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
- - - -
Russia has carried out more than 16,000 missile strikes against Ukraine since the start of the conflict, Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksii Reznikov said on Monday.
“Over the past nine months, Russia has launched more than 16,000 missile attacks against Ukraine,” Reznikov tweeted.
- - - -
Russian troops continued offensive operations in the direction of Donetsk and killed more than 100 Ukrainian servicemen, one tank, five armored fighting vehicles and five cars last day, the Russian Defense Ministry said in a daily report on Tuesday.
Russian forces attacked 10 Ukrainian command posts, 62 artillery firing positions and 148 personnel and equipment staging areas in Kharkov, Donetsk and Kherson, it added. ■
On the launch of the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence, we recommit to achieving a world where women and girls enjoy their full range of rights, reach their full potential, and live a life free from violence.
Freedom from violence is a fundamental human right.
Violence against women and girls is one of the most pervasive human rights violations in the world, rooted in gender inequality, discrimination, and harmful cultural and social norms.
It is also increasingly recognized as a public health issue that adversely affects the health of women and girls.
To this end, the Women, Peace, and Security Group of South Sudan welcomes further progress by the Government of South Sudan to end all forms of violence against women and girls and to ensure adequate financing and budget allocation to realize those goals.
The Women, Peace, and Security Group notes significant steps made by the Government of South Sudan to end violence against women and girls in South Sudan.
This includes continuing to prosecute cases in the Gender-Based Violence Court, established in 2020, and plans to extend its reach to the state level, as well as adoption of the Joint Action Plan on CRSV and the establishment of special protection units and one-stop centers.
Long-term financial investments will help ensure the sustainability, impact, and reach of these initiatives.
In turn, by reducing the rates of gender-based violence across the country, these investments will reduce current and future costs associated with absenteeism, loss of income, and healthcare – costs that arise as a result of gender-based violence, and that not only affect survivors, but also their families, communities, and networks.
Across the globe, the evidence is clear: reducing rates of gender-based violence pays dividends for all.
The Women, Peace, and Security Working Group stands in solidarity with women and girls in South Sudan who play a critical and active role in peacebuilding and nation-building.
We continue to encourage the Government of South Sudan to meaningfully leverage and allocate domestic resources for the prevention and response to violence against women and girls and to ensure budget allocations are executed and reach their intended recipients.
This should include the allocation of resources for the dissemination and implementation of the government’s CRSV Joint Action Plan, delivering support and services to children born of conflict-related sexual violence and their families, tackling stigmatization of survivors and damaging social norms, and budget allocation for implementation of the government’s new WPS National Action Plan.By leveraging and allocating domestic resources for the prevention and response to violence against women and girls, the Government of South Sudan will help create a more sustainable future for its people, and reduce reliance on external financing and as well as vulnerability to external shocks.
A South Sudan-led commitment to financing this issue at home will provide hope to survivors and their families, who are in need of affordable, accessible, and trauma-informed support services.
Everyone has a role to play: the private sector, civil society, and government, at all levels.
Preventing violence against women and girls are pre-conditions to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the Women, Peace, and Security Agenda.
Gender equality and empowering women and girls benefits everyone and contributes to stronger, more peaceful, and prosperous societies.
During these 16 Days of Activism, we invite all stakeholders to renew efforts to invest in the prevention of violence against women and girls.
This is crucial to advance gender equality, amplify the voice and accomplishments of inspiring women and girls, and champion their needs in South Sudan and around the world.
Signatories:African Union Mission in South Sudan (AUMISS)British Embassy JubaCARE InternationalDelegation of the European Union to South SudanEmbassy of Canada to South SudanEmbassy of Sweden Office in South SudanEmbassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in South SudanEmbassy of the Kingdom of Norway in South SudanEmbassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in South SudanSwiss Cooperation Office in JubaTITI FoundationUnited Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women)United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS)United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)United States Agency for International Development South Sudan (USAID)
Minister for International Development Cooperation and Foreign Trade Johan Forssell is visiting Kenya on 23–24 November 2022.
The Minister’s visit will take place in conjunction with the official visit to Kenya of Crown Princess Victoria and Norwegian Crown Prince Haakon.
“Sweden and Kenya have long-standing and broad relations and I look forward to continued close cooperation between our countries.
We hope to be able to further deepen our cooperation with a particular focus on trade and investment – an area where both Sweden and Kenya see great potential for strengthened and mutually beneficial economic exchange, and increased growth, employment and development,” says Mr Forssell.
Sweden and Kenya see great potential for expanding cooperation in the area of trade and investment, focusing on the environment and climate, health technology, transport and the green transition.
To help harness this potential, Sweden and Kenya have recently signed a memorandum of understanding on trade and investment.
During his visit, Mr Forssell will attend a business forum where Swedish, Norwegian and Kenyan companies will discuss trade and investment prospects.
The business forum offers both private and public stakeholders the opportunity to share knowledge and experience and strengthen relations between the countries.
Mr Forssell also plans to attend the launch of Business Sweden and Innovation Norway’s new office in Nairobi.
His programme also includes a visit to a development cooperation project focusing on water and sanitation in one of Nairobi’s poorer areas, business visits and bilateral meetings with government representatives and partner organisations.
- Although Germany's gas storage level reached 100 percent last week, Europe's largest economy is still struggling to achieve long-term energy independence after decades of heavy reliance on imports.
German Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action Robert Habeck called this a "mistake" by previous administrations and now the country faces the immediate challenge of getting enough fuel to avoid blackouts over the winter.
However, in the long term, Germany will have to conclude multiple new energy partnerships and achieve energy independence by investing in renewable energy.
HIT BY THE ENERGY CRISIS
A large net importer of energy with 70 percent coming from fossil fuel and uranium imports, Germany was hit particularly hard by the energy crisis in Europe. As of early 2022, Russia was still providing Germany with more than half of its coal and natural gas supplies along with 34 percent of oil supplies.
After Russia's gas supply to Europe via the crucial Nord Stream 1 pipeline was already cut off in early September, both Nord Stream 1 and 2 were damaged and rendered inoperable by a series of explosions that caused gas leaks. underwater at the end of September 2022.
Due to the "increased uncertainty amid the current situation", Germany's largest energy provider E.ON further reduced the value of its stake in Nord Stream 1. The company's 15.5 percent stake it was devalued to only 100 million euros (103 million US dollars). ), below 500 million euros at the end of June.
Having declared the 'Level 2: Alert Level' of the gas emergency plan, the Bundesnetzagentur (BNetzA), the German regulatory office responsible for electricity and gas, has been busy safeguarding pre-winter gas supplies and storages. now they are full.
As part of energy-saving measures, minimum room temperatures have been lowered, monuments are no longer lit, and the country's million private pools and jacuzzis will have to remain unheated during the winter. The BNetzA stressed the need to reduce consumption by at least 20 percent.
INEVITABLE POLICY CHANGES
Before this energy brinkmanship came into play, Germany had a stated goal of phasing out coal-fired power plants by 2030 and decommissioning all nuclear plants by the end of 2022. However, the government had to do a U-turn in nuclear power and coal. -fired power plants to protect your power supplies and address an immediate shortfall.
After internal disputes within the governing coalition, Chancellor Olaf Scholz intervened and allowed the three German nuclear plants to continue generating electricity through the winter until April 15, 2023.
While there have been short-term successes in gas storage, Germany is looking elsewhere to shore up gas supplies to end its energy dependency. To diversify imports, Habeck quickly began gas supply talks with Norway, Canada and the United States.
Germany has also signaled its interest in discussing a natural gas pact with the United Kingdom (UK) with a view to including a mutual bailout clause in case of shortages during an extreme cold snap. The UK's long coastline is a "geographical advantage when it comes to infrastructure for importing liquefied natural gas (LNG)," BNetzA boss Klaus Mueller recently told The Guardian.
INDEPENDENCE THROUGH RENEWABLES
The extension of the useful life of nuclear and coal power plants could be seen as a setback for Germany's environmental plans. Habeck, however, now sees an accelerated expansion of renewable energy capacity as a vital tool for achieving energy independence and climate protection.
As the share of renewable energy increases, Germany will reduce its need to import energy. The government aims to cover all of the country's electricity needs with renewable energy by 2035, five years ahead of the original target. Already by 2030, the share of wind and solar power will roughly double from current levels to 80 percent.
All these plans, however, are of little help today.
Although gas storage facilities are now full and Germany has security-of-supply agreements throughout the European Union (EU), an extreme cold snap would test the public's resolve to reduce energy consumption. Blackouts could be avoided, but the supply situation remains "extremely tense," German power transmission network operator Amprion said.
With the destruction of sections of the Nord Stream oil pipelines, it is clear that the country will not have the option of returning to its historical energy structure. Until renewables are ready, the diversification of energy supplies will become an increasingly pressing issue. (1 euro = 1.03 US dollars) ■
- Under an agreement signed on Monday, Norway will provide 2 billion Norwegian krone ($195.4 million) to finance the purchase of natural gas from Ukraine this winter, the Norwegian government said in a press release.
Norwegian Finance Minister Trygve Slagsvold Vedum and Juergen Rigterink, First Vice President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), signed the agreement to channel the funds through the bank and then to Ukraine.
According to the press release, the funds are expected to be used to make direct payments to European gas suppliers that have received pre-approval and will invoice for the volume of gas delivered.
In Ukraine, the state company Naftogaz will be the formal recipient.
"Ukraine has specifically asked Norway for support for the purchase of natural gas this winter. The timing is critical and we are very pleased that the EBRD will be our partner in carrying out the gas purchases," Vedum was quoted as saying in the statement from press as said.
Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Gahr Store said in July that his government would allocate 10 billion Norwegian krone (NOK) to Ukraine in 2022 and 2023. Of this sum, 2 billion NOK has been earmarked for gas procurement. (1 Norwegian krone = US$0.098) ■
Iran has accused foreign foes of trying to spark “civil war” by stoking the protests over Mahsa Amini’s death — harsh language that, analysts warn, could presage an even bloodier crackdown.
Fears that Iran is sliding into deeper violence have grown since Wednesday when assailants on motorcycles gunned down nine people — including a woman and two boys aged nine and 13 — in two mysterious attacks.
Officials in Iran were quick to accuse “terrorists” backed by its Western enemies of being behind the attacks in the southern cities of Izeh and Isfahan, which authorities said also left dead two security personnel.
It was the second attack Iran has blamed on what it labels terrorists since the protests erupted after at least 13 people were killed at a shrine in Shiraz, another city in southern Iran, in an October 26 mass shooting claimed by the Islamic State group.
Analysts say however that, regardless of who carried out the latest attacks, they could result in an even bloodier response to the protests that erupted after Amini’s death on September 16, following her arrest for an alleged breach of Iran’s dress code for women.
“We don’t have a good sense of what happened in Izeh and Isfahan — was it a terrorist group, or potentially the regime itself?
” said Henry Rome, an Iran expert at the Washington Institute.
“Either way, the government will probably use the attacks to send the message that the protests are undermining national security and opening the door for Western-backed terrorism,” he told AFP.
“The government is likely attempting to tap into fears that Iran could be on the path to civil war and that stronger action is needed.
” – ‘Regime to exploit attacks‘ –Following Wednesday’s twin attacks, Iran’s Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abollahian accused Israel and its Western allies of plotting a “civil war” in the Islamic republic.
Security services, Israel and Western politicians had “made plans for a civil war and the destruction and disintegration of Iran”, he tweeted, adding that they “must know that Iran is not Libya or Sudan”.
Fars news agency, which is affiliated with Iran’s powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, said Wednesday’s attacks showed “those who want to dismantle the country are aiming to incite a civil war”.
At least 342 people, including 43 children and 26 women, have been killed in the crackdown since Amini’s death, the Norway-based group Iran Human Rights said Wednesday.
Protesters had been killed in 22 of Iran’s 31 provinces, it said, including 123 in Sistan-Baluchistan and 32 in Kurdistan — among the few provinces with a Sunni Muslim majority in the predominantly Shiite country.
The regime’s crackdown in the wake of the attack in Izeh, a city in ethnically diverse Khuzestan province, “follows a broader trend line of greater police brutality in historically restive provinces, particularly those with large populations of marginalised ethnic minorities”, said Kita Fitzpatrick, an Iran analyst at the Critical Threats Project of the American Enterprise Institute.
“Groups like the Islamic State… may very well be attempting to capitalise on protests to carry out attacks within Iranian borders,” she told AFP.
But, she added, “some analysts are observing inconsistencies between recent attacks in Iran and typical IS attacks.
“The regime will likely seek to exploit these attacks, regardless, and leverage them to justify cracking down on ongoing unrest.
”– ‘Anger and rage‘ –By adopting an even bloodier response, the regime risks radicalising a protest movement that until now has been led by women and has remained largely peaceful.
This week has seen an uptick in protesters fighting back, with an increasing number of videos posted on social media showing them clashing with security forces and torching their vehicles and bases.
“It’s the state security forces that start the violence, but increasingly people respond… and try to defend themselves,” said Omid Memarian, senior Iran analyst at Democracy for the Arab World Now (DAWN).
“The government’s strategy has been to create an environment of fear and terror so that people go back home,” he told AFP.
“They use violence on the streets and harsh sentences through the judiciary to stop the protests,” but that approach had “intensified the anger and rage” of the people, Memarian said.
Independent researcher Mark Pyruz said the attacks on security forces on motorbikes, mob beatings of pro-government Basij paramilitary forces and close-quarter stoning of police officers “reminds me of the initial phase of the Syrian civil war”.
“We don’t have enough info yet on what’s taking place in Iran” with respect to the shootings in Izeh and Isfahan, he said, adding however that “it’s something to watch for, closely, during days ahead”.
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has welcomed a total US$ 4.1 million contribution from the Government of Iceland and the Government of Norway to support thousands of people facing severe hunger at the peak of the lean season in Malawi.
The joint contribution – comprised of US$3.6 million from Norway and US$500,000 from Iceland - will provide critical humanitarian assistance to some 270,000 people through cash-based transfers in the districts of Balaka and Chikwawa where smallholder farmers have been heavily affected by climate shocks and rising food prices.
“We commend the Governments of Norway and Iceland for their strong commitment to ensuring the food security of the most vulnerable during this exceptionally difficult lean season,” says Paul Turnbull, WFP’s Country Director in Malawi.
“As world leaders and experts meet at COP27 in Egypt, we must highlight the urgent need to help communities on the frontlines of the climate crisis and invest in durable solutions.”Some 3.8 million people are estimated to be acutely food insecure and in need of food assistance between October 2022 and March 2023 according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report – over 130 percent increase compared to the same time last year.
Malawi has been heavily impacted by the global food crisis where the devastating effects of natural disasters have been exacerbated by rising prices of food, energy and fertilisers caused in part by the conflict in Ukraine.
“Norway reiterates its commitment to a more food secure and resilient Malawi,” says Her Excellency Ingrid Marie Mikelsen, Ambassador of the Kingdom of Norway to the Republic of Malawi.
“Norway recognises the long-standing expertise of WFP and other players to provide essential and opportune assistance in times like these to ensure more people do not slip into hunger.”Coordinated interventions will ensure the most effective and wide-reaching response possible thanks to resources mobilised both by the Government of Malawi, humanitarian and development partners.
“Iceland remains steadfast in its support to vulnerable Malawians at risk of hunger,” said Inga Dóra Pétursdóttir, Head of Mission of the Embassy of Iceland in Malawi.
“The increasing risk of climatic shocks worsens a vicious cycle of food insecurity, which is why Iceland partnered with WFP to help vulnerable families to mitigate and manage the impacts of these shocks.”The Government of Malawi is grateful to Norway and Iceland for their generous contribution to the 2022-2023 lean season response,” said Charles Kalemba, Commissioner of the Department of Disaster Management Affairs.
Their support will ensure less Malawians go hungry and that Malawi can remain focused on its development goals.”The cooperation between the Nordic nations is not only based on political history and geographical location, but also on common values such as democracy, trust, transparency, equality, equity and sustainability.
Both Iceland and Norway have provided catalytic funding to WFP school feeding in Malawi and were the first supporters of the home-grown school feeding model that began in 2014.
Norway currently provides direct financial support to WFP’s home-grown school feeding in addition to supporting the UN Joint Programme on Girls Education, a US$ 40 million programme implemented jointly by WFP, UNICEF and UNFPA.
Norway was also a key supporter of WFP activities during the COVID-19 Urban Cash Initiative (CUCI) response in 2020.
Since 2014 Iceland has supported WFP school feeding activities in Mangochi and, more recently, has expanded support to include and resilience-building activities in the same district.
Additionally, Iceland supported WFP activities linked to the national COVID-19 response as well as provided support to flood victims in Chikwawa district earlier this year.
UN climate talks got a fillip Wednesday as Brazilian president-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva launched the country back into the battle to curb global warming and global leaders reaffirmed key pledges.
Lula arrived Tuesday in Egypt’s Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh and went straight into climate diplomacy with meetings with US envoy John Kerry and China’s Xie Zhenhua.
The leftist politician, who served as president from 2003 to 2010, is expected to inject much needed momentum into the COP27 climate talks in his first international trip since defeating far-right incumbent President Jair Bolsonaro, who presided over years of rampant Amazon deforestation.
“Brazil is back in the world to debate the climate issue,” Lula tweeted late Tuesday.
“We will be a source of pride for the world.
” Lula is expected to present his plan for “zero deforestation” in a speech Wednesday afternoon at the COP27 conference.
Kerry told a COP27 biodiversity panel on Wednesday that the United States would work with other nations to help protect the Amazon.
“I was pleased last night to meet with president-elect Lula and was really encouraged by the ways in which he talked about for once and for all getting it right … in order to preserve the Amazon,” Kerry said.
“We will work diligently in order to achieve that goal together with our allies, particularly Norway and Germany and other countries that have been deeply committed to this for a period of time.
” Under Bolsonaro, a staunch ally of agribusiness, average annual deforestation increased 75 percent compared to the previous decade.
“We need a new sense of hope to build trust and momentum towards a positive outcome at COP27,” said Brazilian climate campaigner, Mariana Paoli, Christian Aid’s global advocacy lead.
“President Lula’s election victory in Brazil has the potential to breathe new life into this process with his progressive agenda that seeks to bring Brazil back to the table and end the disastrous climate policies of his predecessor.
” In another boost to the UN climate process, a final communique from world leaders meeting at the Group of 20 talks in Bali, Indonesia included key promises to “pursue efforts” to curb global warming to 1.
5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, a safer limit according to scientists.
The document, which also reiterated a commitment to phase out “inefficient” fossil fuel subsidies over the medium term, was welcomed by observers as a way to galvanise the climate talks as they enter their final days.
The G20 meeting was also the stage of a crucial meeting between US President Joe Biden and China’s Xi Jinping, where the two leaders agreed to resume their climate cooperation.
Ani Dasgupta, head of the World Resources Institute, said positive signals from leaders at the G20 “should put wind in the sails” of negotiators in Egypt.
– Climate leadership –Bolsonaro, who did not attend the G20 summit in Bali, has maintained a low profile since losing the Brazilian election.
While his government has a pavilion at COP27, former steelworker Lula deployed two of his former environment ministers to lay the groundwork for his visit.
One of them, Marina Silva, who is tipped to return to the job when Lula takes office on January 1, said Brazil wants to set an example with Lula’s deforestation plan.
Latin America’s most populous country grew more isolated under Bolsonaro, analysts say, in part due to his permissive policies towards deforestation and exploitation of the Amazon — the preservation of which is seen as critical to fighting global warming.
Brazil is home to 60 percent of the Amazon, which spans eight countries and acts as a massive sink for carbon emissions.
Silva promoted the idea of creating a new national authority to coordinate climate action among government ministries, and of pursuing a reforestation target of 12 million hectares (over 29 million acres).
– Lula meets Kerry –The incoming administration wants the United States to contribute to the Amazon Fund, considered one of the main tools to reduce deforestation in the planet’s biggest tropical forest.
Following Lula’s victory, the fund’s main contributors, Norway and Germany, announced they would participate again, after freezing aid in 2019 in the wake of Bolsonaro’s election.
Colombian President Gustavo Petro and his counterpart Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela presented at COP27 last week an Amazon protection initiative that they hope Brazil will join.
NGOs and Indigenous leaders want Lula to create the first ministry of Indigenous peoples.
Brazilian lawmaker and Indigenous leader Sonia Guajajara urged Lula to “think about social policies with the people”.
Brazilian president-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is expected this week at the UN climate summit in Egypt to pledge to reverse the environmental policies of his right-wing predecessor and protect the Amazon rainforest.
Lula’s trip Monday to the COP27 talks in Sharm el-Sheikh will be his first international visit since beating Brazil’s far-right incumbent Jair Bolsonaro in the October 30 runoff election.
The 77-year-old, who promised on the campaign trail to work towards zero deforestation, will address the conference on Wednesday, his press team said.
In a nod to Lula’s victory speech, in which he pledged to end Brazil’s “pariah” status, his team said he had wanted to hold “more talks with world leaders in a single day than Bolsonaro had in four years.
” But according to the Brazilian newspaper O Globo, the incoming president has not been able to line up most of the dozen or so high-level meetings he had requested.
Lula might, however, meet with US climate czar John Kerry and announce that Brazil is willing to host the COP30 summit in 2025, the newspaper said.
Latin America’s most populous country grew more isolated under Bolsonaro, analysts say, in part due to his permissive policies towards deforestation and exploitation of the Amazon, the preservation of which is seen as critical to fighting global warming.
If Lula — who served as president from 2003 to 2010 — manages to curb deforestation and illegal mining, he would make a major contribution to the global fight against climate change, said Francisco Eliseu Aquino, a climate expert at Rio Grande do Sul University.
“Lula knows the COP talks well.
He was always proactive in international discussions and kept a high international profile” during his first two terms, said Aquino.
– Deeper cooperation –To meet the environmental challenge, the former steelworker who begins his third term on January 1, hopes to get help from the international community.
Lula’s former and likely future environment minister, Marina Silva, has already been holding meetings at the UN summit and has said that Brazil will lead “by example” on combatting climate change.
She said Lula plans to fight the destruction of the Amazon and pursue a reforestation target of 12 million hectares, with or without international aid.
But she welcomed announcements from Norway and Germany that they would resume financial support to the Amazon Fund. Both countries withdrew aid in 2019 shortly after Bolsonaro came to power.
“With Lula’s weight and influence, and due to worries all over the world for the Amazon, it is possible that some bilateral agreements might be reached,” said Daniela Costa, a spokesperson for Greenpeace Brazil.
Silva said the US government was “prepared to deepen cooperation” with Brazil after she met with Kerry last week.
She also said in an interview with Brazilian broadcaster Globonews that she had invited the United States to contribute to the Amazon Fund. – ‘Much more daring’ –Deforestation was at a high level at the start of Lula’s first term in 2003, before falling sharply under Silva as minister.
But she resigned in 2008, the saying was not getting the money she needed to take her efforts even further.
Aquino said the policies of Lula’s next government need to be “much more daring” than during his first two terms in power.
At COP27, Lula could announce the creation of a high-level body to coordinate the work of different ministries active in climate work.
Since Bolsonaro — a staunch ally of agribusiness — took office in January 2019, average annual deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon increased by 75 percent compared to the previous decade.
The fight against global warming is not just about protecting precious areas like the Amazon, he said.
“It also involves the economy, health and agriculture.
” “We welcome the arrival of Lula with much hope,” said Dinaman Tuxa, coordinator of the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil.
Egypt and Norway have launched the first phase of a project to establish a major green hydrogen plant in Egypt's Ain Sokhna on the Red Sea, with a capacity to produce 100MW.
President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi of Egypt and Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Gahr Støre, at the launch of the project on Tuesday, said the launch was part of the UN Climate Conference of the Parties (COP27) in 2022 which is celebrated in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. .
This event formed part of the final day of the Climate Implementation Summit, with more than 100 heads of state and government meeting in the first days of the conference to work on the implementation of existing climate agreements.
El-Sisi praised the project, which will be implemented in cooperation with Norwegian energy giant Scatec.
The Egyptian president said it provides "a practical investment partnership model that stimulates sustainable economic development with a focus on the role of the domestic and foreign private sector in addition to the role of government, working alongside this fruitful sector."
Scatec has been a major developer in Egypt's huge Benban Solar Park in Aswan, Upper Egypt, one of the world's largest solar parks with a total capacity of 1.8 GW.
The Green Hydrogen Plant is part of Egypt's broader green hydrogen strategy, which has a vision to produce green hydrogen at the cheapest price in the world.
The strategy is implemented in cooperation with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the Arab Union for Sustainable Development and the Environment.
It seeks to help Egypt contribute eight percent of the global hydrogen market, Egypt's cabinet said in a statement on Saturday.
El-Sisi said: “Green hydrogen has become one of the most important solutions on the way to a green economy for the next few years.
“It is an example where developing countries, including Egypt, are making great strides.
“However, we still have to face challenges derived from the tendency of some countries to bet on local green hydrogen in a way that lowers its production cost.
"This causes an imbalance in the global hydrogen market and contributes to undermining the competitiveness of green hydrogen produced in developing countries compared to developed countries," added the president.
Source Credit: NAN