The Federal Government on Wednesday said plans were underway to build a 2.5 Megawatts (MW) hybrid solar power plant in the Nigerian Defence Academy (NDA), Kaduna.
This information is contained in a statement issued in Abuja by Mr Iyali Peter, Special Adviser, Media to the Minister of State Power.
Peter quoted the Minister of Power, Mr Abubakar Aliyu, as saying this at the 40th National Solar Energy Forum (NACEF 2022) held in Kaduna.
The two days forum was organised by the Solar Energy Society of Nigeria (SESN) in collaboration with the Rural Electrification Agency (REA) and National Energy Commission (NEC).
Aliyu, who was represented by the Minister of State, Power, Mr Goddy Jedy-Agba, said that the building of the solar power plant would enhance security at the academy Aliyu said that the theme of the forum: “The Role Of Green Energy Technologies in National Security, Power Generation and Economic Sustainability”, was timely and necessary.
He said that reliable and sustainable energy was key in the fight against insecurity in the country.
According to him, such meetings with extensive and robust discussions will always bring out desirable outcome that can move solar energy penetration in the country forward.
He said, “Countries all over the world are exploring avenues of fulfilling their specific commitments and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in line with the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and COP26 Agreement in Glasgow.
Nigeria is not left out.
“ To achieve Nigeria’s commitment to COP26, President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration is implementing different initiatives targeted at achieving at least, 30,000MW generation by 2030 with 30 per cent from renewable energy sources.
“The Buhari administration is fully committed to the global decarbonization drive.
To demonstrate this commitment, Government has opened discussions with some Independent Power Plant (IPP) solar project developers planning to deploy Solar mini-grids across the country,” he said.
Aliyu said that 10 state governments are facilitating solar projects in their states that would deliver 100MW each, contributing 1000MW to the Off-grid structure.
On her part, Kaduna Deputy Governor, Hadiza Balarabe, said the outcome and suggestions reached at the forum would further enhance government’s efforts to rid the country of insurgency.
Earlier, Commandant of NDA, Maj-.
Gen. Manu Yusuf, in his address said the theme of the forum was to address the contemporary security challenges facing the country.
Yusuf said that, “there is still much to do to achieve improved access to green energy sources.
“As an institution, we have devoted a lot of resources to improve knowledge on the issue and track global development on renewable energy sources because energy is a critical component of national security.
” Managing Director of REA, Mr Salihijo Ahmad, while delivering the keynote address said that in the last few years, there had been significant improvement in the nation’s renewable energy space because of different initiatives of the government.
Ahmad said FG was deliberately driving policies that are targeted at drawing in private sector participation by encouraging investments and scaling up socio-economic impact of off-grid electrification nationwide.
The managing director assured NASEF of REA’s continued support and collaboration.
He urged the participants to see themselves as active stakeholders within the renewable energy space.
“ It is important to keep up with this momentum by playing our part in different spheres because on this journey towards ending energy poverty in Nigeria, strategies and roadmaps cannot be designed in silos.
“ But must be implemented as fit-for-purpose and deliberate endeavors to solve the nation’s energy problems,” he said.
Amid a call for urgent action to safeguard the continent from climate change, Gabonese President Ali Bongo Ondimba opened Africa Climate Week 2022 by highlighting his country's efforts to drive climate action and calling for continued collective efforts.
“For more than ten years, we have stepped up our efforts to protect our remarkable forest heritage and build a low-carbon economy,” said Ondimba.
"Consequently, Gabon, which has already achieved the goals set by the Paris Agreement, is considered the most carbon-positive country in the world."
More than 1,200 delegates attended the event, which opened in Libreville, Gabon, on Monday, August 29.
The conference provides a crucial platform for the continent to address social inequalities and invest in development to promote climate action and safeguard people and ecosystems.
In her speech, Patricia Janet Scotland, Secretary General of the Commonwealth of Nations, said: “If we choose, we can be the solution we need, Africa can be the answer.
And this is our time.
We are the first generation to suffer the consequences of climate change, but we are the last generation capable of doing something about it.” Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry, COP27 president-designate, said Africans should work to secure the climate, given the disproportionate impact climate change is projected to have on Africa compared to other regions.
He said: “African governments and all other African voices, be it civil society, youth, women's groups, farmers, workers, academia and the thriving African private sector, should continue to call for climate justice.” .
African Union Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture Josefa Sacko urged African countries to maintain a common stance as the continent grapples with the impacts of climate change to achieve its long-term goals.
Africa Climate Week takes place within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and is a crucial step on the way to COP27, which will take place in Egypt in November 2022.
The opening session featured a ministerial dialogue on the challenges of mobilizing and accessing climate finance at scale to stimulate the implementation of countries' Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and priority national climate plans and strategies.
Kevin Kariuki, Vice President for Power, Energy, Climate and Green Growth at the African Development Bank Group, said: “For us, a just transition is about greening the economy in a way that is fair and inclusive, and that ensure that the costs and benefits of the transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient development are shared across the economy.” The African Development Bank's Africa Economic Outlook 2022 report projects that Africa will need up to $1.6 trillion between 2020-2030 to implement its climate action and NDC commitments.
The African Development Bank has committed to mobilizing $25 billion for climate finance by 2025; more than 50% of that funding will go to adaptation projects.
A youth representative, Omnia El Omrani, said commitments to climate action in Africa needed to be accelerated.
“It's time for real action.
May this generation be the last generation to face the climate crisis,” El Omrani said.
Africa Climate Week, one of a series of regional climate weeks, gives voice to a variety of actors and partners: civil society, women, local communities and financial institutions.
The event offers a forum for discussion on how to contribute more effectively to COP27 and achieve the goals of the Paris agreement.
Click here (https://bit.ly/3Kwy2b8) to see the African Development Bank agenda during climate week
Africa Oil Week (www.Africa-OilWeek.com) is extremely proud to announce Hon. Ruth Nankabirwa is once again ready to attend the African Oil Week. The Minister of Energy and Mineral Development of the Republic of Uganda, who is also a member of the Africa Oil Week Power List 2021 Founding Cohort: Pan-African Women Leaders in Energy, will attend the premier oil and gas event taking place in the heart of Cape Town. Organized by Hyve Group Plc., Africa Oil Week is the home of the African upstream, and this unmissable event will bring together the main energy stakeholders from 3 to 7 October in Cape Town under the theme: Sustainable growth in a low carbon world.
Ahead of Bro. Ruth Nankabirwa in attendance, Africa Oil Week Vice President for Energy and Government Relations Director Paul Sinclair made the following remarks.
Africa Oil Week is honored to have the Hon. Ruth Nankabirwa is attending the African Oil Week, Home of the African Upstream, from October 3-7 in Cape Town. The Ugandan government has been especially balanced and thoughtful about how they balance fossil fuels and environmental health, while contributing greatly to regional and global energy security.
Uganda's energy mix is dominated by renewables; hydropower accounts for more than 80%, and solar and wind power are playing a growing role in this mix.
Uganda is the perfect case of a well-run government that has shown that it can move in parallel, and wants to move in parallel, with all stakeholders around energy development to protect economies, industries, create jobs and respect the climate change challenge.
An Optimal Mix of Energy Development and Environmental Protection Hon. Ruth Nankabirwa has helped shape one of the most advanced government policies that takes into account the key issue of protecting the environment while developing crucial natural resources.
Her support in promoting a balanced dialogue on energy security and environmental protection in harmony is highly valued at Africa Oil Week. The Ugandan government is using gold standard carbon management strategies to protect the environment, while also using energy development resources to help create a brighter future and lasting value for its society.
Access to energy and energy security are arguably the most important drivers of economic growth for industry and attraction of investment.
While the West has mobilized and industrialized thanks to the resources of emerging markets, Africa itself has yet to capitalize.
The East African Regional Economic Community has an energy deficit which is a clear obstacle to economic growth, yet it has the gold standard carbon and natural resource management policy to enable both upstream development and environmental protection.
This just means that Uganda can positively impact the lives of its people and the East African community will positively impact lives by creating wealth and creating jobs as the region moves towards energy security and economies.
of average income.
So the question remains, if global demand holds up as we transition, why can't countries with strong carbon management strategies benefit?
This is not a case of one shoe fits all.
Industrialized economies have long benefited from Africa's natural resources.
They benefit from high levels of energy access and rank high on the global HDI due to Africa's resources.
So if Africa respects carbon management and ensures that risk to the environment is balanced against sovereign revenue, why should Africa not be the responsible supply base of choice for global demand as we make the transition?
A call for unification There is a critical need for aligned voices in the energy debate: there is no longer any room for polarization.
We can and must come together to uphold energy security with a united and balanced approach to usher in a safe transition.
Uganda has shown that it can protect and grow its economy, create jobs and contribute to social development and poverty eradication while recognizing and understanding the importance of protecting the environment.
In a recent article, Dr. Joseph Kobusheshe, Director of Environment, Health and Safety Management at the Uganda Petroleum Authority, explained the need for a rational balance between facts and emotions.
He stated: The term 'energy transition' has been widely used to refer to the shift from the use of fossil fuels including oil, gas and coal, which are the main sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, to renewable energy sources.
such as solar, wind, hydroelectric and geothermal energy.
In light of that fact, it must be accepted that the transition will take time.
Precisely because it is not a quick transition, an energy mix with oil and gas included is mandatory.
By this logic, oil and gas development is simply not up for debate.
Instead, we should be lining up to find solutions to decarbonize while using oil and gas during the transition.
Oil and gas are here to stay at least for the short term; therefore, it is the opinion of Africa Oil Week that Africa must remain at the table of supply and demand.
The world should focus on how we mitigate GHGs from oil and gas use as we transition.
The world is at an important crossroads, and we invite all stakeholders to come to Africa Oil Week to discuss how oil and gas is developed and used as we transition for the benefit of Africa.
With carbon management at the center of the debate, together we can promote a just transition that not only respects our commitment to the NDCs, but also reduces the energy deficit of our continent and boosts the socio-economic development of Africa.
Join the conversation alongside high-level delegates and more than 50 ministers and government leaders, only at Africa Oil Week 2022 (www.Africa-OilWeek.com).
Africa Oil Week (https://Africa-OilWeek.com) is proud to announce that HE Olusegun Obasanjo will continue his term as Chairman of Africa Oil Week for the foreseeable future.
The former President of the Republic of Nigeria continues as Chairman of the premier oil and gas event, which takes place in the heart of Cape Town to ensure he continues to support regionally.
Organized by Hyve Group Plc., Africa Oil Week is the home of the African upstream, and this unmissable event will bring together the main energy stakeholders from 3 to 7 October in Cape Town under the theme: Sustainable growth in a low carbon world.
Having overseen Nigeria's transition to a representative democracy, Obasanjo is widely regarded as one of the continent's foremost statesmen and leaders of the past 50 years.
Obasanjo played a leading role in shaping Nigeria's modern oil industry, ushering in political reforms that have made the country an energy superpower.
“We are honored to have HE Olusegun Obasanjo as chair of the African Oil Week. He brings an incredible gravitas as a returning chairman to our event,” said Paul Sinclair, vice president for energy and director of government relations for Africa Oil Week. His Excellency is a unique individual who brings unparalleled regional understanding and experience in developing trading conditions to support private sector participation in the natural resource sector.
It is this experience that helps Africa Oil Week drive success for regional governments and their partners alike.
Obasanjo recently shared his views on Africa's call for energy security, saying Africa should be able to take charge of its own energy destiny for the benefit of its people and should not be beholden to the unrealistic ideals of the Global North.
That is why Africa must pursue energy policies that promote socio-economic development, the sustainable use of hydrocarbons, and ultimately take charge of its own energy destiny for the benefit of its people, says Obasanjo.
Echoing Obasanjo's comments, Sinclair said: “The energy debate doesn't have to be polarized.
As the world grapples with climate change and the broader transition, oil and gas will be needed and we believe that Africa and our continent must be allowed to grow.
We advocate for the development of our resources and believe that technology and carbon management strategies can do this for the environment.
We are not ignoring those who care about the environment, in fact, we understand the value of renewable energy.
It is a transition, one that is part of the larger goal and ongoing journey to decarbonize infrastructure and reach net zero.
However, for the foreseeable future, oil and gas will definitely be needed as the 151 countries at the Glasgow COP work on their revised NDCs. We echo HE Olusegun Obasanjo's heartfelt support for Africa to take control of its energy future and continue to foster strong global partnerships that will benefit both the continent and its partners through the responsible development of natural resources,” said Sinclair.
Register his interest now to play your part in the sustainable development of our industry and of Africa through the African upstream.
Attend the conference together with high-level delegates and more than 50 ministers and government leaders: Africa Oil Week 2022 (https://Africa-OilWeek.com)
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) says that global carbon trade has, in a short space of time, grown into a market worth over $175 billion annually.
The UNDP Representative, Mr Mohammed Yahaya, disclosed this at the inuaguration l of Development of Nigeria Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) on Tuesday in Abuja.
Yahaya also said, according to a data made available from World Atlas, that as at 2020, carbondioxide emissions for Nigeria was about 126,9 million tonnes.
He said that the emission was coming mainly from burning of fossil fuel and heavy industries such as cement manufacturing.
“For country like Nigeria, carbon trading should be looked for both medium and long term objectives which at the end of the day, will provide a lot of environmental benefits to the country.
“In some countries, carbon emission trading has been known to be source of generating money for nature-based solutions to climate change.
“This belief can be said to be the same for Nigeria in the nearest future,” he said.
Yahaya said that history of carbon markets could be marked as a great political success story and an integral part of international climate change policies across the world.
He explained that carbon credits were provided for activities that claimed to benefit the climate, either by removing carbon dioxide from the air or preventing it from being emitted.
The UNDP representative said that carbon trading was the procurement of such credits.
According to him, this is what has given birth to ETS, which has, however, given flexibility to governments to deal with vested interests.
“It has also allowed governments and decision makers to focus on the acceptability of the initial allocation in both domestic and international contexts.
“Emissions trading systems expose emitters to the external costs of emissions in the most flexible and least costly way,” he said.
Yahaya said that the design of the system needed to consider local contexts and regulations, as well as interlinkages with other policy priorities in each jurisdiction.
He, therefore, said that emissions trading was likely to be part of a broader policy mix to control emissions from the whole economy.
He added that an emission trading scheme was potentially one of the most powerful tools to build an effective global response to climate change.
“It is also a tool that will meet the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) commitments that the Nigerian government has made to the UNFramework Convention on Climate change.
The Minister of Environment, Mr Mohammed Abdullahi, said that launching of the ETS was a sign of commencement of activities such as sensitising the public, and ensuring coordination with other relevant arms of government.
Abdullahi said it would also ensure coordination between the development partners under the leadership of the ministry with active collaboration of Ministry of Trade and Industries.
He thanked the UNDP and other relevant stakeholders for the support provided to ensure that policies and programmes were implemented in the country.
Also, the Representative of Foriegn Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO), Nigeria, Mr Adesuwa Obasuyi, said the UK Government would remain committed to support Nigeria’s carbon markets development.
Adesuwa, also the Climate Change Policy Manager in British High Commission, encouraged other relevant stakeholders to be involved in assisting Nigeria in adressing environmental crises“I encourage other donors, businesses, civil society and other stakeholders to be closely involved and engaged in the process, so that together we can work to make Nigeria net zero.
Chief of Defence Staff, Gen. Lucky Irabor, says there is need for stronger collaboration between West African armed forces to deal with insecurity in the sub-region.
Irabor stated this when hosted the Burkinabe Chief of Defence Staff, Senior Col. David Kadre at the Defence Headquarters on Thursday in Abuja.
He congratulated the Burkinabe defence chief, an alumnus of the National Defence College (NDC), Nigeria for his appointment and assured to share experiences on how the two countries had been tackling insecurity.
Irabor said that Nigeria was proud to have an alumnus of NDC becoming the defence chief of Burkina Faso, reiterating his commitment to sharing ideas with the visitor.
“No doubt the West African sub-region is experiencing the menace of terrorism and insurgency and we understand that to address this scourge, there has to be collaboration of all countries within the sub-region.
“That is why I am delighted to receive you and to also let you know that we shall share our experiences.
“We will indeed take action that will ensure that we redress all issues together and ensure that we stamp out every form of terrorism within our sub-region,’’ he said.
Earlier, Kadre said he was in Nigeria to attend the graduation of the Course 30 of NDC Nigeria and used the opportunity to visit Irabor to tap from his wealth of experience.
Kadre said he also visited to seek advice on his new appointment and to also present the security situation in the West African sub-region.
He reiterated the need for deeper collaboration between Nigerian and Burkinabe armed forces to address the challenges of terrorism and insurgency.
“I came also regarding terrorism and insurgency in our countries so as to seek your advice and experience since Nigeria is engaged in fighting this scourge,” he said.
Leaders of some Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) have lauded the Federal Government for appointing Dr Salisu Dahiru as pioneer Director-General of the National Council on Climate Change.
The CSOs, in a statement made available to journalists on Wednesday, also expressed their delight that the Federal Government considered their calls for the implementation of the Climate Change Act. The News Agency of Nigeria reports that in recent weeks the campaigners were persistent in their demands.
The CSOs leaders and participants at a virtual workshop in July, had expressed the need for the federal government to establish the National Council on Climate Change.
Their call was made in order to boost implementation of the Nigeria Climate Change Act, which was signed into law in November 2021 by President Muhammadu Buhari.
Amid calls by youth groups for the commencement of the law’s implementation, the workshop was followed by the submission of a petition signed by 64 groups to relevant government agencies.
The campaigners, who urged government to immediately implement the climate law, also expressed their dismay over the delay by the government in implementing the core provisions of the Act. However, government took a major decision to signpost the beginning of the implementation of the Climate Change Act with the appointment of Dr. Salisu Dahiru as pioneer Director-General and Chief Executive Officer of the National Council on Climate Change.
Consequently, Prof. Chukwumerije Okereke, the President of the Society for Planet and Prosperity (SPP), said he was delighted that the government has listened to the message sent by leaders of Nigerian CSOs and NGOs to urgently implement the Climate Change Act. Okereke is also the Director of the Centre for Climate Change and Development (CCCD) at Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi.
Okereke led the Technical Committee set up by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Femi Gbajabiamila, to review the bill.
Also Nnaemeka Oruh, National Coordinator, Global Legislators Organisation for a Balanced Environment (GLOBE), Nigeria, lauded what he called coordinated campaign by stakeholders on the matter.
“I would say that the coordinated campaigns by civil society, the media, youth advocates, the international community especially the British High Commission, and of course by the National Assembly especially Rep. Sam Onuigbo, played a critical role in this.
“This is a win for Nigeria and an important step” he said.
Dr Mina Ogbanga of the Centre for Development Support Initiatives (CEDSI Nigeria), described the development as `a strong step in the right direction’.
Ogbanga acknowledged the step as one that would cascade our climate change ambitions unto actualisation.
She said that “the strategic advocacy of civil societies contributed in no small way to the government taking this step.
“As an organisation, we have continuously called for the implementation of the Climate Change Act as part of Nigeria’s contribution to safeguarding its citizens against the harsh realities of climate change impact.
“It is our hope that the composition of the National Council will meet all best practice standards to accomplish this very strategic step,” she said.
Abdulhamid Hamid, the Chief Executive Officer, Global Environmental and Climate Conservation Initiative (GECCI), said that the call for the government to implement the Climate Change Act “was very effective”.
He said: “We now know that the government is taking it seriously.
Therefore, with this good development on the appointed DG of the Council, we are still expecting for its urgent implementation.
“The Climate Change Act also includes provisions for members of the public and private sectors, as well as civil society, women, youth, and people with disabilities.
“It empowers the Council with significant powers to coordinate national climate actions, administer the newly established Climate Change Fund, mobilise resources to support climate actions, and collaborate with the Nigerian Sovereign Green Bond in meeting Nigeria’s NDC.
“The Climate Change Fund is envisioned as a financing mechanism for prioritised climate actions and interventions.
“The promotion and adoption of nature-based solutions to reduce GHG emissions and mitigate climate change is encouraged.
“The terms of the agency’s being given funds to start implementing work, and all those involved in the act should be called to be included in the implementation work that will begin as the law provides.
” Similarly, David Terungwa, Founder and Executive Director of the Global Initiative for Food Security and Ecosystem Preservation (GIFSEP), said that the delay in the implementation of the Act was uncalled for.
He said: “While we commend the appointment of the Director General, it is important to state that the long delay in the implementation of the Climate Change Act was not necessary.
“Considering its importance it took a push and campaigns by civil society organisations and other stakeholders before the appointment of the Director General.
“Now that we officially have less than seven years to act to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius (1.5°C), as agreed in the 2015 Paris Agreement, urgent action is required more than ever before to deal with the increasing risks of climate change across the globe.
President Muhammadu Buhari signed the Climate Change Bill into law in November 2021. The Act reaffirms the federal government’s aim to cut current emissions by 50 per cent by 2050 and achieve net zero emissions as early as possible in the second half of the century (net zero target for 2050 to 2070).
The Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), Gen. Lucky Irabor, says the Defence Headquarters is implementing several new strategies that will bring about an end to various security challenges in the country.
Irabor stated this while delivering a Graduation Lecture for Course 30 of the National Defence College (NDC) on the topic “National Security and Development: Strategic Options for Nigeria’’ on Wednesday in Abuja.
He identified the need to deepen strategic communication, implement a press code for responsible Journalism and pursue proactive security measures to reduce the impact of regional dynamics in the country.
Irabor said there was need to encourage a Whole-of-Society Approach to security by deepening strategic communication to educate the populace on the fact that issues of security are a collective responsibility.
According to him, everybody in the society ought to be a relevant stakeholder.
“Timely information on suspicious movements of strangers in a community might be the main lead to provide the needed early warning for the relevant government agency to swing into action.
“Accordingly, we need to formulate a robust and proactive communication strategy that draws all citizens to the realisation of their roles in protecting the nation while also using the same medium to pre-empt and counter narratives of the insurgents.
“The strategy could also incorporate modalities for the reorientation and practicable re-integration of surrendered insurgents into the society.
“The National Orientation Agency (NOA) needs to be reinvigorated, reorganised and properly funded alongside all other relevant stakeholders in the society.
“This will encourage the populace to have renewed confidence in the government and they will be encouraged to provide relevant information to the relevant government agencies.
“This will enhance national security and development in Nigeria,’’ he said.
On the press code for the media, Irabor said the strategy required the development of guidelines for reporting difficult stories including stories of conflict and terrorism.
According to him, the German Press Code for example, says in reporting actual and threatened acts of violence, the press should carefully weigh the public interest in information against the interest of victims and other people involved.
He said that media should report on such incidents in an independent and authentic way, but not allow itself to be made the tool of criminals.
He urged the Nigerian media to emulate and domesticate the German Press Code as its guiding principle in reportage.
CDS said it had become imperative that Nigeria should constantly keep abreast of the security and development dynamics within her strategic neighbourhood especially in West and Central Africa.
“To this effect, we are working on upgrading the intelligence management procedures of the defence and security sector to strengthen the overall security architecture in the country.
“In addition, the thrust of our foreign policy should also be re-engineered to ensure that Nigeria is actively engaged in the promotion of peace and security within our sphere of influence in West and Central Africa.
“To this effect, the Federal Government through relevant Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs), could as a matter of priority, explore available bilateral and multilateral opportunities at our disposal to steer the course of security and development within the countries of interests bearing in mind the realities of the domestic base of our foreign policy,’’ he added.
Irabor said an overview of the plethora of security challenges bedevilling the country indicated the need to consider a review of the strategic approach towards addressing them.
He said the appraisal of the current security architecture revealed concerns with respect to limited divergent approach to tackling the emerging threats, ineffective media management as well as regional security dynamics.
The Commandant of NDC, Rear Adm. Murtala Bashir, said it was the tradition of the college to organise a graduation lecture to commemorate the graduation ceremony of each course.
Bashir said that Nigeria had faced and still facing several security challenges such as terrorism, banditry, militancy secessionist agitation, kidnapping amongst others in recent times.
He said the security challenges were aided in very large measure by illicit arms proliferation and the emergence of cult groupings that engage in banditry, kidnapping, political violence and other mafia-style violent activities.
The situation, he said had impacted negatively on the development in the country with attendant implications for national security, adding that Nigeria currently ranks low in the global rating of Human Development Index.
The commandant said there was need to think out of the box and develop strategies that would enhance security and national development.
He urged the participants of Course 30 to begin to realise that success could only come from carefully cultivated attitudes, commitments and management processes that accrue slowly and steadily.
“Imbibing these attributes, could therefore see you contributing positively to the development of the country.
“It is not too late for us to begin to build these attributes to move our society forward.
“So, I urge you to listen carefully to the lecture and thereafter, self-reflect on how you, your service or your organization can better contribute to society, particularly on the issues surrounding security and development,’’ he said.
The News Agency of Nigeria reports that the graduation lecture is one of the activities lined up for graduation of NDC’s 30th set of graduates as well as its 30th anniversary celebration.
Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo has challenged Course 30 participants of the National Defence College (NDC) to be relentlessly innovative in developing national security and defence strategy to address security challenges.
Osinbajo made the call at the college’s 30th Year Anniversary and Course 30 Graduation Dinner and Award on Tuesday in Abuja.
He was represented by the Special Adviser to the President on Economic Matters, Amb. Adeyemi Dipeolu.
The vice-president noted that security was an entire societal responsibility that could only be achieved in unison with a diverse range of state and civil society actors.
He urged the military and other security agencies to recognise the regional, continental and international ramifications of the threats facing nations in developing security and defence strategies.
“You must embrace smart ways of managing society in a pervasively digital universe as contemporary technologies have introduced new levels of complexity to an already challenging security environment.
“Technological revolution in the present era also avails you of a broad range of tools with which you can protect our vital interests and safeguard our people.
“You must be relentlessly innovative in exploiting these options.
“Overall you must be sensitive to the needs and demands of the people who are the primary reference of national security as the spear and shield of our nation,’’ he said.
Osinbajo observed that the world had moved from the erstwhile exclusive approach to security management wherein the military and security agencies were thought to be the exclusive custodians of security.
He said the whole of society approach to security management had become the primary governing principle of national security governance, noting that the approach was the theme for Course 30. The vice-president also urged international participants to be proud alumni of the college and to maintain the bonds they had made and continue to support Nigeria’s efforts at maintaining peace and security.
“I have no doubt that you have come to fully appreciate this activity and security management in furtherance of the whole of society doctrine.
“It is clear that you must also embrace the role that women play in contemporary security management and give meaning to it in your future engagements.
“In this regard, I am glad that this institution has consistently given female participants equal opportunity to participate in this highly rewarding strategic leadership training.
“Our defence cooperation with friendly nations in Africa and the world has been mutually beneficial.
“I specially recognise all the foreign dignitaries and international participants here and convey our appreciation for your association with Nigeria and the NDC,’’ he said.
In his remarks, NDC Commandant, Rear Adm. Murtala Bashir, said the celebration of the 30th set of graduates since establishment in 1992 was a milestone in the college’s history.
Bashir commended the participants for their commitment and resilience throughout the duration of the course.
He said the participants would have understood and appreciated the fact that the course was designed to test their resilience and ability to take difficult and complex decisions in terms of uncertainty, stress and strain.
He observed that the security environment had been volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous, and said the ability to pull through the complexity and uncertainty was what made the participants strategic leaders.
Bashir expressed the hope that the knowledge and experience gained at the college would distinguish participants in leadership wherever they went.
“We are doing everything possible to reduce the workload of the course without compromising standards.
“Permit me to emphasise to you two training philosophies of the college which I would encourage you to always carry along.
“First, you must remember that military training and operations are anchored on teamwork.
You must have been told repeatedly that you are as strong as your weakest link.
“This philosophy is reflected in the group exercises you conducted during your training in the college.
“For a long time, however, team work had been narrowly understood to mean intra-service solidarity, but we know today that the era of single service operations is gone.
“You must leave here thinking of cooperation; you must be prepared to think, act, plan and operate jointly,’’ he stressed.
The commandant also reminded participants to always remember that security management was no longer the exclusive domain of the armed forces, intelligence and other security forces.
He said civilian populations were crucial to military operations, adding that there was hardly any operation these days that did not involve the civil populace directly or indirectly.
According to him, it is for these reasons that the participation of the police, other security agencies, as well as civilians from strategic ministries, departments and agencies on the course has become inevitable.
The News Agency of Nigeria reports that the Chief of Defence Staff, Gen. Lucky Irabor and other services chiefs as well as the Inspector-General of Police, Mr Usman Baba attended the dinner.
The African Development Bank (AfDB), and International Monetary Fund (IMF) experts say there is the need to urgently mobilise climate financing for Africa.
A statement by AfDB said the experts took the position during a panel discussion on the AfDB’s 2022 African Economic Outlook hosted by the IMF in Washington, DC.
Participants at the meeting heard that African countries needed to mobilise 1.6 trillion dollars between 2022 and 2030 to meet their Nationally Determined Contributions to fight climate change.
“So far, they have only received 18.3 billion dollars annually, leaving a financing gap of 108 billion dollars annually.
With current trends, Africa’s NDCs will not be achieved.
“Africa has huge comparative advantages to lead the world in this new green transition, but it lacks the capital to do so,” AfDB Acting Chief Economist and Vice President, Kevin Urama said in his presentation.
The panel comprised Prof Urama, IMF’s Assistant Director Fiscal Affairs Department and Climate Change Policy Coordinator, James Roaf, and Anthony Simpasa, Acting Manager of the AfDB Macroeconomic Policy, Debt Sustainability and Forecasting Division.
It was moderated by Cathy Pattillo, the Deputy Director of IMF’s African Department.
Urama emphasised that the findings of the 2022 African Economic Outlook, showed that the structure of climate finance was very complicated and created a misallocation of resources.
“As a result, the main objective of climate finance to support climate-vulnerable countries is not being achieved.
“One fundamental, existential issue for Africa is climate change.
The countries that are receiving climate financing are the less vulnerable ones,” Urama noted.
Urama further identified the need for a different approach to solving the climate challenge in Africa.
“What I see are opportunities to do things differently so that we are not using an old map to chart a new world.
“This will include tradeoffs.
“How do we work together as the global community to solve this global challenge for ourselves, our children, and future generations,” he said.
Abebe Selassie, Director, African Department, IMF, said that African policymakers face unenviable task of needing to invest trillions of dollars in important energy transition that the region needs to advance its development.
“At the same time, they are being asked to think about the adverse effect that this may have on climate change, but advanced countries which benefitted from climate unfriendly policies are unwilling to support development in the region.
“This is one issue that policymakers raise with us when we engage with them on the financing challenges they face.”Selassie described the findings of the 2022 African Economic Outlook as “sobering”, observing that it raised some profound issues.
IMF’s Assistant Director, Fiscal Affairs Department and Climate Change Policy Coordinator, James Roaf identified adaptation as the biggest issue for Africa.
Roaf said, “The African Economic Outlook rightly stresses the need to integrate climate objectives in overall sustainable development pathways.
“We need to focus on making the most of the opportunities that the clean energy transition offers so that climate mitigation and adaptation policies come hand in hand with rising prosperity.”He further drew attention to what countries could do themselves to maximise climate finance and make the best use of it.
“Mobilising the private sector is critical, with policies such as carbon pricing to encourage investment in renewables, or improving adaptation incentives by reinforcing property rights or strengthening regional trade,” Road said.
The theme of the 2022 African Economic Outlook, “Supporting Climate Resilience and a Just Energy Transition in Africa”, highlights climate change as a growing threat to lives and livelihoods in Africa.