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  •   World Cerebral Palsy was observed nationwide in Asmara on October 6 under the slogan Let s support people with cerebral palsy Mr Yakob Haile President of the National Association for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities of Eritrea said the goal of observing the day is to develop public understanding to support citizens with brain disabilities Mrs Yirga alem Yebio head of organization and monitoring of the association for her part said that support for nationals with brain disabilities is not from a single organization and she called on society to take responsibility for supporting them The celebration included several artistic and general knowledge contests World Cerebral Palsy Day is celebrated for the tenth time internationally and for the fourth time nationally
    Eritrea: World Cerebral Palsy Day
      World Cerebral Palsy was observed nationwide in Asmara on October 6 under the slogan Let s support people with cerebral palsy Mr Yakob Haile President of the National Association for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities of Eritrea said the goal of observing the day is to develop public understanding to support citizens with brain disabilities Mrs Yirga alem Yebio head of organization and monitoring of the association for her part said that support for nationals with brain disabilities is not from a single organization and she called on society to take responsibility for supporting them The celebration included several artistic and general knowledge contests World Cerebral Palsy Day is celebrated for the tenth time internationally and for the fourth time nationally
    Eritrea: World Cerebral Palsy Day
    Africa2 months ago

    Eritrea: World Cerebral Palsy Day

    World Cerebral Palsy was observed nationwide in Asmara on October 6 under the slogan "Let's support people with cerebral palsy".

    Mr. Yakob Haile, President of the National Association for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities of Eritrea, said the goal of observing the day is to develop public understanding to support citizens with brain disabilities.

    Mrs. Yirga'alem Yebio, head of organization and monitoring of the association, for her part said that support for nationals with brain disabilities is not from a single organization and she called on society to take responsibility for supporting them .

    The celebration included several artistic and general knowledge contests.

    World Cerebral Palsy Day is celebrated for the tenth time internationally and for the fourth time nationally.

  •   In its Resolution of October 6 2022 entitled The recent humanitarian and human rights situation in Tigray Ethiopia in particular that of children the European Parliament spreads unfounded and untenable accusations about Eritrea Among other things the Resolution accuses Eritrea of playing a destructive role in the Tigray conflict and ridiculous as it sounds of invading Ethiopia The EU Parliament has a long history of unjustified hostility against Eritrea Still the latest resolution illustrates utter ignorance and or deliberate distortion of the origins and dynamics of the TPLF s War of Election and Insurrection as well as the misleading interpretation of international law and established state practice In this context and to make things clear we will highlight the following facts and events 1 The cruel war of almost two years in northern Ethiopia was triggered solely and exclusively because the TPLF launched massive premeditated and coordinated military attacks against all Northern Command contingents on the night of November 3 2020 The TPLF deployed 250 000 Militiamen and Special Forces that it had trained over the years for the operation that its commanders called blitzkrieg 2 The declared objectives of the TPLF in launching its reckless War of Insurrection were to totally neutralize the Northern Command capture all of their heavy weaponry which made up about 80 of the ENDF s total ordinance and overthrow the Federal Government 3 The annulment of the historic Eritrea Ethiopia Peace Agreement and the subsequent invasion of Eritrea was an integral and pronounced part of the TPLF War of Insurrection In fact the historical dilemma for Eritrea remains the TPLF s dualist agenda which consists of 1 territorial aggrandizement by incorporating some sovereign Eritrean territories to expand the landmass of the Tigray region when it retains power dominant in Ethiopia as was the case until 2018 and ii Secession Residual Plan B if its political economic and military dominance in Ethiopia is irrevocably reversed The Residual Plan calls for the annexation of most of the highlands and much of the eastern lowlands of Eritrea to create Greater Tigray 4 The TPLF War of Insurrection was not limited to its reckless military attacks in November 2020 Even when the first offensive was thwarted and in the context of successive unilateral and humanitarian ceasefires declared by the Federal Government the TPLF persisted in their war efforts to unleash the Second Offensive from June to September 2021 and the Third Offensive on August 24 this year In all these acts the TPLF requisitioned and channeled humanitarian assistance and WFP trucks to its war efforts and recruited tens of thousands of child soldiers as cannon fodder in its costly human wave warfare tactics These are the indelible facts The European Parliament cannot indeed feign ignorance accuse the victims to absolve the villain and adopt irresponsible resolutions in the name of peace and human rights In the case of Eritrea we must also remember and emphasize the inexcusable policies of the EU over decades almost invariably backed by the European Parliament which incited and supported the TPLF s occupation of sovereign Eritrea territories for almost twenty years in flagrant violation of the Declaration of Algiers Peace Agreement and the final and binding Arbitration Award of the EEBC These instruments were negotiated and guaranteed by the EU together with other important parties But the EU and the European Parliament chose to turn a blind eye and provide massive budgetary and other assistance to the TPLF when it was in power in Ethiopia despite these blatant violations of international law The European Parliament s accusations against Eritrea for invading Ethiopia are too ridiculous to deserve a response
    Eritrea deplores the false accusations of the European Parliament
      In its Resolution of October 6 2022 entitled The recent humanitarian and human rights situation in Tigray Ethiopia in particular that of children the European Parliament spreads unfounded and untenable accusations about Eritrea Among other things the Resolution accuses Eritrea of playing a destructive role in the Tigray conflict and ridiculous as it sounds of invading Ethiopia The EU Parliament has a long history of unjustified hostility against Eritrea Still the latest resolution illustrates utter ignorance and or deliberate distortion of the origins and dynamics of the TPLF s War of Election and Insurrection as well as the misleading interpretation of international law and established state practice In this context and to make things clear we will highlight the following facts and events 1 The cruel war of almost two years in northern Ethiopia was triggered solely and exclusively because the TPLF launched massive premeditated and coordinated military attacks against all Northern Command contingents on the night of November 3 2020 The TPLF deployed 250 000 Militiamen and Special Forces that it had trained over the years for the operation that its commanders called blitzkrieg 2 The declared objectives of the TPLF in launching its reckless War of Insurrection were to totally neutralize the Northern Command capture all of their heavy weaponry which made up about 80 of the ENDF s total ordinance and overthrow the Federal Government 3 The annulment of the historic Eritrea Ethiopia Peace Agreement and the subsequent invasion of Eritrea was an integral and pronounced part of the TPLF War of Insurrection In fact the historical dilemma for Eritrea remains the TPLF s dualist agenda which consists of 1 territorial aggrandizement by incorporating some sovereign Eritrean territories to expand the landmass of the Tigray region when it retains power dominant in Ethiopia as was the case until 2018 and ii Secession Residual Plan B if its political economic and military dominance in Ethiopia is irrevocably reversed The Residual Plan calls for the annexation of most of the highlands and much of the eastern lowlands of Eritrea to create Greater Tigray 4 The TPLF War of Insurrection was not limited to its reckless military attacks in November 2020 Even when the first offensive was thwarted and in the context of successive unilateral and humanitarian ceasefires declared by the Federal Government the TPLF persisted in their war efforts to unleash the Second Offensive from June to September 2021 and the Third Offensive on August 24 this year In all these acts the TPLF requisitioned and channeled humanitarian assistance and WFP trucks to its war efforts and recruited tens of thousands of child soldiers as cannon fodder in its costly human wave warfare tactics These are the indelible facts The European Parliament cannot indeed feign ignorance accuse the victims to absolve the villain and adopt irresponsible resolutions in the name of peace and human rights In the case of Eritrea we must also remember and emphasize the inexcusable policies of the EU over decades almost invariably backed by the European Parliament which incited and supported the TPLF s occupation of sovereign Eritrea territories for almost twenty years in flagrant violation of the Declaration of Algiers Peace Agreement and the final and binding Arbitration Award of the EEBC These instruments were negotiated and guaranteed by the EU together with other important parties But the EU and the European Parliament chose to turn a blind eye and provide massive budgetary and other assistance to the TPLF when it was in power in Ethiopia despite these blatant violations of international law The European Parliament s accusations against Eritrea for invading Ethiopia are too ridiculous to deserve a response
    Eritrea deplores the false accusations of the European Parliament
    Africa2 months ago

    Eritrea deplores the false accusations of the European Parliament

    In its Resolution of October 6, 2022, entitled: “The recent humanitarian and human rights situation in Tigray, Ethiopia; in particular that of children”, the European Parliament spreads unfounded and untenable accusations about Eritrea.

    Among other things, the Resolution accuses Eritrea of ​​“playing a destructive role in the Tigray conflict” and, ridiculous as it sounds, of “invading Ethiopia”.

    The EU Parliament has a long history of unjustified hostility against Eritrea.

    Still, the latest resolution illustrates utter ignorance and/or deliberate distortion of the origins and dynamics of the TPLF's War of Election and Insurrection; as well as the misleading interpretation of international law and established state practice.

    In this context and to make things clear, we will highlight the following facts and events: 1.

    The cruel war of almost two years in northern Ethiopia was triggered solely and exclusively because the TPLF launched massive, premeditated and coordinated military attacks against all Northern Command contingents on the night of November 3, 2020.

    The TPLF deployed 250,000 Militiamen and Special Forces that it had trained over the years for the operation that its commanders called “blitzkrieg.” 2.

    The declared objectives of the TPLF in launching its reckless War of Insurrection were to totally neutralize the Northern Command; capture all of their heavy weaponry (which made up about 80% of the ENDF's total ordinance) and overthrow the Federal Government.

    3.

    The annulment of the historic Eritrea-Ethiopia Peace Agreement and the subsequent invasion of Eritrea was an integral and pronounced part of the TPLF War of Insurrection.

    In fact, the historical dilemma for Eritrea remains the TPLF's "dualist agenda", which consists of: 1) territorial aggrandizement by incorporating some sovereign Eritrean territories to expand the landmass of the Tigray region when it retains power dominant in Ethiopia, as was the case until 2018; and, ii) Secession (Residual Plan B) if its political, economic and military dominance in Ethiopia is irrevocably reversed.

    The Residual Plan calls for “the annexation of most of the highlands and much of the eastern lowlands of Eritrea to create 'Greater Tigray'.

    4.

    The TPLF War of Insurrection was not limited to its reckless military attacks in November 2020.

    Even when the first offensive was thwarted and in the context of successive unilateral and humanitarian ceasefires declared by the Federal Government, the TPLF persisted in their war efforts to unleash the Second Offensive from June to September 2021 and the Third Offensive on August 24 this year.

    In all these acts, the TPLF requisitioned and channeled humanitarian assistance and WFP trucks to its war efforts; and recruited tens of thousands of child soldiers as cannon fodder in its costly human wave warfare tactics.

    These are the indelible facts.

    The European Parliament cannot indeed feign ignorance; accuse the victims to absolve the villain; and, adopt irresponsible resolutions in the name of “peace and human rights”.

    In the case of Eritrea, we must also remember and emphasize the inexcusable policies of the EU over decades, almost invariably backed by the European Parliament, which incited and supported the TPLF's occupation of sovereign Eritrea territories for almost twenty years, in flagrant violation of the Declaration of Algiers.

    Peace Agreement and the final and binding Arbitration Award of the EEBC.

    These instruments were negotiated and guaranteed by the EU together with other important parties.

    But the EU and the European Parliament chose to turn a blind eye and provide massive budgetary and other assistance to the TPLF, when it was in power in Ethiopia, despite these blatant violations of international law.

    The European Parliament's accusations against Eritrea for “invading Ethiopia” are too ridiculous to deserve a response.

  •   In response to the decision of the United Nations Human Rights Council UNRC to extend the mandate of the International Commission of Experts on Human Rights in Ethiopia ICHREE to continue monitoring and documenting crimes under international law and human rights violations in the country Muleya Mwananyanda Amnesty International s Director for Eastern and Southern Africa said The adoption of the UN Human Rights Council resolution to extend the mandate of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia underlines the critical need to continue documenting crimes under international law and human rights violations and abuses of rights and preserve the evidence of the crimes that are currently being committed in the country This decision gives hope to the victims of ongoing human rights violations in Ethiopia that someone is supporting them and that all those suspected of criminal responsibility are being watched to ensure justice truth and reparation for the victims The Ethiopian government must give full access to the Commission and fully support its work The United Nations General Assembly must support the mandate given to ICHREE including with the resources and staff it needs In addition the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission must fully support and cooperate in facilitating access to information and evidence in their custody Background information For decades Amnesty International has documented serious human rights violations and abuses that constitute crimes under international law in Ethiopia In the ongoing conflict in northern Ethiopia Amnesty International has documented crimes committed by all parties to the conflict including war crimes Gaps in Ethiopian criminal law impede justice truth and redress for serious human rights violations both past and present Impunity is exacerbated by the government s inability to exercise jurisdiction over some of the forces including the Eritrean Defense Forces and Tigrayan forces suspected of being responsible for violations and abuses in northern Ethiopia Amnesty International recalls that all states can exercise their jurisdiction over crimes under international law regardless of where they were committed or the nationality of the suspect or victims
    Ethiopia: United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) decision underscores critical need for continued monitoring of human rights abuses
      In response to the decision of the United Nations Human Rights Council UNRC to extend the mandate of the International Commission of Experts on Human Rights in Ethiopia ICHREE to continue monitoring and documenting crimes under international law and human rights violations in the country Muleya Mwananyanda Amnesty International s Director for Eastern and Southern Africa said The adoption of the UN Human Rights Council resolution to extend the mandate of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia underlines the critical need to continue documenting crimes under international law and human rights violations and abuses of rights and preserve the evidence of the crimes that are currently being committed in the country This decision gives hope to the victims of ongoing human rights violations in Ethiopia that someone is supporting them and that all those suspected of criminal responsibility are being watched to ensure justice truth and reparation for the victims The Ethiopian government must give full access to the Commission and fully support its work The United Nations General Assembly must support the mandate given to ICHREE including with the resources and staff it needs In addition the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission must fully support and cooperate in facilitating access to information and evidence in their custody Background information For decades Amnesty International has documented serious human rights violations and abuses that constitute crimes under international law in Ethiopia In the ongoing conflict in northern Ethiopia Amnesty International has documented crimes committed by all parties to the conflict including war crimes Gaps in Ethiopian criminal law impede justice truth and redress for serious human rights violations both past and present Impunity is exacerbated by the government s inability to exercise jurisdiction over some of the forces including the Eritrean Defense Forces and Tigrayan forces suspected of being responsible for violations and abuses in northern Ethiopia Amnesty International recalls that all states can exercise their jurisdiction over crimes under international law regardless of where they were committed or the nationality of the suspect or victims
    Ethiopia: United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) decision underscores critical need for continued monitoring of human rights abuses
    Africa2 months ago

    Ethiopia: United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) decision underscores critical need for continued monitoring of human rights abuses

    In response to the decision of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNRC) to extend the mandate of the International Commission of Experts on Human Rights in Ethiopia (ICHREE) to continue monitoring and documenting crimes under international law and human rights violations in the country, Muleya Mwananyanda , Amnesty International's Director for Eastern and Southern Africa, said: “The adoption of the UN Human Rights Council resolution to extend the mandate of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia underlines the critical need to continue documenting crimes under international law and human rights.

    violations and abuses of rights, and preserve the evidence of the crimes that are currently being committed in the country.

    “This decision gives hope to the victims of ongoing human rights violations in Ethiopia that someone is supporting them and that all those suspected of criminal responsibility are being watched to ensure justice, truth and reparation for the victims.

    “The Ethiopian government must give full access to the Commission and fully support its work.

    The United Nations General Assembly must support the mandate given to ICHREE, including with the resources and staff it needs.

    In addition, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission must fully support and cooperate in facilitating access to information and evidence in their custody.” Background information For decades, Amnesty International has documented serious human rights violations and abuses that constitute crimes under international law in Ethiopia.

    In the ongoing conflict in northern Ethiopia, Amnesty International has documented crimes committed by all parties to the conflict, including war crimes.

    Gaps in Ethiopian criminal law impede justice, truth, and redress for serious human rights violations, both past and present.

    Impunity is exacerbated by the government's inability to exercise jurisdiction over some of the forces, including the Eritrean Defense Forces and Tigrayan forces, suspected of being responsible for violations and abuses in northern Ethiopia.

    Amnesty International recalls that all states can exercise their jurisdiction over crimes under international law, regardless of where they were committed or the nationality of the suspect or victims.

  •   Eritrea will participate in the 2022 Summer Paralympic Games to be held in Sochi Russian Federation from October 2 9 under the theme We are one in sport In the Paralympic Games in which 20 countries participate Eritrea participates with three disabled athletes including a woman in table tennis Eritrea participates at the invitation of the National Paralympic Games Committee of the Russian Federation to the Eritrean National Paralympic Games Committee The 2022 Paralympic Games incorporate table tennis athletics swimming chess and handball among others Eritrea became a member of the International Paralympic Committee on December 11 2021 at the general meeting held in Taiwan
    Eritrea participates in the Summer Paralympics
      Eritrea will participate in the 2022 Summer Paralympic Games to be held in Sochi Russian Federation from October 2 9 under the theme We are one in sport In the Paralympic Games in which 20 countries participate Eritrea participates with three disabled athletes including a woman in table tennis Eritrea participates at the invitation of the National Paralympic Games Committee of the Russian Federation to the Eritrean National Paralympic Games Committee The 2022 Paralympic Games incorporate table tennis athletics swimming chess and handball among others Eritrea became a member of the International Paralympic Committee on December 11 2021 at the general meeting held in Taiwan
    Eritrea participates in the Summer Paralympics
    Africa2 months ago

    Eritrea participates in the Summer Paralympics

    Eritrea will participate in the 2022 Summer Paralympic Games to be held in Sochi, Russian Federation from October 2-9 under the theme "We are one in sport".

    In the Paralympic Games in which 20 countries participate, Eritrea participates with three disabled athletes, including a woman in table tennis.

    Eritrea participates at the invitation of the National Paralympic Games Committee of the Russian Federation to the Eritrean National Paralympic Games Committee.

    The 2022 Paralympic Games incorporate table tennis, athletics, swimming, chess and handball, among others.

    Eritrea became a member of the International Paralympic Committee on December 11, 2021 at the general meeting held in Taiwan.

  •   Veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire General Secretary of the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers has passed away at the age of 69 after a short illness Veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire who joined the EPLF in 1976 served his country and his people in various positions with the Eritrean Workers Association in Europe and head of the Civil Service in the Region of South of Europe After independence veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire served his country and its people with the utmost dedication since 1994 as President of the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers Veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire leaves his wife and three children behind Expressing its deep sorrow at the death of veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers expressed its condolences to family and friends The funeral of veteran fighter Mr Tekeste will be announced
    Eritrea: Veteran Freedom Fighter Tekeste Baire Passes Away
      Veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire General Secretary of the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers has passed away at the age of 69 after a short illness Veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire who joined the EPLF in 1976 served his country and his people in various positions with the Eritrean Workers Association in Europe and head of the Civil Service in the Region of South of Europe After independence veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire served his country and its people with the utmost dedication since 1994 as President of the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers Veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire leaves his wife and three children behind Expressing its deep sorrow at the death of veteran freedom fighter Mr Tekeste Baire the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers expressed its condolences to family and friends The funeral of veteran fighter Mr Tekeste will be announced
    Eritrea: Veteran Freedom Fighter Tekeste Baire Passes Away
    Africa2 months ago

    Eritrea: Veteran Freedom Fighter Tekeste Baire Passes Away

    Veteran freedom fighter Mr. Tekeste Baire, General Secretary of the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers, has passed away at the age of 69 after a short illness.

    Veteran freedom fighter Mr. Tekeste Baire, who joined the EPLF in 1976, served his country and his people in various positions with the Eritrean Workers Association in Europe and head of the Civil Service in the Region of South of Europe.

    After independence, veteran freedom fighter Mr. Tekeste Baire served his country and its people with the utmost dedication since 1994 as President of the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers.

    Veteran freedom fighter Mr. Tekeste Baire leaves his wife and three children behind.

    Expressing its deep sorrow at the death of veteran freedom fighter Mr. Tekeste Baire, the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers expressed its condolences to family and friends.

    The funeral of veteran fighter Mr. Tekeste will be announced.

  •   Eritrea participates in the 41st session of the International Civil Aviation Organization that will take place in Montreal Canada from September 27 to October 7 At the session Eritrea is represented by Mr Paulos Kahsai Director General of the Eritrea Civil Aviation Authority and Mr Samuel Okbu Head of Consular Affairs of Eritrea in Canada Speaking at the event Mr Paulos Kahsai indicated that ensuring safety and security are inseparable components in the aviation sector said that Eritrea by all aviation standards has guaranteed safety and that since defining its airspace in February 2000 no accidents have been recorded that Eritrea is responsible Stating that there were falsehoods or defamations to cover up the truth by politicizing the aviation issue Mr Paulos said that the International Civil Aviation Organization has a moral responsibility to condemn double standards Mr Paulos also said that Eritrea in accordance with its integrated socio economic strategy has built with its internal capacity an airport in the port city of Massawa that meets the international standard and Asmara Airport has been developed by installing the necessary infrastructure and is providing an efficient and timely service Mr Paulos also said that the Eritrea Aviation Training Center which received a letter of recognition from the international organization for meeting the required standard is contributing to the development of human resources The Eritrean delegation has also held talks with various officials from the International Civil Aviation Organization focusing on alleviating existing challenges and developing Eritrean aviation
    Eritrea participates in session of the International Civil Aviation Organization
      Eritrea participates in the 41st session of the International Civil Aviation Organization that will take place in Montreal Canada from September 27 to October 7 At the session Eritrea is represented by Mr Paulos Kahsai Director General of the Eritrea Civil Aviation Authority and Mr Samuel Okbu Head of Consular Affairs of Eritrea in Canada Speaking at the event Mr Paulos Kahsai indicated that ensuring safety and security are inseparable components in the aviation sector said that Eritrea by all aviation standards has guaranteed safety and that since defining its airspace in February 2000 no accidents have been recorded that Eritrea is responsible Stating that there were falsehoods or defamations to cover up the truth by politicizing the aviation issue Mr Paulos said that the International Civil Aviation Organization has a moral responsibility to condemn double standards Mr Paulos also said that Eritrea in accordance with its integrated socio economic strategy has built with its internal capacity an airport in the port city of Massawa that meets the international standard and Asmara Airport has been developed by installing the necessary infrastructure and is providing an efficient and timely service Mr Paulos also said that the Eritrea Aviation Training Center which received a letter of recognition from the international organization for meeting the required standard is contributing to the development of human resources The Eritrean delegation has also held talks with various officials from the International Civil Aviation Organization focusing on alleviating existing challenges and developing Eritrean aviation
    Eritrea participates in session of the International Civil Aviation Organization
    Africa2 months ago

    Eritrea participates in session of the International Civil Aviation Organization

    Eritrea participates in the 41st session of the International Civil Aviation Organization that will take place in Montreal, Canada, from September 27 to October 7.

    At the session, Eritrea is represented by Mr. Paulos Kahsai, Director General of the Eritrea Civil Aviation Authority, and Mr. Samuel Okbu, Head of Consular Affairs of Eritrea in Canada.

    Speaking at the event, Mr. Paulos Kahsai indicated that ensuring safety and security are inseparable components in the aviation sector, said that Eritrea by all aviation standards has guaranteed safety and that since defining its airspace in February 2000 no accidents have been recorded.

    that Eritrea is responsible.

    Stating that there were falsehoods or defamations to cover up the truth by politicizing the aviation issue, Mr. Paulos said that the International Civil Aviation Organization has a moral responsibility to condemn double standards.

    Mr. Paulos also said that Eritrea, in accordance with its integrated socio-economic strategy, has built with its internal capacity an airport in the port city of Massawa that meets the international standard, and Asmara Airport has been developed by installing the necessary infrastructure.

    and is providing an efficient and timely service.

    Mr. Paulos also said that the Eritrea Aviation Training Center, which received a letter of recognition from the international organization for meeting the required standard, is contributing to the development of human resources.

    The Eritrean delegation has also held talks with various officials from the International Civil Aviation Organization focusing on alleviating existing challenges and developing Eritrean aviation.

  •   The Human Rights Council this morning continued with its agenda item on technical assistance and capacity building holding an interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in South Sudan and concluding the enhanced interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Christian Salazar Volkmann Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights said the activities of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan continued to yield positive impact on the beneficiaries particularly in terms of heightened awareness of human rights concerns in the different communities From January to August 2022 the Human Rights Division of the Mission delivered 225 capacity building and sensitisation activities to a total of 8 874 participants These technical assistance and capacity building activities were strengthening the human rights architecture of South Sudan as well as networks to promote freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly and other rights The support of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan to the rule of law institutions would contribute towards the creation of a conducive environment for transparent inclusive and genuine consultations in relation to transitional justice constitutional making and electoral process Ruben Madol Arol Kachuol Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs of South Sudan speaking as a country concerned said to promote and protect human rights the President had established a National Human Rights Council to conduct public awareness advocacy monitor investigations and to provide advice towards addressing human rights violations in the country A technical committee was established which conducted public consultation throughout the country The Government was consulting with the African Union Commission on the guidelines for the establishment of the Court In April 2022 the Council adopted a resolution to urgently provide technical assistance and capacity building to South Sudan To have meaningful technical assistance and capacity building for South Sudan the Government was requesting the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to set up a mechanism for implementation of the resolution In the discussion on South Sudan some speakers remained shocked and deeply concerned about the ongoing grave human rights violations in the country The excessive use of repression and force by State security forces against civilians was appalling especially reports on widespread and systematic sexual and gender based violence The perseverance of the Government to lower levels of violence and to bring about peace and stability was welcomed There should be urgent reforms to bring out better living conditions in the country and ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms with free and transparent elections Some speakers said that the situation in South Sudan clearly continued to require the Council s attention and assistance whilst respecting the cultural and social specificities of the country sovereignty and non interference in respect of the United Nations Charter and the territorial integrity of the country with genuine dialogue and cooperation without politicisation selectivity or double standards The establishment of the National Human Rights Advisory Council was an important step in achieving lasting peace and stability in South Sudan At the beginning of the meeting the Council concluded the enhanced interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Marie Th r se Keita Bocoum Member of the Team of International Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo in concluding remarks welcomed progress made on the issues raised but reiterated that what was needed was practical funding from the international community Transitional justice was important and should be better structured and lessons could be learned in this regard Abdul Aziz Thioye Director of the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in concluding remarks welcomed the convergence of ideas to establish a peaceful and human rights based approach to elections It was important that the Democratic Republic of the Congo adopted the necessary legislative bills for democratic progress particularly concerning public demonstrations such as against hate speech and promoting freedom of association and access to information Albert Fabrice Puela Minister of Human Rights of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in concluding remarks thanked all those who had spoken and congratulated the Democratic Republic of the Congo on their human rights efforts it was not an easy task moving from a repressive regime to one that was respectful of the rule of law The Government wished for transitional justice to become truly effective and national conversations were underway in several provinces Christian Salazar Volkmann Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in concluding remarks said this was a very delicate moment of transition The Democratic Republic of the Congo was pushing for accountability of transitional justice and it was fragile and complex There were some signs of hope and the international community should continue to support the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo In the discussion on the Democratic Republic of the Congo some speakers commended the High Commissioner and the Team of International Experts for their efforts towards the continuous improvement of the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Some speakers noted with concern that violations of humanitarian law in the Democratic Republic of the Congo were ongoing condemning the excessive use of force by all parties and calling on authorities to protect civilian populations Authorities were encouraged to continue their efforts on transitional justice administrative reform security and judicial sectors which would contribute to dialogue and national reconciliation throughout the Congolese territory Some speakers said that the international community should provide constructive assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo for maintaining peace and security and improving the human rights situation Diplomatic efforts to pursue dialogue and de escalation were welcomed and the High Commissioner was called on to continue its technical assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo Speaking in the interactive dialogue on the Democratic Republic of the Congo were Senegal Egypt Switzerland Ireland France Venezuela Russian Federation Mauritania China United Kingdom Benin South Sudan Belgium Angola Togo Netherlands Malawi Tanzania and United States Also speaking were Minority Rights Group International International Federation of ACAT Action by Christians for the Abolition of Torture Lawyers for Lawyers Rencontre Africaine pour la defense des droits de l homme International Federation for Human Rights Leagues International Organization for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination International Bar Association World Organisation Against Torture Elizka Relief Foundation and Centre du Commerce International pour le D veloppement Speaking in the interactive dialogue on South Sudan were the European Union Iceland on behalf of a group of countries C te d Ivoire on behalf of a group of African States Sierra Leone Senegal Libya Costa Rica Egypt Ireland Democratic People s Republic of Korea United Nations Children s Fund Ethiopia Luxembourg Australia Russia Mauritania China Netherlands United States Sri Lanka United Kingdom Burundi Mali Sudan Eritrea Botswana Kenya Tanzania Saudi Arabia and Venezuela Also speaking were East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project Organisation internationale pour les pays les moins avanc s Rencontre Africaine pour la defense des droits de l homme Elizka Relief Foundation Lawyers Rights Watch Canada International Organization for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination Amnesty International and Meezaan Centre for Human Rights The webcast of the Human Rights Council meetings can be found here All meeting summaries can be found here Documents and reports related to the Human Rights Council s fifty first regular session can be found here The Council will next hold an interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia This will be followed by an interactive dialogue with the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia Enhanced Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The enhanced interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo started in the previous meeting and a summary can be found here Discussion on the Democratic Republic of the Congo In the discussion some speakers commended the High Commissioner and the team of international experts for their efforts towards the continuous improvement of the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo They welcomed the extension of the mandate to cover the whole of the Congolese territory Some speakers appreciated the efforts of the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo aimed at achieving stable conditions in the country striving to preserve human rights and protecting civilians Some speakers noted with concern that violations of humanitarian and human rights law in the Democratic Republic of the Congo were ongoing condemning the excessive use of force by all parties and calling on authorities to protect civilian populations The violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo particularly in the eastern region of the country was a serious concern and speakers called for a coordinated response Recent violence by armed groups especially the Allied Democratic Forces and M23 had led to human rights abuses jeopardising efforts to pursue peace and exacerbating the already severe humanitarian situation There were also many cases of conflict related sexual violence This raised dire concerns about the protection of civilians in the conflict affected regions with some speakers stating that it was the Government s responsibility to protect its people and to take concrete action Speakers were also concerned about the recent violent protests against the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo which resulted in the deaths of civilians and peacekeepers A number of speakers called on all armed groups to immediately cease violence and participate unconditionally in the political process and the disarmament demobilization and reintegration programme The importance of countering impunity to put an end to violence was crucial access to justice was a key tenant to combatting impunity and needed to be afforded priority Speakers were also alarmed by hate speech welcoming the bill to suppress hate speech calling on authorities to take all measures to implement the law once it had been enacted It was important for the Government to guarantee free and fair elections the protection of civic and democratic space was essential including in provinces under siege Authorities were encouraged to continue their efforts on transitional justice administrative reform security and judicial sectors which would contribute to dialogue and national reconciliation throughout the Congolese territory Some speakers said that the international community should provide constructive assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo for maintaining peace and security and improving the human rights situation All actors were urged to address the humanitarian impacts of the violence ensuring the affected people including the 5 9 million internally displaced civilians received the assistance they needed Diplomatic efforts to pursue dialogue and de escalation were welcomed and the High Commissioner was called on to continue its technical assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo Some speakers said they would stand by the Congolese Government to support it in improving human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Concluding Remarks MARIE TH R SE KEITA BOCOUM Member of the Team of International Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo welcomed progress made on the issues raised but reiterated that what was needed was practical funding from the international community The Government needed such support The international community should ensure that reparations for victims were taken into account and harmonised The funds for these reparations should be strengthened Ms Keita Bocoum said that transitional justice was important and should be better structured and lessons could be learned in this regard The mandate of the Human Rights Commission was not for human rights but for technical assistance in the area of transitional justice and therefore it was more difficult for her to comment on human rights conditions ABDUL AZIZ THIOYE Director of the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo welcomed the convergence of ideas to establish a peaceful and human rights based approach to elections It was important that the Democratic Republic of the Congo adopted the necessary legislative bills for democratic progress particularly concerning public demonstrations such as against hate speech and promoting freedom of association and access to information It was important for the Council to demonstrate support for those groups working to establish this Mr Thioye also called for members of the diaspora to take action against hate speech On the state of siege he said that the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo would spare no effort to support the authorities in making the necessary adjustments and re establish civilian administrations ALBERT FABRICE PUELA Minister of Human Rights of the Democratic Republic of the Congo appreciated the advice which had been provided by former High Commissioner for Human Rights Michele Bachelet to manage the transitional justice system thanking her and assuring that her successor had the full cooperation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in promoting human rights in the future Mr Puela thanked all those who had spoken and congratulated the Democratic Republic of the Congo on their human rights efforts it was not an easy task moving from a repressive regime to one that was respectful of the rule of law The President and the Government had made respect of human rights the cause The Government wished for transitional justice to become truly effective and national conversations were underway in several provinces A draft decree had been passed to provide protection for victims of violence and other serious crimes There was an indigenous representative in the provisional Government and an entire programme had been established for the protection of indigenous peoples The major enemy of the public was clear how could elections be organised in a climate of conflict Mr Puela thanked the Councill for the support asking for the Council s assistance to ensure decent prison facilities for children adapted to their needs CHRISTIAN SALAZAR VOLKMANN Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights said it was important for the Government to continue to push for compliance and oversight as it set the example for everyone else It was important for lasting peace but also to tell the people that times had changed It was a call to the Government civil society and political parties to stop hate speech Hate speech was divisive and dangerous and a situation which could really lead to backwards movements in many areas and was thus a whole society responsibility This was a very delicate moment of transition the Democratic Republic of the Congo was pushing for accountability of transitional justice and it was fragile and complex There were some signs of hope and the international community should continue to support the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo It was important to continue this both technically and financially Interactive Dialogue on the Oral Update by the High Commissioner on Technical Assistance and Capacity Building for South Sudan Presentation of Oral Update CHRISTIAN SALAZAR VOLKMANN Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights presenting the oral update on the human rights situation in South Sudan including the challenges faced in the post conflict transition said the activities of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan continued to yield positive impact on the beneficiaries particularly in terms of heightened awareness of human rights concerns in the different communities From January to August 2022 the Human Rights Division of the Mission had delivered 225 capacity building and sensitisation activities to a total of 8 874 participants The trainings included issues on international human rights law international humanitarian law conflict related sexual violence the South Sudan Police Defence Force Act 2009 and the rights of suspects during arrest and investigations The trainings delivered to personnel of the South Sudan People s Defence Forces and the National Police Service had improved their understanding of basic human rights and core principles as well as in the monitoring and evaluation of their actions These technical assistance and capacity building activities were strengthening the human rights architecture of South Sudan as well as networks to promote freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly and other rights They were crucial for expanding and protecting civic space The support of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan to the rule of law institutions would contribute towards the creation of a conducive environment for transparent inclusive and genuine consultations in relation to transitional justice and the constitutional making and electoral process The activities would also help to strengthen and expand the Mission s Human Rights Division s local alert networks leading to an increased and timely sharing of early warning and human rights related information The Office of the High Commissioner and the Mission s Human Rights Division continued to support the Government to fully implement the Peace Agreement and advocated for an open and pluralistic civic space Statement by Country Concerned RUBEN MADOL AROL KACHUOL Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs of South Sudan said the challenges of a lack of financial resources and logistical and prolonged sanctions among others had made the parties to the agreement extend the transitional period for another 24 months The Government had recently graduated the first batch of about 20 000 unified national army police and other security forces which would strengthen capacity in the protection and promotion of human rights through putting an end to the ongoing intra and inter communal violence in the country To promote and protect human rights the President had established a National Human Rights Council to conduct public awareness advocacy monitor investigations and provide advice towards addressing human rights violations in the country A technical committee had been established which conducted public consultation throughout the country The Government was consulting with the African Union Commission on the guidelines for the establishment of the Court A Judicial Reform Committee was established which would review the laws and structure of the judiciary and recommend the establishment of an independent constitutional court Several committees were established to investigate communal violence in several states These investigation committees were currently deployed to the sites and one had submitted its final report for consideration In April 2022 the Human Rights Council had adopted a resolution to urgently provide technical assistance and capacity building to South Sudan To date the Government was not aware of any mechanism set up by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to deliver technical assistance and capacity building to the Government of South Sudan However there had been some sporadic and uncoordinated efforts by various United Nations agencies operating in South Sudan in delivering some technical assistance and capacity building The Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs requested the Special Representative of the Secretary General to South Sudan to invite all the United Nations agencies in South Sudan for a joint meeting with the Government to discuss the establishment of a coordination mechanism To have meaningful technical assistance and capacity building for South Sudan the Government was requesting the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to set up a mechanism for the implementation of the resolution Discussion on South Sudan In the discussion some speakers remained shocked and deeply concerned about the ongoing grave human rights violations in South Sudan The excessive use of repression and force by State security forces against civilians was appalling especially reports on widespread and systematic sexual and gender based violence The perseverance of the Government to lower levels of violence and to bring about peace and stability was welcomed There should be urgent reforms to bring about better living conditions in the country and ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms with free and transparent elections Some speakers said food security continued to deteriorate exacerbated by the ongoing insecurity and displacement of civilians They said donor partners should fulfil their pledges under the Humanitarian Response Plan South Sudan remained one of the most dangerous countries in the world for humanitarian workers and speakers urged the authorities to do all in their power to protect civilians and ensure safe and unhindered humanitarian access A number of speakers said the situation in South Sudan clearly continued to require the Council s attention and assistance whilst respecting the cultural and social specificities of the country sovereignty and non interference in respect of the United Nations Charter and the territorial integrity of the country with genuine dialogue and cooperation without politicisation selectivity or double standards The Government of South Sudan and all actors involved should act swiftly ensure criminal accountability and work towards sustainable peace for the people especially women and girls of South Sudan Support for victims and survivors of sexual and gender based violence including conflict related sexual violence must also be provided The extension of the transitional governance arrangements and the postponement of elections until late 2024 should be used to shape the electoral system and create a conducive environment for a peaceful and stable South Sudan Together with the implementation of the peace agreement in its entirety these elections were what South Sudan needed for the completion of the transitional period and the establishment of lasting peace Some speakers said the establishment of the National Human Rights Advisory Council was an important step in achieving lasting peace and stability in South Sudan The seemingly perpetual humanitarian crises in South Sudan would not be addressed through humanitarian action alone long term and systemic investments were required to ensure the realisation of the rights of all in the country in particular with regard to social protection The Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General in South Sudan should provide technical assistance bolstering further technical assistance in the country The international community should pursue the provision of technical support to allow the country to build its capacity to protect and promote human rights All parties to the Revitalised Peace Agreement should implement remaining benchmarks and ensure that free fair and secure elections were held according to the agreed timeframe The road to peace was long and challenging and the Government of South Sudan was encouraged to step up its efforts to prevent any further delay Concluding Remarks CHRISTIAN SALAZAR VOLKMANN Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights said one of the key topics had been the advancement on transitional justice and what could be done to establish this mechanism It was vital that the Government with support from regional and international actors acted swiftly to revitalise the agreement it was vital for effective accountability and transitional justice Sustainable peace in South Sudan was dependent on accountability for violations of human rights The Government had taken steps to develop enabling legislation but much more was needed to ensure rapid progress The international community should continue to engage in the high level discussion with the South Sudanese authorities to demonstrate commitment to accountability The African Union had an important role to establish the hybrid court for South Sudan The Government had requested technical assistance and capacity building and an overview had been drawn up to determine the technical support required Going forward the Office would continue to provide technical support for the drafting of legislation for the Commission on Truth Reconciliation and Healing and to address the capacity issues of the national justice system A letter had been sent to establish a coordination mechanism for technical assistance and capacity building and Mr Salazar Volkmann looked forward to further discussion on this request It was important that efforts were made to establish the hybrid court as soon as possible and whatever support was provided should allow victims to participate at all stages of the accountability mechanisms In terms of justice accountability the international community needed to continue to support the United Nations human rights work in the country Mr Salazar Volkmann acknowledged the Government s engagement with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and human rights mechanisms The Office stood ready to continue to support the Government of South Sudan in its efforts towards lasting peace
    Human Rights Council Holds Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in South Sudan, Concludes Enhanced Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
      The Human Rights Council this morning continued with its agenda item on technical assistance and capacity building holding an interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in South Sudan and concluding the enhanced interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Christian Salazar Volkmann Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights said the activities of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan continued to yield positive impact on the beneficiaries particularly in terms of heightened awareness of human rights concerns in the different communities From January to August 2022 the Human Rights Division of the Mission delivered 225 capacity building and sensitisation activities to a total of 8 874 participants These technical assistance and capacity building activities were strengthening the human rights architecture of South Sudan as well as networks to promote freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly and other rights The support of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan to the rule of law institutions would contribute towards the creation of a conducive environment for transparent inclusive and genuine consultations in relation to transitional justice constitutional making and electoral process Ruben Madol Arol Kachuol Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs of South Sudan speaking as a country concerned said to promote and protect human rights the President had established a National Human Rights Council to conduct public awareness advocacy monitor investigations and to provide advice towards addressing human rights violations in the country A technical committee was established which conducted public consultation throughout the country The Government was consulting with the African Union Commission on the guidelines for the establishment of the Court In April 2022 the Council adopted a resolution to urgently provide technical assistance and capacity building to South Sudan To have meaningful technical assistance and capacity building for South Sudan the Government was requesting the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to set up a mechanism for implementation of the resolution In the discussion on South Sudan some speakers remained shocked and deeply concerned about the ongoing grave human rights violations in the country The excessive use of repression and force by State security forces against civilians was appalling especially reports on widespread and systematic sexual and gender based violence The perseverance of the Government to lower levels of violence and to bring about peace and stability was welcomed There should be urgent reforms to bring out better living conditions in the country and ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms with free and transparent elections Some speakers said that the situation in South Sudan clearly continued to require the Council s attention and assistance whilst respecting the cultural and social specificities of the country sovereignty and non interference in respect of the United Nations Charter and the territorial integrity of the country with genuine dialogue and cooperation without politicisation selectivity or double standards The establishment of the National Human Rights Advisory Council was an important step in achieving lasting peace and stability in South Sudan At the beginning of the meeting the Council concluded the enhanced interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Marie Th r se Keita Bocoum Member of the Team of International Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo in concluding remarks welcomed progress made on the issues raised but reiterated that what was needed was practical funding from the international community Transitional justice was important and should be better structured and lessons could be learned in this regard Abdul Aziz Thioye Director of the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in concluding remarks welcomed the convergence of ideas to establish a peaceful and human rights based approach to elections It was important that the Democratic Republic of the Congo adopted the necessary legislative bills for democratic progress particularly concerning public demonstrations such as against hate speech and promoting freedom of association and access to information Albert Fabrice Puela Minister of Human Rights of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in concluding remarks thanked all those who had spoken and congratulated the Democratic Republic of the Congo on their human rights efforts it was not an easy task moving from a repressive regime to one that was respectful of the rule of law The Government wished for transitional justice to become truly effective and national conversations were underway in several provinces Christian Salazar Volkmann Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in concluding remarks said this was a very delicate moment of transition The Democratic Republic of the Congo was pushing for accountability of transitional justice and it was fragile and complex There were some signs of hope and the international community should continue to support the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo In the discussion on the Democratic Republic of the Congo some speakers commended the High Commissioner and the Team of International Experts for their efforts towards the continuous improvement of the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Some speakers noted with concern that violations of humanitarian law in the Democratic Republic of the Congo were ongoing condemning the excessive use of force by all parties and calling on authorities to protect civilian populations Authorities were encouraged to continue their efforts on transitional justice administrative reform security and judicial sectors which would contribute to dialogue and national reconciliation throughout the Congolese territory Some speakers said that the international community should provide constructive assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo for maintaining peace and security and improving the human rights situation Diplomatic efforts to pursue dialogue and de escalation were welcomed and the High Commissioner was called on to continue its technical assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo Speaking in the interactive dialogue on the Democratic Republic of the Congo were Senegal Egypt Switzerland Ireland France Venezuela Russian Federation Mauritania China United Kingdom Benin South Sudan Belgium Angola Togo Netherlands Malawi Tanzania and United States Also speaking were Minority Rights Group International International Federation of ACAT Action by Christians for the Abolition of Torture Lawyers for Lawyers Rencontre Africaine pour la defense des droits de l homme International Federation for Human Rights Leagues International Organization for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination International Bar Association World Organisation Against Torture Elizka Relief Foundation and Centre du Commerce International pour le D veloppement Speaking in the interactive dialogue on South Sudan were the European Union Iceland on behalf of a group of countries C te d Ivoire on behalf of a group of African States Sierra Leone Senegal Libya Costa Rica Egypt Ireland Democratic People s Republic of Korea United Nations Children s Fund Ethiopia Luxembourg Australia Russia Mauritania China Netherlands United States Sri Lanka United Kingdom Burundi Mali Sudan Eritrea Botswana Kenya Tanzania Saudi Arabia and Venezuela Also speaking were East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project Organisation internationale pour les pays les moins avanc s Rencontre Africaine pour la defense des droits de l homme Elizka Relief Foundation Lawyers Rights Watch Canada International Organization for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination Amnesty International and Meezaan Centre for Human Rights The webcast of the Human Rights Council meetings can be found here All meeting summaries can be found here Documents and reports related to the Human Rights Council s fifty first regular session can be found here The Council will next hold an interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia This will be followed by an interactive dialogue with the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia Enhanced Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The enhanced interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo started in the previous meeting and a summary can be found here Discussion on the Democratic Republic of the Congo In the discussion some speakers commended the High Commissioner and the team of international experts for their efforts towards the continuous improvement of the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo They welcomed the extension of the mandate to cover the whole of the Congolese territory Some speakers appreciated the efforts of the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo aimed at achieving stable conditions in the country striving to preserve human rights and protecting civilians Some speakers noted with concern that violations of humanitarian and human rights law in the Democratic Republic of the Congo were ongoing condemning the excessive use of force by all parties and calling on authorities to protect civilian populations The violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo particularly in the eastern region of the country was a serious concern and speakers called for a coordinated response Recent violence by armed groups especially the Allied Democratic Forces and M23 had led to human rights abuses jeopardising efforts to pursue peace and exacerbating the already severe humanitarian situation There were also many cases of conflict related sexual violence This raised dire concerns about the protection of civilians in the conflict affected regions with some speakers stating that it was the Government s responsibility to protect its people and to take concrete action Speakers were also concerned about the recent violent protests against the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo which resulted in the deaths of civilians and peacekeepers A number of speakers called on all armed groups to immediately cease violence and participate unconditionally in the political process and the disarmament demobilization and reintegration programme The importance of countering impunity to put an end to violence was crucial access to justice was a key tenant to combatting impunity and needed to be afforded priority Speakers were also alarmed by hate speech welcoming the bill to suppress hate speech calling on authorities to take all measures to implement the law once it had been enacted It was important for the Government to guarantee free and fair elections the protection of civic and democratic space was essential including in provinces under siege Authorities were encouraged to continue their efforts on transitional justice administrative reform security and judicial sectors which would contribute to dialogue and national reconciliation throughout the Congolese territory Some speakers said that the international community should provide constructive assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo for maintaining peace and security and improving the human rights situation All actors were urged to address the humanitarian impacts of the violence ensuring the affected people including the 5 9 million internally displaced civilians received the assistance they needed Diplomatic efforts to pursue dialogue and de escalation were welcomed and the High Commissioner was called on to continue its technical assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo Some speakers said they would stand by the Congolese Government to support it in improving human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Concluding Remarks MARIE TH R SE KEITA BOCOUM Member of the Team of International Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo welcomed progress made on the issues raised but reiterated that what was needed was practical funding from the international community The Government needed such support The international community should ensure that reparations for victims were taken into account and harmonised The funds for these reparations should be strengthened Ms Keita Bocoum said that transitional justice was important and should be better structured and lessons could be learned in this regard The mandate of the Human Rights Commission was not for human rights but for technical assistance in the area of transitional justice and therefore it was more difficult for her to comment on human rights conditions ABDUL AZIZ THIOYE Director of the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo welcomed the convergence of ideas to establish a peaceful and human rights based approach to elections It was important that the Democratic Republic of the Congo adopted the necessary legislative bills for democratic progress particularly concerning public demonstrations such as against hate speech and promoting freedom of association and access to information It was important for the Council to demonstrate support for those groups working to establish this Mr Thioye also called for members of the diaspora to take action against hate speech On the state of siege he said that the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo would spare no effort to support the authorities in making the necessary adjustments and re establish civilian administrations ALBERT FABRICE PUELA Minister of Human Rights of the Democratic Republic of the Congo appreciated the advice which had been provided by former High Commissioner for Human Rights Michele Bachelet to manage the transitional justice system thanking her and assuring that her successor had the full cooperation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in promoting human rights in the future Mr Puela thanked all those who had spoken and congratulated the Democratic Republic of the Congo on their human rights efforts it was not an easy task moving from a repressive regime to one that was respectful of the rule of law The President and the Government had made respect of human rights the cause The Government wished for transitional justice to become truly effective and national conversations were underway in several provinces A draft decree had been passed to provide protection for victims of violence and other serious crimes There was an indigenous representative in the provisional Government and an entire programme had been established for the protection of indigenous peoples The major enemy of the public was clear how could elections be organised in a climate of conflict Mr Puela thanked the Councill for the support asking for the Council s assistance to ensure decent prison facilities for children adapted to their needs CHRISTIAN SALAZAR VOLKMANN Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights said it was important for the Government to continue to push for compliance and oversight as it set the example for everyone else It was important for lasting peace but also to tell the people that times had changed It was a call to the Government civil society and political parties to stop hate speech Hate speech was divisive and dangerous and a situation which could really lead to backwards movements in many areas and was thus a whole society responsibility This was a very delicate moment of transition the Democratic Republic of the Congo was pushing for accountability of transitional justice and it was fragile and complex There were some signs of hope and the international community should continue to support the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo It was important to continue this both technically and financially Interactive Dialogue on the Oral Update by the High Commissioner on Technical Assistance and Capacity Building for South Sudan Presentation of Oral Update CHRISTIAN SALAZAR VOLKMANN Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights presenting the oral update on the human rights situation in South Sudan including the challenges faced in the post conflict transition said the activities of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan continued to yield positive impact on the beneficiaries particularly in terms of heightened awareness of human rights concerns in the different communities From January to August 2022 the Human Rights Division of the Mission had delivered 225 capacity building and sensitisation activities to a total of 8 874 participants The trainings included issues on international human rights law international humanitarian law conflict related sexual violence the South Sudan Police Defence Force Act 2009 and the rights of suspects during arrest and investigations The trainings delivered to personnel of the South Sudan People s Defence Forces and the National Police Service had improved their understanding of basic human rights and core principles as well as in the monitoring and evaluation of their actions These technical assistance and capacity building activities were strengthening the human rights architecture of South Sudan as well as networks to promote freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly and other rights They were crucial for expanding and protecting civic space The support of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan to the rule of law institutions would contribute towards the creation of a conducive environment for transparent inclusive and genuine consultations in relation to transitional justice and the constitutional making and electoral process The activities would also help to strengthen and expand the Mission s Human Rights Division s local alert networks leading to an increased and timely sharing of early warning and human rights related information The Office of the High Commissioner and the Mission s Human Rights Division continued to support the Government to fully implement the Peace Agreement and advocated for an open and pluralistic civic space Statement by Country Concerned RUBEN MADOL AROL KACHUOL Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs of South Sudan said the challenges of a lack of financial resources and logistical and prolonged sanctions among others had made the parties to the agreement extend the transitional period for another 24 months The Government had recently graduated the first batch of about 20 000 unified national army police and other security forces which would strengthen capacity in the protection and promotion of human rights through putting an end to the ongoing intra and inter communal violence in the country To promote and protect human rights the President had established a National Human Rights Council to conduct public awareness advocacy monitor investigations and provide advice towards addressing human rights violations in the country A technical committee had been established which conducted public consultation throughout the country The Government was consulting with the African Union Commission on the guidelines for the establishment of the Court A Judicial Reform Committee was established which would review the laws and structure of the judiciary and recommend the establishment of an independent constitutional court Several committees were established to investigate communal violence in several states These investigation committees were currently deployed to the sites and one had submitted its final report for consideration In April 2022 the Human Rights Council had adopted a resolution to urgently provide technical assistance and capacity building to South Sudan To date the Government was not aware of any mechanism set up by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to deliver technical assistance and capacity building to the Government of South Sudan However there had been some sporadic and uncoordinated efforts by various United Nations agencies operating in South Sudan in delivering some technical assistance and capacity building The Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs requested the Special Representative of the Secretary General to South Sudan to invite all the United Nations agencies in South Sudan for a joint meeting with the Government to discuss the establishment of a coordination mechanism To have meaningful technical assistance and capacity building for South Sudan the Government was requesting the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to set up a mechanism for the implementation of the resolution Discussion on South Sudan In the discussion some speakers remained shocked and deeply concerned about the ongoing grave human rights violations in South Sudan The excessive use of repression and force by State security forces against civilians was appalling especially reports on widespread and systematic sexual and gender based violence The perseverance of the Government to lower levels of violence and to bring about peace and stability was welcomed There should be urgent reforms to bring about better living conditions in the country and ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms with free and transparent elections Some speakers said food security continued to deteriorate exacerbated by the ongoing insecurity and displacement of civilians They said donor partners should fulfil their pledges under the Humanitarian Response Plan South Sudan remained one of the most dangerous countries in the world for humanitarian workers and speakers urged the authorities to do all in their power to protect civilians and ensure safe and unhindered humanitarian access A number of speakers said the situation in South Sudan clearly continued to require the Council s attention and assistance whilst respecting the cultural and social specificities of the country sovereignty and non interference in respect of the United Nations Charter and the territorial integrity of the country with genuine dialogue and cooperation without politicisation selectivity or double standards The Government of South Sudan and all actors involved should act swiftly ensure criminal accountability and work towards sustainable peace for the people especially women and girls of South Sudan Support for victims and survivors of sexual and gender based violence including conflict related sexual violence must also be provided The extension of the transitional governance arrangements and the postponement of elections until late 2024 should be used to shape the electoral system and create a conducive environment for a peaceful and stable South Sudan Together with the implementation of the peace agreement in its entirety these elections were what South Sudan needed for the completion of the transitional period and the establishment of lasting peace Some speakers said the establishment of the National Human Rights Advisory Council was an important step in achieving lasting peace and stability in South Sudan The seemingly perpetual humanitarian crises in South Sudan would not be addressed through humanitarian action alone long term and systemic investments were required to ensure the realisation of the rights of all in the country in particular with regard to social protection The Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General in South Sudan should provide technical assistance bolstering further technical assistance in the country The international community should pursue the provision of technical support to allow the country to build its capacity to protect and promote human rights All parties to the Revitalised Peace Agreement should implement remaining benchmarks and ensure that free fair and secure elections were held according to the agreed timeframe The road to peace was long and challenging and the Government of South Sudan was encouraged to step up its efforts to prevent any further delay Concluding Remarks CHRISTIAN SALAZAR VOLKMANN Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights said one of the key topics had been the advancement on transitional justice and what could be done to establish this mechanism It was vital that the Government with support from regional and international actors acted swiftly to revitalise the agreement it was vital for effective accountability and transitional justice Sustainable peace in South Sudan was dependent on accountability for violations of human rights The Government had taken steps to develop enabling legislation but much more was needed to ensure rapid progress The international community should continue to engage in the high level discussion with the South Sudanese authorities to demonstrate commitment to accountability The African Union had an important role to establish the hybrid court for South Sudan The Government had requested technical assistance and capacity building and an overview had been drawn up to determine the technical support required Going forward the Office would continue to provide technical support for the drafting of legislation for the Commission on Truth Reconciliation and Healing and to address the capacity issues of the national justice system A letter had been sent to establish a coordination mechanism for technical assistance and capacity building and Mr Salazar Volkmann looked forward to further discussion on this request It was important that efforts were made to establish the hybrid court as soon as possible and whatever support was provided should allow victims to participate at all stages of the accountability mechanisms In terms of justice accountability the international community needed to continue to support the United Nations human rights work in the country Mr Salazar Volkmann acknowledged the Government s engagement with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and human rights mechanisms The Office stood ready to continue to support the Government of South Sudan in its efforts towards lasting peace
    Human Rights Council Holds Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in South Sudan, Concludes Enhanced Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Africa2 months ago

    Human Rights Council Holds Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in South Sudan, Concludes Enhanced Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    The Human Rights Council this morning continued with its agenda item on technical assistance and capacity building, holding an interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in South Sudan and concluding the enhanced interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Christian Salazar Volkmann, Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, said the activities of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan continued to yield positive impact on the beneficiaries, particularly in terms of heightened awareness of human rights concerns in the different communities. 

    From January to August 2022, the Human Rights Division of the Mission delivered 225 capacity building and sensitisation activities to a total of 8,874 participants. 

     These technical assistance and capacity building activities were strengthening the human rights architecture of South Sudan as well as networks to promote freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly and other rights. 

    The support of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan to the rule of law institutions would contribute towards the creation of a conducive environment for transparent, inclusive, and genuine consultations in relation to transitional justice, constitutional-making and electoral process. 

    Ruben Madol Arol Kachuol, Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs of South Sudan, speaking as a country concerned, said to promote and protect human rights, the President had established a National Human Rights Council to conduct public awareness, advocacy, monitor investigations and to provide advice towards addressing human rights violations in the country. 

    A technical committee was established which conducted public consultation throughout the country. 

    The Government was consulting with the African Union Commission on the guidelines for the establishment of the Court. 

    In April 2022, the Council adopted a resolution to urgently provide technical assistance and capacity building to South Sudan. 

    To have meaningful technical assistance and capacity building for South Sudan, the Government was requesting the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to set up a mechanism for implementation of the resolution. 

    In the discussion on South Sudan, some speakers remained shocked and deeply concerned about the ongoing grave human rights violations in the country. 

    The excessive use of repression and force by State security forces against civilians was appalling, especially reports on widespread and systematic sexual and gender-based violence. 

    The perseverance of the Government to lower levels of violence and to bring about peace and stability was welcomed. 

    There should be urgent reforms to bring out better living conditions in the country and ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, with free and transparent elections. 

    Some speakers said that the situation in South Sudan clearly continued to require the Council’s attention and assistance, whilst respecting the cultural and social specificities of the country, sovereignty and non-interference, in respect of the United Nations Charter and the territorial integrity of the country, with genuine dialogue and cooperation, without politicisation, selectivity or double standards. 

    The establishment of the National Human Rights Advisory Council was an important step in achieving lasting peace and stability in South Sudan.

    At the beginning of the meeting, the Council concluded the enhanced interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Marie Thérèse Keita-Bocoum, Member of the Team of International Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in concluding remarks, welcomed progress made on the issues raised, but reiterated that what was needed was practical funding from the international community. 

    Transitional justice was important and should be better structured, and lessons could be learned in this regard. 

    Abdul Aziz Thioye, Director of the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in concluding remarks, welcomed the convergence of ideas to establish a peaceful and human rights-based approach to elections. 

    It was important that the Democratic Republic of the Congo adopted the necessary legislative bills for democratic progress, particularly concerning public demonstrations, such as against hate speech and promoting freedom of association and access to information. 

    Albert Fabrice Puela, Minister of Human Rights of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in concluding remarks, thanked all those who had spoken and congratulated the Democratic Republic of the Congo on their human rights efforts; it was not an easy task, moving from a repressive regime to one that was respectful of the rule of law. 

    The Government wished for transitional justice to become truly effective and national conversations were underway in several provinces. 

    Christian Salazar Volkmann, Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, in concluding remarks, said this was a very delicate moment of transition. 

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo was pushing for accountability of transitional justice, and it was fragile and complex. 

    There were some signs of hope, and the international community should continue to support the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

    In the discussion on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, some speakers commended the High Commissioner and the Team of International Experts for their efforts towards the continuous improvement of the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

    Some speakers noted with concern that violations of humanitarian law in the Democratic Republic of the Congo were ongoing, condemning the excessive use of force by all parties, and calling on authorities to protect civilian populations. 

    Authorities were encouraged to continue their efforts on transitional justice, administrative reform, security and judicial sectors, which would contribute to dialogue and national reconciliation throughout the Congolese territory. 

    Some speakers said that the international community should provide constructive assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo for maintaining peace and security and improving the human rights situation. 

    Diplomatic efforts to pursue dialogue and de-escalation were welcomed, and the High Commissioner was called on to continue its technical assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Speaking in the interactive dialogue on the Democratic Republic of the Congo were Senegal, Egypt, Switzerland, Ireland, France, Venezuela, Russian Federation, Mauritania, China, United Kingdom, Benin, South Sudan, Belgium, Angola, Togo, Netherlands, Malawi, Tanzania, and United States.

    Also speaking were Minority Rights Group International, International Federation of ACAT (Action by Christians for the Abolition of Torture), Lawyers for Lawyers, Rencontre Africaine pour la defense des droits de l'homme, International Federation for Human Rights Leagues, International Organization for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, International Bar Association, World Organisation Against Torture, Elizka Relief Foundation, and Centre du Commerce International pour le Développement.

    Speaking in the interactive dialogue on South Sudan were the European Union, Iceland on behalf of a group of countries, Côte d’Ivoire on behalf of a group of African States, Sierra Leone, Senegal, Libya, Costa Rica, Egypt, Ireland, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, United Nations Children’s Fund, Ethiopia, Luxembourg, Australia, Russia, Mauritania, China, Netherlands, United States, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom, Burundi, Mali, Sudan, Eritrea, Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela.

    Also speaking were East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project, Organisation internationale pour les pays les moins avancés, Rencontre Africaine pour la defense des droits de l'homme, Elizka Relief Foundation, Lawyers Rights Watch Canada, International Organization for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, Amnesty International, and Meezaan Centre for Human Rights.

    The webcast of the Human Rights Council meetings can be found here. 

    All meeting summaries can be found here. 

    Documents and reports related to the Human Rights Council’s fifty-first regular session can be found here.

    The Council will next hold an interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Cambodia. 

    This will be followed by an interactive dialogue with the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia.

    Enhanced Interactive Dialogue on the Situation of Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of the CongoThe enhanced interactive dialogue on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo started in the previous meeting and a summary can be found here.

    Discussion on the Democratic Republic of the CongoIn the discussion, some speakers commended the High Commissioner and the team of international experts for their efforts towards the continuous improvement of the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

    They welcomed the extension of the mandate to cover the whole of the Congolese territory. 

    Some speakers appreciated the efforts of the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo aimed at achieving stable conditions in the country, striving to preserve human rights and protecting civilians.

    Some speakers noted with concern that violations of humanitarian and human rights law in the Democratic Republic of the Congo were ongoing, condemning the excessive use of force by all parties and calling on authorities to protect civilian populations. 

    The violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, particularly in the eastern region of the country, was a serious concern and speakers called for a coordinated response. 

    Recent violence by armed groups, especially the Allied Democratic Forces and M23, had led to human rights abuses, jeopardising efforts to pursue peace, and exacerbating the already severe humanitarian situation. 

    There were also many cases of conflict-related sexual violence. 

    This raised dire concerns about the protection of civilians in the conflict-affected regions, with some speakers stating that it was the Government's responsibility to protect its people and to take concrete action. 

    Speakers were also concerned about the recent violent protests against the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which resulted in the deaths of civilians and peacekeepers.

    A number of speakers called on all armed groups to immediately cease violence and participate unconditionally in the political process and the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programme. 

    The importance of countering impunity to put an end to violence was crucial; access to justice was a key tenant to combatting impunity and needed to be afforded priority. 

    Speakers were also alarmed by hate speech, welcoming the bill to suppress hate speech, calling on authorities to take all measures to implement the law once it had been enacted. 

    It was important for the Government to guarantee free and fair elections; the protection of civic and democratic space was essential, including in provinces under siege. 

    Authorities were encouraged to continue their efforts on transitional justice, administrative reform, security and judicial sectors, which would contribute to dialogue and national reconciliation throughout the Congolese territory.

    Some speakers said that the international community should provide constructive assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo for maintaining peace and security and improving the human rights situation. 

    All actors were urged to address the humanitarian impacts of the violence, ensuring the affected people, including the 5.9 million internally displaced civilians, received the assistance they needed. 

    Diplomatic efforts to pursue dialogue and de-escalation were welcomed, and the High Commissioner was called on to continue its technical assistance to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

    Some speakers said they would stand by the Congolese Government to support it in improving human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Concluding RemarksMARIE THÉRÈSE KEITA-BOCOUM, Member of the Team of International Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, welcomed progress made on the issues raised, but reiterated that what was needed was practical funding from the international community. 

    The Government needed such support. 

    The international community should ensure that reparations for victims were taken into account and harmonised. 

    The funds for these reparations should be strengthened. 

    Ms. Keita-Bocoum said that transitional justice was important and should be better structured, and lessons could be learned in this regard. 

    The mandate of the Human Rights Commission was not for human rights but for technical assistance in the area of transitional justice, and therefore it was more difficult for her to comment on human rights conditions. 

    ABDUL AZIZ THIOYE, Director of the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, welcomed the convergence of ideas to establish a peaceful and human rights-based approach to elections. 

    It was important that the Democratic Republic of the Congo adopted the necessary legislative bills for democratic progress, particularly concerning public demonstrations, such as against hate speech and promoting freedom of association and access to information. 

    It was important for the Council to demonstrate support for those groups working to establish this. 

    Mr. Thioye also called for members of the diaspora to take action against hate speech. 

    On the state of siege, he said that the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo would spare no effort to support the authorities in making the necessary adjustments and re-establish civilian administrations.

    ALBERT FABRICE PUELA, Minister of Human Rights of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, appreciated the advice which had been provided by former High Commissioner for Human Rights Michele Bachelet to manage the transitional justice system, thanking her and assuring that her successor had the full cooperation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in promoting human rights in the future. 

    Mr. Puela thanked all those who had spoken and congratulated the Democratic Republic of the Congo on their human rights efforts; it was not an easy task, moving from a repressive regime to one that was respectful of the rule of law. 

    The President and the Government had made respect of human rights the cause. 

    The Government wished for transitional justice to become truly effective and national conversations were underway in several provinces. 

    A draft decree had been passed to provide protection for victims of violence and other serious crimes. 

    There was an indigenous representative in the provisional Government and an entire programme had been established for the protection of indigenous peoples. 

    The major enemy of the public was clear; how could elections be organised in a climate of conflict? 

    Mr. Puela thanked the Councill for the support, asking for the Council’s assistance to ensure decent prison facilities for children adapted to their needs.

    CHRISTIAN SALAZAR VOLKMANN, Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, said it was important for the Government to continue to push for compliance and oversight, as it set the example for everyone else. 

    It was important for lasting peace, but also to tell the people that times had changed. 

    It was a call to the Government, civil society and political parties to stop hate speech. 

    Hate speech was divisive and dangerous, and a situation which could really lead to backwards movements in many areas, and was thus a whole-society responsibility. 

    This was a very delicate moment of transition; the Democratic Republic of the Congo was pushing for accountability of transitional justice, and it was fragile and complex. 

    There were some signs of hope, and the international community should continue to support the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the United Nations Organization Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

    It was important to continue this both technically and financially.

    Interactive Dialogue on the Oral Update by the High Commissioner on Technical Assistance and Capacity Building for South SudanPresentation of Oral UpdateCHRISTIAN SALAZAR VOLKMANN, Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, presenting the oral update on the human rights situation in South Sudan, including the challenges faced in the post-conflict transition, said the activities of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan continued to yield positive impact on the beneficiaries, particularly in terms of heightened awareness of human rights concerns in the different communities. 

    From January to August 2022, the Human Rights Division of the Mission had delivered 225 capacity building and sensitisation activities to a total of 8,874 participants. 

    The trainings included issues on international human rights law, international humanitarian law, conflict-related sexual violence, the South Sudan Police Defence Force Act 2009, and the rights of suspects during arrest and investigations. 

    The trainings delivered to personnel of the South Sudan People’s Defence Forces and the National Police Service had improved their understanding of basic human rights and core principles, as well as in the monitoring and evaluation of their actions.

    These technical assistance and capacity building activities were strengthening the human rights architecture of South Sudan as well as networks to promote freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly and other rights. 

    They were crucial for expanding and protecting civic space. 

    The support of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan to the rule of law institutions would contribute towards the creation of a conducive environment for transparent, inclusive, and genuine consultations in relation to transitional justice, and the constitutional-making and electoral process. 

    The activities would also help to strengthen and expand the Mission’s Human Rights Division’s local alert networks, leading to an increased and timely sharing of early warning and human rights-related information. 

    The Office of the High Commissioner and the Mission’s Human Rights Division continued to support the Government to fully implement the Peace Agreement, and advocated for an open and pluralistic civic space.

    Statement by Country ConcernedRUBEN MADOL AROL KACHUOL, Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs of South Sudan, said the challenges of a lack of financial resources and logistical and prolonged sanctions, among others, had made the parties to the agreement extend the transitional period for another 24 months. 

    The Government had recently graduated the first batch of about 20,000 unified national army, police and other security forces, which would strengthen capacity in the protection and promotion of human rights through putting an end to the ongoing intra and inter-communal violence in the country. 

    To promote and protect human rights, the President had established a National Human Rights Council to conduct public awareness, advocacy, monitor investigations and provide advice towards addressing human rights violations in the country. 

    A technical committee had been established which conducted public consultation throughout the country. 

    The Government was consulting with the African Union Commission on the guidelines for the establishment of the Court. 

    A Judicial Reform Committee was established which would review the laws and structure of the judiciary and recommend the establishment of an independent constitutional court. 

    Several committees were established to investigate communal violence in several states. 

    These investigation committees were currently deployed to the sites and one had submitted its final report for consideration.

    In April 2022, the Human Rights Council had adopted a resolution to urgently provide technical assistance and capacity building to South Sudan. 

    To date, the Government was not aware of any mechanism set up by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to deliver technical assistance and capacity building to the Government of South Sudan. 

    However, there had been some sporadic and uncoordinated efforts by various United Nations agencies operating in South Sudan in delivering some technical assistance and capacity building. 

    The Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs requested the Special Representative of the Secretary-General to South Sudan to invite all the United Nations agencies in South Sudan for a joint meeting with the Government, to discuss the establishment of a coordination mechanism. 

    To have meaningful technical assistance and capacity building for South Sudan, the Government was requesting the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to set up a mechanism for the implementation of the resolution.

    Discussion on South SudanIn the discussion, some speakers remained shocked and deeply concerned about the ongoing grave human rights violations in South Sudan. 

    The excessive use of repression and force by State security forces against civilians was appalling, especially reports on widespread and systematic sexual and gender-based violence.

    The perseverance of the Government to lower levels of violence and to bring about peace and stability was welcomed. 

    There should be urgent reforms to bring about better living conditions in the country and ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, with free and transparent elections. 

    Some speakers said food security continued to deteriorate, exacerbated by the ongoing insecurity and displacement of civilians. 

    They said donor partners should fulfil their pledges under the Humanitarian Response Plan.  South Sudan remained one of the most dangerous countries in the world for humanitarian workers, and speakers urged the authorities to do all in their power to protect civilians and ensure safe and unhindered humanitarian access.

    A number of speakers said the situation in South Sudan clearly continued to require the Council’s attention and assistance, whilst respecting the cultural and social specificities of the country, sovereignty and non-interference, in respect of the United Nations Charter and the territorial integrity of the country, with genuine dialogue and cooperation, without politicisation, selectivity or double standards. 

    The Government of South Sudan and all actors involved should act swiftly, ensure criminal accountability and work towards sustainable peace for the people, especially women and girls, of South Sudan. 

    Support for victims and survivors of sexual and gender-based violence, including conflict-related sexual violence, must also be provided. 

    The extension of the transitional governance arrangements, and the postponement of elections until late 2024, should be used to shape the electoral system and create a conducive environment for a peaceful and stable South Sudan.

    Together with the implementation of the peace agreement in its entirety, these elections were what South Sudan needed for the completion of the transitional period and the establishment of lasting peace.

    Some speakers said the establishment of the National Human Rights Advisory Council was an important step in achieving lasting peace and stability in South Sudan. 

    The seemingly perpetual humanitarian crises in South Sudan would not be addressed through humanitarian action alone: long-term and systemic investments were required to ensure the realisation of the rights of all in the country, in particular with regard to social protection. 

    The Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in South Sudan should provide technical assistance, bolstering further technical assistance in the country. 

    The international community should pursue the provision of technical support to allow the country to build its capacity to protect and promote human rights. 

    All parties to the Revitalised Peace Agreement should implement remaining benchmarks and ensure that free, fair and secure elections were held according to the agreed timeframe. 

    The road to peace was long and challenging, and the Government of South Sudan was encouraged to step up its efforts to prevent any further delay.

    Concluding RemarksCHRISTIAN SALAZAR VOLKMANN, Director of the Field Operations and Technical Cooperation Division at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, said one of the key topics had been the advancement on transitional justice and what could be done to establish this mechanism. 

    It was vital that the Government, with support from regional and international actors, acted swiftly to revitalise the agreement; it was vital for effective accountability and transitional justice. 

    Sustainable peace in South Sudan was dependent on accountability for violations of human rights. 

    The Government had taken steps to develop enabling legislation, but much more was needed to ensure rapid progress. 

    The international community should continue to engage in the high-level discussion with the South Sudanese authorities to demonstrate commitment to accountability. 

    The African Union had an important role to establish the hybrid court for South Sudan. 

    The Government had requested technical assistance and capacity building, and an overview had been drawn up to determine the technical support required. 

    Going forward, the Office would continue to provide technical support for the drafting of legislation for the Commission on Truth, Reconciliation, and Healing and to address the capacity issues of the national justice system. 

    A letter had been sent to establish a coordination mechanism for technical assistance and capacity building, and Mr. Salazar Volkmann looked forward to further discussion on this request. 

    It was important that efforts were made to establish the hybrid court as soon as possible, and whatever support was provided should allow victims to participate at all stages of the accountability mechanisms. 

    In terms of justice accountability, the international community needed to continue to support the United Nations’ human rights work in the country. 

    Mr. Salazar Volkmann acknowledged the Government’s engagement with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and human rights mechanisms. 

    The Office stood ready to continue to support the Government of South Sudan in its efforts towards lasting peace.

  •   The National Association of Teachers of Eritrea expressed its willingness to strengthen participation in the effort to ensure quality education The comment was made at the meeting held on October 5 in connection with International Teachers Day Noting that this year s International Teachers Day is observed under the theme The transformation of education begins with teachers Mr Simon Mehari president of the association said that the substantial investment made by the Government of Eritrea in the expansion of educational facilities in the education sector has already been ensured and the realization of quality education requires an integrated effort on the part of all stakeholders Noting that International Teachers Day is a day on which the association reviews its activities and commits to strengthening participation in the development of teaching and learning Mr Simon called on teachers to comply with their professional responsibility and play their part in the effort to foster a committed community and responsible generation Mr Simon also called on teachers to develop their professional capacity and on the institutions involved to create conducive atmospheres for teachers International Teachers Day is celebrated every year on October 5 and this year it is celebrated for the 28th time internationally and for the 26th time nationally The Eritrean National Teachers Association which was established in 1958 currently has about 29 thousand members and is also a member of the International Teachers Association and the Africa Region since 1996
    Eritrea: effort to ensure quality education
      The National Association of Teachers of Eritrea expressed its willingness to strengthen participation in the effort to ensure quality education The comment was made at the meeting held on October 5 in connection with International Teachers Day Noting that this year s International Teachers Day is observed under the theme The transformation of education begins with teachers Mr Simon Mehari president of the association said that the substantial investment made by the Government of Eritrea in the expansion of educational facilities in the education sector has already been ensured and the realization of quality education requires an integrated effort on the part of all stakeholders Noting that International Teachers Day is a day on which the association reviews its activities and commits to strengthening participation in the development of teaching and learning Mr Simon called on teachers to comply with their professional responsibility and play their part in the effort to foster a committed community and responsible generation Mr Simon also called on teachers to develop their professional capacity and on the institutions involved to create conducive atmospheres for teachers International Teachers Day is celebrated every year on October 5 and this year it is celebrated for the 28th time internationally and for the 26th time nationally The Eritrean National Teachers Association which was established in 1958 currently has about 29 thousand members and is also a member of the International Teachers Association and the Africa Region since 1996
    Eritrea: effort to ensure quality education
    Africa2 months ago

    Eritrea: effort to ensure quality education

    The National Association of Teachers of Eritrea expressed its willingness to strengthen participation in the effort to ensure quality education.

    The comment was made at the meeting held on October 5 in connection with International Teachers' Day. Noting that this year's International Teachers' Day is observed under the theme "The transformation of education begins with teachers", Mr. Simon Mehari, president of the association, said that the substantial investment made by the Government of Eritrea in the expansion of educational facilities in the education sector has already been ensured and the realization of quality education requires an integrated effort on the part of all stakeholders.

    Noting that International Teachers' Day is a day on which the association reviews its activities and commits to strengthening participation in the development of teaching and learning, Mr. Simon called on teachers to comply with their professional responsibility and play their part in the effort to foster a committed community and responsible generation.

    Mr. Simon also called on teachers to develop their professional capacity and on the institutions involved to create conducive atmospheres for teachers.

    International Teachers' Day is celebrated every year on October 5 and this year it is celebrated for the 28th time internationally and for the 26th time nationally.

    The Eritrean National Teachers Association, which was established in 1958, currently has about 29 thousand members and is also a member of the International Teachers Association and the Africa Region since 1996.

  •   Across Ethiopia s Tigray Afar and Amhar regions women and girls are becoming increasingly vulnerable to kidnapping and sex trafficking as they flee ongoing armed conflict a group of experts warned on Monday independent human rights experts appointed by the UN Protracted conflict in the three northern regions has increased the risks of trafficking for sexual exploitation as a form of sexual violence in conflict the experts said in a statement We are alarmed by reports of refugee and internally displaced women and girls in Tigray Afar and Amhara regions who have been abducted while trying to move to safer places they said We are concerned about the risks of trafficking particularly for the purpose of sexual exploitation including sexual slavery Targeting women and children Amid abductions and displacement UN experts expressed grave concern that Eritrean refugee women and children are at particular risk of being trafficked for sex Urgent action is needed to prevent trafficking especially for the purpose of sexual exploitation and to ensure assistance and protection for all victims without discrimination based on race or ethnicity nationality disability age or gender they said Meanwhile the hundreds of children who have been separated from their families especially in the Tigray region are particularly vulnerable independent experts have warned The continuing lack of humanitarian access to the region is a major concern the experts continued urging the immediate adoption of national bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent all forms of child trafficking and ensure their protection Victim identification They added that insufficient steps were being taken to identify trafficking victims or support their recovery in a way that fully took into account the extreme trauma they suffered The lack of accountability for these serious human rights violations and serious crimes creates a climate of impunity allows human trafficking to persist and allows perpetrators to go free the six UN experts stressed They urged all relevant stakeholders to ensure that victims of trafficking can adequately access medical assistance including sexual and reproductive health services and psychological support The experts said they had made their concerns known to both the governments of Ethiopia and neighboring Eritrea The experts Special rapporteurs and independent experts are appointed by the Geneva based UN Human Rights Council to examine and report on a specific human rights issue or country situation The charges are fees and the experts are not paid for their work Click here to see the names of those who participated in the statement
    Fight against human trafficking must be strengthened in war-torn northern Ethiopia
      Across Ethiopia s Tigray Afar and Amhar regions women and girls are becoming increasingly vulnerable to kidnapping and sex trafficking as they flee ongoing armed conflict a group of experts warned on Monday independent human rights experts appointed by the UN Protracted conflict in the three northern regions has increased the risks of trafficking for sexual exploitation as a form of sexual violence in conflict the experts said in a statement We are alarmed by reports of refugee and internally displaced women and girls in Tigray Afar and Amhara regions who have been abducted while trying to move to safer places they said We are concerned about the risks of trafficking particularly for the purpose of sexual exploitation including sexual slavery Targeting women and children Amid abductions and displacement UN experts expressed grave concern that Eritrean refugee women and children are at particular risk of being trafficked for sex Urgent action is needed to prevent trafficking especially for the purpose of sexual exploitation and to ensure assistance and protection for all victims without discrimination based on race or ethnicity nationality disability age or gender they said Meanwhile the hundreds of children who have been separated from their families especially in the Tigray region are particularly vulnerable independent experts have warned The continuing lack of humanitarian access to the region is a major concern the experts continued urging the immediate adoption of national bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent all forms of child trafficking and ensure their protection Victim identification They added that insufficient steps were being taken to identify trafficking victims or support their recovery in a way that fully took into account the extreme trauma they suffered The lack of accountability for these serious human rights violations and serious crimes creates a climate of impunity allows human trafficking to persist and allows perpetrators to go free the six UN experts stressed They urged all relevant stakeholders to ensure that victims of trafficking can adequately access medical assistance including sexual and reproductive health services and psychological support The experts said they had made their concerns known to both the governments of Ethiopia and neighboring Eritrea The experts Special rapporteurs and independent experts are appointed by the Geneva based UN Human Rights Council to examine and report on a specific human rights issue or country situation The charges are fees and the experts are not paid for their work Click here to see the names of those who participated in the statement
    Fight against human trafficking must be strengthened in war-torn northern Ethiopia
    Africa2 months ago

    Fight against human trafficking must be strengthened in war-torn northern Ethiopia

    Across Ethiopia's Tigray, Afar and Amhar regions, women and girls are becoming increasingly vulnerable to kidnapping and sex trafficking as they flee ongoing armed conflict, a group of experts warned on Monday.

    independent human rights experts appointed by the UN.

    Protracted conflict in the three northern regions has increased the risks of trafficking for sexual exploitation as a form of sexual violence in conflict, the experts said in a statement.

    "We are alarmed by reports of refugee and internally displaced women and girls in Tigray, Afar and Amhara regions who have been abducted while trying to move to safer places," they said.

    "We are concerned about the risks of trafficking, particularly for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including sexual slavery."

    Targeting women and children Amid abductions and displacement, UN experts expressed grave concern that Eritrean refugee women and children are at particular risk of being trafficked for sex.

    “Urgent action is needed to prevent trafficking, especially for the purpose of sexual exploitation, and to ensure assistance and protection for all victims, without discrimination based on race or ethnicity, nationality, disability, age or gender,” they said.

    Meanwhile, the hundreds of children who have been separated from their families, especially in the Tigray region, are particularly vulnerable, independent experts have warned.

    "The continuing lack of humanitarian access to the region is a major concern," the experts continued, urging the immediate adoption of national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent all forms of child trafficking and ensure their protection.

    Victim identification They added that insufficient steps were being taken to identify trafficking victims or support their recovery in a way that fully took into account the extreme trauma they suffered.

    "The lack of accountability for these serious human rights violations and serious crimes creates a climate of impunity, allows human trafficking to persist and allows perpetrators to go free," the six UN experts stressed.

    They urged all relevant stakeholders to ensure that victims of trafficking can adequately access medical assistance, including sexual and reproductive health services and psychological support.

    The experts said they had made their concerns known to both the governments of Ethiopia and neighboring Eritrea.

    The experts Special rapporteurs and independent experts are appointed by the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council to examine and report on a specific human rights issue or country situation.

    The charges are fees and the experts are not paid for their work.

    Click here to see the names of those who participated in the statement.

  •   Women and girls in Tigray Afar and Amhar are increasingly vulnerable to kidnapping and trafficking for sexual exploitation as they flee conflict in northern Ethiopia UN experts warned today Protracted armed conflict in Ethiopia s Tigray Afar and Amhara regions has increased the risks of trafficking for sexual exploitation as a form of sexual violence in conflict experts said We are alarmed by reports of refugee and internally displaced women and girls in Tigray Afar and Amhara regions who have been abducted while trying to move to safer places they said We are concerned about the risks of trafficking particularly for the purpose of sexual exploitation including sexual slavery The UN experts expressed serious concerns that Eritrean refugee women and children are at particular risk of being trafficked for sexual exploitation following abduction and displacement Urgent action is needed to prevent trafficking especially for the purpose of sexual exploitation and to ensure assistance and protection for all victims without discrimination on the basis of race or ethnicity nationality disability age or gender the experts said experts They warned that children were at particular risk of being trafficked for sexual exploitation especially in the Tigray region where hundreds of children have been separated from their families The continuing lack of humanitarian access to the region is a major concern the experts said calling for immediate national bilateral and multilateral action to prevent all forms of child trafficking and ensure the protection of all children Insufficient steps were being taken to identify victims of trafficking ensure protection and assistance and support their recovery in a way that fully takes into account the extreme trauma suffered they said The lack of accountability for these gross human rights violations and serious crimes creates a climate of impunity allows human trafficking to persist and allows perpetrators to go free the UN experts said They urged all relevant stakeholders to ensure that victims of trafficking can adequately access medical care including sexual and reproductive health care services and psychological support The experts have been collaborating with the governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea
    Ethiopia: Critical moment to strengthen the fight against trafficking in Tigray, Afar and Amhara
      Women and girls in Tigray Afar and Amhar are increasingly vulnerable to kidnapping and trafficking for sexual exploitation as they flee conflict in northern Ethiopia UN experts warned today Protracted armed conflict in Ethiopia s Tigray Afar and Amhara regions has increased the risks of trafficking for sexual exploitation as a form of sexual violence in conflict experts said We are alarmed by reports of refugee and internally displaced women and girls in Tigray Afar and Amhara regions who have been abducted while trying to move to safer places they said We are concerned about the risks of trafficking particularly for the purpose of sexual exploitation including sexual slavery The UN experts expressed serious concerns that Eritrean refugee women and children are at particular risk of being trafficked for sexual exploitation following abduction and displacement Urgent action is needed to prevent trafficking especially for the purpose of sexual exploitation and to ensure assistance and protection for all victims without discrimination on the basis of race or ethnicity nationality disability age or gender the experts said experts They warned that children were at particular risk of being trafficked for sexual exploitation especially in the Tigray region where hundreds of children have been separated from their families The continuing lack of humanitarian access to the region is a major concern the experts said calling for immediate national bilateral and multilateral action to prevent all forms of child trafficking and ensure the protection of all children Insufficient steps were being taken to identify victims of trafficking ensure protection and assistance and support their recovery in a way that fully takes into account the extreme trauma suffered they said The lack of accountability for these gross human rights violations and serious crimes creates a climate of impunity allows human trafficking to persist and allows perpetrators to go free the UN experts said They urged all relevant stakeholders to ensure that victims of trafficking can adequately access medical care including sexual and reproductive health care services and psychological support The experts have been collaborating with the governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea
    Ethiopia: Critical moment to strengthen the fight against trafficking in Tigray, Afar and Amhara
    Africa2 months ago

    Ethiopia: Critical moment to strengthen the fight against trafficking in Tigray, Afar and Amhara

    Women and girls in Tigray, Afar and Amhar are increasingly vulnerable to kidnapping and trafficking for sexual exploitation as they flee conflict in northern Ethiopia, UN experts* warned today.

    Protracted armed conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray, Afar and Amhara regions has increased the risks of trafficking for sexual exploitation as a form of sexual violence in conflict, experts said.

    "We are alarmed by reports of refugee and internally displaced women and girls in Tigray, Afar and Amhara regions who have been abducted while trying to move to safer places," they said.

    "We are concerned about the risks of trafficking, particularly for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including sexual slavery."

    The UN experts expressed serious concerns that Eritrean refugee women and children are at particular risk of being trafficked for sexual exploitation, following abduction and displacement.

    "Urgent action is needed to prevent trafficking, especially for the purpose of sexual exploitation, and to ensure assistance and protection for all victims, without discrimination on the basis of race or ethnicity, nationality, disability, age or gender," the experts said.

    experts.

    They warned that children were at particular risk of being trafficked for sexual exploitation, especially in the Tigray region, where hundreds of children have been separated from their families.

    "The continuing lack of humanitarian access to the region is a major concern," the experts said, calling for immediate national, bilateral and multilateral action to prevent all forms of child trafficking and ensure the protection of all children.

    Insufficient steps were being taken to identify victims of trafficking, ensure protection and assistance, and support their recovery in a way that fully takes into account the extreme trauma suffered, they said.

    "The lack of accountability for these gross human rights violations and serious crimes creates a climate of impunity, allows human trafficking to persist and allows perpetrators to go free," the UN experts said.

    They urged all relevant stakeholders to ensure that victims of trafficking can adequately access medical care, including sexual and reproductive health care services and psychological support.

    The experts have been collaborating with the governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea.

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