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  •  Femicide increases in Italy
    Femicide increases in Italy
     Femicide increases in Italy
    Femicide increases in Italy
    Foreign9 hours ago

    Femicide increases in Italy

    Murders of women in Italy increased by nearly 16 percent over the past year, interior ministry data showed Monday, with nearly two-thirds of crimes committed by a partner or ex-partner.

    In the period from August 1, 2021 to July 31, 2022, 125 women in Italy were killed versus 108 in the year-earlier period, according to the annual report by the interior ministry.

    Of that number, the vast majority of murders — 108 — were committed within the family sphere or an emotional context, while 68 murders, or 63 percent of the total, were committed by the victim’s partner or ex-partner, data showed.

    There were a total of 319 murders in Italy in the period.

    The numbers show that, on average, a woman is killed every three days in Italy.

    According to a November report by the European Institute for Gender Equality, Italy came in ninth out of 15 EU member states for the number of murders of women by intimate partners, based on 2018 data.

    It came in tenth when looking at homicide committed by family members and relatives.

    Femicide commonly refers to the killing of a girl or woman by a partner or family member.

  •  New wildfire outbreaks feared as blazes rage in France
    New wildfire outbreaks feared as blazes rage in France
     New wildfire outbreaks feared as blazes rage in France
    New wildfire outbreaks feared as blazes rage in France
    Foreign4 days ago

    New wildfire outbreaks feared as blazes rage in France

    Officials warned Thursday that flare-ups could cause a massive wildfire to further spread in France’s parched southwest, site of the most intense blazes that have blackened swaths of the country this week.

    Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne was to meet with authorities battling the Landiras fire south of Bordeaux, and further reinforcements are expected for the 1,100 firefighters on site, the prefecture of the Gironde department said.

    France has been buffeted this summer by the historic drought that has forced water-use restrictions nationwide, as well as a series of heatwaves that experts say are being driven by climate change.

    “Conditions are particularly difficult: the vegetation and soil are exceptionally dry,” the prefecture said in a statement, warning that extreme dry heat is likely until at least Sunday.

    “There is a very serious risk of new outbreaks.

    ” Temperatures in the region could top 40 Celsius (104 Fahrenheit) on Thursday, weather forecasters predicted.

    The Landiras blaze erupted in July — the driest month seen in France since 1961 — destroying 14,000 hectares and forcing thousands of people to evacuate before it was contained.

    But it continued to smoulder in the tinder-dry pine forests and peat-rich soil, and officials suspect arson may have played a role in the latest flare-up, which has burned 6,800 hectares (17,000 acres) since Tuesday.

    Currently eight major wildfires are raging in France and Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin, who was also heading to meet Gironde officials Thursday, said Sweden and Italy were sending fire-fighting aircraft to help.

    President Emmanuel Macron added on Twitter that Germany, Greece, Poland, Romania and Austria are also providing help.

    “Across the country over 10,000 firefighters and security forces are mobilised against the flames… These soldiers of fire are our heroes,” he said.

    ‘Battled all night’“You’d think we’re in California, it’s gigantic… And they’re used to forest fires here but we’re being overwhelmed on all sides — nobody could have expected this,” Remy Lahay, a firefighter deployed near Hostens in the Landes de Gascogne natural park, told AFP.

    On several nearby houses, people hung out white sheets saying “Thank you for saving our homes” and other messages of support for the weary fire battalions.

    “We battled all night to stop the fire from spreading, notably to defend the village of Belin-Beliet,” Lieutenant Colonel Arnaud Mendousse of the Gironde fire and rescue service told journalists in Hostens.

    Seventeen homes have been destroyed or damaged since Tuesday, and nearly 10,000 people evacuated, but no further orders to leave the area are expected “for the time being”, Mendousse said.

    Acrid smoke has spread across much of the southwestern Atlantic coast and its beaches that draw huge crowds of tourists each summer, with the regional ARS health agency “strongly” urging people to wear protective face masks.

    The smoke also forced the closing of the A63 motorway, a major artery toward Spain, between Bordeaux and Bayonne.

  •  South Africa Agriculture Agrarian Reform and Rural Development Negotiates Agreement to Clear Citrus Blocked in European Union EU Ports
    South Africa: Agriculture, Agrarian Reform and Rural Development Negotiates Agreement to Clear Citrus Blocked in European Union (EU) Ports
     South Africa Agriculture Agrarian Reform and Rural Development Negotiates Agreement to Clear Citrus Blocked in European Union EU Ports
    South Africa: Agriculture, Agrarian Reform and Rural Development Negotiates Agreement to Clear Citrus Blocked in European Union (EU) Ports
    Africa5 days ago

    South Africa: Agriculture, Agrarian Reform and Rural Development Negotiates Agreement to Clear Citrus Blocked in European Union (EU) Ports

    The Department of Agriculture, Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (DALRRD, for its acronym in English) confirms that it has managed to negotiate an agreement that will see the cleaning of citrus containers stuck at ports of entry in the European Union (EU).

    To date we have managed to dispatch more than 300 of the 509 containers and we are processing the dispatch of the remaining containers.

    The EU introduced new measures to regulate the risk associated with false codling moth (FCM) in citrus.

    The new measures include additional amended phytosanitary declarations for grapefruit and baby citrus and a revised cold treatment regimen for oranges.

    The measures were published on June 21, 2022 and came into force on June 24, 2022.

    This meant that shipments arriving in Europe from July 14 had to comply with the new measures.

    Taking the shorter sailing time to the EU meant that shipments leaving South Africa on June 24, 2022, three days after publication, should have been certified under the new measures.

    The DALRRD explained to the European Commission (EC) in a meeting and by written communication that the date was not reasonable.

    At the time of the publication of the new measures, there were shipments that were certified and had already left for the EU, as well as some that were in the process of being exported.

    DALRRD's claims were that changing the inspection and certification system within three days was not realistic.

    The reasonable date for compliance with the new measures would have been for shipments leaving SA on July 9, 2022, considering the required adjustments of the systems and the communication to the different regulatory sites, which required at least three weeks from the post.

    However, the EC insisted on July 14, 2022 as the implementation date.

    As anticipated, the DALRRD began receiving queries from exporters after the implementation date regarding the rejection of shipments at EU ports.

    The EU authorities needed phytosanitary certificates that would comply with the new FCM measures.

    The DALRRD segmented the cases into only documentation on grapefruit and tender citrus and compliance with the cold treatment on oranges.

    The deadlock was later resolved by replacing the phytosanitary certificates with the correct additional declarations as of July 22, 2022.

    The orange cases remained a problem until the industry in a meeting on July 25, 2022 presented DALRRD with possible measures.

    of equivalence with respect to the treatment applied to these shipments.

    under the South African systems approach to FCM.

    The DALRRD undertook to negotiate with the EU through the relevant National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs) so that they consider these equivalent measures.

    The first official letter was sent to the NPPO of the Netherlands on July 27, 2022 and a positive response was received on July 28, 2022.

    Based on this agreement, it was agreed that replacement phytosanitary certificates will be issued for oranges with declaration of equivalent cold treatment.

    The issuance of replacement phytosanitary certificates for oranges began on Monday, August 1, 2022.

    In a meeting with the industry on August 3, 2022, the DALRRD agreed to include other ports of entry after receiving another positive response from Italy on the declaration.

    of equivalent cold treatment.

    The ports that the industry presented as those where South African oranges were rejected included ports in Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

    More than 2,000 containers, with an estimated value of R 500 million, were affected by this blockade.

    So far, the department, with the information sent by the industry, is recertifying the orange shipments blocked in the ports of the Netherlands and Italy and we are receiving confirmation that the containers are being cleared.

    In addition, DALRRD held the meeting with the EC on 5th August 2022 on the handling of non-compliant shipment in EU ports and agreed on the interim measures, namely that the EU adhered to DALRRD's request to complete the cool down period.

    in the EU Provisional measures provide for shipments to be treated at EU cold treatment facilities and the department to notify other EU member states.

  •  Dozens missing after migrants get into trouble south of Rhodes
    Dozens missing after migrants get into trouble south of Rhodes
     Dozens missing after migrants get into trouble south of Rhodes
    Dozens missing after migrants get into trouble south of Rhodes
    Foreign6 days ago

    Dozens missing after migrants get into trouble south of Rhodes

    Dozens of people are missing after a boat carrying migrants sank near the Greek holiday island of Rhodes.

    A spokesman for the coastguard told Greek radio on Wednesday that 29 people have been rescued from the sea so far.

    The spokesman added, however, that those who survived said a total of around 80 people were on board the boat when it sank some 40 nautical miles (74 kilometres) south of Rhodes.

    The rescue operation in the Aegean Sea was being hampered by strong winds, he said.

    Participating in the search and rescue are coastguard patrol boats, a Greek navy ship, three passing freighters and a helicopter.

    Most of the rescued people all men are from Afghanistan, the coastguard said.

    The boat had started in Turkey and was supposed to take the people to Italy.

    Along this long and, because of the winds, very dangerous route, the often outdated boats are often damaged.

    This year, several boats have already become unmanoeuvrable, leaked or run aground.

    People have also lost their lives in the process.

    NewsSourceCredit: NAN

  •  Drought forces water use rethink in Spain
    Drought forces water use rethink in Spain
     Drought forces water use rethink in Spain
    Drought forces water use rethink in Spain
    Foreign1 week ago

    Drought forces water use rethink in Spain

    Faced with a historic drought and threatened by desertification, Spain is rethinking how it spends its water resources, which are used mainly to irrigate crops.

    “We must be extremely careful and responsible instead of looking the other way,” Spain’s Minister for the Ecological Transition Teresa Ribera said recently, about the impact of the lack of rain.

    Like France and Italy, Spain has been gripped by several extreme heatwaves this summer after an unusually dry winter.

    That has left the country’s reservoirs at 40.

    4 percent of their capacity in August, 20 percentage points below the average over the last decade for this time of the year.

    Officials have responded by limiting water use, especially in the southern region of Andalusia, which grows much of Europe’s fruits and vegetables.

    Reservoir water levels in the region are particularly low, just 25 percent at most of their capacity.

    “The situation is dramatic,” said University of Jaen hydrology professor Rosario Jimenez, adding both underground aquifers and surface bodies of water were running low.

    The situation is especially worrying since it is part of a long-term trend linked to climate change, she added.

    Parts of Spain are the driest they have been in a thousand years due to an atmospheric high-pressure system driven by climate change, according to a study published last month in the journal, Nature Geoscience.

    Greenpeace estimates that 75 percent of the country is susceptible to desertification.

    ‘Overexploitation’Spain has built a vast network of dams to provide water for its farms and towns.

    During the 20th century, 1,200 large dams were built in the country, the highest number in Europe per capita.

    This has allowed Spain to increase the amount of irrigated land it has from 900,000 hectares (2,224,000 acres) to 3,400,000 hectares, according to the ecological transition ministry’s website, which calls the country’s water management system “an example of success”.

    But many experts say the system is now showing its limits.

    The dams “had their use” but they have also encouraged the “overexploitation” of water and the decline in its quality by blocking the natural course of rivers, said Julio Barea, a water expert at Greenpeace Spain.

    For the scientific council of the Rhone-Mediterranean Basin Committee, a French body which groups hydrology specialists, Spain is nearing the “physical limits” of its water management model.

    Spain’s network of dams relies on sufficient rainfall to replenish its many reservoirs, it said.

    But “the climate changes already under way, which will continue in the decades to come, will increase the risk of failures,” the body said in a recent report.

    Experts say the way Spain uses water is also a major problem.

    “Consumption has not stopped increasing while water is becoming increasingly scarce.

    It’s an aberration,” said Barea.

    ‘Europe’s vegetable garden’Spain is the second most visited country in the world and significant amounts of water are used in tourism infrastructure like swimming pools and golf courses.

    But agriculture absorbs the bulk — over 80 percent — of the country’s water resources.

    It is sometimes used to grow crops that are not suitable for a dry climate — such as strawberries or avocados — for export to other European countries.

    Spain’s use of irrigation “is irrational,” said Julia Martinez, biologist and director of the FNCA Water Conservation Foundation.

    “We cannot be Europe’s vegetable garden” while “there are water shortages for the inhabitants,” she added.

    Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez’s government adopted a strategic plan last month to adapt Spain’s water management system to “the impacts of global warming”.

    It includes measures to promote water recycling and “efficient and rational” uses of resources.

    But specialists say that reforms remain timid, with many regions continuing to increase the amount of irrigated land.

    “We need more drastic measures,” said Barea, who called for a restructuring of the agriculture system.

    Martinez shares this view, saying Spain is currently the European nation “exerting the most pressure on its water resources.

    ” “Today there are decisions that no one wants to take.

    We can’t continue to blindly forge ahead,” she said.

  •  NDLEA nabs 90 year old bandits drug supplier others at Lagos airport
    NDLEA nabs 90-year-old bandits’ drug supplier, others at Lagos airport
     NDLEA nabs 90 year old bandits drug supplier others at Lagos airport
    NDLEA nabs 90-year-old bandits’ drug supplier, others at Lagos airport
    Defence/Security1 week ago

    NDLEA nabs 90-year-old bandits’ drug supplier, others at Lagos airport

    The National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) has arrested a 90-year-old retired soldier, Usman Adamu, in Mailalle, Sabon Birni, in Sokoto for supplying bandits illicit drugs.

    The Director, Media and Advocacy, NDLEA, Mr Femi Babafemi said this in a statement on Sunday in Abuja.

    Babafemi said that the suspect, who was arrested on Aug. 3,  was caught with 5.1kg cannabis sativa, at the time of his arrest.

    He also said that a 37-year-old indigene of Ovia Local Government Area (LGA), Edo State,  and resident in Italy; Solo Osamede, had been arrested for drug trafficking.

    Babafemi said that the suspect was arrested for ingesting 41 wraps of heroin at the Murtala Muhammed International Airport (MMIA) in Lagos.

    He said that the suspect was nabbed and taken into custody for excretion, while attempting to board a Turkish Airline flight to Milan, Italy, via Istanbul, Turkey on July 30. “The swallowed wraps of the illicit drug were recovered in four excretions, which the suspect completed on Aug. 1,” he said.

    In the same vein, a female passenger, Jatau Lami, was arrested at the Lagos Airport for attempting to export 1,700 tablets of Tramadol 225mg.

    Babafemi said that the consignment was concealed in her luggage to Istanbul, Turkey, via a Turkish Airline flight on July 31. He said that preliminary investigation revealed that the suspect, a mother of three, hailed from Zango Kataf Local Government Area  (LGA), Kaduna State, and lives in Istanbul, Turkey, with her family.

    “She blamed her action on pressure to raise N5 million ransom to free her mother from the captivity of bandits who kidnapped her since June,” he said.

    Babafemi said that the NDLEA operatives have also thwarted an attempts by some freight agents at the Skyway Aviation Handling Company (SAHCO) export shed of the airport,  to export two consignments of cannabis in a consolidated cargo to Dubai, UAE, on Aug. 4. He said that a follow-up operation led to an arrest of two persons, Oladipupo Fatai and Animashaun Qudus, while two others were still at large.

    “In Zamfara, NDLEA operatives on Aug. 4 intercepted a truck from Benin, Edo state, enroute Sokoto, with 50,000 tablets of Diazepam owned by a drug dealer, Umaru Attahiru.

    “In Kogi, 14 sacks containing 1,376 bottles of codeine based syrup weighing 190.4kg were seized along Okene-Abuja highway on Aug. 3. “The exhibits were found in a delivery bus coming from Onitsha, Anambra and heading to Abuja.

    Follow-up operation in Abuja same day led to the arrest of Jude Ikenna and Ozoemene Cornelius,” he said.

    Babafemi said that four suspects, Sulaiman Rabi’u; Sanusi Sha’aibu; Ma’aruf Habibu and Christian Nnachor, were also arrested in Zaria, Tafa and Romi, Kaduna.

    He said that they were arrested with 106, 770 tablets of Tramadol 225mg, Diazepam, Exol-5 and 100 bottles of codeine cough syrup.

    “In Enugu, 143.5kg cannabis sativa was recovered from locked-up stores in new market area of the state capital on Aug. 6. “In Delta, a suspect, Ike Okparachi, 42, was arrested at Abraka Junction, Asaba, with 10,550 tablets of Tramadol 225mg; Swinol; Rohypnol; and 3,105 bottles of codeine syrup as well as 69grams of Molly,” he said.

    Babafemi said the NDLEA Chairman,  Brig.-Gen. Buba Marwa (rtd) commended the officers and men of the MMIA, Sokoto, Zamfara, Kogi, Delta, Enugu, and Kaduna Commands for their feats.

    He said Marwa charged them and others across the country to remain focused and vigilant.

    NewsSourceCredit: NAN

  •  International Rescue Committee IRC As Mediterranean death toll mounts Europe must urgently expand safe pathways for people on the move
    International Rescue Committee (IRC): As Mediterranean death toll mounts, Europe must urgently expand safe pathways for people on the move
     International Rescue Committee IRC As Mediterranean death toll mounts Europe must urgently expand safe pathways for people on the move
    International Rescue Committee (IRC): As Mediterranean death toll mounts, Europe must urgently expand safe pathways for people on the move
    Africa1 week ago

    International Rescue Committee (IRC): As Mediterranean death toll mounts, Europe must urgently expand safe pathways for people on the move

    The International Rescue Committee calls for urgent action by the EU and its member states as the number of refugees and other migrants who risk making the treacherous journey from North Africa to Europe continues to rise.

    According to UNHCR, more than 35,000 people have arrived in Italy by sea so far this year, with 192 arrivals reported as recently as a few nights ago.

    This marks an increase from the 27,200 received during the same period in 2021.

    Tragically, at least 875 people have lost their lives along the Central Mediterranean Route so far in 2022.

    As the number of people forced to making these dangerous journeys continues to increase, the IRC urges the EU and its member states to urgently expand safe and regular pathways of protection in Europe, and ensure they are supported throughout their journeys.

    Susanna Zanfrini, IRC Italy Bureau Chief, says: “No one should be forced to risk their life on a dilapidated or unseaworthy boat in search of safety and security.

    Yet again this summer, we are seeing an increase in the number of people attempting to cross one of the world's deadliest migration routes.

    Many of these people have been driven from their homes by growing food insecurity, unemployment and the impact of climate change, with some fleeing violence, conflict or persecution in countries such as Afghanistan, Sudan or Somalia.

    “Those arriving in Lampedusa are crammed into a reception center that is currently more than four times full: almost 1,900 housed in a space meant for just 350.

    This desperate situation could and should have been avoided.

    Arrivals to islands like Lampedusa tend to peak during the summer months due to better weather conditions.

    Instead of shirking their responsibilities and demonizing people seeking protection, Italy and other EU states must cooperate to expand regular and safe paths for those forced to make the desperate journey across the sea, and welcome newcomers with humanity, dignity and spirit.

    of solidarity.” Tom Garofalo, IRC Country Director for Libya, says: “People are desperate to leave Libya because of the conditions they live in.

    Every day they know that they can be kidnapped, arbitrarily detained and subjected to violence and abuse.

    Risking life at sea is the last resort.

    Tragically, however, this route through the Central Mediterranean Sea is fraught with danger and has already claimed the lives of more than 870 people this year.

    "In 2022, more than 9,800 refugees, asylum seekers and other migrants were intercepted by Libyan authorities, including the Coast Guard, and returned to Libyan shores.

    IRC teams at disembarkation points in Libya regularly treat the horrific injuries suffered by those sent back to the country: dehydration, exhaustion, burns from fuel leaks, and other physical and mental scars from their traumatic journeys.Yet instead of receiving the lasting support they need, most are sent to detention where conditions are often deplorable.

    As we head into the peak summer months, we know that more and more desperate people will attempt the perilous journey from Libya to safety in Europe.

    It is absolutely critical that the EU relaunch its own dedicated search and rescue mission in the Mediterranean as soon as possible to prevent further suffering and loss of life."

    Imogen Sudbury, IRC Executive Director for Policy and Advocacy, Europe, says: "As the number of displaced people worldwide has ballooned to over 100 million for the first time, it is imperative that EU leaders take urgent and principled action to prevent further suffering on Europe's borders.

    If they don't, the Mediterranean will not simply become a graveyard for more people seeking protection, but for its own values ​​of human rights, dignity and equality."

    As the death toll rises in the central Mediterranean, IRC calls on the EU and its member states to: Expand safe and regular pathways of protection and mobility from Africa to Europe so that people are not forced to risk their lives in dangerous places.

    The first step will be to commit to resettling at least 40,000 refugees by 2023, paying particular attention to needs along the Central Mediterranean Route.

    This must be complemented by the extension of safe and regular routes to Europe through humanitarian corridors, family reunification and work or study visas Urgently establishing an EU-funded search and rescue mission in the Mediterranean Sea, as well as ensuring that any support , including financial, technological or training, to the Libyan authorities, including the Coast Guard, in policies and practices that refer to migration, is conditional on the defense of the human rights of people on the move Strengthen coordination with other actors of maritime rescue, including NGOs – so that all people rescued at sea are taken to a place of safety, which Libya is not, as the UNHCR has repeatedly stated.

    Prioritize ending arbitrary detention and the release of all people currently held in detention centers in all diplomatic efforts with the Libyan authorities, while urging the latter to ensure alternatives to detention for people on the move, especially women and children who face specific protection.

    risks Support partner countries along the Central Mediterranean Route in promoting access to services and protection measures, especially for women, children and other people in vulnerable situations, as well as guaranteeing access to information on services basic social, legal and administrative along the route.

    Reach a political solution for a permanent, legally binding and predictable shared responsibility system based on relocations, so that Europe's border countries do not take on a disproportionate responsibility for supporting new arrivals.

    Present in Libya since August 2016, the IRC provides life-saving health and protection services, supports broader health system strengthening efforts, and builds the capacity of Libyan youth in peacebuilding and governance initiatives.

    So far in 2022, the IRC has carried out 49 emergency responses, supporting more than 3,800 people, including 190 women and 228 children.

    In Italy, the IRC works to protect refugees and asylum seekers, focusing on women, unaccompanied children and those requiring psychosocial support.

    The IRC works with partners to improve its ability to quickly identify trafficking survivors and strengthen their access to legal assistance and support.

    The online platform provides clear and timely information for refugees and asylum seekers in need of local support services, enabling them to make informed decisions about their lives.

  •  The role of Algeria Egypt and Nigeria in Africa s quest for European gas market share by NJ Ayuk
    The role of Algeria, Egypt and Nigeria in Africa’s quest for European gas market share (by NJ Ayuk)
     The role of Algeria Egypt and Nigeria in Africa s quest for European gas market share by NJ Ayuk
    The role of Algeria, Egypt and Nigeria in Africa’s quest for European gas market share (by NJ Ayuk)
    Africa2 weeks ago

    The role of Algeria, Egypt and Nigeria in Africa’s quest for European gas market share (by NJ Ayuk)

    By NJ Ayuk, Executive Chairman, African Energy Chamber ( Reduced deliveries of Russian natural gas is a source of anxiety for the European Union, and rightly so, given that the bloc has been too dependent for too long weather.

    for a long time at Gazprom, a Russian majority state-owned company that serves as a de facto political instrument for the Kremlin.

    But this anxiety is also a source of potential for African gas producers, as it is driving European consumers to look elsewhere for fuel.

    This search has drawn attention to a number of African gas projects that are likely to help Europe in the future, especially as the EU seeks to permanently move away from reliance on Russian gas.

    Both Tanzania and Mozambique, for example, are planning large-scale offshore development plans that will support liquefied natural gas (LNG) plants capable of shipping large volumes of the fuel to European markets by the end of the decade.

    The Republic of the Congo hopes to accelerate a medium-scale modular project that can start production a few years earlier.

    Meanwhile, other greenfield initiatives are being discussed in Mauritania and Namibia, and several large international companies have come together to bring new fields online to facilitate LNG production in Angola.

    All of these projects are exciting and new.

    For the time being, however, they are not going to have much concrete impact on the European energy balance.

    That's because they can't.

    They are not ready yet.

    The African Gas Timeline These projects have great potential, but their potential has yet to be realized.

    In countries like Tanzania and Mozambique, we know the gas is there because the International Oil Companies (IOCs) have seen, measured, analyzed and tested it; they just don't have time yet to drill all the development wells and build all the infrastructure needed to extract it and convert it into LNG for export.

    In the Republic of Congo, we know the gas is there, and the big Italian company Eni is already extracting it, just not on a scale that can immediately serve buyers in Europe or local power plants.

    These obstacles can be overcome.

    Holes can be filled, wells drilled, pipelines connected, gas liquefaction plants built, tankers chartered.

    But it will take time, years, not weeks or months, to organize the necessary financing, sign the necessary contracts, gather the necessary materials, etc.

    However, this does not mean that Africa cannot play a role in helping the EU wean itself off its dependence on Russian gas in the short term.

    Absolutely not!

    The importance of existing capacity But much of that assistance, at least in the short term, will come from existing capacity, that is, from places in Africa that are already producing gas for export to Europe.

    Above all, it will come from these three countries: Algeria, Egypt and Nigeria, which will account for 80% of African gas production between 2022 and 2025, according to the African Energy Chamber's State of African Energy Q2 2022 report, prepared in consultation with Rystad Energy.

    (Algeria, Egypt and Nigeria will also account for about 60% of the continent's total LNG production capacity during the same period, even as construction of new facilities progresses, the report says.) These three states are already known to be the largest.

    gas producers in Africa.

    According to the 2022 edition of BP's World Energy Statistical Review, they accounted for just over 83% of the 257.5 billion cubic meters (bcm) of gas extracted in Africa in 2021 (for context, that's roughly the equivalent of all the gas consumed by Iran in a year), Algeria contributes 100.8 bcm (or more than 39% of the total), Egypt 67.8 bcm (more than 26%) and Nigeria 45.9 bcm (almost 18% ).

    In addition, they also account for the vast majority of Africa's gas liquefaction capacity of around 75.3 million tonnes per year (mtpa), with Algeria contributing 29.3 mtpa, Nigeria 22.2 mtpa, and Egypt 12.

    .2 mtpa.

    Algeria and Egypt have the only operating LNG plants in North Africa, while Nigeria is home to a plant that accounts for nearly 66% of sub-Saharan Africa's total LNG production capacity of 33.8 mtpa.

    Algeria, for its part, not only has LNG; It also has pipes.

    It is already using two of them, the Medgaz and TransMed systems, to pump fuel directly to Spain and Italy through the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea. Together these two pipelines are capable of handling up to 40 bcm per year of gas.

    The good news is that Algeria, Egypt and Nigeria are already supplying a good deal of the gas that Europe has been using to supplement Russian supplies.

    Even better, they also have enough spare capacity to make their plans to ramp up production in the coming years realistic.

    Signs of confidence Italy's Eni — and the Italian government, which has a majority stake in the company — are equally confident in the potential of these countries to help meet Europe's gas needs, as evidenced by the decision to turn to Algeria and Egypt in the search for alternatives to Russian gas.

    Both Italian government officials and Eni executives have traveled to Egypt and Algeria since Russia's invasion of Ukraine in late February to negotiate and sign new supply deals.

    Similarly, French oil major TotalEnergies recently extended its commitment to a project in Algeria's North Berkine basin, in part with the aim of finding ways to export associated gas from its oil fields to Europe.

    They had good reason for making these decisions, and good reason to hope that they would pay off in the short term!

    It is worth noting, of course, that Africa can help make up some of the difference, not all of it.

    It cannot serve as a substitute source for the entire volume of 155 bcm that Russia delivered to the EU in 2021!

    But you can play a key role in this process, and you don't have to wait to start.

  •  Archie s mother crushed as court refuses to prolong life support
    Archie’s mother crushed as court refuses to prolong life support
     Archie s mother crushed as court refuses to prolong life support
    Archie’s mother crushed as court refuses to prolong life support
    Foreign2 weeks ago

    Archie’s mother crushed as court refuses to prolong life support

    Archie’s mother crushed as court refuses to prolong life support Archie’s mother crushed as court refuses to prolong life support LifeLondon,  Aug. 4,  2022 (PA ) In Britain, the mother of Archie Battersbee has described the rejection of her bid to postpone the withdrawal of her son’s life support as “another heart-breaking development” and suggested the legal battle is at an end.

    Hollie Dance and Archie’s father Paul Battersbee had submitted an application to the European Court of Human Rights but it was refused on Wednesday evening.

    The 12-year-old has been in a coma since he was found unconscious in April and is being kept alive by a combination of medical interventions, including ventilation and drug treatments, at the Royal London Hospital in Whitechapel, east London.

    His parents’ application to the Strasbourg-based court had been submitted just a few hours before Barts Health NHS Trust had been expected to withdraw their son’s life support on Wednesday morning.

    But shortly after 6.30pm, the European court said it had refused the parents’ request, adding that it would not “interfere with the decisions of the national courts to allow the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment from (Archie) to proceed”.

    There has not yet been confirmation from Barts Health NHS Trust as to when life support will be withdrawn.

    Following the European court’s decision, in a statement released through Christian Concern, Ms Dance said: “This is another heart-breaking development in our fight for Archie’s right to live.

    ” She restated that they had been contacted by doctors in Japan and Italy regarding her son’s condition, adding: “Why can’t we give him a chance?

    ” Ms Dance repeated her vow to “fight to the end for Archie’s right to live”, and said the family had wanted to take the boy to a hospice “but the hospital have said that we cannot do that despite previous promises”.

    Some minutes later, asked by reporters outside the hospital whether this defeat felt different, she said: “It’s the end.

    It was the last thing, wasn’t it?

    And again our country have failed a 12-year-old child.

    ” UK Supreme Court judges have previously said they have “great sympathy” with Archie’s parents but added there is “no prospect of any meaningful recovery”.

    Ms Dance and Archie’s father, Paul Battersbee, have been involved in a series of legal efforts regarding their son’s condition.

    He was found unconscious at his home by his mother on April 7 and has not regained consciousness since.

    She believes he was taking part in an online challenge.

    Ms Dance and Mr Battersbee were granted a Court of Appeal hearing on Monday after the Government asked judges to urgently consider a request from a UN committee to keep treating Archie while it reviews his case.

    However, after considering the matter, three judges refused to postpone the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment beyond midday on Tuesday.

    They also refused to grant permission to appeal against their ruling at the Supreme Court.

    They filed an application directly with the Supreme Court, asking for his treatment to continue so the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) could have time to consider their complaint, made last week.

    But, refusing permission to appeal, a panel of three justices concluded the Court of Appeal “made the correct decision”. 

    (PA ) YEE(
    NewsSourceCredit: NAN

  •  What is behind the brutal murder of a Nigerian in Italy
    What is behind the brutal murder of a Nigerian in Italy?
     What is behind the brutal murder of a Nigerian in Italy
    What is behind the brutal murder of a Nigerian in Italy?
    Africa2 weeks ago

    What is behind the brutal murder of a Nigerian in Italy?

    On Friday, in the small town of Civitanova Marche on Italy's Adriatic coast, an Italian man beat and strangled a Nigerian street vendor in broad daylight.

    Alika Ogorchukwu, 39, had apparently tried to sell the alleged assailant and his girlfriend a pack of tissues and then asked for some change.

    Public debate focuses on the gruesome details of the crime: Ogorchukwu was beaten with the crutch he used to walk, and bystanders did not intervene during the four minutes it took to kill him.

    Attention has also been focused on the fact that the suspect's attorney says the suspect has a mental health condition.

    However, there is another worrying aspect to this story: the police have ruled out any possible racist motivation behind the violence.

    Police deputy commissioner Matteo Luconi said: "Certainly there is no racial element."

    He also said the suspect's reaction was due to "a particularly insistent request for a handout."

    Italy has historically failed to respond adequately to hate crimes.

    It has a law that establishes longer prison sentences for racially aggravated crimes.

    But law enforcement, prosecutors, and courts tend to pursue this only if racism is identified as the sole motive.

    That is why in 2009 a court recognized no racist motive when it convicted two men of murdering 19-year-old Italian Abdoul Guiebre after he stole a packet of cookies from his cafeteria, despite the killers yelling racist slurs and “ Thieves, go back to your own country.

    The judge ruled that the perpetrators had "a conservative view of their own cultural and territorial integrity, rather than a discriminatory theory of racial superiority."

    But as Guiebre's grieving father told me: "If my son had had a different skin color, the [perpetrators] I wouldn't have acted like that.

    The lack of identification of hate crimes reflects the lack of recognition that racialized thinking influences behavior.

    It also means that official statistics on hate crimes are low, giving Italian authorities and society a pretext to claim that racially aggravated violence is rare and to adopt the platitude that “Italy is not a racist country”.

    Alika Ogorchukwu's death is now an issue in the run-up to Italy's snap election in September.

    It is insufficient that political party leaders from across the political spectrum have condemned the assassination.

    Italy needs to take institutional racism into account in its laws and policies.

    A call from all sides for a serious investigation into the role that race played in the murder would be a start.