Guinea has been stripped of the rights to host the 2025 Africa Cup of Nations (AFCON) finals, the Confederation of African Football (CAF) announced on Saturday.
This development means a fresh bidding for the tournament’s hosting rights is set to be reopened on Saturday.
The rights withdrawal followed a meeting on Friday in Conakry between Guinea’s interim president, Col. Mamady Doumbouya, and CAF President Patrice Motsepe.
The meeting had discussed the withdrawal after the west African country, among the poorest of the continent, said it was not ready to host the 24-nation tournament.
Guinea’s inability was due to its infrastructure and facilities not being ready to host a world-class AFCON competition.
Motsepe was accompanied during his meeting with the Guinean leader by CAF General Secretary, Véron Mosengo-Omba.The development is expected to ginger Guinea into working towards bidding with other competing nations for the 2024 African Nations Championship (CHAN).
The 2022 edition of CHAN is being hosted by Algeria in 2023.The CAF Executive Committee will be meeting on Saturday in Algiers, Algeria and will take a decision to re-open the bidding process for the 2025 AFCON.
The 2023 AFCON is already scheduled to hold in Côte d’Ivoire.
Heavy gunfire rang out from the main military camp and some residential areas of Burkina Faso’s capital on Friday and a large blast was heard near the presidential palace, Reuters reporters said.
Armed soldiers took up positions along the avenue leading to the presidency and blocked access to administrative buildings and the national television, which had stopped broadcasting, the Reuters said.
Military vehicles were also along several streets remained deserted as residents stayed indoors.
A government spokesman could not be reached.
It was not clear yet if this was a coup attempt but it bore the hallmarks of other power grabs that have swept across West and Central Africa over the past two years.
A military junta led by Colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba took power in Burkina Faso in a coup on Jan. 24. Damiba’s whereabouts is unknown; his government had been expected to hold a press conference on Friday afternoon to brief the media on the security situation and recent attacks.
His January takeover was largely celebrated by civilians fed up with former President Roch Kabore’s civilian government that was unable to rein in Islamist militants linked to Islamic State and al Qaeda.
The militants have killed thousands of civilians in recent years and taken over large parts of the north and east.
In his first statement after the January coup, Damiba, often seen in public in military fatigues and aviator sunglasses, pledged to restore security.
But attacks in the impoverished West African country have worsened and the army is in disarray.
The rank and file, which gave Damiba their support in January, havem grown frustrated at the lack of progress, security sources say.
This week, unknown assailants killed 11 soldiers in an attack on a 150-vehicle convoy taking supplies to a town in northern Burkina Faso, fifty civilians are missing.
Militants have blockaded areas of the north, leaving communities stranded.
Government convoys and air drops deliver essential goods to trapped civilians.
Meanwhile, many cities and towns not under siege have seen their populations swell as people flee the violence from the countryside.
Health systems are stretched.
Drought has led to high levels of malnutrition.
Protests against the military have cropped up in cities across Burkina Faso this week, including one in the northern town of Kaya on Saturday, to demand that the government do more to improve the security situation.
Much of the country has become ungovernable since 2018, millions have fled their homes, fearing further raids by gunmen who frequently descend on rural communities on motorbikes.
Thousands have been killed in attacks.
Burkina Faso has become the epicentre of the violence that began in neighbouring Mali in 2012 but which has since spread across the arid expanse of the Sahel region south of the Sahara Desert.
As well as Burkina Faso, Mali, Chad, and Guinea have all seen coups since 2020, raising fears about a backslide towards military rule in a region that has made democratic progress in recent decades.
In response to the situation of thousands of migrants stranded in Niger, the Commission of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) deployed a high-level humanitarian mission in Niamey.
The mission is led by Prof. Fatou Sow Sarr, ECOWAS Commissioner for Human Development and Social Affairs, and is expected to draw up an appropriate recovery and reintegration plan for the migrants.
The team, made up of ECOWAS experts and representatives of the most affected member states (Guinea, Nigeria, Mali, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Niger, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Gambia, Sierra Leone and Benin), has been in Niamey since on September 26, 2022, with the support of the International Office for Migration (IOM).
The mission's activities began on Tuesday, September 27, with a visit to the Agadez migrant center, followed by a meeting in Agadez Governorate with the authorities in charge of the vast region of northern Niger along the borders with Algeria, Chad, Libya and Mali, which is facing a massive flow of migrants expelled from Algeria and Libya to a lesser extent.
During the visit to the IOM-led center in Agadez, Prof. Fatou Sow Sarr accompanied by HE N'dri Guillaume Gnamien, ECOWAS Resident Representative in Niger, held talks with Niger's Minister of Health, Mr. Illiassou Mainassara and the Governor of Agadez.
Region, Mr. Magagi Maman Dada, who also came to learn about the conditions of stay of migrants served by the United Nations agency specializing in migration issues.
The mission's program also includes a two-day roundtable, to take place on 28-29 September 2022, between ECOWAS, representatives of the most affected Member States, IOM and the Nigerien authorities to share points of view and discuss sustainable and effective strategies to ensure adequate care for migrants in Niger, as well as their return and reintegration in their country of origin.
In her opening speech, Professor Fatou Sow Sarr expressed concern about the number of women and young children among the migrants and the number of people who lost their lives during their attempt to migrate or during their expulsion from Algeria or Libya.
She praised the efforts of IOM, which is working with the Nigerien authorities to receive the migrants and repatriate them to their respective countries.
“The ECOWAS Commission stands ready to support member states in addressing the challenges related to the irregular migration of citizens from the region,” concluded Prof. Fatou Sow Sarr. Speaking at the opening ceremony, Niger's Minister for Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management, Mr. Magagi Laouan, welcomed the efforts of ECOWAS and its technical and financial partners, in particular IOM, for their support in management of the migration crisis in the West African region.
as well as its support to Niger in the care of migrants.
It should be noted that Commissioner Fatou Sow Sarr and HE N'dri Guillaume Gnamien attended the opening of the round table on the financing of Niger's national migration policy 2020-2035 and its first five-year action plan, chaired by HE Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou, Prime Minister of Niger, on the morning of Wednesday, September 28, 2022.
At the end of their mission in Niger, the experts and representatives of the Member States present in Niger will draw up an action plan and make recommendations to the ECOWAS authorities, Member States and partners in order to propose adequate solutions in the short, medium and long term for the proper management of transit migration in Niger.
The UN chief paid tribute on Wednesday to the hundreds of victims and their families of a 2009 stadium massacre in Guinea's capital, as some of the ringleaders allegedly responsible for the gruesome deaths of more than 150 people that day were judged.
In addition to the deaths, during the opposition rally protesting the military government on September 28, women and girls were raped, after security forces blocked the exits to the stadium in Conakry, before opening fire.
Some protesters were shot to death or brutally attacked with knives, while others were trampled to death.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres said he took note of the start of the trials and said the families of those killed and those who witnessed the events that day "have waited for justice for so many years."
Supporting Justice In a statement issued by his Spokesperson, Mr. Guterres reaffirmed the UN's commitment to supporting efforts to uphold justice and accountability.
“It calls on the authorities to ensure that the trials are carried out in accordance with due legal process, so that the perpetrators are held accountable and the victims receive reparation.” Guinea's former military ruler, Moussa Dadis Camara, is in the dock, along with 10 other officers, all accused of having responsibility for the soldiers who allegedly carried out the massacre and other crimes that day.
"The Secretary-General urges the authorities to further ensure that human rights are respected throughout the country's political transition process," the statement said.
"He reiterates the solidarity and support of the United Nations for regional efforts to accompany the return to constitutional order in Guinea."
'Sexual mutilation and slavery' Acting UN human rights chief Nada Al-Nashif also welcomed the start of the proceedings, noting that many of the 156 who disappeared or were killed during what had been a peaceful demonstration They had been tortured to death.
with their bodies buried in mass graves.
The head of the OHCHR added that at least 109 girls and women had suffered sexual violence, "including sexual mutilation and sexual slavery."
The UN Commission of Inquiry in 2009 concluded that there was a "strong presumption that crimes against humanity were committed" and that "there are reasonable grounds to suspect individual criminal responsibility".
Waiting for 13 years “Victims and relatives have been waiting for truth, justice and reparation for 13 years.
The opening today of this long-awaited judicial process is a crucial step for Guinea in its fight against impunity,” said Ms. Al-Nashif.
As a result of the events, the UN Commission of Inquiry, with the support of the UN Human Rights Office, was mandated to establish the facts and circumstances of the event, identify those responsible and make recommendations.
“Since 2009, we have been advocating for fair and independent trials.
We call on all authorities involved to ensure that this important trial is conducted in a victim-sensitive manner and in accordance with international standards and due process,” added the Acting High Commissioner.
“Accountability is essential for wounds to heal and for reconciliation,” she stressed.
'Only the beginning': ICC Prosecutor International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor Karim Khan addressed groups of survivors and others in the courtroom in Conakry on Monday, before proceedings began, and He said: "On this important day, I applaud the people of Guinea, the survivors and those who lost their loved ones."
The start of the trial, "is just the beginning," he added.
“My office will be watching closely.
The presumption of innocence is fundamental to justice.
This judgment rests not only on the shoulders of the judges and the parties.
It is the collective responsibility of the people of Guinea.”
UN Secretary-General António Guterres on Wednesday paid tribute to the hundreds of victims and their families, of a 2009 stadium massacre in the capital of Guinea.
Guterres made the pledge as some of the ringleaders allegedly responsible for the gruesome death of more than 150 people that day, went on trial.
Alongside the deaths, during the opposition rally protesting military rule on Wednesday, women and girls were raped, after security forces blocked off exits to the stadium in Conakry, before opening fire.
Some protesters were shot dead, or brutally attacked with knives, while others were trampled to death.
Guterres, in a statement, said he took note of the start of the trials, saying the families of the dead and those who witnessed the events that day, “have waited for justice for so many years.
” The UN chief reaffirmed the commitment of the UN to support efforts aimed at upholding justice and accountability, a statement issued by his spokesperson, Mr Stephane Dujarric.
“He calls on the authorities to ensure that the trials are conducted in accordance with due process of law, so that perpetrators are held accountable, and victims receive reparations.
” Guinea’s former military ruler, Moussa Dadis Camara, is in the dock, along with ten other officials, all charged with having responsibility over the soldiers who allegedly carried out the massacre and other crimes on the day.
“The Secretary-General calls on the authorities to further ensure that human rights are respected throughout the country’s political transition process.
“He reiterates the solidarity and support of the United Nations to regional efforts to accompany a return to constitutional order in Guinea,” Dujarric said.
The acting UN human rights chief, Ms Nada Al-Nashif, also welcomed the start of proceedings, noting that many of the 156 who disappeared or were killed during what had been a peaceful rally, had been tortured to death, with their corpses buried in mass graves.
The UN Commission of Inquiry in 2009, concluded that there was a “strong presumption that crimes against humanity were committed” and that “there are reasonable grounds to suspect individual criminal responsibility”.
“Victims and relatives have been waiting for 13 years for truth, justice and reparations.
Today’s opening of this long-awaited judicial process is a crucial step for Guinea in its fight against impunity,” Al-Nashif said.
In the aftermath of the events, the UN Commission of Inquiry with the support of the UN Human Rights Office was mandated to establish the facts and circumstances of the event, and to identify those responsible and make recommendations.
“Since 2009, we have been advocating for fair and independent trials.
We call on all the authorities involved to ensure that this important trial is conducted in a victim-sensitive manner, and in accordance with international standards and due process,” the acting High Commissioner added.
“Accountability is essential for wounds to heal and for reconciliation,” she stressed.
The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Karim Khan, addressed survivor groups and others in the courtroom on Monday in Conakry, before proceedings began, and said “on this important day, I applaud the people of Guinea, the survivors, and those who lost loved ones.
” The start of the trial, “is only the beginning”, he added.
“My office will be watching closely.
Presumption of innocence is critical for justice.
This trial rests not only on the shoulders of the judges and parties.
It is the collective responsibility of the people of Guinea.
As Mercy Ships (www.MercyShips.Africa) marks 30 years of service to the continent, providing free surgical care, training and support from its hospital ships to local development projects in Africa, its Africa Office Director, Dr. Pierre M'Pele calls for continuous vigilance and tireless pursuit of efforts to improve the level of health of African populations.
Life expectancy in Africa has increased by 10 years since 2000, as a result of interventions such as the implementation of the Millennium 2000-2015 and the successful commitments made by national governments under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2015-2030.
Working to serve the greatest number of people in a sustainable manner, having a people-centered vision and planning for greater investment in health as part of national development programs, together with good democratic governance, stability and economic growth have also positively influenced health.
indicators across the continent.
"We absolutely must celebrate these positive results, however, we must be cautious and avoid complacency, because this positive news is a tree that hides the forest," says Dr. M'Pele. “A third of clinical conditions in Africa require surgical, obstetric and anesthetic care, and yet there is less than one surgical specialist per 100,000 population, making surgery a particularly neglected component of health systems in Africa.
It is a critical area where a lot of improvement is needed.
While much of the world is looking to the latest technologies to improve its clinical care, we say there is still a lot of work to be done in Africa to increase the number of qualified, specialized and dedicated doctors and nurses as well.” Access to quality, safe and affordable surgical, obstetric and anesthetic care is a luxury in most African countries, and especially for the poorest populations.
The challenge of equity and the integration of surgical and anesthetic care in national health systems are prerequisites for achieving Universal Health Coverage in Africa.
Preliminary results of research conducted by Mercy Ships in 602 district hospitals in 32 sub-Saharan African countries as part of the organization's engagement with African governments, national and international partners, and health experts revealed an alarming situation that requires action at all countries.
“The goal of this research, and the political commitment it fosters, is to increase investment in improving surgical, obstetric and anesthetic care systems by 2030 to achieve Universal Health Coverage.
When you understand that one in four district hospitals, for example, do not have water or electricity, and only one in twenty-five have an Internet connection in this century of computerization, it helps you identify the areas where improvement is most needed.
done,” says Dr. M'Pele. This is why initiatives like baseline assessment are so important.
The survey is helping national leadership identify gaps in areas such as infrastructure, human resources, service delivery, information management, finance, impact of Covid-19 on surgery, governance and leadership, as well as pediatric surgery.
The survey findings confirm the need for infrastructure investment, continuing education and surgical support in Africa, and highlight the value and urgent need for Mercy Ships' work in collaboration with African nations.
It is a topic that Dr. M'Pele addressed in his recent op-ed entitled “Health in Africa: the tree that hides the forest” (https://bit.ly/3dNLY4r), and which he discussed with the Commissioner of the African Union for Education, Science, Technology and Innovation, HE Prof. Mohamed Belhocine, who granted him an audience on September 7, 2022 in Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia.
He also shared his thoughts with key stakeholders during his recent visit to Europe.
As a decisive step towards advancing political dialogue on ways to strengthen health systems within AU member countries, the results of the survey will be delivered to the African Union Commission by the end of the year.
It is hoped that it will prompt other member countries to join the six African states (Cameroon, Comoros, Congo, Gambia, Guinea Bissau and Senegal) that have adopted the Dakar Declaration.
The Declaration may be ambitious, but it offers hope of filling the health care gap for most of Africa's populations.
Mercy Ship's wish is that all African leaders, governments and partners commit to the necessary financial investment to develop concrete actions to improve the health of the continent's populations, especially the poorest.
Por Pierre M'Pelé, Director, Mercy Ships Africa Bureau (www.MercyShips.Africa) En agosto, el Informe de seguimiento de la OMS sobre la cobertura sanitaria universal en África reveló un aumento de 10 años en la esperanza de vida entre 2000 y 2019.
Este aumento drástico es un consecuencia de la caída del 37% en la mortalidad entre 2000 y 2015 tras la implementación de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio 2000-2015.
De hecho, durante las últimas dos décadas, África ha hecho un enorme progreso en el cuidado de la salud y estos dos indicadores esenciales, marcadores de la salud de una población, así lo atestiguan.
Si bien es cierto que es legítimo regocijarse por este aumento para un continente azotado por tantos males, debemos ser cautelosos y evitar la complacencia porque esta noticia positiva es un árbol que esconde el bosque.
Por lo tanto, es prudente permanecer alerta y proseguir incansablemente los esfuerzos para mejorar el nivel de salud de las poblaciones africanas.
El baobab que esconde el bosque Numerosos informes, estudios y evaluaciones, incluidos los publicados por la OMS, muestran que este progreso se debe a los avances en la prevención y el tratamiento de enfermedades infecciosas (VIH, tuberculosis y malaria), salud reproductiva, materna, neonatal e infantil, en particular con la mejora en la cobertura de los servicios de salud esenciales, que alcanzó el 46 % en 2019, en comparación con el 24 % en 2000.
Si bien este progreso es notable, se distribuye de manera desigual en África, entre las regiones , entre países, e incluso dentro de los países, y la lenta reducción de las enfermedades infecciosas indica una transición epidemiológica que merece especial atención porque las enfermedades no transmisibles son una epidemia silenciosa y mortal ahora y en el futuro.
Este avance es también el resultado de los compromisos adquiridos sucesivamente en el marco de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio 2000-2015 seguidos de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) 2015-2030.
Han liderado el liderazgo nacional para servir al mayor número de personas para garantizar un cambio duradero.
A nivel nacional e internacional, estos compromisos han permitido una visión y planificación centrada en las personas para una mayor inversión en salud como parte de los programas nacionales de desarrollo.
La buena gobernanza democrática, la estabilidad y el crecimiento económico en los países africanos durante las últimas dos décadas, así como el apoyo a numerosas iniciativas, también han influido positivamente en los indicadores de salud.
Para lograr la Cobertura Universal de Salud en línea con los ODS para el año 2030, es esencial construir alianzas efectivas e inclusivas entre los gobiernos, el sector privado, la sociedad civil y las comunidades.
Deben construirse sobre principios y valores comunes de solidaridad y fraternidad que sitúen a todas las personas en el centro del proceso.
En este contexto, Mercy Ships ha estado trabajando con la gente de África desde 1990 para, en palabras del profesor de medicina francés Marc Gentilini, "atenuar el dolor del mundo" a través del acceso gratuito a una atención quirúrgica muy compleja y de alta calidad para quienes de lo contrario no podría acceder a él.
Sistemas de salud desorganizados, frágiles y desequilibrados Hogar del 17% de la población mundial, África tiene sólo el 2% del total mundial de médicos y menos de 1 especialista quirúrgico por cada 100.000 habitantes.
Solo el continente representa el 25% de la morbilidad mundial y un tercio de las condiciones clínicas que requieren atención quirúrgica, obstétrica y anestésica.
Hoy en día, los sistemas de salud africanos sacan a la luz debilidades significativas, tales como: Financiación y presupuesto de salud pública insuficientes, y "costos restantes" demasiado altos para los pacientes Acceso limitado de la población a atención médica y servicios asequibles y de calidad, disponibles en todo momento y en todos los lugares Inadecuados sistemas de recolección de datos y estadísticas que impiden el seguimiento y evaluación de las intervenciones, tan útiles para orientar la acción en salud pública Sobredimensionada centralización de los sistemas que afectan a los niveles periféricos Infraestructuras de salud deficientes Desigualdades persistentes en el acceso a intervenciones de salud comprobadas, especialmente en la cobertura de poblaciones clave y vulnerables como niños, adolescentes, mujeres y adultos mayores Recursos humanos en salud insuficientes e inadecuados Sistemas inadecuados de vigilancia y respuesta ante epidemias y pandemias Acceso deficiente a medicamentos, vacunas y tecnologías esenciales Falta de transparencia y liderazgo en la gobernanza, que no No siempre se considera la salud como un derecho humano fundamental.
Al mismo tiempo, la pandemia de Covid-19 ha revelado recientemente la fragilidad de los sistemas de salud en muchos países africanos.
Por tanto, la gestión de la salud pública debe ser rigurosa y eficiente, transparente y solidaria, basada en la evidencia científica y en el respeto a los derechos humanos.
En el centro de la acción, mujeres y hombres de excelencia, competentes, íntegros y responsables harán posible la consecución de los ODS: "Vivir con buena salud y promover el bienestar de todas las personas en todas las edades, que son condiciones esenciales para el desarrollo sostenible".
La cirugía, un componente desatendido de los sistemas de salud en África Durante las últimas dos décadas, los esfuerzos de salud pública en África no han ido acompañados de un progreso similar en los sistemas de salud, la integración de servicios o la atención hospitalaria, ni se han distribuido equitativamente entre individuos de todos los niveles socioeconómicos.
La atención quirúrgica y anestésica se ha descuidado en gran medida en la mayoría de los países africanos.
Según la Comisión Lancet sobre Cirugía Global, el 93 % de la población del África subsahariana no tiene acceso a una cirugía segura y cada año se necesitan más de 25 millones de cirugías adicionales para salvar vidas y prevenir discapacidades.
El desafío de la equidad y la integración de la atención quirúrgica y anestésica en los sistemas nacionales de salud son requisitos previos para lograr la Cobertura Universal de Salud en África.
En África, recibir atención adecuada por hemorragia de parto o quemaduras, por ejemplo, es un desafío para el individuo, su familia, el personal de salud y la comunidad.
Una distocia (lesión de nacimiento) conduce a la muerte de la madre y del recién nacido, un labio y paladar hendido se convierte en un obstáculo para el crecimiento y desarrollo normal de un niño, un hueso roto provoca una discapacidad permanente para un joven que trabaja para mantener Su familia.
El acceso a atención quirúrgica, obstétrica y anestésica de calidad, segura y asequible es un lujo en la mayoría de los países africanos y especialmente para las poblaciones más pobres.
África, Mercy Ships y sus socios aceptan el desafío...
En conmemoración de sus 30 años de servicio en el continente africano y para fortalecer su defensa de una cirugía segura y de calidad en África, Mercy Ships se ha comprometido con gobiernos africanos, socios nacionales e internacionales, y expertos en salud en una acción política y estratégica continental: de la investigación-acción al compromiso político.
Su objetivo es aumentar la inversión en la mejora de los sistemas de atención quirúrgica, obstétrica y anestésica para 2030 para lograr la Cobertura Universal de Salud.
La investigación La investigación consistió en una evaluación de las insuficiencias de los sistemas de atención quirúrgica en África.
Condujo al desarrollo de un plan de acción prioritario para ampliar e invertir en el fortalecimiento de la atención médica en África, y una estrategia para la implementación, el seguimiento y la evaluación.
Este estudio único se llevó a cabo en 602 hospitales de distrito en 32 países del África subsahariana.
Los resultados preliminares muestran una situación alarmante que requiere una acción urgente en todos los países.
Por ejemplo, uno de cada cuatro hospitales de distrito no tiene agua ni electricidad, y solo uno de cada veinticinco tiene conexión a Internet en este siglo de informatización.
La discusión estratégica Del 4 al 6 de mayo de 2022 en Dakar, se reunieron expertos de 28 países africanos en los campos de cirugía, obstetricia y anestesia.
Los Ministros de Salud, que se comprometieron a mejorar la situación en los próximos diez años, propusieron un compromiso denominado Acceso a atención quirúrgica, obstétrica y anestésica equitativa, asequible y de calidad en África, así como un Plan de acción regional 2022-2030.
Los presentaron a los Jefes de Estado africanos, incluido el Excmo.
Sr. Presidente Macky Sall, de la República de Senegal y Presidente de la Unión Africana.
Compromiso político El 30 de mayo en Dakar, seis estados africanos (Camerún, Comoras, Congo, Gambia, Guinea Bissau y Senegal) adoptaron la Declaración de Dakar.
Esta Declaración anuncia nueve compromisos fuertes y un Plan de Acción Regional 2022-2030 que incluye 12 acciones urgentes y necesarias, 6 prioridades estratégicas, 16 indicadores clave y un cuadro de mando de seguimiento anual.
Esta Declaración es ambiciosa y trae la esperanza de llenar el vacío de atención médica para la mayoría de las poblaciones de África.
Esta esperanza es que todos los líderes, gobiernos y socios africanos se comprometan con la inversión financiera necesaria para desarrollar acciones concretas para mejorar la salud de las poblaciones, especialmente las más pobres.
Pero una declaración política es sólo el punto de partida para la acción.
Para que sea una realidad, debe existir una voluntad política real y un fuerte liderazgo en favor de la salud.
En África, tantas declaraciones han quedado en los bloques de partida...
La Declaración de Abuja de 2001 (asignación del 15% del presupuesto nacional anual a la salud), por ejemplo, todavía se está implementando, lo que resulta en sistemas de salud inconsistentes y el hecho de que la cirugía sigue siendo un componente descuidado.
La solución Así como una persona conduce el coche, pilota el avión o el dron, diseña y guía la inteligencia artificial, las personas deben estar en el centro del cambio.
Es más útil hoy en día contar con médicos y enfermeras calificados, especializados y dedicados aún sin equipo sofisticado, que hospitales con equipos costosos sin recurso humano de salud de alto nivel para operarlos.
Por lo tanto, los programas de capacitación son esenciales; uno de los grandes desafíos para los profesionales de la salud en el continente africano es acceder a capacitación avanzada, programas continuos de desarrollo de capacidades e investigación para evitar costosas evacuaciones médicas a países desarrollados.
Necesitamos profesionales de la salud en África que puedan curar y restaurar la dignidad de los pacientes.
En la marcha hacia la Cobertura Universal de Salud, los gobiernos africanos deben adoptar un enfoque estratégico y científico riguroso: planificar un programa adaptado a la situación local respaldado por un compromiso político suficiente para ser sostenible, hacer un mejor uso de los recursos disponibles, eliminar las barreras financieras para el acceso a la atención mientras reduce los riesgos financieros asociados con la enfermedad, implementa y respeta el compromiso de Abuja 2001 y, finalmente, invierte en la construcción de sistemas de salud resilientes.
La riqueza relativa de un país no es el único factor en juego.
Aunque la prioridad otorgada a la salud en los presupuestos nacionales generalmente aumenta con el ingreso nacional, es importante señalar que algunos gobiernos eligen dedicar una alta proporción de sus presupuestos al gasto en salud a pesar de un nivel relativamente bajo de ingreso nacional.
Otros, en cambio, que son relativamente más ricos, destinan una proporción menor.
La Declaración de Dakar sobre el acceso a cuidados quirúrgicos, obstétricos y anestésicos equitativos, asequibles y de calidad y su Plan de acción 2022-2030 presentado a los Jefes de Estado africanos en mayo de 2022 es un poderoso instrumento político.
Esta hoja de ruta acelerará la cobertura sanitaria universal para el año 2030 en África.
Este es un verdadero desafío universal que debemos cumplir porque nos quedan menos de 10 años para lograrlo.
Por lo tanto, los gobiernos africanos y sus poblaciones tienen un papel clave que desempeñar en estos esfuerzos, especialmente aquellos destinados a mejorar el acceso a una atención quirúrgica de calidad que no deje a nadie atrás.
Está claro que “la acción política marcará la diferencia porque debe ser como el bisturí del cirujano: no dejar lugar a la incertidumbre”.
The trial of Guinea former military ruler, Captain Moussa Dadis Camara and 10 others from the Guinean security forces, for the alleged massacre and rape of protesters in 2009 started on Wednesday.
Camara and others are facing trial for the alleged massacre of over 150 people and the rape of at least a dozen women in Guinea’s capital, Conakry.
Camara has denied responsibility for the incident, blaming it on errant soldiers, including his former aide-de-camp Lieutenant Aboubacar Toumba Diakite, who was also among those indicted.
On Sept. 28, 2009, thousands of pro-democracy demonstrators held a peaceful protest in the stadium to pressure Camara not to stand for election as president of Guinea.
According to Human Rights Watch, the Presidential Guard carried out a premeditated massacre of at least 150 people and brutally raped dozens of women.
It said the Red berets shot at opposition supporters until they ran out of bullets, then continued to kill with bayonets and knives.
Georgette Gagnon, Africa director at Human Rights Watch said, “this was clearly a premeditated attempt to silence opposition voices.
“Security forces surrounded and blockaded the stadium, then stormed in and fired at protesters in cold blood until they ran out of bullets.
“They carried out grisly gang rapes and murders of women in full sight of the commanders.
That’s no accident.
” Following a 10-day research mission in Guinea, Human Rights Watch also found that the armed forces attempted to hide evidence of the crimes by seizing bodies from the stadium and the city’s morgues and burying them in mass graves.
Asmaou Diallo, who now heads an association of parents and victims of the massacre, said she was at the protest.
Diallo told Reuters in an interview that she was assaulted and barely escaped with her life, and that her son was killed in front of her.
“The most shocking image for me that day was that of the body of my slain son.
I still haven’t processed what happened.
“Knowing that this trial will take place is for all the victims the beginning of hope for deliverance,” she said.
After prolonged investigations and repeated delays by the previous government, the military government that seized power in Sept. 2021 gave an order that the trial should start no later than Sept. 28, the anniversary of the massacre.
Camara, lawyer Pepe Antoine Lamah told journalists that Camara, who was in exile in Burkina Faso following an attempted assassination and his ouster in 2009 had returned to Guinea over the weekend.
Lamah said he was interviewed by a prosecutor and detained on Tuesday alongside two other former senior military officers.
“It is in violation of the law that the prosecutor decided to incarcerate my clients,” Lamah said.
Alseny Sall, Spokesperson for the Guinean Organization for Human Rights, said at least 600 victims of the stadium incident had been identified.
Sall said some 154 were killed that day by soldiers from the presidential guard, the military police, the police, and military trainees as about 50,000 people gathered at the stadium to protest.
Some relatives of those killed have said they never received their loved ones’ remains.
“The hardest thing for me was not being able to mourn my husband.
His body disappeared and was never returned to us.
It’s a situation that weighs on me,” said Salimatou Bah, a rice seller.
“All we want is justice.
This trial must ensure that such things never happen again in this country,” she said.
The 8th Annual Meeting of the Regional Animal Health Networks (RAHN) of ECOWAS, held in Cape Verde from September 19 to 23, 2022, provided the opportunity for the country focal points of the Epidemiological Surveillance Network (RESEPI) ) to meet and collect ideas to improve epidemiological surveillance.
of priority animal diseases in the ECOWAS region.
The discussions between experts focused on the evaluation of the epidemiological situation of PCBs, PPR, rabies and foot-and-mouth disease, the risk analyzes already carried out, the capacities of the veterinary services of the Member States in terms of information systems geographic and cartography, and the exchange of information.
on animal health.
Apart from Cameroon (a non-ECOWAS member country but invited to the 8th RAHN) where good progress has been made in collecting and sharing information, the various presentations highlighted the prevalence levels of epidemics in the countries.
Above all, they highlighted the main needs in terms of data collection, improvement of geographic information systems, training in risk analysis and equipment and means of transport (in Cape Verde, for example, only a plane provides a link between the islands ).
There is also a limited number of well-trained personnel (the case of Guinea), the absence of control and surveillance plans in some countries, or simply the lack of economic resources.
The exchanges made it possible to identify activities to be carried out and recommendations to be made to the different actors for the 2022/2023 campaign.
This includes (i) developing/updating a basic risk surveillance plan, (ii) supporting member states in developing capacities for risk assessment and mapping, (iii) strengthening the RESEPI network within the countries to support strategic animal health monitoring and emergency preparedness and response plans.
(iv) support the exchange of animal health data and the harmonization of data collection tools and (v) establish the coordination and implementation of the training program for veterinary professionals in the field of epidemiology (ISAVET).
The resulting Action Plan outlines the planned activities, the expected results, the implementation strategy, a coordinator responsible for the implementation of the activity, the possible source of financing, the implementation schedule, and the institution responsible for monitoring the implementation of the activity.
The Epidemic Surveillance Network (RESEPI) complements the regional institutional framework that includes the Regional Veterinary Committee (RVC) established by the ECOWAS Commission in 2010 and the Network of Veterinary Laboratories (RESOLAB-Laboratory Network), which allows the ECOWAS Commission, to through RAHC, coordinate animal health initiatives in the region.
To remember, the annual meeting of the animal health networks (CVO, RESOLAB and RESEPI) is institutionalized and organized by the RAHC in collaboration with the FAO, AU-IBAR and its traditional partners to serve as a platform for exchange, evaluation of the level of implementation.
of activities during the last year, discussions on challenges and solutions to consider and planning of future actions.
The Vice President of the ECOWAS Commission, Her Excellency Damtien L.
Tchintchibidja, as part of a mission to monitor the ongoing activities being implemented by the ECOWAS Commission and its partners in The Gambia, engaged the Gambia Pilot project team to the Regional Stabilization and Development Fund. , to observe the status of implementation and collect key lessons that could be useful in designing intervention strategies for additional countries receiving support from the Fund, namely Guinea Bissau, Niger and Mali. She congratulated the project team (GAMWORKS and GIZ) for the work done so far and encouraged them to speed up the implementation of the remaining activities as the project prepares to close in December 2023.
She highlighted the importance of using the project to build resilience.
, through the provision of basic social services and the creation of sustainable economic opportunities for women and youth.
Following engagement with the project team, the Vice President embarked on visits to a fish processing site built by the project to support women's economic activities in Brufut, as well as an 80-bed student dormitory built by the project to improve vocational training.
at the Gambia Technical Training Institute (GTTI) in Mansa Konko.
He noted some innovations developed by students and encouraged the Vocational Institute to take advantage of the support provided by the ECOWAS Commission and its partners to increase access to vocational skills development for youth in the country.
The Vice President also visited the newly created National Center for the Coordination of the Early Warning and Response Mechanism (NCCRM), the ECOWAS Regional Competition Authority (ERCA), the ECOWAS Military Intervention Headquarters in The Gambia (ECOMIG) and had a work session.
with Ms. Miatta French, ECOWAS Resident Representative in The Gambia, the West African Police Information System (WAPIS) project team, and partners from the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) and the European Union (EU).