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  •   The new Commander of the National Defense College NDC Rear Admiral Murtala Bashir took office on Thursday as the institution s 19th commander Until his appointment as Commander of NDC Bashir was Commander of the Naval War College Nigeria NWCN He replaced the former commander Rear Admiral Oladele Daji after his retirement from active duty As he handed over Bashir Daji congratulated him and described the appointment as well deserved Daji said the new commander s familiarity with the university as a faculty member and senior staff at different times had put him in an advantageous position to take NDC to a greater height He said that his stay at the university for the past nine months had been exciting adding that being the commander of NDC had been the most fulfilling part of his career as a naval officer According to him all the achievements recorded so far in the last nine months in terms of capacity building and infrastructure improvement were the result of teamwork and collective efforts of all staff Daji however thanked the management team and staff for their support during his tenure and urged them to extend the same to his successor While wishing Bashir a successful term he expressed confidence that the new commander had the tenacity and intellect to surpass his own achievements I want to wish him a very rewarding and successful tenure There could certainly be challenges along the way but I think you have the ability the intellect and the compartment to meet those challenges like we ride the waves he said In his response the new commander pledged to improve upon the existing achievements of the college with a view to taking it to a greater height He pledged to work to update the college s mandate Bashir promised to groom and prepare senior military officers and their contemporaries in the paramilitaries and MDA for greater responsibilities at the operational and strategic levels He said college entrants needed to be equipped with the necessary knowledge skill and attitude to handle jobs at those levels According to him it is even more so now that we face many challenges in the country in terms of security economy and infrastructure I am aware of the responsibilities that this appointment entails and I want to assure everyone that I am going to give my best apply myself and start working I must congratulate the former commander Daji for the tremendous value he added to the university as an administrator par excellence I want to assure you that I will continue to add value to the collage and pick up where you left off To members of the university community faculty members and directors it is a homecoming for me I want to state with conviction that I am here to serve and I am going to carry out an open and transparent administration We are all important and I am open to suggestions opinions and ideas because a leader is not a teacher he said Keep reading Source NAN
    Bashir assumes office as NDC Commandant
      The new Commander of the National Defense College NDC Rear Admiral Murtala Bashir took office on Thursday as the institution s 19th commander Until his appointment as Commander of NDC Bashir was Commander of the Naval War College Nigeria NWCN He replaced the former commander Rear Admiral Oladele Daji after his retirement from active duty As he handed over Bashir Daji congratulated him and described the appointment as well deserved Daji said the new commander s familiarity with the university as a faculty member and senior staff at different times had put him in an advantageous position to take NDC to a greater height He said that his stay at the university for the past nine months had been exciting adding that being the commander of NDC had been the most fulfilling part of his career as a naval officer According to him all the achievements recorded so far in the last nine months in terms of capacity building and infrastructure improvement were the result of teamwork and collective efforts of all staff Daji however thanked the management team and staff for their support during his tenure and urged them to extend the same to his successor While wishing Bashir a successful term he expressed confidence that the new commander had the tenacity and intellect to surpass his own achievements I want to wish him a very rewarding and successful tenure There could certainly be challenges along the way but I think you have the ability the intellect and the compartment to meet those challenges like we ride the waves he said In his response the new commander pledged to improve upon the existing achievements of the college with a view to taking it to a greater height He pledged to work to update the college s mandate Bashir promised to groom and prepare senior military officers and their contemporaries in the paramilitaries and MDA for greater responsibilities at the operational and strategic levels He said college entrants needed to be equipped with the necessary knowledge skill and attitude to handle jobs at those levels According to him it is even more so now that we face many challenges in the country in terms of security economy and infrastructure I am aware of the responsibilities that this appointment entails and I want to assure everyone that I am going to give my best apply myself and start working I must congratulate the former commander Daji for the tremendous value he added to the university as an administrator par excellence I want to assure you that I will continue to add value to the collage and pick up where you left off To members of the university community faculty members and directors it is a homecoming for me I want to state with conviction that I am here to serve and I am going to carry out an open and transparent administration We are all important and I am open to suggestions opinions and ideas because a leader is not a teacher he said Keep reading Source NAN
    Bashir assumes office as NDC Commandant
    Defence/Security11 months ago

    Bashir assumes office as NDC Commandant

    The new Commander of the National Defense College (NDC), Rear Admiral Murtala Bashir, took office on Thursday as the institution's 19th commander.

    Until his appointment as Commander of NDC, Bashir was Commander of the Naval War College, Nigeria (NWCN).

    He replaced the former commander, Rear Admiral Oladele Daji, after his retirement from active duty.

    As he handed over Bashir, Daji congratulated him and described the appointment as well deserved.

    Daji said the new commander's familiarity with the university as a faculty member and senior staff at different times had put him in an advantageous position to take NDC to a greater height.

    He said that his stay at the university for the past nine months had been exciting, adding that being the commander of NDC had been the most fulfilling part of his career as a naval officer.

    According to him, all the achievements recorded so far in the last nine months in terms of capacity building and infrastructure improvement were the result of teamwork and collective efforts of all staff.

    Daji, however, thanked the management team and staff for their support during his tenure and urged them to extend the same to his successor.

    While wishing Bashir a successful term, he expressed confidence that the new commander had the tenacity and intellect to surpass his own achievements.

    “I want to wish him a very rewarding and successful tenure.

    "There could certainly be challenges along the way, but I think you have the ability, the intellect and the compartment to meet those challenges like we ride the waves," he said.

    In his response, the new commander pledged to improve upon the existing achievements of the college with a view to taking it to a greater height.

    He pledged to work to update the college's mandate.

    Bashir promised to groom and prepare senior military officers and their contemporaries in the paramilitaries and MDA for greater responsibilities at the operational and strategic levels.

    He said college entrants needed to be equipped with the necessary knowledge, skill and attitude to handle jobs at those levels.

    According to him, it is even more so now that we face many challenges in the country, in terms of security, economy and infrastructure.

    “I am aware of the responsibilities that this appointment entails and I want to assure everyone that I am going to give my best, apply myself and start working.

    “I must congratulate the former commander, Daji, for the tremendous value he added to the university, as an administrator par excellence.

    “I want to assure you that I will continue to add value to the collage and pick up where you left off.

    “To members of the university community, faculty members and directors, it is a homecoming for me.

    “I want to state with conviction that I am here to serve and I am going to carry out an open and transparent administration.

    "We are all important and I am open to suggestions, opinions and ideas because a leader is not a teacher," he said.

    Keep reading

    Source: NAN

  •   We are excited to renew our cooperation with the NDC Association to support the implementation and coordination of NDC plans that require funding and technical skills GLASGOW Scotland December 8 2021 APO Group The United Nations Capital Development Fund and the NDC Association have signed a new agreement that promises to deliver accelerated results under countries Nationally Determined Contributions following urgent calls to action expressed by many nations in COP26 The agreement signed by UNCDF through LoCAL Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility prioritizes the needs of communities with limited resources fighting the impacts of climate change The agreement aims to improve cooperation and avoid duplication of climate related programs and activities that are being carried out in Malawi Nepal and Liberia By streamlining and consolidating efforts the agreement hopes that countries will be able to deliver faster and better in their NDCs the national climate action plans made by each country to achieve the goals enshrined in the Paris Agreement At last month s COP26 climate vulnerable nations called for accelerated action on national commitments to address climate change resulting in an agreement to review the NDCs annually This new agreement is timely as countries prepare to move from a five year review of commitments to annual reviews of NDCs at next year s COP27 in Sharm El Sheikh Egypt The signing of this new cooperation agreement comes at a really important moment for countries like Liberia Malawi and Nepal which are developing or less developed nations facing devastating impacts of climate change said David Jackson Director of Local Transformative Finance from UNCDF and the lead designer for the LoCAL Facility We are excited to renew our cooperation with the NDC Association to support the implementation and coordination of NDC plans that require funding and technical skills that are on limited supply in many of these countries LoCAL is an internationally recognized mechanism for channeling climate finance at the local level operating through national systems in Africa Asia the Pacific and the Caribbean Some 27 of the world s most climate affected countries are implementing or designing their LoCAL actions working through local government authorities More than 11 5 million people have benefited from LoCAL adaptation actions with the potential to reach 500 million people with a nationwide implementation in existing LoCAL countries To date LoCAL has mobilized more than US 125 million for locally led adaptation The NDC Association brings together the resources and expertise of members to provide countries with the tools they need to implement their NDCs and combat climate change LoCAL has been a member since 2019 LoCAL also works with the NDC Association in Niger accelerating the implementation of the NDC in the Sahelian country in S o Tom and Pr ncipe where funds from the NDC Alliance are financing a climate risk assessment and in Peru to design a financing guarantee scheme that encourages the private sector to get involved in adaptation and mitigation measures in the country
    Communities Across three Nations to Benefit from Enhanced Coordination of Climate Action
      We are excited to renew our cooperation with the NDC Association to support the implementation and coordination of NDC plans that require funding and technical skills GLASGOW Scotland December 8 2021 APO Group The United Nations Capital Development Fund and the NDC Association have signed a new agreement that promises to deliver accelerated results under countries Nationally Determined Contributions following urgent calls to action expressed by many nations in COP26 The agreement signed by UNCDF through LoCAL Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility prioritizes the needs of communities with limited resources fighting the impacts of climate change The agreement aims to improve cooperation and avoid duplication of climate related programs and activities that are being carried out in Malawi Nepal and Liberia By streamlining and consolidating efforts the agreement hopes that countries will be able to deliver faster and better in their NDCs the national climate action plans made by each country to achieve the goals enshrined in the Paris Agreement At last month s COP26 climate vulnerable nations called for accelerated action on national commitments to address climate change resulting in an agreement to review the NDCs annually This new agreement is timely as countries prepare to move from a five year review of commitments to annual reviews of NDCs at next year s COP27 in Sharm El Sheikh Egypt The signing of this new cooperation agreement comes at a really important moment for countries like Liberia Malawi and Nepal which are developing or less developed nations facing devastating impacts of climate change said David Jackson Director of Local Transformative Finance from UNCDF and the lead designer for the LoCAL Facility We are excited to renew our cooperation with the NDC Association to support the implementation and coordination of NDC plans that require funding and technical skills that are on limited supply in many of these countries LoCAL is an internationally recognized mechanism for channeling climate finance at the local level operating through national systems in Africa Asia the Pacific and the Caribbean Some 27 of the world s most climate affected countries are implementing or designing their LoCAL actions working through local government authorities More than 11 5 million people have benefited from LoCAL adaptation actions with the potential to reach 500 million people with a nationwide implementation in existing LoCAL countries To date LoCAL has mobilized more than US 125 million for locally led adaptation The NDC Association brings together the resources and expertise of members to provide countries with the tools they need to implement their NDCs and combat climate change LoCAL has been a member since 2019 LoCAL also works with the NDC Association in Niger accelerating the implementation of the NDC in the Sahelian country in S o Tom and Pr ncipe where funds from the NDC Alliance are financing a climate risk assessment and in Peru to design a financing guarantee scheme that encourages the private sector to get involved in adaptation and mitigation measures in the country
    Communities Across three Nations to Benefit from Enhanced Coordination of Climate Action
    Africa12 months ago

    Communities Across three Nations to Benefit from Enhanced Coordination of Climate Action

    We are excited to renew our cooperation with the NDC Association to support the implementation and coordination of NDC plans that require funding and technical skills.

    GLASGOW, Scotland, December 8, 2021 / APO Group / -

    The United Nations Capital Development Fund and the NDC Association have signed a new agreement that promises to deliver accelerated results under countries' Nationally Determined Contributions, following urgent calls to action expressed by many nations in COP26. The agreement, signed by UNCDF through LoCAL, Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility, prioritizes the needs of communities with limited resources fighting the impacts of climate change.

    The agreement aims to improve cooperation and avoid duplication of climate-related programs and activities that are being carried out in Malawi, Nepal and Liberia. By streamlining and consolidating efforts, the agreement hopes that countries will be able to deliver faster and better in their NDCs, the national climate action plans made by each country to achieve the goals enshrined in the Paris Agreement.

    At last month's COP26, climate-vulnerable nations called for accelerated action on national commitments to address climate change, resulting in an agreement to review the NDCs annually. This new agreement is timely as countries prepare to move from a five-year review of commitments to annual reviews of NDCs at next year's COP27 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.

    "The signing of this new cooperation agreement comes at a really important moment for countries like Liberia, Malawi and Nepal, which are developing or less developed nations facing devastating impacts of climate change," said David Jackson, Director of Local Transformative Finance from UNCDF and the lead designer for the LoCAL Facility.

    "We are excited to renew our cooperation with the NDC Association to support the implementation and coordination of NDC plans that require funding and technical skills that are on limited supply in many of these countries."

    LoCAL is an internationally recognized mechanism for channeling climate finance at the local level, operating through national systems in Africa, Asia, the Pacific and the Caribbean. Some 27 of the world's most climate-affected countries are implementing or designing their LoCAL actions, working through local government authorities. More than 11.5 million people have benefited from LoCAL adaptation actions with the potential to reach 500 million people with a nationwide implementation in existing LoCAL countries. To date, LoCAL has mobilized more than US $ 125 million for locally led adaptation.

    The NDC Association brings together the resources and expertise of members to provide countries with the tools they need to implement their NDCs and combat climate change; LoCAL has been a member since 2019. LoCAL also works with the NDC Association in Niger, accelerating the implementation of the NDC in the Sahelian country; in São Tomé and Príncipe, where funds from the NDC Alliance are financing a climate risk assessment, and in Peru to design a financing guarantee scheme that encourages the private sector to get involved in adaptation and mitigation measures in the country.

  •   The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC says the delicate balance between reducing emissions energy affordability and security requires comprehensive and sustainable policies The OPEC said that focusing on only one of these over the other could lead to unintended consequences market distortions heightened volatility and energy shortfalls Mr Mohammad Barkindo OPEC Secretary General made this remark on Wednesday at the ongoing 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference known as COP26 holding in Glasgow from Oct 31 to Nov 12 With negotiations of such magnitude and consequence we must remember the often ignored scientific fact climate change and energy poverty are two sides of the same coin We need to ensure energy is available and affordable for all We need to move towards a more inclusive fair and equitable world in which every person has access to energy aligned with Sustainable Development Goal Seven SDG 7 and we need to reduce emissions It is an energy sustainability trilemma with each piece having to move in unison the Secretary General said According to him the science inducates that tackling emissions has many paths Hence no one size fits all solution for countries or industries Barkindo further noted that the narrative that the energy transition was from oil and other fossil fuels to renewables wasmisleading and potentially dangerous to a world that would continue to be thirsty for all energy sources He said that capacities national circumstances and development priorities of developing countries had to be taken into account He however advised that adverse socio economic impacts on developing countries due to mitigation activities should be considered to identify remediation measures and share best practices Ficing according to him is critical to reach climate targets set in developing countries NDCs Developing countries have underscored the need for enhanced support including ficial resources technological development and transfer and capacity building as well as new collective goal for climate fice to aid adaptation and back increased ambitions for climate mitigation action OPEC advocates putting multilateralism at the centre of energy climate and sustainable development We remain committed to the UN Framework on Climate Change Conference UNFCCC process particularly the core elements of equity common but differentiated responsibilities and national circumstances he noted He also noted that the oil and gas industry could foster its resources and expertise to help unlock a low emissions future through its role as a powerful innovator in developing more efficient technological solutions According to Barkindo OPEC subscribes to a sustainable path forward one that works for us all Source NAN
    OPEC advocates sustainable policies towards reducing emissions
      The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC says the delicate balance between reducing emissions energy affordability and security requires comprehensive and sustainable policies The OPEC said that focusing on only one of these over the other could lead to unintended consequences market distortions heightened volatility and energy shortfalls Mr Mohammad Barkindo OPEC Secretary General made this remark on Wednesday at the ongoing 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference known as COP26 holding in Glasgow from Oct 31 to Nov 12 With negotiations of such magnitude and consequence we must remember the often ignored scientific fact climate change and energy poverty are two sides of the same coin We need to ensure energy is available and affordable for all We need to move towards a more inclusive fair and equitable world in which every person has access to energy aligned with Sustainable Development Goal Seven SDG 7 and we need to reduce emissions It is an energy sustainability trilemma with each piece having to move in unison the Secretary General said According to him the science inducates that tackling emissions has many paths Hence no one size fits all solution for countries or industries Barkindo further noted that the narrative that the energy transition was from oil and other fossil fuels to renewables wasmisleading and potentially dangerous to a world that would continue to be thirsty for all energy sources He said that capacities national circumstances and development priorities of developing countries had to be taken into account He however advised that adverse socio economic impacts on developing countries due to mitigation activities should be considered to identify remediation measures and share best practices Ficing according to him is critical to reach climate targets set in developing countries NDCs Developing countries have underscored the need for enhanced support including ficial resources technological development and transfer and capacity building as well as new collective goal for climate fice to aid adaptation and back increased ambitions for climate mitigation action OPEC advocates putting multilateralism at the centre of energy climate and sustainable development We remain committed to the UN Framework on Climate Change Conference UNFCCC process particularly the core elements of equity common but differentiated responsibilities and national circumstances he noted He also noted that the oil and gas industry could foster its resources and expertise to help unlock a low emissions future through its role as a powerful innovator in developing more efficient technological solutions According to Barkindo OPEC subscribes to a sustainable path forward one that works for us all Source NAN
    OPEC advocates sustainable policies towards reducing emissions
    General news1 year ago

    OPEC advocates sustainable policies towards reducing emissions

    The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) says the delicate balance between reducing emissions, energy affordability and security requires comprehensive and sustainable policies.

    The OPEC said that focusing on only one of these over the other could lead to unintended consequences; market distortions, heightened volatility and energy shortfalls.

    Mr Mohammad Barkindo, OPEC Secretary- General made this remark on Wednesday at the ongoing 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, known as COP26 holding in Glasgow, from Oct. 31 to Nov. 12.

    “With negotiations of such magnitude and consequence, we must remember the often ignored scientific fact:climate change and energy poverty are two sides of the same coin.

    “We need to ensure energy is available and affordable for all.

    “We need to move towards a more inclusive, fair and equitable world in which every person has access to energy, aligned with Sustainable Development Goal Seven (SDG 7); and we need to reduce emissions.

    “It is an energy sustainability trilemma, with each piece having to move in unison,” the Secretary-General said.

    According to him,  the science inducates that tackling emissions has many paths. Hence, no one-size-fits-all solution, for countries or industries.

    Barkindo further noted that the narrative that the energy transition was from oil and other fossil fuels to renewables wasmisleading and potentially dangerous to a world that would continue to be thirsty for all energy sources.

    He said that capacities, national circumstances and development priorities of developing countries had to be taken into account.

    He, however, advised that adverse socio-economic impacts on developing countries due to mitigation activities should be considered, to identify remediation measures and share best practices.

    Ficing, according to him is critical to reach climate targets set in developing countries’ NDCs.

    “Developing countries have underscored the need for enhanced support, including ficial resources, technological development and transfer, and capacity building as  well as new collective goal for climate fice, to aid adaptation and back increased ambitions for climate mitigation action.

    “OPEC advocates putting multilateralism at the centre of energy, climate and sustainable development.

    “We remain committed to the UN Framework on Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC) process, particularly the core elements of equity, common-but differentiated responsibilities and national circumstances,” he noted.

    He also noted that the oil and gas industry could foster its resources and expertise to help unlock a low-emissions future, through its role as a powerful innovator in developing more efficient technological solutions.|According to Barkindo, OPEC subscribes to a sustainable path forward; one that works for us all.

    Source: NAN

  •  COP26 President Alok Sharma said there was still an array of unfinished business at the crunch UN climate summit on Thursday as scientists urged negotiators to heed their warnings for the need for urgent action to global warming Representatives from nearly 200 countries have gathered in Glasgow for painstaking talks aimed at keeping the world within the Paris Agreement goal of limiting temperature rise to between 1 5 and 2 degrees Celsius But with emissions still rising and current promises putting the world on a path to heat far beyond that target negotiators were wrangling over a range of issues from slashing greenhouse gases to financial help for countries already facing supercharged storms floods and droughts We are not there yet There is still a lot more work to be done Sharma told delegates on Thursday adding he was concerned particularly at the number of finance issues still unresolved a day before the meeting is due to wrap up The world is watching us and they are willing us to work together and reach consensus And we know that we cannot afford to fail them His comments come in the wake of a joint China US pact to accelerate climate action this decade that experts said should allay fears that tensions visible early in the summit might derail the talks The surprise declaration unveiled by envoys John Kerry and Xie Zhenhua said the world s two largest emitters recognise the seriousness and urgency of the climate crisis although it was light on detailed action Importantly the document stressed the need for carbon pollution to fall this decade and committed to work swiftly to reduce their emissions of methane a potent greenhouse gas It can only be good news that the US and China are working closely on climate change and slashing methane emissions said Bernice Lee research director at the Chatham House think tank But the statement is not enough to close the deal The real test of Washington and Beijing is how hard they push for a 1 5C aligned deal here in Glasgow Irreversible impactsThe 2015 Paris Agreement saw nations promise to limit heating to well below two degrees Celsius and to work towards a safer 1 5C cap through sweeping emissions cuts Countries also agreed to redouble their emissions cutting plans every five years under the agreement s ratchet mechanism designed to produce ever growing climate ambition The 1 1C of warming so far is already magnifying weather extremes subjecting communities across the world to more intense fire and drought displacement and severe economic hardship And the UN says that even the most up to date national pledges set Earth on course to warm 2 7C this century To keep from overshooting the 1 5C target the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says emissions must fall 45 percent this decade More than 200 scientists sent an open letter to the COP26 summit Thursday urging countries to take immediate strong rapid sustained and large scale actions to halt global warming Cumulative greenhouse gas emissions to date already commit our planet to key changes of the climate system affecting human society and marine and terrestrial ecosystems some of which are irreversible for generations to come said the letter Climate transcends other issues Wednesday saw the release of draft decisions which were the first real indication of where nations are 10 days into deeply technical discussions The text which is sure to change during ministerial debates called for nations to revisit and strengthen their new climate plans known as nationally determined contributions NDCs by next year instead of 2025 as previously agreed The issues that remain unresolved at the COP26 include how vulnerable nations are supported financially to green their economies and prepare for future shocks Rules over transparency common reporting of climate action and carbon markets are all also still under discussion And nations already hit by climate disasters are demanding loss and damage support from rich emitters But the main sticking point is ambition which countries plan to slash their carbon emissions fast enough to avert dangerous heating European Commission vice president Frans Timmermans said that the US China pact would have a positive influence on discussions in Glasgow With all the difficulties they have on other issues to now actually signal this issue transcends other issues that helps the global community come to terms with the fact that we have to act now he told AFP Source Credit TheGuardian
    ‘World is watching’ COP26 warned as talks face hurdles
     COP26 President Alok Sharma said there was still an array of unfinished business at the crunch UN climate summit on Thursday as scientists urged negotiators to heed their warnings for the need for urgent action to global warming Representatives from nearly 200 countries have gathered in Glasgow for painstaking talks aimed at keeping the world within the Paris Agreement goal of limiting temperature rise to between 1 5 and 2 degrees Celsius But with emissions still rising and current promises putting the world on a path to heat far beyond that target negotiators were wrangling over a range of issues from slashing greenhouse gases to financial help for countries already facing supercharged storms floods and droughts We are not there yet There is still a lot more work to be done Sharma told delegates on Thursday adding he was concerned particularly at the number of finance issues still unresolved a day before the meeting is due to wrap up The world is watching us and they are willing us to work together and reach consensus And we know that we cannot afford to fail them His comments come in the wake of a joint China US pact to accelerate climate action this decade that experts said should allay fears that tensions visible early in the summit might derail the talks The surprise declaration unveiled by envoys John Kerry and Xie Zhenhua said the world s two largest emitters recognise the seriousness and urgency of the climate crisis although it was light on detailed action Importantly the document stressed the need for carbon pollution to fall this decade and committed to work swiftly to reduce their emissions of methane a potent greenhouse gas It can only be good news that the US and China are working closely on climate change and slashing methane emissions said Bernice Lee research director at the Chatham House think tank But the statement is not enough to close the deal The real test of Washington and Beijing is how hard they push for a 1 5C aligned deal here in Glasgow Irreversible impactsThe 2015 Paris Agreement saw nations promise to limit heating to well below two degrees Celsius and to work towards a safer 1 5C cap through sweeping emissions cuts Countries also agreed to redouble their emissions cutting plans every five years under the agreement s ratchet mechanism designed to produce ever growing climate ambition The 1 1C of warming so far is already magnifying weather extremes subjecting communities across the world to more intense fire and drought displacement and severe economic hardship And the UN says that even the most up to date national pledges set Earth on course to warm 2 7C this century To keep from overshooting the 1 5C target the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says emissions must fall 45 percent this decade More than 200 scientists sent an open letter to the COP26 summit Thursday urging countries to take immediate strong rapid sustained and large scale actions to halt global warming Cumulative greenhouse gas emissions to date already commit our planet to key changes of the climate system affecting human society and marine and terrestrial ecosystems some of which are irreversible for generations to come said the letter Climate transcends other issues Wednesday saw the release of draft decisions which were the first real indication of where nations are 10 days into deeply technical discussions The text which is sure to change during ministerial debates called for nations to revisit and strengthen their new climate plans known as nationally determined contributions NDCs by next year instead of 2025 as previously agreed The issues that remain unresolved at the COP26 include how vulnerable nations are supported financially to green their economies and prepare for future shocks Rules over transparency common reporting of climate action and carbon markets are all also still under discussion And nations already hit by climate disasters are demanding loss and damage support from rich emitters But the main sticking point is ambition which countries plan to slash their carbon emissions fast enough to avert dangerous heating European Commission vice president Frans Timmermans said that the US China pact would have a positive influence on discussions in Glasgow With all the difficulties they have on other issues to now actually signal this issue transcends other issues that helps the global community come to terms with the fact that we have to act now he told AFP Source Credit TheGuardian
    ‘World is watching’ COP26 warned as talks face hurdles
    Foreign1 year ago

    ‘World is watching’ COP26 warned as talks face hurdles

    COP26 President Alok Sharma said there was still an array of unfinished business at the crunch UN climate summit on Thursday as scientists urged negotiators to heed their warnings for the need for urgent action to global warming.

    Representatives from nearly 200 countries have gathered in Glasgow for painstaking talks aimed at keeping the world within the Paris Agreement goal of limiting temperature rise to between 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius.

    But with emissions still rising and current promises putting the world on a path to heat far beyond that target, negotiators were wrangling over a range of issues — from slashing greenhouse gases to financial help for countries already facing supercharged storms, floods and droughts.

    “We are not there yet. There is still a lot more work to be done,” Sharma told delegates on Thursday, adding he was “concerned” particularly at the number of finance issues still unresolved a day before the meeting is due to wrap up.

    “The world is watching us and they are willing us to work together and reach consensus. And we know that we cannot afford to fail them.”

    His comments come in the wake of a joint China-US pact to accelerate climate action this decade, that experts said should allay fears that tensions visible early in the summit might derail the talks.

    The surprise declaration, unveiled by envoys John Kerry and Xie Zhenhua, said the world’s two largest emitters “recognise the seriousness and urgency of the climate crisis”, although it was light on detailed action.

    Importantly, the document stressed the need for carbon pollution to fall this decade and committed to work swiftly to reduce their emissions of methane — a potent greenhouse gas.

    “It can only be good news that the US and China are working closely on climate change and slashing methane emissions,” said Bernice Lee, research director at the Chatham House think tank.

    “But the statement is not enough to close the deal. The real test of Washington and Beijing is how hard they push for a 1.5C aligned deal here in Glasgow.”

    ‘Irreversible’ impacts
    The 2015 Paris Agreement saw nations promise to limit heating to “well below” two degrees Celsius and to work towards a safer 1.5C cap through sweeping emissions cuts.

    Countries also agreed to redouble their emissions cutting plans every five years under the agreement’s “ratchet” mechanism designed to produce ever-growing climate ambition.

    The 1.1C of warming so far is already magnifying weather extremes, subjecting communities across the world to more intense fire and drought, displacement and severe economic hardship.

    And the UN says that even the most up-to-date national pledges set Earth on course to warm 2.7C this century.

    To keep from overshooting the 1.5C target the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says emissions must fall 45 percent this decade.

    More than 200 scientists sent an open letter to the COP26 summit Thursday urging countries to take “immediate, strong, rapid, sustained and large-scale actions” to halt global warming.

    “Cumulative greenhouse gas emissions to date already commit our planet to key changes of the climate system affecting human society and marine and terrestrial ecosystems, some of which are irreversible for generations to come,” said the letter.

    Climate ‘transcends other issues’

    Wednesday saw the release of draft “decisions”, which were the first real indication of where nations are 10 days into deeply technical discussions.

    The text, which is sure to change during ministerial debates, called for nations to “revisit and strengthen” their new climate plans, known as nationally determined contributions (NDCs) by next year, instead of 2025 as previously agreed.

    The issues that remain unresolved at the COP26 include how vulnerable nations are supported financially to green their economies and prepare for future shocks.

    Rules over transparency, common reporting of climate action and carbon markets are all also still under discussion.

    And nations already hit by climate disasters are demanding “loss and damage” support from rich emitters.

    But the main sticking point is ambition: which countries plan to slash their carbon emissions fast enough to avert dangerous heating.

    European Commission vice president Frans Timmermans said that the US-China pact would have a “positive influence” on discussions in Glasgow.

    “With all the difficulties they have on other issues, to now actually signal this issue transcends other issues… that helps the global community come to terms with the fact that we have to act now,” he told AFP.

    Source Credit: TheGuardian

  •   One of the biggest challenges we face when trying to solve this problem is the lack of data and the lack of awareness associated with its impacts on climate and health at all levels GLASGOW UK November 8 2021 APO Group Open burning of waste was first discussed at COP26 as global engineering collaboration and partners call for an end to the practice Over one million premature deaths per year from air pollution waste and open burning is one of the critical issues contributing to rising pollution levels especially in urban areas Countries should end the common practice of open burning of waste to mitigate climate impact environmental pollution and improve the health of billions of people who live without waste collection services or near landfills experts say Engineering X a collaboration founded by the Royal Academy of Engineering and Lloyd s Register Foundation and the International Solid Waste Association ISWA joined forces with a wide range of other partners during the UN climate change negotiations in Glasgow including UN Habitat the Climate and Clean Air Coalition and WasteAid to call for an end to the practice of open burning This is the first time that the issue has been raised during discussions on climate change Open air waste incineration is particularly problematic in sub Saharan Africa which in 2015 housed 19 of the 50 largest landfills in the world according to the United Nations Environment Program UNEP report 1 2 Rapid urbanization and unsustainable consumption and production patterns mean the situation is worsening Less than 50 of waste is collected nationally in low and middle income countries Current estimates suggest that 41 percent of the world s municipal solid waste goes to surface landfills and much of it will go on to be burned Burning waste releases greenhouse gases air pollutants reactive trace gases toxic compounds and short lived climate pollutants including carbon black Black carbon emissions are a leading cause of illness and premature death and impact climate change up to 5 000 times that of CO2 One of the biggest challenges we face when trying to solve this problem is the lack of data and the lack of awareness associated with its impacts on climate and health at all levels said Professor Desta Mebratu United Nations climate champion responsible for waste from the University of Stellenbosch Emissions from surface burning of waste are difficult to characterize and are therefore not widely included in nationally determined contributions Some countries have recently attempted to incorporate them into their revised NDCs with support from the Climate and Clean Air Coalition CCAC A local study 3 children and adolescents living and attending school near major landfills in African urban centers reported respiratory gastrointestinal and skin diseases But to date there is no international data on the health impacts of waste combustion This problem is so widespread and has disastrous impacts on our climate and the health of millions of people and yet there is not enough action on it said Dr Andriannah Mbandi deputy head of champions United Nations High Level Committee on Waste It s not mentioned in the climate change negotiations it doesn t show up on people s radar about human health Engineering X the UN High Level Champions Team and ISWA hope they can build enough momentum on the issue by next year s COP in Africa to encourage world leaders to strike an international deal to solve the problem Now is the time to act on open burning so that we can mitigate its devastating effects on health and climate says Professor David C Wilson Honorary Life Member of ISWA Patron of WasteAid and Engineering X advisor at COP26 with Engineering X UN Habitat and our other partners to drive this change We encourage countries to tackle open burning not only as a positive in terms of climate change mitigation but also as an opportunity to reap health dividends to create value from resources and provide livelihoods The official UN side event on open burning of waste will take place on Monday November 8 at 13 15 GMT at Multimedia Studio 2 in the blue zone You can follow the event via this link https bit ly 3EVlQwt 1 UNEP 2018 Africa Waste Management Outlook United Nations Environment Program Nairobi Available at https bit ly 3o5drQd 2 https bit ly 3ETZrzx 3 UNEP 2016 Perspectives on Waste Management in Africa https bit ly 3c5YiZD
    Open-air waste incineration: time to act urgently
      One of the biggest challenges we face when trying to solve this problem is the lack of data and the lack of awareness associated with its impacts on climate and health at all levels GLASGOW UK November 8 2021 APO Group Open burning of waste was first discussed at COP26 as global engineering collaboration and partners call for an end to the practice Over one million premature deaths per year from air pollution waste and open burning is one of the critical issues contributing to rising pollution levels especially in urban areas Countries should end the common practice of open burning of waste to mitigate climate impact environmental pollution and improve the health of billions of people who live without waste collection services or near landfills experts say Engineering X a collaboration founded by the Royal Academy of Engineering and Lloyd s Register Foundation and the International Solid Waste Association ISWA joined forces with a wide range of other partners during the UN climate change negotiations in Glasgow including UN Habitat the Climate and Clean Air Coalition and WasteAid to call for an end to the practice of open burning This is the first time that the issue has been raised during discussions on climate change Open air waste incineration is particularly problematic in sub Saharan Africa which in 2015 housed 19 of the 50 largest landfills in the world according to the United Nations Environment Program UNEP report 1 2 Rapid urbanization and unsustainable consumption and production patterns mean the situation is worsening Less than 50 of waste is collected nationally in low and middle income countries Current estimates suggest that 41 percent of the world s municipal solid waste goes to surface landfills and much of it will go on to be burned Burning waste releases greenhouse gases air pollutants reactive trace gases toxic compounds and short lived climate pollutants including carbon black Black carbon emissions are a leading cause of illness and premature death and impact climate change up to 5 000 times that of CO2 One of the biggest challenges we face when trying to solve this problem is the lack of data and the lack of awareness associated with its impacts on climate and health at all levels said Professor Desta Mebratu United Nations climate champion responsible for waste from the University of Stellenbosch Emissions from surface burning of waste are difficult to characterize and are therefore not widely included in nationally determined contributions Some countries have recently attempted to incorporate them into their revised NDCs with support from the Climate and Clean Air Coalition CCAC A local study 3 children and adolescents living and attending school near major landfills in African urban centers reported respiratory gastrointestinal and skin diseases But to date there is no international data on the health impacts of waste combustion This problem is so widespread and has disastrous impacts on our climate and the health of millions of people and yet there is not enough action on it said Dr Andriannah Mbandi deputy head of champions United Nations High Level Committee on Waste It s not mentioned in the climate change negotiations it doesn t show up on people s radar about human health Engineering X the UN High Level Champions Team and ISWA hope they can build enough momentum on the issue by next year s COP in Africa to encourage world leaders to strike an international deal to solve the problem Now is the time to act on open burning so that we can mitigate its devastating effects on health and climate says Professor David C Wilson Honorary Life Member of ISWA Patron of WasteAid and Engineering X advisor at COP26 with Engineering X UN Habitat and our other partners to drive this change We encourage countries to tackle open burning not only as a positive in terms of climate change mitigation but also as an opportunity to reap health dividends to create value from resources and provide livelihoods The official UN side event on open burning of waste will take place on Monday November 8 at 13 15 GMT at Multimedia Studio 2 in the blue zone You can follow the event via this link https bit ly 3EVlQwt 1 UNEP 2018 Africa Waste Management Outlook United Nations Environment Program Nairobi Available at https bit ly 3o5drQd 2 https bit ly 3ETZrzx 3 UNEP 2016 Perspectives on Waste Management in Africa https bit ly 3c5YiZD
    Open-air waste incineration: time to act urgently
    Africa1 year ago

    Open-air waste incineration: time to act urgently

    One of the biggest challenges we face when trying to solve this problem is the lack of data and the lack of awareness associated with its impacts on climate and health at all levels.

    GLASGOW, UK, November 8, 2021 / APO Group / -

    Open burning of waste was first discussed at COP26, as global engineering collaboration and partners call for an end to the practice; Over one million premature deaths per year from air pollution, waste and open burning is one of the critical issues contributing to rising pollution levels, especially in urban areas.

    Countries should end the common practice of open burning of waste to mitigate climate impact, environmental pollution and improve the health of billions of people who live without waste collection services or near landfills, experts say.

    Engineering X, a collaboration founded by the Royal Academy of Engineering and Lloyd's Register Foundation, and the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) joined forces with a wide range of other partners during the UN climate change negotiations in Glasgow, including UN-Habitat, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition and WasteAid, to call for an end to the practice of open burning. This is the first time that the issue has been raised during discussions on climate change.

    Open-air waste incineration is particularly problematic in sub-Saharan Africa, which in 2015 housed 19 of the 50 largest landfills in the world, according to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) report. [1] [2]. Rapid urbanization and unsustainable consumption and production patterns mean the situation is worsening.

    Less than 50% of waste is collected nationally in low- and middle-income countries. Current estimates suggest that 41 percent of the world's municipal solid waste goes to surface landfills, and much of it will go on to be burned.

    Burning waste releases greenhouse gases, air pollutants, reactive trace gases, toxic compounds and short-lived climate pollutants, including carbon black. Black carbon emissions are a leading cause of illness and premature death and impact climate change up to 5,000 times that of CO2.

    "One of the biggest challenges we face when trying to solve this problem is the lack of data and the lack of awareness associated with its impacts on climate and health at all levels," said Professor Desta Mebratu, United Nations climate champion, responsible for waste. from the University of Stellenbosch. “Emissions from surface burning of waste are difficult to characterize and are therefore not widely included in nationally determined contributions. Some countries have recently attempted to incorporate them into their revised NDCs with support from the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC).

    A local study [3] children and adolescents living and attending school near major landfills in African urban centers reported respiratory, gastrointestinal and skin diseases. But to date, there is no international data on the health impacts of waste combustion.

    "This problem is so widespread and has disastrous impacts on our climate and the health of millions of people, and yet there is not enough action on it," said Dr Andriannah Mbandi, deputy head of champions. United Nations High Level Committee on Waste. "It's not mentioned in the climate change negotiations, it doesn't show up on people's radar about human health."

    Engineering X, the UN High Level Champions Team and ISWA hope they can build enough momentum on the issue by next year's COP in Africa to encourage world leaders to strike an international deal. to solve the problem.

    “Now is the time to act on open burning so that we can mitigate its devastating effects on health and climate,” says Professor David C. Wilson, Honorary Life Member of ISWA, Patron of WasteAid and Engineering X advisor at COP26 with Engineering X, UN-Habitat and our other partners to drive this change. We encourage countries to tackle open burning, not only as a positive in terms of climate change mitigation, but also as an opportunity to reap health dividends, to create value from resources and provide livelihoods. "

    The official UN side event on open burning of waste will take place on Monday, November 8 at 13:15 GMT at Multimedia Studio 2 in the blue zone. You can follow the event via this link (https://bit.ly/3EVlQwt).

    [1]UNEP (2018) Africa Waste Management Outlook, United Nations Environment Program. Nairobi ,. Available at: https://bit.ly/3o5drQd.

    [2] https://bit.ly/3ETZrzx

    [3] UNEP (2016) Perspectives on Waste Management in Africa (https://bit.ly/3c5YiZD)

  •   President Muhammadu Buhari has pledged that Nigeria will reduce its emissions to net zero by 2060 Garba Shehu a spokesman for the president in a statement said Buhari revealed this during his national statement at the COP26 leaders summit in Glasgow Scotland on Tuesday The President said that achieving national and global climate change goals will require adequate and sustained technical and financial support to developing countries He said more efforts should be made to help developing countries meet their nationally determined contribution NDC commitments through pledges by developed countries to provide at least 100 billion per year President Buhari noted that easier access to climate finance has become imperative given the COVID 19 pandemic which has really hit the economies of developing countries I don t think anyone in Nigeria needs to be persuaded of the need for urgent action on the environment Desertification in the north flooding in the center pollution and erosion on the coast are sufficient proof of this For Nigeria climate change is not about the perils of tomorrow but what happens today Nigeria is committed to achieving net zero by 2060 While advocating for a gas based energy transition in Nigeria President Buhari called on international partners to fund projects using transitional fuels such as gas in Nigeria The parties to the Paris Agreement should switch from fossil fuels to clean energy and achieve a Net Zero ambition on greenhouse gas emissions Nigeria is actually more of a gas producing country than an oil producing country As a result I seek funding for projects using transitional fuels such as gas Nigeria has energy challenges where we believe gas can be used to balance a system based on renewable energy be it wind or sun This would allow us to initiate long term renewable energy infrastructure purchases and the investments needed to have a sustainable energy supply he added While acknowledging that net zero ambition can lead to economic transformation across all sectors the Nigerian leader said this would require building critical infrastructure President Buhari also told the COP26 Leaders Summit that Nigeria has developed a comprehensive energy transition plan and roadmap based on data and evidence He explained that the plan had highlighted some key facts that force difficult conversations Our transition plan also highlights the key role gas will play in transitioning our economy across sectors and the data and evidence shows that Nigeria can continue to use gas until 2040 without harming objectives of the Paris Agreement Gas will be essential in meeting the challenge of clean cooking which is also a challenge of deforestation and in giving our electricity grid the stability and flexibility needed to integrate renewables on a large scale Nigeria will need to integrate an unprecedented additional renewable capacity of 7 GW each year to reach net zero he said On energy access President Buhari said Nigeria s commitment to a just transition is reflected in our ambitious energy contract which includes the government s flagship project to electrify five million homes and 25 million people using decentralized solar energy solutions He described the project as a major first step towards reducing the country s energy access deficit by 2030 On green projects in the county the president said federal government agencies had been tasked with ensuring the inclusion of projects with climate change credentials in the budget I am happy to say that the 2022 budget which I recently submitted to our National Assembly is the first intersectoral gender and climate sensitive budget ever prepared in the annals of our history he said for follow up The president announced that the National Assembly had also passed the climate change bill According to him the bill provides a framework for achieving low greenhouse gas emissions inclusive green growth and sustainable economic development President Buhari concluded his address with a note of caution by saying The outcome of this conference must lead to a swift resolution of all outstanding issues regarding the finalization of the Paris Agreement settlement adaptation mitigation finance article 6 and losses and damage NOPE
    COP26: Buhari pledges net zero emissions by 2060
      President Muhammadu Buhari has pledged that Nigeria will reduce its emissions to net zero by 2060 Garba Shehu a spokesman for the president in a statement said Buhari revealed this during his national statement at the COP26 leaders summit in Glasgow Scotland on Tuesday The President said that achieving national and global climate change goals will require adequate and sustained technical and financial support to developing countries He said more efforts should be made to help developing countries meet their nationally determined contribution NDC commitments through pledges by developed countries to provide at least 100 billion per year President Buhari noted that easier access to climate finance has become imperative given the COVID 19 pandemic which has really hit the economies of developing countries I don t think anyone in Nigeria needs to be persuaded of the need for urgent action on the environment Desertification in the north flooding in the center pollution and erosion on the coast are sufficient proof of this For Nigeria climate change is not about the perils of tomorrow but what happens today Nigeria is committed to achieving net zero by 2060 While advocating for a gas based energy transition in Nigeria President Buhari called on international partners to fund projects using transitional fuels such as gas in Nigeria The parties to the Paris Agreement should switch from fossil fuels to clean energy and achieve a Net Zero ambition on greenhouse gas emissions Nigeria is actually more of a gas producing country than an oil producing country As a result I seek funding for projects using transitional fuels such as gas Nigeria has energy challenges where we believe gas can be used to balance a system based on renewable energy be it wind or sun This would allow us to initiate long term renewable energy infrastructure purchases and the investments needed to have a sustainable energy supply he added While acknowledging that net zero ambition can lead to economic transformation across all sectors the Nigerian leader said this would require building critical infrastructure President Buhari also told the COP26 Leaders Summit that Nigeria has developed a comprehensive energy transition plan and roadmap based on data and evidence He explained that the plan had highlighted some key facts that force difficult conversations Our transition plan also highlights the key role gas will play in transitioning our economy across sectors and the data and evidence shows that Nigeria can continue to use gas until 2040 without harming objectives of the Paris Agreement Gas will be essential in meeting the challenge of clean cooking which is also a challenge of deforestation and in giving our electricity grid the stability and flexibility needed to integrate renewables on a large scale Nigeria will need to integrate an unprecedented additional renewable capacity of 7 GW each year to reach net zero he said On energy access President Buhari said Nigeria s commitment to a just transition is reflected in our ambitious energy contract which includes the government s flagship project to electrify five million homes and 25 million people using decentralized solar energy solutions He described the project as a major first step towards reducing the country s energy access deficit by 2030 On green projects in the county the president said federal government agencies had been tasked with ensuring the inclusion of projects with climate change credentials in the budget I am happy to say that the 2022 budget which I recently submitted to our National Assembly is the first intersectoral gender and climate sensitive budget ever prepared in the annals of our history he said for follow up The president announced that the National Assembly had also passed the climate change bill According to him the bill provides a framework for achieving low greenhouse gas emissions inclusive green growth and sustainable economic development President Buhari concluded his address with a note of caution by saying The outcome of this conference must lead to a swift resolution of all outstanding issues regarding the finalization of the Paris Agreement settlement adaptation mitigation finance article 6 and losses and damage NOPE
    COP26: Buhari pledges net zero emissions by 2060
    Headlines1 year ago

    COP26: Buhari pledges net zero emissions by 2060

    President Muhammadu Buhari has pledged that Nigeria will reduce its emissions to net zero by 2060.

    Garba Shehu, a spokesman for the president in a statement, said Buhari revealed this during his national statement at the COP26 leaders' summit in Glasgow, Scotland on Tuesday.

    The President said that achieving national and global climate change goals will require adequate and sustained technical and financial support to developing countries.

    He said more efforts should be made to help developing countries meet their `` nationally determined contribution (NDC) commitments through pledges by developed countries to provide at least $ 100 billion. per year''.

    President Buhari noted that easier access to climate finance has become imperative given the COVID-19 pandemic, which has really hit the economies of developing countries.

    “I don't think anyone in Nigeria needs to be persuaded of the need for urgent action on the environment.

    Desertification in the north, flooding in the center, pollution and erosion on the coast are sufficient proof of this.

    For Nigeria, climate change is not about the perils of tomorrow but what happens today. Nigeria is committed to achieving net zero by 2060. ''

    While advocating for a gas-based energy transition in Nigeria, President Buhari called on international partners to fund projects using transitional fuels such as gas in Nigeria.

    The parties to the Paris Agreement should switch from fossil fuels to clean energy and achieve a Net Zero ambition on greenhouse gas emissions.

    Nigeria is actually more of a gas-producing country than an oil-producing country.

    '' As a result, I seek funding for projects using transitional fuels, such as gas.

    Nigeria has energy challenges where we believe gas can be used to balance a system based on renewable energy, be it wind or sun.

    "This would allow us to initiate long-term renewable energy infrastructure purchases and the investments needed to have a sustainable energy supply," he added.

    While acknowledging that net zero ambition can lead to economic transformation across all sectors, the Nigerian leader said this would require building critical infrastructure.

    President Buhari also told the COP26 Leaders Summit that Nigeria has developed a comprehensive energy transition plan and roadmap based on data and evidence.

    He explained that the plan had highlighted some key facts that force difficult conversations.

    “Our transition plan also highlights the key role gas will play in transitioning our economy across sectors, and the data and evidence shows that Nigeria can continue to use gas until 2040 without harming objectives of the Paris Agreement.

    “Gas will be essential in meeting the challenge of clean cooking, which is also a challenge of deforestation, and in giving our electricity grid the stability and flexibility needed to integrate renewables on a large scale.

    “Nigeria will need to integrate an unprecedented additional renewable capacity of 7 GW each year to reach net zero,” he said.

    On energy access, President Buhari said Nigeria's commitment to a just transition is reflected in "our ambitious energy contract, which includes the government's flagship project to electrify five million homes. and 25 million people using decentralized solar energy solutions ”.

    He described the project as a major first step towards reducing the country's energy access deficit by 2030.

    On green projects in the county, the president said federal government agencies had been tasked with ensuring the inclusion of projects with climate change credentials in the budget.

    "I am happy to say that the 2022 budget, which I recently submitted to our National Assembly, is the first intersectoral, gender and climate-sensitive budget ever prepared in the annals of our history," he said. for follow-up.

    The president announced that the National Assembly had also passed the climate change bill.

    According to him, the bill provides a framework for achieving low greenhouse gas emissions, inclusive green growth and sustainable economic development.

    President Buhari concluded his address with a note of caution by saying:

    '' The outcome of this conference must lead to a swift resolution of all outstanding issues regarding the finalization of the Paris Agreement settlement, adaptation, mitigation, finance, article 6 and losses and damage.''

    NOPE

  •   Climate Change Are Rich Polluters Leaving Vulnerable Africa Behind By Kayode Adebiyi Nigerian News Agency On October 12 China pledged about 230 million to create a fund to protect biodiversity in developing countries President Xi Jinping made the pledge at a virtual United Nations conference ahead of the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference COP26 scheduled for Glasgow Scotland China s pledge to a Kumming Biodiversity Fund is one of the symbolic pledges expected by world leaders as they prepare for another round of climate change talks Already there are overwhelming reports and rhetoric about climate change dominating civic and media spaces ahead of COP26 Younger people who appear to be more forceful climate change activists are furious at being left behind by the inability of world leaders to do more to tackle global warming There are also issues of increasing impacts in terms of severity frequency and proportion of climate change on the environment However climate change experts in Africa believe that a sub theme that has not received deserved attention is the inequality that exists in the responsibility and response to global warming between wealthy nations and African countries Although a 2020 report released by the African Development Bank AfDB asserted that huge gaps in research could lead to insufficient understanding of Africa s exact contribution to greenhouse gas GHG the continent is believed to be responsible for around 3 of total global GHG emissions The impact of global warming is not lost on the continent with devastating mudslides flash floods droughts and desertification increasingly frequent In addition climate change has been identified as a major driver of conflicts between farmers and herders violent extremism irregular migration and food insecurity particularly in sub Saharan Africa For example in the Africa Program publications at the Wilson Center Osei Baffour Frimpong argued that climate change interacts with and exacerbates existing risks and vulnerabilities in communities Groundswell Preparing for Internal Climate Migration a World Bank Group report released in March 2018 predicted that more than 140 million people could move within their country s borders by 2050 in sub Saharan Africa in Southeast Asia and Latin America The latest installment of the Groundswell report Acting on Internal Migration Part 2 released on September 13 2021 warned that climate change could force 216 million people in six regions of the world to migrate to their countries by 2050 Africa sub Saharan counting for 86 million Climate change is a powerful driver of internal migration due to its impact on people s livelihoods and loss of quality of life in highly exposed places By 2050 sub Saharan Africa could host up to 86 million internal climate migrants East Asia and the Pacific 49 million South Asia 40 million North Africa 19 million Latin America 17 million and Eastern Europe and Central Asia five million the report said Climate change also plays a major role in food insecurity and hunger in Africa Conflict and instability are directly linked to food insecurity and undernutrition as 70 percent of the world s poorest people who suffer from malnutrition live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods The importance of agriculture for economic growth and development as well as for food security and peace in many African countries cannot be overstated Farmers and pastoralists are responsible for over 90 percent of Africa s agricultural production In many countries of West Central and East Africa smallholder farmers and herders are the mainstay of the food needed to feed larger urban populations Agriculture employs 65 percent of Africa s workforce and accounts for 32 percent of Africa s total gross domestic product GDP Therefore in Nigeria for example as grazing areas become hotter and drier pastoralists are forced to migrate south if their cattle have a chance of survival This has made climate change one of the many intertwined roots of transhuman pastoralist movements and the cause of clashes between farmers and herders Unfortunately these dynamics which threaten the environment for Africa s survival and jeopardize world peace have not been sufficiently emphasized in deliberations on climate change Unlike developed economies the majority of Africa s GHG emissions come from agriculture forestry and other land uses AFOLU Yet Africa is the continent most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change in all climate scenarios above 1 5 degrees Celsius despite its low contribution to greenhouse gas emissions Experts have warned that commitments made by individual countries as part of nationally determined contributions NDCs under the Paris Agreement will be meaningless if GHG mitigation efforts are not made priorities in Africa Ironically one sector that succinctly describes Africa s neglect by the international community on climate change is renewable energy Morocco can make a huge difference with its largest concentrated solar farm in the world of Noor Ouarzazate and South Africa may have found a way to lower the cost of solar power as it could compete favorably the more traditional and cheaper energy of coal however the continent still lags considerably behind in the search for an energy mix that respects the environment Kandeh Yumkella former UN Under Secretary General and former CEO and representative of the Secretary General s Sustainable Energy for All Initiative attributed the challenge to the failure of Africa s energy plans to attract investment Renewable energy plans must be bankable and the private sector must be wooed by the availability of technology manpower and political stability regardless of the government in power Yumkella said during of an energy summit in Abuja in 2017 The Paris Agreement provides a framework for financial technical and capacity building support for countries in need Therefore to make sense of the Accord s goal of limiting global warming to well below 2 preferably 1 5 degrees Celsius from pre industrial levels more attention needs to be paid to the challenges facing Africa and the solutions available in the contexts of cooperation financial assistance technology transfer and capacity building From COP26 to be held in November the international community should recognize by consensus that climate change is a threat to global security with far more serious consequences for the African region Indeed world leaders should commit to a specific action plan to put in place research and development efforts capable of providing local solutions to Africa s environmental challenges The transfer of technology in the field of green energy and investments in the renewable energy sector similar to the investments seen in oil and gas should be incentivized to open up a whole new economy for Africa and Africans Across the African Union a continental framework on climate change that will help members compare their scores and cooperate through needs assessment to find tailor made solutions to their climate change challenges should be for follow up The continent is also expected to start raising a new generation of carbon conscious young Africans through education and advocacy There is no one size fits all solution to global climate change and no country is immune to its impacts However if there s one lesson COVID 19 has taught the world it s that no one is safe until everyone is safe The first rich countries link this to global warming as far as Africa is concerned best for all Characteristics If used please credit the author and the Nigerian News Agency Source NAN
    Climate change: Are wealthy polluters leaving vulnerable Africa behind?
      Climate Change Are Rich Polluters Leaving Vulnerable Africa Behind By Kayode Adebiyi Nigerian News Agency On October 12 China pledged about 230 million to create a fund to protect biodiversity in developing countries President Xi Jinping made the pledge at a virtual United Nations conference ahead of the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference COP26 scheduled for Glasgow Scotland China s pledge to a Kumming Biodiversity Fund is one of the symbolic pledges expected by world leaders as they prepare for another round of climate change talks Already there are overwhelming reports and rhetoric about climate change dominating civic and media spaces ahead of COP26 Younger people who appear to be more forceful climate change activists are furious at being left behind by the inability of world leaders to do more to tackle global warming There are also issues of increasing impacts in terms of severity frequency and proportion of climate change on the environment However climate change experts in Africa believe that a sub theme that has not received deserved attention is the inequality that exists in the responsibility and response to global warming between wealthy nations and African countries Although a 2020 report released by the African Development Bank AfDB asserted that huge gaps in research could lead to insufficient understanding of Africa s exact contribution to greenhouse gas GHG the continent is believed to be responsible for around 3 of total global GHG emissions The impact of global warming is not lost on the continent with devastating mudslides flash floods droughts and desertification increasingly frequent In addition climate change has been identified as a major driver of conflicts between farmers and herders violent extremism irregular migration and food insecurity particularly in sub Saharan Africa For example in the Africa Program publications at the Wilson Center Osei Baffour Frimpong argued that climate change interacts with and exacerbates existing risks and vulnerabilities in communities Groundswell Preparing for Internal Climate Migration a World Bank Group report released in March 2018 predicted that more than 140 million people could move within their country s borders by 2050 in sub Saharan Africa in Southeast Asia and Latin America The latest installment of the Groundswell report Acting on Internal Migration Part 2 released on September 13 2021 warned that climate change could force 216 million people in six regions of the world to migrate to their countries by 2050 Africa sub Saharan counting for 86 million Climate change is a powerful driver of internal migration due to its impact on people s livelihoods and loss of quality of life in highly exposed places By 2050 sub Saharan Africa could host up to 86 million internal climate migrants East Asia and the Pacific 49 million South Asia 40 million North Africa 19 million Latin America 17 million and Eastern Europe and Central Asia five million the report said Climate change also plays a major role in food insecurity and hunger in Africa Conflict and instability are directly linked to food insecurity and undernutrition as 70 percent of the world s poorest people who suffer from malnutrition live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods The importance of agriculture for economic growth and development as well as for food security and peace in many African countries cannot be overstated Farmers and pastoralists are responsible for over 90 percent of Africa s agricultural production In many countries of West Central and East Africa smallholder farmers and herders are the mainstay of the food needed to feed larger urban populations Agriculture employs 65 percent of Africa s workforce and accounts for 32 percent of Africa s total gross domestic product GDP Therefore in Nigeria for example as grazing areas become hotter and drier pastoralists are forced to migrate south if their cattle have a chance of survival This has made climate change one of the many intertwined roots of transhuman pastoralist movements and the cause of clashes between farmers and herders Unfortunately these dynamics which threaten the environment for Africa s survival and jeopardize world peace have not been sufficiently emphasized in deliberations on climate change Unlike developed economies the majority of Africa s GHG emissions come from agriculture forestry and other land uses AFOLU Yet Africa is the continent most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change in all climate scenarios above 1 5 degrees Celsius despite its low contribution to greenhouse gas emissions Experts have warned that commitments made by individual countries as part of nationally determined contributions NDCs under the Paris Agreement will be meaningless if GHG mitigation efforts are not made priorities in Africa Ironically one sector that succinctly describes Africa s neglect by the international community on climate change is renewable energy Morocco can make a huge difference with its largest concentrated solar farm in the world of Noor Ouarzazate and South Africa may have found a way to lower the cost of solar power as it could compete favorably the more traditional and cheaper energy of coal however the continent still lags considerably behind in the search for an energy mix that respects the environment Kandeh Yumkella former UN Under Secretary General and former CEO and representative of the Secretary General s Sustainable Energy for All Initiative attributed the challenge to the failure of Africa s energy plans to attract investment Renewable energy plans must be bankable and the private sector must be wooed by the availability of technology manpower and political stability regardless of the government in power Yumkella said during of an energy summit in Abuja in 2017 The Paris Agreement provides a framework for financial technical and capacity building support for countries in need Therefore to make sense of the Accord s goal of limiting global warming to well below 2 preferably 1 5 degrees Celsius from pre industrial levels more attention needs to be paid to the challenges facing Africa and the solutions available in the contexts of cooperation financial assistance technology transfer and capacity building From COP26 to be held in November the international community should recognize by consensus that climate change is a threat to global security with far more serious consequences for the African region Indeed world leaders should commit to a specific action plan to put in place research and development efforts capable of providing local solutions to Africa s environmental challenges The transfer of technology in the field of green energy and investments in the renewable energy sector similar to the investments seen in oil and gas should be incentivized to open up a whole new economy for Africa and Africans Across the African Union a continental framework on climate change that will help members compare their scores and cooperate through needs assessment to find tailor made solutions to their climate change challenges should be for follow up The continent is also expected to start raising a new generation of carbon conscious young Africans through education and advocacy There is no one size fits all solution to global climate change and no country is immune to its impacts However if there s one lesson COVID 19 has taught the world it s that no one is safe until everyone is safe The first rich countries link this to global warming as far as Africa is concerned best for all Characteristics If used please credit the author and the Nigerian News Agency Source NAN
    Climate change: Are wealthy polluters leaving vulnerable Africa behind?
    Features1 year ago

    Climate change: Are wealthy polluters leaving vulnerable Africa behind?

    Climate Change: Are Rich Polluters Leaving Vulnerable Africa Behind?

    By Kayode Adebiyi, Nigerian News Agency

    On October 12, China pledged about $ 230 million to create a fund to protect biodiversity in developing countries.

    President Xi Jinping made the pledge at a virtual United Nations conference ahead of the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) scheduled for Glasgow, Scotland.

    China's pledge to a Kumming Biodiversity Fund is one of the symbolic pledges expected by world leaders as they prepare for another round of climate change talks.

    Already, there are overwhelming reports and rhetoric about climate change dominating civic and media spaces ahead of COP26.

    Younger people, who appear to be more forceful climate change activists, are furious at being left behind by the inability of world leaders to do more to tackle global warming.

    There are also issues of increasing impacts - in terms of severity, frequency and proportion - of climate change on the environment.

    However, climate change experts in Africa believe that a sub-theme that has not received deserved attention is the inequality that exists in the responsibility and response to global warming between wealthy nations and African countries.

    Although a 2020 report released by the African Development Bank (AfDB) asserted that huge gaps in research could lead to insufficient understanding of Africa's exact contribution to greenhouse gas (GHG ), the continent is believed to be responsible for around 3% of total global GHG emissions.

    The impact of global warming is not lost on the continent, with devastating mudslides, flash floods, droughts and desertification increasingly frequent.

    In addition, climate change has been identified as a major driver of conflicts between farmers and herders, violent extremism, irregular migration and food insecurity, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa.

    For example, in the Africa Program publications at the Wilson Center, Osei Baffour Frimpong argued that climate change interacts with and exacerbates existing risks and vulnerabilities in communities.

    Groundswell - Preparing for Internal Climate Migration, a World Bank Group report released in March 2018, predicted that more than 140 million people could move within their country's borders by 2050 in sub-Saharan Africa, in Southeast Asia and Latin America.

    The latest installment of the Groundswell report, Acting on Internal Migration Part 2, released on September 13, 2021, warned that climate change could force 216 million people in six regions of the world to migrate to their countries by 2050, Africa sub-Saharan counting for 86 million.

    “Climate change is a powerful driver of internal migration due to its impact on people's livelihoods and loss of quality of life in highly exposed places.

    “By 2050, sub-Saharan Africa could host up to 86 million internal climate migrants; East Asia and the Pacific, 49 million; South Asia, 40 million; North Africa, 19 million; Latin America, 17 million; and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, five million, ”the report said.

    Climate change also plays a major role in food insecurity and hunger in Africa.

    Conflict and instability are directly linked to food insecurity and undernutrition, as 70 percent of the world's poorest people who suffer from malnutrition live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. .

    The importance of agriculture for economic growth and development, as well as for food security and peace in many African countries, cannot be overstated.

    Farmers and pastoralists are responsible for over 90 percent of Africa's agricultural production.

    In many countries of West, Central and East Africa, smallholder farmers and herders are the mainstay of the food needed to feed larger urban populations.

    Agriculture employs 65 percent of Africa's workforce and accounts for 32 percent of Africa's total gross domestic product (GDP).

    Therefore, in Nigeria for example, as grazing areas become hotter and drier, pastoralists are forced to migrate south if their cattle have a chance of survival.

    This has made climate change one of the many intertwined roots of transhuman pastoralist movements and the cause of clashes between farmers and herders.

    Unfortunately, these dynamics, which threaten the environment for Africa's survival and jeopardize world peace, have not been sufficiently emphasized in deliberations on climate change.

    Unlike developed economies, the majority of Africa's GHG emissions come from agriculture, forestry and other land uses (AFOLU).

    Yet Africa is the continent most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change in all climate scenarios above 1.5 degrees Celsius, despite its low contribution to greenhouse gas emissions.

    Experts have warned that commitments made by individual countries as part of nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement will be meaningless if GHG mitigation efforts are not made. priorities in Africa.

    Ironically, one sector that succinctly describes Africa's neglect by the international community on climate change is renewable energy.

    Morocco can make a huge difference with its largest concentrated solar farm in the world of Noor-Ouarzazate and South Africa may have found a way to lower the cost of solar power as it could compete favorably. the more traditional and cheaper energy of coal, however, the continent still lags considerably behind in the search for an energy mix that respects the environment.

    Kandeh Yumkella, former UN Under-Secretary-General and former CEO and representative of the Secretary-General's Sustainable Energy for All Initiative, attributed the challenge to the failure of Africa's energy plans to attract investment.

    “Renewable energy plans must be bankable and the private sector must be wooed by the availability of technology, manpower and political stability, regardless of the government in power,” Yumkella said during of an energy summit in Abuja in 2017.

    The Paris Agreement provides a framework for financial, technical and capacity building support for countries in need.

    Therefore, to make sense of the Accord's goal of limiting global warming to well below 2, preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius, from pre-industrial levels, more attention needs to be paid to the challenges. facing Africa and the solutions available in the contexts of cooperation, financial assistance, technology transfer and capacity building.

    From COP26 to be held in November, the international community should recognize, by consensus, that climate change is a threat to global security with far more serious consequences for the African region.

    Indeed, world leaders should commit to a specific action plan to put in place research and development efforts capable of providing local solutions to Africa's environmental challenges.

    The transfer of technology in the field of green energy and investments in the renewable energy sector (similar to the investments seen in oil and gas) should be incentivized to open up a whole new economy for Africa and Africans.

    Across the African Union, a continental framework on climate change that will help members compare their scores and cooperate, through needs assessment, to find tailor-made solutions to their climate change challenges, should be for follow-up.

    The continent is also expected to start raising a new generation of carbon-conscious young Africans through education and advocacy.

    There is no one-size-fits-all solution to global climate change and no country is immune to its impacts.

    However, if there's one lesson COVID-19 has taught the world, it's that no one is safe until everyone is safe. The first rich countries link this to global warming as far as Africa is concerned, best for all. (Characteristics)

    *** If used, please credit the author and the Nigerian News Agency

    Source: NAN

  •   A failure to slash global emissions is setting the world on a catastrophic path to 2 7 degrees Celsius heating UN chief Antonio Guterres warned Friday just weeks before crunch climate talks His comments come as a United Nations report on global emissions pledges found instead of the reductions needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change they would see a considerable increase This shows the world is on a catastrophic pathway to 2 7 degrees of heating Guterres said in a statement The figure would shatter the temperature targets of the Paris climate agreement which aimed for warming well below 2C and preferably capped at 1 5C above pre industrial levels Failure to meet this goal will be measured in the massive loss of lives and livelihoods Guterres said Under the landmark 2015 Paris deal nations committed to slash emissions as well as to provide assistance to the most climate vulnerable countries But a bombshell code red for humanity from the world s pre eminent body on global warming in August warned that Earth s average temperature will be 1 5C higher around 2030 a decade earlier than projected only three years ago The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that emissions should be around 45 percent lower by 2030 compared with 2010 levels to meet the 1 5C goal The UN said on Friday that current pledges by 191 countries would see emissions 16 percent higher at end of the decade than in 2010 a level that would eventually cause the world to warm 2 7C Overall greenhouse gas emission numbers are moving in the wrong direction said UN climate chief Patricia Espinosa in a press conference But she said there was a glimmer of hope from 113 countries that had updated their pledges including the United States and European Union These new pledges known as Nationally Determined Contributions would see their emissions reduced 12 percent by 2030 compared to 2010 Big emittersWith only 1 1C of warming so far the world has seen a torrent of deadly weather disasters intensified by climate change in recent months from asphalt melting heatwaves to flash floods and untameable wildfires The Paris deal included a ratchet mechanism in which signatories agreed to a rolling five year review of their climate pledges in which they are supposed to display ever greater ambition for action But many major emitters have yet to issue new targets That includes China the world s biggest emitter has said it will reach net zero emissions by 2060 but has not yet delivered its NDC that would spell out emissions reductions by 2030 Meanwhile new targets from Brazil and Mexico were actually weaker than those they submitted five years ago according to an analysis by the World Resources Institute The UN report was a damning indictment of global progress on climate particularly by G20 nations responsible for the lion s share of emissions said Mohamed Adow who leads the think tank Power Shift Africa They are the countries which have caused this crisis and yet are failing to show the leadership required to lead us out of this mess he said Time to deliver Another issue on the table at the Glasgow summit will be a pledge as yet unfulfilled the pledge by wealthy nations to provide annual climate funding of 100 billion from 2020 to poorer countries who bear the greatest impact of warming The Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development on Friday said progress was disappointing with developing countries receiving 79 6 billion in 2019 It warned that the target for 2020 which saw the world shaken by the Covid 19 pandemic would be missed The fight against climate change will only succeed if everyone comes together to promote more ambition more cooperation and more credibility said Guterres It is time for leaders to stand and deliver or people in all countries will pay a tragic price
    World on ‘catastrophic’ path to 2.7C warming: UN chief
      A failure to slash global emissions is setting the world on a catastrophic path to 2 7 degrees Celsius heating UN chief Antonio Guterres warned Friday just weeks before crunch climate talks His comments come as a United Nations report on global emissions pledges found instead of the reductions needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change they would see a considerable increase This shows the world is on a catastrophic pathway to 2 7 degrees of heating Guterres said in a statement The figure would shatter the temperature targets of the Paris climate agreement which aimed for warming well below 2C and preferably capped at 1 5C above pre industrial levels Failure to meet this goal will be measured in the massive loss of lives and livelihoods Guterres said Under the landmark 2015 Paris deal nations committed to slash emissions as well as to provide assistance to the most climate vulnerable countries But a bombshell code red for humanity from the world s pre eminent body on global warming in August warned that Earth s average temperature will be 1 5C higher around 2030 a decade earlier than projected only three years ago The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that emissions should be around 45 percent lower by 2030 compared with 2010 levels to meet the 1 5C goal The UN said on Friday that current pledges by 191 countries would see emissions 16 percent higher at end of the decade than in 2010 a level that would eventually cause the world to warm 2 7C Overall greenhouse gas emission numbers are moving in the wrong direction said UN climate chief Patricia Espinosa in a press conference But she said there was a glimmer of hope from 113 countries that had updated their pledges including the United States and European Union These new pledges known as Nationally Determined Contributions would see their emissions reduced 12 percent by 2030 compared to 2010 Big emittersWith only 1 1C of warming so far the world has seen a torrent of deadly weather disasters intensified by climate change in recent months from asphalt melting heatwaves to flash floods and untameable wildfires The Paris deal included a ratchet mechanism in which signatories agreed to a rolling five year review of their climate pledges in which they are supposed to display ever greater ambition for action But many major emitters have yet to issue new targets That includes China the world s biggest emitter has said it will reach net zero emissions by 2060 but has not yet delivered its NDC that would spell out emissions reductions by 2030 Meanwhile new targets from Brazil and Mexico were actually weaker than those they submitted five years ago according to an analysis by the World Resources Institute The UN report was a damning indictment of global progress on climate particularly by G20 nations responsible for the lion s share of emissions said Mohamed Adow who leads the think tank Power Shift Africa They are the countries which have caused this crisis and yet are failing to show the leadership required to lead us out of this mess he said Time to deliver Another issue on the table at the Glasgow summit will be a pledge as yet unfulfilled the pledge by wealthy nations to provide annual climate funding of 100 billion from 2020 to poorer countries who bear the greatest impact of warming The Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development on Friday said progress was disappointing with developing countries receiving 79 6 billion in 2019 It warned that the target for 2020 which saw the world shaken by the Covid 19 pandemic would be missed The fight against climate change will only succeed if everyone comes together to promote more ambition more cooperation and more credibility said Guterres It is time for leaders to stand and deliver or people in all countries will pay a tragic price
    World on ‘catastrophic’ path to 2.7C warming: UN chief
    Foreign1 year ago

    World on ‘catastrophic’ path to 2.7C warming: UN chief

    A failure to slash global emissions is setting the world on a “catastrophic” path to 2.7 degrees Celsius heating, UN chief Antonio Guterres warned Friday just weeks before crunch climate talks.

    His comments come as a United Nations report on global emissions pledges found instead of the reductions needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change, they would see “a considerable increase”.

    This shows “the world is on a catastrophic pathway to 2.7-degrees of heating,” Guterres said in a statement.

    The figure would shatter the temperature targets of the Paris climate agreement, which aimed for warming well below 2C and preferably capped at 1.5C above pre-industrial levels.

    “Failure to meet this goal will be measured in the massive loss of lives and livelihoods,” Guterres said.

    Under the landmark 2015 Paris deal, nations committed to slash emissions, as well as to provide assistance to the most climate-vulnerable countries.

    But a bombshell “code red” for humanity from the world’s pre-eminent body on global warming in August warned that Earth’s average temperature will be 1.5C higher around 2030, a decade earlier than projected only three years ago.

    The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that emissions should be around 45 percent lower by 2030 compared with 2010 levels to meet the 1.5C goal.

    The UN said on Friday that current pledges by 191 countries would see emissions 16 percent higher at end of the decade than in 2010 — a level that would eventually cause the world to warm 2.7C.

    “Overall greenhouse gas emission numbers are moving in the wrong direction,” said UN climate chief Patricia Espinosa in a press conference.

    But she said there was a “glimmer of hope” from 113 countries that had updated their pledges, including the United States and European Union.

    These new pledges, known as Nationally Determined Contributions, would see their emissions reduced 12 percent by 2030 compared to 2010.

    Big emitters
    With only 1.1C of warming so far, the world has seen a torrent of deadly weather disasters intensified by climate change in recent months, from asphalt-melting heatwaves to flash floods and untameable wildfires.

    The Paris deal included a “ratchet” mechanism in which signatories agreed to a rolling five-year review of their climate pledges in which they are supposed to display ever greater ambition for action.

    But many major emitters have yet to issue new targets.

    That includes China — the world’s biggest emitter — has said it will reach net zero emissions by 2060 but has not yet delivered its NDC that would spell out emissions reductions by 2030.

    Meanwhile new targets from Brazil and Mexico were actually weaker than those they submitted five years ago, according to an analysis by the World Resources Institute.

    The UN report was a “damning indictment” of global progress on climate, particularly by G20 nations, responsible for the lion’s share of emissions, said Mohamed Adow, who leads the think tank Power Shift Africa.

    “They are the countries which have caused this crisis and yet are failing to show the leadership required to lead us out of this mess,” he said.

    Time to ‘deliver’
    Another issue on the table at the Glasgow summit will be a pledge as yet unfulfilled — the pledge by wealthy nations to provide annual climate funding of $100 billion from 2020 to poorer countries, who bear the greatest impact of warming.

    The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development on Friday said progress was “disappointing”, with developing countries receiving $79.6 billion in 2019.

    It warned that the target for 2020, which saw the world shaken by the Covid-19 pandemic, would be missed.

    “The fight against climate change will only succeed if everyone comes together to promote more ambition, more cooperation and more credibility,” said Guterres.

    “It is time for leaders to stand and deliver, or people in all countries will pay a tragic price.”

  •   A number of renewable energy initiatives are in the works thanks to ongoing funding from individual countries as well as by multilateral institutions DAKAR Senegal September 16 2021 APO Group By Miguel Artacho Field Editor Although The Gambia is actively exploring offshore areas to tap into hydrocarbons potential and aims to position itself as one of the new oil producing countries in the MSGBC Basin by no means is fossil fuel development the only area in which the Gambian authorities are looking to boost the dynamism of the country s energy sector A number of ambitious projects are also underway by utilizing renewable energy technologies Today the main sources of energy in The Gambia are primarily firewood electricity petroleum imports and Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG But a number of renewable energy initiatives are in the works thanks to ongoing funding from individual countries as well as by multilateral institutions like the European Investment Bank EIB Thus The Gambia is becoming increasingly well positioned to help diversify its energy mix by incorporating new sources of renewable energy H E the Vice President Dr Isatou Touray presided https bit ly 3Ely2qN over the inauguration of a 2 7 million project named Renewable Energy Potentials in The Gambia on September 6 2021 The initiative is being funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF It is a four year project that will be implemented on the ground by the Ministry of Higher Education Research Science and Technology as well as their academic partner the University of The Gambia UTG Following the inauguration H E Vice President Dr Isatou Touray stated that The Gambia contributes a very insignificant amount of CO2 emissions that cause climate change Therefore reducing the impact of climate change through this project is a massive opportunity that The Gambia cannot afford to miss Furthermore the Vice President emphasized that this inauguration would serve as a step in the right direction of implementing The Gambia s Nationally Determined Contributions NDC s These NDC s were undertaken as part of The Gambia s commitments stemming from the 21st Conference of Parties COP 21 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC which took place in Paris France during 2015 The Gambia has been firmly committed to a number of climate change mitigation initiatives in spite of not being a major polluter in contrast to some of the world s larger and far more industrialized economies which are responsible for a much greater share of global CO2 emissions Dr Isatou Touray noted that The world is moving towards a green economy and The Gambia will surely not be left behind in that endeavor The government and The Gambia business sector increasingly understand that there is no tradeoff between a healthy environment and a healthy economy We can have both at the same time because green business is good business The Minister of Environment Climate Change and Natural Resources H E Lamin B Dibba equally emphasized the importance of the REPGam project and noted that what the project intends to achieve would not only enable The Gambia to achieve its national target but also to achieve multilateral environment agreements that The Gambia has signed The country is committed to overcoming the numerous challenges it faces in terms of the environment and the agricultural sector an essential component of the national economy by employing the strength of research science technology and innovation Adding some concrete technical details about the REPGam project The Deputy Permanent Secretary of Ministry of Higher Education Dr Yusupha Touray said the project would provide timely availability of clean and affordable electricity in 23 different communities in The Gambia thereby enhancing those communities lives and livelihoods An equally important aspect of this project is that of developing local content and fostering capacity building among the youth of The Gambia It will help train an estimated 210 young workers throughout various communities around the country in a valuable skill set which is the installation maintenance and franchising of photovoltaic systems The development of photovoltaic energy is a top priority for Gambian authorities and the use of this renewable energy resource is increasing throughout the country for domestic industrial and commercial use A report https bit ly 3AfNAdq by the Department of Commerce of The United States notes that The Gambia s electricity prices are among the highest in the world which makes the utilization of alternative energy sources such as biodiesel steam solar and wind increasingly attractive The aforementioned source notes that both the government and Gambia s national utility company NAWEC a state owned enterprise have recognized high levels of demand for power and weaknesses in the transmission and distribution network as challenges that need to be addressed in order for the country s power sector to be more reliable and competitive in the near future Rural electrification and ending energy poverty are major challenges not just for The Gambia but throughout many emerging markets in sub Saharan Africa In March of 2019 the country took an important step in promoting the renewable energy sector This was part of a 142 million initiative to harness solar power and supply clean energy across the country backed https bit ly 3zeeNM7 by the European Investment Bank the World Bank and the European Union Through the EIB project https bit ly 3ltGXOv The Gambia is set to become the first country in the world to ensure that as many as 1 100 rural schools and health centers will benefit from having a reliable energy supply by using solar and battery pack technology It notes that Once operational the scheme will increase energy supply in The Gambia by one fifth and transform electricity access in rural communities through construction of a new photovoltaic plant in Jambur near Banjul The project will increase access to energy ensure that education and health services benefit from reliable power and help to address current power shortages in the country Over the past decade the European Investment Bank has provided over 6 4 billion for energy investment across sub Saharan Africa and The Gambia is well positioned to continue attracting investment in renewable energy projects One of the main reasons that The Gambia stands to benefit from additional funding for renewable energy projects is because of several factors The country has a favorable investment climate and is a member of ECOWAS thus facilitating intra regional trade and cooperation with other sub Saharan African countries In addition in April of 2019 The Gambia became one of the latest countries to ratify the African Continental Free Trade Agreement AFCTFTA The Gambia s decision to join the AFCFTA means the continent wide free trade agreement has surpassed an important milestone and now obtained the minimum number of ratifications to enter into effect If all signatories eventually ratify the deal the AFCFTA will include 55 African states with combined gross domestic product of nearly US 3 trillion
    The Gambia Launches Ambitious Renewable Energy Projects (By Miguel Artacho)
      A number of renewable energy initiatives are in the works thanks to ongoing funding from individual countries as well as by multilateral institutions DAKAR Senegal September 16 2021 APO Group By Miguel Artacho Field Editor Although The Gambia is actively exploring offshore areas to tap into hydrocarbons potential and aims to position itself as one of the new oil producing countries in the MSGBC Basin by no means is fossil fuel development the only area in which the Gambian authorities are looking to boost the dynamism of the country s energy sector A number of ambitious projects are also underway by utilizing renewable energy technologies Today the main sources of energy in The Gambia are primarily firewood electricity petroleum imports and Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG But a number of renewable energy initiatives are in the works thanks to ongoing funding from individual countries as well as by multilateral institutions like the European Investment Bank EIB Thus The Gambia is becoming increasingly well positioned to help diversify its energy mix by incorporating new sources of renewable energy H E the Vice President Dr Isatou Touray presided https bit ly 3Ely2qN over the inauguration of a 2 7 million project named Renewable Energy Potentials in The Gambia on September 6 2021 The initiative is being funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF It is a four year project that will be implemented on the ground by the Ministry of Higher Education Research Science and Technology as well as their academic partner the University of The Gambia UTG Following the inauguration H E Vice President Dr Isatou Touray stated that The Gambia contributes a very insignificant amount of CO2 emissions that cause climate change Therefore reducing the impact of climate change through this project is a massive opportunity that The Gambia cannot afford to miss Furthermore the Vice President emphasized that this inauguration would serve as a step in the right direction of implementing The Gambia s Nationally Determined Contributions NDC s These NDC s were undertaken as part of The Gambia s commitments stemming from the 21st Conference of Parties COP 21 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC which took place in Paris France during 2015 The Gambia has been firmly committed to a number of climate change mitigation initiatives in spite of not being a major polluter in contrast to some of the world s larger and far more industrialized economies which are responsible for a much greater share of global CO2 emissions Dr Isatou Touray noted that The world is moving towards a green economy and The Gambia will surely not be left behind in that endeavor The government and The Gambia business sector increasingly understand that there is no tradeoff between a healthy environment and a healthy economy We can have both at the same time because green business is good business The Minister of Environment Climate Change and Natural Resources H E Lamin B Dibba equally emphasized the importance of the REPGam project and noted that what the project intends to achieve would not only enable The Gambia to achieve its national target but also to achieve multilateral environment agreements that The Gambia has signed The country is committed to overcoming the numerous challenges it faces in terms of the environment and the agricultural sector an essential component of the national economy by employing the strength of research science technology and innovation Adding some concrete technical details about the REPGam project The Deputy Permanent Secretary of Ministry of Higher Education Dr Yusupha Touray said the project would provide timely availability of clean and affordable electricity in 23 different communities in The Gambia thereby enhancing those communities lives and livelihoods An equally important aspect of this project is that of developing local content and fostering capacity building among the youth of The Gambia It will help train an estimated 210 young workers throughout various communities around the country in a valuable skill set which is the installation maintenance and franchising of photovoltaic systems The development of photovoltaic energy is a top priority for Gambian authorities and the use of this renewable energy resource is increasing throughout the country for domestic industrial and commercial use A report https bit ly 3AfNAdq by the Department of Commerce of The United States notes that The Gambia s electricity prices are among the highest in the world which makes the utilization of alternative energy sources such as biodiesel steam solar and wind increasingly attractive The aforementioned source notes that both the government and Gambia s national utility company NAWEC a state owned enterprise have recognized high levels of demand for power and weaknesses in the transmission and distribution network as challenges that need to be addressed in order for the country s power sector to be more reliable and competitive in the near future Rural electrification and ending energy poverty are major challenges not just for The Gambia but throughout many emerging markets in sub Saharan Africa In March of 2019 the country took an important step in promoting the renewable energy sector This was part of a 142 million initiative to harness solar power and supply clean energy across the country backed https bit ly 3zeeNM7 by the European Investment Bank the World Bank and the European Union Through the EIB project https bit ly 3ltGXOv The Gambia is set to become the first country in the world to ensure that as many as 1 100 rural schools and health centers will benefit from having a reliable energy supply by using solar and battery pack technology It notes that Once operational the scheme will increase energy supply in The Gambia by one fifth and transform electricity access in rural communities through construction of a new photovoltaic plant in Jambur near Banjul The project will increase access to energy ensure that education and health services benefit from reliable power and help to address current power shortages in the country Over the past decade the European Investment Bank has provided over 6 4 billion for energy investment across sub Saharan Africa and The Gambia is well positioned to continue attracting investment in renewable energy projects One of the main reasons that The Gambia stands to benefit from additional funding for renewable energy projects is because of several factors The country has a favorable investment climate and is a member of ECOWAS thus facilitating intra regional trade and cooperation with other sub Saharan African countries In addition in April of 2019 The Gambia became one of the latest countries to ratify the African Continental Free Trade Agreement AFCTFTA The Gambia s decision to join the AFCFTA means the continent wide free trade agreement has surpassed an important milestone and now obtained the minimum number of ratifications to enter into effect If all signatories eventually ratify the deal the AFCFTA will include 55 African states with combined gross domestic product of nearly US 3 trillion
    The Gambia Launches Ambitious Renewable Energy Projects (By Miguel Artacho)
    Africa1 year ago

    The Gambia Launches Ambitious Renewable Energy Projects (By Miguel Artacho)

    A number of renewable energy initiatives are in the works thanks to ongoing funding from individual countries as well as by multilateral institutions

    DAKAR, Senegal, September 16, 2021/APO Group/ --

    By Miguel Artacho, Field Editor

    Although The Gambia is actively exploring offshore areas to tap into hydrocarbons potential and aims to position itself as one of the new oil producing countries in the MSGBC Basin; by no means is fossil fuel development the only area in which the Gambian authorities are looking to boost the dynamism of the country´s energy sector. A number of ambitious projects are also underway by utilizing renewable energy technologies. Today, the main sources of energy in The Gambia are primarily firewood, electricity, petroleum imports, and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). But a number of renewable energy initiatives are in the works thanks to ongoing funding from individual countries as well as by multilateral institutions like the European Investment Bank (EIB). Thus, The Gambia is becoming increasingly well positioned to help diversify its energy mix by incorporating new sources of renewable energy.

    H.E. the Vice President Dr. Isatou Touray presided (https://bit.ly/3Ely2qN) over the inauguration of a €2.7 million project named Renewable Energy Potentials in The Gambia on September 6, 2021. The initiative is being funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). It is a four-year project that will be implemented on the ground by the Ministry of Higher Education, Research, Science and Technology as well as their academic partner the University of The Gambia (UTG).

    Following the inauguration H.E. Vice President Dr. Isatou Touray stated that: “The Gambia contributes a very insignificant amount of CO2 emissions that cause climate change. Therefore, reducing the impact of climate change through this project is a massive opportunity that The Gambia cannot afford to miss.” Furthermore, the Vice President emphasized that: “this inauguration would serve as a step in the right direction of implementing The Gambia´s Nationally-Determined Contributions (NDC´s).” These NDC´s were undertaken as part of The Gambia´s commitments stemming from the 21st Conference of Parties (COP 21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which took place in Paris, France, during 2015.

    The Gambia has been firmly committed to a number of climate change mitigation initiatives, in spite of not being a major polluter in contrast to some of the world´s larger and far more industrialized economies, which are responsible for a much greater share of global CO2 emissions. Dr. Isatou Touray noted that: “The world is moving towards a green economy and The Gambia will surely not be left behind in that endeavor. The government and The Gambia business sector increasingly understand that there is no tradeoff between a healthy environment and a healthy economy. We can have both at the same time because green business is good business.”

    The Minister of Environment, Climate Change and Natural Resources H.E. Lamin B. Dibba, equally emphasized the importance of the REPGam project, and noted that “what the project intends to achieve, would not only enable The Gambia to achieve its national target, but also to achieve multilateral environment agreements that The Gambia has signed.” The country is committed to overcoming the numerous challenges it faces in terms of the environment and the agricultural sector, an essential component of the national economy by employing the strength of research, science, technology and innovation.

    Adding some concrete technical details about the REPGam project, The Deputy Permanent Secretary of Ministry of Higher Education Dr. Yusupha Touray said: “the project would provide timely availability of clean and affordable electricity in 23 different communities in The Gambia, thereby enhancing those communities’ lives and livelihoods.” An equally important aspect of this project is that of developing local content and fostering capacity building among the youth of The Gambia. It will help train an estimated 210 young workers throughout various communities around the country in a valuable skill-set which is the installation, maintenance and franchising of photovoltaic systems. The development of photovoltaic energy is a top priority for Gambian authorities and the use of this renewable energy resource is increasing throughout the country for domestic, industrial and commercial use.

    A report (https://bit.ly/3AfNAdq) by the Department of Commerce of The United States notes that The Gambia´s electricity prices are among the highest in the world, which makes the utilization of alternative energy sources such as biodiesel, steam, solar and wind increasingly attractive. The aforementioned source notes that both the government and Gambia´s national utility company (NAWEC), a state-owned enterprise, have recognized high levels of demand for power and weaknesses in the transmission and distribution network as challenges that need to be addressed in order for the country´s power sector to be more reliable and competitive in the near future.

    Rural electrification and ending energy poverty are major challenges not just for The Gambia but throughout many emerging markets in sub-Saharan Africa. In March of 2019, the country took an important step in promoting the renewable energy sector. This was part of a €142 million initiative to harness solar power and supply clean energy across the country, backed (https://bit.ly/3zeeNM7) by the European Investment Bank, the World Bank, and the European Union.

    Through the EIB project (https://bit.ly/3ltGXOv), The Gambia is set to become the first country in the world to ensure that as many as 1,100 rural schools and health centers will benefit from having a reliable energy supply by using solar and battery pack technology. It notes that: “Once operational the scheme will increase energy supply in The Gambia by one fifth and transform electricity access in rural communities through construction of a new photovoltaic plant in Jambur, near Banjul. The project will increase access to energy, ensure that education and health services benefit from reliable power and help to address current power shortages in the country.”

    Over the past decade the European Investment Bank has provided over €6.4 billion for energy investment across sub-Saharan Africa, and The Gambia is well positioned to continue attracting investment in renewable energy projects. One of the main reasons that The Gambia stands to benefit from additional funding for renewable energy projects is because of several factors. The country has a favorable investment climate, and is a member of ECOWAS, thus facilitating intra-regional trade and cooperation with other sub-Saharan African countries. In addition, in April of 2019, The Gambia became one of the latest countries to ratify the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AFCTFTA). The Gambia´s decision to join the AFCFTA means the continent-wide free trade agreement has surpassed an important milestone and now obtained the minimum number of ratifications to enter into effect. If all signatories eventually ratify the deal, the AFCFTA will include 55 African states with combined gross domestic product of nearly US$ 3 trillion.

  •   GGGI will work closely with the Government of Burkina Faso and local partners to reduce energy demand and improve energy efficiency in the housing sector OUAGADOUGOU Burkina Faso September 1 2021 APO Group The construction sector consumes up to 40 of energy and contributes up to 1 3 of the world s annual greenhouse gas emissions The use of air conditioners and fans for thermal comfort accounts for around 20 of the total electricity used in buildings in the world 1 Among 35 of the world s population living in countries with a climate considered hot where the average daily temperature is gt 25 C only 10 have an air conditioning unit 2 Improved living standards population growth and the occurrence of heatwaves due to global warming are expected to drive huge cooling demand over the next decade The number of installed air conditioners could increase by 2 3 by 2030 worldwide Indeed according to the first part of the 6th report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC increases in extreme heat events are likely to continue throughout the 21st century with further global warming over the African continent 3 Energy demand for space cooling impacts electricity generation and distribution capacity particularly during peak demand periods and extreme heat events as well as CO2 emissions CO2 emissions from living space cooling are correlated with energy needs and are growing rapidly more than one gigaton between 1990 and 2019 The figure shows the projections made by the International Energy Agency on energy consumption in buildings using a rapid energy transition scenario between 2017 and 2050 1 Measures related to the improvement of the building envelope technological choices and equipment performance are the three most relevant mitigation and adaptation levers to reduce the energy demand of buildings and consequently limit carbon dioxide emissions Sub regional initiative Buildings in urban peri urban and rural areas account for about 40 of total energy consumption in the member states of the West African Economic and Monetary Union The challenges of energy consumption and climate change have led to the establishment of policies and regulations In 2020 the WAEMU Commission adopted Directives N 0004 2020 CM UEMOA and N 0005 2020 CM UEMOA through the Regional Energy Saving Program RESP a key component of the Regional Initiative for Sustainable Energy RIESE Directive N 0004 2020 CM UEMOA relates to the energy labeling of electric lamps and new household appliances and Directive N 0005 2020 CM UEMOA sets energy efficiency measures in the construction of buildings These measures will have significant energy savings potential 20 or more and are positioned at the heart of WAEMU s energy access and environmental preservation policies Implementation is underway at the state level through the transposition phases into national legislation Burkina Faso is at the transposition stage of the directives into national laws before an implementation phase Context of Burkina Faso The rate of urbanization which was previously low is increasing rapidly and the need for new buildings is high In addition to this rapid urbanization we can note the insufficiency of some local technologies to meet the socio cultural needs which has led to the adoption of building technologies without consideration of the energy and climate context The cooling demand is constantly increasing and is linked to growing urbanization 32 in 2018 expected to reach 35 by 2026 the developing real estate sector 7 5 per year 4 increasing incomes severity of the climate and improving electricity coverage Compared to the 2011 2015 period imports of air conditioning equipment increased by 26 5 for the 2016 2020 period according to data from the Burkina Faso Customs Department The market is characterized by inefficient equipment s and is mainly dominated by single stage compressors non ducted air conditioning units Unlike other countries in the sub region the country does not have sufficient market regulation and control instruments to prevent imports of energy using obsolete technologies such as refrigerants with high Global Warming Potential GWP Urban spaces present two aspects when it comes to energy consumption In some sections of society incomes are quite high and the energy consumption is high due to the use of energy intensive equipment and unsuitable constructions For the other parts which constitute a large part of the population consumption patterns are low In the area of buildings this is evidenced by high energy consumption in public buildings and in the residences of the privileged classes for cooling The lower income classes face thermal discomfort because the buildings run without air conditioning systems The Government and development partners have recognized the need to prepare for and adapt to the impacts of climate change through the development of Nationally Determined Contributions NDCs and the National Adaptation Plan In the NDC the need for energy efficient cooling is considered through the promotion of building envelope materials and energy efficiency measures in both urban and rural housing It is in this context that the Global Green Growth Institute GGGI in its missions to support Burkina Faso in accelerating the transition to green growth in partnership with the Clean Cooling Collaborative is active in the implementation of SHEECP Social Housing Energy Efficiency Cooling Project The overall objective is to reduce energy demand and improve energy efficiency in the housing sector The main outcomes are the following Enhance regulatory environment supporting energy efficient cooling Enhance the implementation of the Minimum Energy Performance Standards MEPS for air conditioning and ventilation equipment Update national housing and urban planning policies codes and texts to consider energy efficiency Strengthen the capacity to implement energy efficient cooling solutions in the building sector Bring together the actors of the construction sector on the theme of energy efficient cooling in a formal framework in the form of a community of practice Organize awareness sessions on improving the energy performance of buildings Develop training programs on building energy efficiency Integrate cooling solutions and bioclimatic approach in public housing programs in Burkina Faso Increase the demand for efficient cooling solutions in the residential sector Conduct nationwide awareness campaigns on passive housing cooling Increase the access to financial solutions for energy efficiency projects in building sector GGGI will work closely with the Government of Burkina Faso and local partners to reduce energy demand and improve energy efficiency in the housing sector Through this three year project GGGI will help the government to reduce GHG emissions from the building sector by increasing access to residential cooling solutions As a reminder the Global Green Growth Institute GGGI is an Intergovernmental Organization and Burkina Faso has joined as a member state The headquarter is based in Seoul South Korea and supports the Member States in accelerating their transition to green growth The development of green cities including the promotion of green buildings is one of the four pillars of its interventions in its Member States 1 IEA 2019 The Critical Role of Buildings IEA Paris https bit ly 3DygHL1 2 IEA 2020 Cooling IEA Paris https bit ly 3kEouhO 3 IPCC 2021 Climate Change 2021 The Physical Science Basis Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change e Masson Delmotte V P Zhai A Pirani S L Connors C P an S Berger N Caud Y Chen L Goldfarb M I Gomis M Huang K Leitzell E Lonnoy J B R Matthews T K Maycock T Waterfield O Yelek i R Yu and B Zhou eds Cambridge University Press In Press 4 Ministry of Urbanization and Housing National Housing and Urban Development Policy Burkina Faso 2008
    Building cooling: an opportunity for green growth?
      GGGI will work closely with the Government of Burkina Faso and local partners to reduce energy demand and improve energy efficiency in the housing sector OUAGADOUGOU Burkina Faso September 1 2021 APO Group The construction sector consumes up to 40 of energy and contributes up to 1 3 of the world s annual greenhouse gas emissions The use of air conditioners and fans for thermal comfort accounts for around 20 of the total electricity used in buildings in the world 1 Among 35 of the world s population living in countries with a climate considered hot where the average daily temperature is gt 25 C only 10 have an air conditioning unit 2 Improved living standards population growth and the occurrence of heatwaves due to global warming are expected to drive huge cooling demand over the next decade The number of installed air conditioners could increase by 2 3 by 2030 worldwide Indeed according to the first part of the 6th report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC increases in extreme heat events are likely to continue throughout the 21st century with further global warming over the African continent 3 Energy demand for space cooling impacts electricity generation and distribution capacity particularly during peak demand periods and extreme heat events as well as CO2 emissions CO2 emissions from living space cooling are correlated with energy needs and are growing rapidly more than one gigaton between 1990 and 2019 The figure shows the projections made by the International Energy Agency on energy consumption in buildings using a rapid energy transition scenario between 2017 and 2050 1 Measures related to the improvement of the building envelope technological choices and equipment performance are the three most relevant mitigation and adaptation levers to reduce the energy demand of buildings and consequently limit carbon dioxide emissions Sub regional initiative Buildings in urban peri urban and rural areas account for about 40 of total energy consumption in the member states of the West African Economic and Monetary Union The challenges of energy consumption and climate change have led to the establishment of policies and regulations In 2020 the WAEMU Commission adopted Directives N 0004 2020 CM UEMOA and N 0005 2020 CM UEMOA through the Regional Energy Saving Program RESP a key component of the Regional Initiative for Sustainable Energy RIESE Directive N 0004 2020 CM UEMOA relates to the energy labeling of electric lamps and new household appliances and Directive N 0005 2020 CM UEMOA sets energy efficiency measures in the construction of buildings These measures will have significant energy savings potential 20 or more and are positioned at the heart of WAEMU s energy access and environmental preservation policies Implementation is underway at the state level through the transposition phases into national legislation Burkina Faso is at the transposition stage of the directives into national laws before an implementation phase Context of Burkina Faso The rate of urbanization which was previously low is increasing rapidly and the need for new buildings is high In addition to this rapid urbanization we can note the insufficiency of some local technologies to meet the socio cultural needs which has led to the adoption of building technologies without consideration of the energy and climate context The cooling demand is constantly increasing and is linked to growing urbanization 32 in 2018 expected to reach 35 by 2026 the developing real estate sector 7 5 per year 4 increasing incomes severity of the climate and improving electricity coverage Compared to the 2011 2015 period imports of air conditioning equipment increased by 26 5 for the 2016 2020 period according to data from the Burkina Faso Customs Department The market is characterized by inefficient equipment s and is mainly dominated by single stage compressors non ducted air conditioning units Unlike other countries in the sub region the country does not have sufficient market regulation and control instruments to prevent imports of energy using obsolete technologies such as refrigerants with high Global Warming Potential GWP Urban spaces present two aspects when it comes to energy consumption In some sections of society incomes are quite high and the energy consumption is high due to the use of energy intensive equipment and unsuitable constructions For the other parts which constitute a large part of the population consumption patterns are low In the area of buildings this is evidenced by high energy consumption in public buildings and in the residences of the privileged classes for cooling The lower income classes face thermal discomfort because the buildings run without air conditioning systems The Government and development partners have recognized the need to prepare for and adapt to the impacts of climate change through the development of Nationally Determined Contributions NDCs and the National Adaptation Plan In the NDC the need for energy efficient cooling is considered through the promotion of building envelope materials and energy efficiency measures in both urban and rural housing It is in this context that the Global Green Growth Institute GGGI in its missions to support Burkina Faso in accelerating the transition to green growth in partnership with the Clean Cooling Collaborative is active in the implementation of SHEECP Social Housing Energy Efficiency Cooling Project The overall objective is to reduce energy demand and improve energy efficiency in the housing sector The main outcomes are the following Enhance regulatory environment supporting energy efficient cooling Enhance the implementation of the Minimum Energy Performance Standards MEPS for air conditioning and ventilation equipment Update national housing and urban planning policies codes and texts to consider energy efficiency Strengthen the capacity to implement energy efficient cooling solutions in the building sector Bring together the actors of the construction sector on the theme of energy efficient cooling in a formal framework in the form of a community of practice Organize awareness sessions on improving the energy performance of buildings Develop training programs on building energy efficiency Integrate cooling solutions and bioclimatic approach in public housing programs in Burkina Faso Increase the demand for efficient cooling solutions in the residential sector Conduct nationwide awareness campaigns on passive housing cooling Increase the access to financial solutions for energy efficiency projects in building sector GGGI will work closely with the Government of Burkina Faso and local partners to reduce energy demand and improve energy efficiency in the housing sector Through this three year project GGGI will help the government to reduce GHG emissions from the building sector by increasing access to residential cooling solutions As a reminder the Global Green Growth Institute GGGI is an Intergovernmental Organization and Burkina Faso has joined as a member state The headquarter is based in Seoul South Korea and supports the Member States in accelerating their transition to green growth The development of green cities including the promotion of green buildings is one of the four pillars of its interventions in its Member States 1 IEA 2019 The Critical Role of Buildings IEA Paris https bit ly 3DygHL1 2 IEA 2020 Cooling IEA Paris https bit ly 3kEouhO 3 IPCC 2021 Climate Change 2021 The Physical Science Basis Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change e Masson Delmotte V P Zhai A Pirani S L Connors C P an S Berger N Caud Y Chen L Goldfarb M I Gomis M Huang K Leitzell E Lonnoy J B R Matthews T K Maycock T Waterfield O Yelek i R Yu and B Zhou eds Cambridge University Press In Press 4 Ministry of Urbanization and Housing National Housing and Urban Development Policy Burkina Faso 2008
    Building cooling: an opportunity for green growth?
    Africa1 year ago

    Building cooling: an opportunity for green growth?

    GGGI will work closely with the Government of Burkina Faso and local partners to reduce energy demand and improve energy efficiency in the housing sector

    OUAGADOUGOU, Burkina Faso, September 1, 2021/APO Group/ --

    The construction sector consumes up to 40 % of energy and contributes up to 1/3 of the world's annual greenhouse gas emissions. The use of air conditioners and fans for thermal comfort accounts for around 20 % of the total electricity used in buildings in the world [1]. Among 35% of the world's population living in countries with a climate considered hot (where the average daily temperature is >25 °C), only 10 % have an air conditioning unit [2]. Improved living standards, population growth, and the occurrence of heatwaves (due to global warming) are expected to drive huge cooling demand over the next decade. The number of installed air conditioners could increase by 2/3 by 2030 worldwide. Indeed, according to the first part of the 6th report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), increases in extreme heat events are likely to continue throughout the 21st century with further global warming over the African continent [3].

    Energy demand for space cooling impacts electricity generation and distribution capacity, particularly during peak demand periods and extreme heat events, as well as CO2 emissions. CO2 emissions from living space cooling are correlated with energy needs and are growing rapidly, more than one gigaton between 1990 and 2019. The figure shows the projections made by the International Energy Agency on energy consumption in buildings using a rapid energy transition scenario between 2017 and 2050 [1]. Measures related to the improvement of the building envelope, technological choices and equipment performance are the three most relevant mitigation, and adaptation levers to reduce the energy   demand   of   buildings   and   consequently limit carbon dioxide emissions.

    Sub-regional initiative,

    Buildings in urban, peri-urban and rural areas account for about 40% of total energy consumption in the member states of the West African Economic and Monetary Union. The challenges of energy consumption and climate change have led to the establishment of policies and regulations. In 2020, the WAEMU Commission adopted Directives N° 0004/2020/CM/UEMOA and N° 0005/2020/CM/UEMOA through the Regional Energy Saving Program (RESP), a key component of the Regional Initiative for Sustainable Energy (RIESE). Directive N° 0004/2020/CM/UEMOA relates to the energy labeling of electric lamps and new household appliances and Directive N° 0005/2020/CM/ UEMOA sets energy efficiency measures in the construction of buildings. These measures will have significant energy savings potential (20% or more) and are positioned at the heart of WAEMU's energy access and environmental preservation policies. Implementation is underway at the state level through the transposition phases into national legislation. Burkina Faso is at the transposition stage of the directives into national laws before an implementation phase.

    Context of Burkina Faso,

    The rate of urbanization, which was previously low, is increasing rapidly and the need for new buildings is high. In addition to this rapid urbanization, we can note the insufficiency of some local technologies to meet the socio-cultural needs, which has led to the adoption of building technologies without consideration of the energy and climate context. The cooling demand is constantly increasing and is linked to growing urbanization (32% in 2018, expected to reach 35% by 2026), the developing real estate sector (7.5% per year) [4], increasing incomes, severity of the climate and improving electricity coverage. Compared to the 2011-2015 period, imports of air conditioning equipment increased by 26.5% for the 2016-2020 period, according to data from the Burkina Faso Customs Department. The market is characterized by inefficient equipment’s and is mainly dominated by single-stage compressors non-ducted air conditioning units. Unlike other countries in the sub-region, the country does not have sufficient market regulation and control instruments to prevent imports of energy- using obsolete technologies such as refrigerants with high Global Warming Potential (GWP).

    Urban spaces present two aspects when it comes to energy consumption. In some sections of society, incomes are quite high, and the energy consumption is high due to the use of energy-intensive equipment and unsuitable constructions. For the other parts, which constitute a large part of the population, consumption patterns are low. In the area of buildings, this is evidenced by high energy consumption in public buildings and in the residences of the privileged classes for cooling. The lower income classes face thermal discomfort because the buildings run without air-conditioning systems.

    The Government and development partners have recognized the need to prepare for and adapt to the impacts of climate change through the development of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the National Adaptation Plan. In the NDC, the need for energy efficient cooling is considered through the promotion of building envelope materials and energy-efficiency measures in both urban and rural housing.

    It is in this context that the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) in its missions to support Burkina Faso in accelerating the transition to green growth, in partnership with the Clean Cooling Collaborative, is active in the implementation of SHEECP " Social Housing Energy Efficiency Cooling Project ". The overall objective is to reduce energy demand and improve energy efficiency in the housing sector. The main outcomes are the following:

    Enhance regulatory environment supporting energy efficient cooling.

    Enhance the implementation of the Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) for air conditioning and ventilation equipment; Update national housing and urban planning policies, codes, and texts to consider energy efficiency.

    Strengthen the capacity to implement energy efficient cooling solutions in the building sector.

    Bring together the actors of the construction sector on the theme of energy-efficient cooling in a formal framework in the form of a community of practice; Organize awareness sessions on improving the energy performance of buildings; Develop training programs on building energy efficiency; Integrate cooling solutions and bioclimatic approach in public housing programs in Burkina Faso.

    Increase the demand for efficient cooling solutions in the residential sector.

    Conduct nationwide awareness campaigns on passive housing cooling; Increase the access to financial solutions for energy efficiency projects in building sector.

    GGGI will work closely with the Government of Burkina Faso and local partners to reduce energy demand and improve energy efficiency in the housing sector. Through this three-year project, GGGI will help the government to reduce GHG emissions from the building sector by increasing access to residential cooling solutions.

    As a reminder, the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) is an Intergovernmental Organization and Burkina Faso has joined as a member state. The headquarter is based in Seoul, South Korea, and supports the Member States in accelerating their transition to green growth. The development of green cities, including the promotion of green buildings, is one of the four pillars of its interventions in its Member States.

    [1] IEA (2019), The Critical Role of Buildings, IEA, Paris https://bit.ly/3DygHL1

    [2] IEA (2020), Cooling, IEA, Paris https://bit.ly/3kEouhO

    [3] IPCC, 2021: Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change e [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M. I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J. B.R. Matthews, T. K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press. In Press.

    [4] Ministry of Urbanization and Housing/ National Housing and Urban Development Policy, Burkina Faso 2008.

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