Curious onlookers made their way Thursday to the site of a volcano erupting near Iceland’s capital Reykjavik to marvel at the bubbling lava, a day after the fissure appeared in an uninhabited valley.
The eruption was around 40 kilometres (25 miles) from Reykjavik, near the site of the Mount Fagradalsfjall volcano in southwestern Iceland that spewed magma for six months between March and September 2021.
While last year’s eruption was easily accessible on foot and drew more than 435,000 tourists, the new eruption is trickier to access, requiring a strenuous 90-minute hilly hike from the closest car park.
Despite that, more than 1,830 people visited the site on the first day of the eruption, according to the Icelandic Tourist Board, and more visitors were seen trekking to the scene early Thursday.
The fissure was estimated to be around 360 metres (1,181 feet) long, the Icelandic Meteorological Office said Thursday, with lava fountains about 10-15 metres high.
The average lava flow in the first hours was estimated at 32 cubic metres per second, according to measurements done Wednesday at 1705 GMT — 3.
5 hours after the eruption began — by scientists from the Institute of Earth Sciences.
That is about four or five times more than at the beginning of last year’s eruption.
“The current eruption is therefore much more powerful,” the Institute wrote in a Facebook post.
The lava covered an area of about 74,000 square metres, it said.
By comparison, last year’s six-month eruption saw 150 million cubic metres of lava spilled over 4.
85 square kilometres.
Officials had initially urged people to refrain from visiting the site until a danger assessment had been conducted.
But on Thursday, the Department of Civil Protection and Emergency Management said only that young children should not walk up to the eruption site.
Gases from a volcanic eruption — especially sulphur dioxide — can be elevated in the immediate vicinity, may pose a danger to health and even be fatal.
Gas pollution can also be carried by the wind.
Mount Fagradalsfjall belongs to the Krysuvik volcanic system on the Reykjanes peninsula in southwestern Iceland.
Known as the land of fire and ice, Iceland has 32 volcanic systems currently considered active, the highest number in Europe.
The country has had an eruption every five years on average.
Mr Akogun Oyedepo, the President, Nations Leadership Institute, has advised candidates contesting elections to choose their agents early because they are very crucial in winning elections.
Oyedepo gave the advice on Wednesday in Ilorin at a training workshop for candidates contesting for political posts.
Speaking on the workshop themed: “How to win elections,” Oyedepo declared that agents could make or mar elections.
“It is our belief in this institute that party agents can make or mar election because they are at the final, very final stage of the electoral process.
“They are the ones that can permit fraudulent practices at the balloting areas; their negligence can cause candidates to lose an election.
“If they are the type that can easily compromise, certainly they will destroy the election.
Therefore, the election can only be made or marred by agents,” he said.
Oyedepo, a lawyer, said the institute has been advising politicians to appoint their agents long before the election and bring them for training.
“We will give them the quality of a typical agent, what they should look out for when looking for agents.
“It is not only that they should have natural ability or talent; they should still be trained so that they did not destroy what they have been building long before the election,” he added.
He also said that political rallies with large crowd cannot win an election because messages in such rallies have no effect on voters, adding that rallies are carnivals for dancing and singing, and not to swing voters to their camp.
Oyedepo therefore advised candidates to focus more on town hall meetings and door-to-door campaigns to ensure personal contact with voters and pass the campaign message directly to them.
He also advised candidates to always utilise social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, Telegraph and Twitter extensively to reach more voters to get a following for their campaign activities.
“To win an election, a candidate needs to plan properly and utilise available financial resources optimally to achieve electoral victory.
“A good election campaign is key and vital in ensuring victory during an election,” Oyedepo said.
Dr Luqman Saka of the Department of Political Science, University of Ilorin, also spoke on “Campaign plan and manifesto”.
Saka said that the purpose of a campaign is to attract public support for a political cause, project a party and its candidates, and promote a public policy.
“To this end, a vivid example of a campaign is a group, political or social canvassing for a political candidate running for political office.
“A campaign can also relate to a coordinated series of operations undertaken to achieve a set goal, there can be an election campaign, a military campaign, or a marketing campaign,” he said.
The Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators of Nigeria (ICSAN) has donated cartons of branded nose masks to Lagos State Government.
The body, in a statement on Sunday by its Registrar/CEO, Mrs Taiwo Ganiyat Olusesi, said the gesture was part of its support to the MaskUpLagos initiative to curtail the spread of the coronavirus pandemic.
Olusesi said the Institute, a forerunner of ethics and corporate governance practices, must show its support by availing lending hands to the efforts of the government at curtailing the spread of COVID-19.
She pledged the Institute’s continued support and commitment at working hand in hand with the government and private sector at protecting workers and reviving the nation’s economy.
“It has already caused a lot of havoc to individuals, national and global economy.
“We must find a way to move on and revive our economy till an end comes to this scourge.
“To this end, we are donating 5 cartons of facemasks to support the government in its MaskUpLagos initiative,” she said.
The Commissioner of Office of Establishment and Training, Mrs Ajibola Ponnle, represented by the Permanent Secretary, Mr Abiodun Bamgboye, lauded the efforts of the Institute in its support to the state government.
Ponnle implored the Institute to partner the state government in the areas of staff training and capacity building.
The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CILT Nigeria) on Saturday urged the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) to include stakeholders in the review of the port concession agreement.The President of the institute, Mr Ibrahim Jibril, made the appeal on an Instagram Live programme organised by Mrs Ezinne Azunnah of the MaritimeTvNews.The programme was themed,” Supply Chain Management: Domesticating Best Models for Port Efficiency”.According to him, for any port to be efficient, it must meet the expectations of its users and in that regard, that expectation must be competitive.“It is obvious that in recent years, we have entered into some models which are expected to improve the efficiency of our ports as component of the supply chain. The activities at the ports must be in sequence with the life cycle of any cargo in transit.“That model is the port concession arrangement we entered over a decade ago and the essence was to bring private hands in and take away cargo handling from the NPA.“NPA is still in the process of reviewing that concession agreement; it has not been concluded.“The only observation is that they have not taken on board other stakeholders who can bring in other ideas to have a near perfect agreement.“This was the mistake they made at the initial agreement and as they are about reviewing the agreement, it is expected that they will include other stakeholders to draw up the agreement to forestall some of the challenges hindering efficiency at the ports,” he said.He noted that unfortunately, the agreement did not take into consideration the social repercussion of the concession itself as it would have included port access in that agreement.“If we had tinkered with it then, this problem would have been solved by now,’’ Jibril added.The institute’s boss said that a certain radius within the two main ports would be designated port areas and there would be control of movement of vehicles and the terminal operators would be fully involved in that in conjunction with government.“I think that the agreement was a little bit flawed in that direction and that is why we have seen that for several years after the concession.“We keep paying severance benefits to port workers who at times became disenchanted and stopped work and this introduced inefficiency in the way we had handled cargo at the seaports,” he said.Jibril noted that after a decade and evaluating the situation at the port, he could quite say that some of the ports had been quite efficient but that was not to say that we had achieved what we wanted at the port.He said that there were certainly some fundamental constraints and the first issue was that most of the seaports were like river ports, saying that they could not attract large vessels because of their shallow channels.He listed other challenges as piracy, saying that they were hoping that with the Deep Blue Project that government had embarked upon, it could see to the near end of piracy in the Gulf of Guinea.The CILT Nigeria boss said that NPA had introduced a few measures to improve the efficiency of port operations such as the Vessel Tracking System, which was supposed to give the country a port domain awareness of all vessels that were coming in to berth.He pointed out that NPA was seriously working on a single window platform so that importers would have one portal to contend with and also creating holding bays to reduce congestion on the bridges and road access to the ports.Jibril said that for ports operations efficiency, there was need to integrate all the four modes of transportation to the ports, noting that this could be achieved through the implementation of the National Transport Policy.“The best thing that will happen to Nigeria is if we can achieve intermodal means of transportation. We need to have a plan which can be achieved from the National Transport Master Plan got from the National Transport Policy.“Government decided to focus on the rail because this is the mode that moves the largest quantity of goods across the nation cheaper and safer.“There is also the need for private sector involvement in the railway construction so as to open doors for more efficient railway transport mode in the country,” he said.He also called for the regulation of pricing in the transportation industry and also for other services at the ports, saying that multiplicity of charges would not bring about efficiency in the system.Edited By: Edwin Nwachukwu/Adeleye Ajayi (NAN)
Institute for Agricultural Research (IAR) Zaria, Kaduna State, has advised farmers to extend planting date of crops by at least two weeks beyond normal planting period to enhance production in the 2020 wet season farming.
The Executive Director of the Institute, Prof. Mohammed Ishiyaku, gave the advice in a statement issued on Tuesday in Zaria.
Ishiyaku advised farmers to use medium maturing variety where available, or further delay planting of early maturing variety that were available with them.
“A nitrogen fertilizer that is NPK 20:10:10 should be applied in at least three splits for cereal crops like maize, sorghum and millet in the region.
“In essence, fertilizer should be applied during planting as first dose, second dose should be applied two weeks after planting, while the last application should be at six weeks after planting,’’ Ishiyaku said.
Ishiyaku said the advice was part of the recommendations of a meeting between IAR, Faculty of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, and other stakeholders.
Ishiyaku said that key issues that required urgent attention of policy makers, farmers and other key stakeholders included prediction and projection of delay in onset of rainfall and delay in cessation of rainfall in the northern and southern guinea savannahs.
He said the total amount of rainfall to be expected in 2020 would be similar with previous years, except that the number of rainy days would decrease.
He said with this, farmers were therefore advised to plant crop varieties that had the medium maturity period to escape floods and harvest losses due to anticipated prolonged rainfall.
“ A moderate increase in the intensity of rainfall will be experienced during the 2020 rainy season which may result in flooding and excessive water for certain crops like maize, thereby causing harvest rots and washing off fertilizer,’’ Ishiyaku said.
The Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR&T), Ibadan, has distributed five tonnes(1,000kg) of high yield maize seed variety resistant to downy mildew and streak diseases to farmers in the South-West Zone.
The institute’s Executive Director, Prof. Veronica Obatolu, told the News Agency of Nigeria on Monday in Ibadan that the five states of Osun, Ogun, Ondo, Lagos and Ekiti received one tonne (1000kg) each.
Obatolu said that farmers in Oyo State would soon receive their own from the seed store of the institute.
She said the seeds distributed were for cultivation of 50 hectares of land in each state.
Obatolu explained that since maize was a source of some major food in the South West Zone, the institute decided to address likely seed shortage for maize cultivation.
She said that access to quality seeds remained the bedrock of agricultural productivity, adding that the outbreak of COVID-19 was likely to affect economic strength which may make quality seeds inaccessible to farmers.
“This may likely encourage seed adulteration and invariably lead to reduced yield and hunger.
“Therefore to mitigate likely food shortage and hunger, IAR&T tthought it wise to reach out to farmers through state ministries of agriculture and Agricultural Development Programmes.
“The aim of the distribution is also to reduce likely stress of accessing quality seed by farmers due to various forms of lock down,” the executive director said.
She advised farmers to make good use of the seeds and maintain physical distancing while on field.
“COVID-19 has come, it will go by God’s grace, rain has come, it will not wait for us, so now is the time for farmers to go to the field and plant the seed for us to be food secured during and after COVID-19,” she said.
NAN reports that IAR&T is a multi-commodity national research institute that serves as a national center for integrated research on improvement of genetic potentials of crops such as maize and livestock.
The institute also works on improvement on seed supply, yield and quality as well as utilisation of food and industrial crops and livestock that are adaptable to agro-ecological zones of the South-West Zone.
Edited By: Bayo Sekoni/Mufutau Ojo) (NAN)
The Institute for National Transformation (INT) on Friday distributed food items to over 120 indigents in Monkey village, an inner-city slum in Opebi area of Ikeja.
The News Agency of Nigeria reports that each of the beneficiaries received a bag containing 2kg gari, 5kg rice and 5kg beans.
The team leader for the institute’s food bank project, Mrs Olubukola Femi-Ajala, said the gesture was aimed at bringing succor to vulnerable communities during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Femi-Ajala said that the institute would also embark on intervention programmes in various slum communities in Lagos State.
According to her, the intervention programmes include welfare, housing, medicals, education, entrepreneurial and leadership training.
“In order to develop a nation, we need to first develop the people and change their mindset by re-orientating them.
“From the communities we visited in Ayobo and Monkey village, we tried to identify their basic needs apart from food.
“Having identified their needs, we intend to attack it by first changing their mindset and training them based on what they want in terms of skills.
“For monkey village, we are teaming up with stakeholders around the area to find out ways to make something good out of the place,’’ she said.
Femi-Ajala added that the institute would begin to change their mindset on proper waste disposal and recycling so they could begin to see money from waste.
She noted that community engagement through community leaders was an effective approach to data collection and key to the success of intervention programmes.
“One of the strategies that have been working for us is collaboration with the community leaders, to know the exact state of affairs,” she said
She also urged Nigerians not to rely solely on the government to live improved lives.
“We cannot wait for the government for everything. Whatever we can do in our community, let us do it,” she added.
Also speaking on the deplorable state of Monkey Village, Mr Tunde Akindele, INT board member, said the community was faced with hardships such as access to clean water.
“There are over 1,000 people living in the area including children, the elderly, youths. They have no water and as a result, they have to walk about 2km to get clean water.
“So, as a matter of urgency, we are going to rally with other people to see how we can construct borehole so they can have easy access to clean water. At least if they have food and clean water, they can be alive.
“Our next step is to look for those who are literate among them who we can train on various skills.
“We will ensure they are empowered gradually until they are able to stand on their own and eventually leave the environment to make something good out of themselves,” he said.
Receiving the food Items, Mr Volume Kupa, a community leader in Monkey village, expressed gratitude for the food package saying “it will go a long way.”
Kupa said the community was facing prolonged lack of electricity, exposure to wildlife, lack of clean water, among others.
He also pleaded with the institute to provide other relief materials such as mosquito nets and repellents as they were very susceptible to malaria.
Edited By: Edwin Nwachukwu/Wale Ojetimi (NAN)
The Nigerian Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (NIEEE) has weighed in on the controversy that next generation telephone networks, popularly known as 5G technology may be harmful to human beings.
In a statement signed by the National Chairman of the institute, Mr Kings Adeyemi, in Lagos on Wednesday, the institute said that the frequency that drives speed in technology as well as the technicalities behind 5G operations can never pose hazards to human health.
He said that the institute would continue to support government and other stakeholders to ensure that right decisions were adopted to ensure smooth 5G mobile technology deployment.
Adeyemi said that Nigeria was lagging behind in its transition to 5G mobile network which, according to him, drives both telecommunication and internet connectivity speeds.
He called for increased investments in 5G network, which according to him is expected to be launched by 2030.
“The rollout of 5G networks is still at infancy stage globally. There is no 5G deployment in Nigeria as at this time.
“NIEEE will continue to advise government and organisations and educate the public on matters within the jurisdiction of electrical and electronic engineering profession. 5G will co-exist with predecessor generation networks.
“Kindly note that this publication is not intended to contend against existing procedures and regulatory instruments (local or international) but as insights to the concerned stakeholders,” he said.
The News Agency of Nigeria reports that GSMA is an industry organisation that represents the interests of mobile network operators globally.
Adeyemi identified concerns around the evolution of 5G network, noting that by NIEEE’s professional training, safety was of highest priority to all electrical engineers.
“Mobile telecommunication is based on radio wave propagation, which is similar to other commonly known forms of radio communication such as broadcast radio and television.”
He explained that the systems operate in designated frequency bands within the electromagnetic spectrum and that every new generation mobile networks (G) had its delights and skepticisms.
The chairman said that evolution of every stage, spanned 10 and that 5G was a product of 10 years of research, planning, testing and fine-tuning.
“It is obvious that 5G is not just about human communication only but machine/devices communications and interactions with applications.
”It therefore, means that 5G will usher in interconnection of people, things and applications with little or no human intervention.
“In as much as the set goals are laudable and novel, the first concern is for researchers to identify the technologies that can bring these goals into reality.
“The six fundamental technologies that we can address are millimeter wave; small cell or mini base station and plenty or massive Multiple-Input and Multiple-Output (MIMO).
“Others are advanced beam forming; Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) and Mobile Edge Computing. These technologies are not new,’’ he said.
MIMO is a method of multiplying the capacity of radio links using multiple transmissions and receiving antennas to achieve multipath broadcast.
NOMA on the other hand is a design technique used for radio wave access for 5G wireless networks and beyond usually designed to serve multiple users and computer applications.
Adeyemi explained further that wireless communications operated within certain calibrated frequencies with 5G services falling into three sub-bands affected by low power and short coverage should not generate fears.
“Natural behavior of radio waves obeys Newton’s inverse-square law of electromagnetic propagation, meaning that each time the distance from the transmitter is doubled, the received power at that point is reduced to one-fourth of the power at the transmitter.
“Some say high speed kills, this does not apply to high data speed. World Health Organization defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
“Staying alive and in good health have become major concerns of all. Electromotive Force (EMF) from 5G network cannot transmit virus.
Adeyemi noted that there was no significant difference in the frequencies used for 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G because the 5G could operate on all earlier network frequencies.
According to him, focus should be on the frequency and the power, rather than the technology as international standards are the main pillars of mobile telecommunications.
Edited By: Chinyere Bassey/Silas Nwoha (NAN)
The Institute of Human Virology Nigeria (IHVN), has urged the Federal Government to utilise all community structures for contact-tracing and sample collection to check the spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19).Dr Patrick Dakum, the institute’s Chief Executive Officer, gave the advice in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria on Saturday in Abuja.Dakum said that the government should engage the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA), State Agencies for the Control of AIDS (SACAs), Primary Health Care, (PHC) structures under National Primary Healthcare Development Agency, (NPHCDA), among others.He said that these agencies had critical roles to play as the country experienced community spread of the virus.He explained that most of them could be used as sample collection sites.“Everyone coming into a PHC with respiratory symptoms should have samples taken for COVID-19 virus.“All PHCs should have capacity for sample collection and adequate data-driven logistics,” he said.“The geographical spread of the contacts will provide a rough estimate of communities at higher risk. Geo-mapping of index cases and their contacts is key.“The virus is highly infectious and can spread when contacted from someone who has it.“Therefore, we must ensure that both primary and secondary persons who are in contact with someone who is exposed are traced.”Dakum stressed the need for continuous community sensitisation about the current pandemic.According to him, communities must sensitise their members that COVID-19 is real and someone can be infected through close contact with another person.He said that although maintaining social distancing was very difficult in densely populated areas, the directive should not be relaxed until the virus was contained.He stressed the need for intensive campaigns to be carried out in the communities on disinfection of surfaces and regular washing of hands.Dakum said that the surge in infections of the virus could be handled with quick detection, isolation and treatment.He called on the elderly and those with underlining diseases to be cautious as the virus could easily knock off their natural defence.Edited By: Joe Idika (NAN)
Germany registered 1,478 new confirmed COVID-19 cases over the past 24 hours, raising the total cases to 159,119, said the federal government's agency for disease control and prevention on Thursday.
The death toll grew to 6,288, up 173 within the same period of time, according to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI).
At the height of the epidemic in Germany, more than 6,000 new infections were recorded on a single day by the RKI.
On Tuesday, RKI President Lothar Wieler asked his countrymen not to risk the results achieved in containing the virus.
"We want to continue to defend this success, and we can do so if we stick to certain rules," he said. Enitem