The high-level Eritrean delegation led by Mr. Osman Saleh, Minister of Foreign Affairs, on the sidelines of the 77th United Nations General Assembly, met and held talks with Mr. Antonio Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations, focusing on bilateral relations and issues.
interest of both parties.
According to the office of the Permanent Representative of Eritrea to the UN, the Eritrean delegation also held similar meetings with Ms. Amina Mohammed, UN Deputy Secretary-General, and Ms. Martha Pobi, UN Deputy Secretary-General.
On the sidelines of the 77th United Nations General Assembly, the high delegation of Eritrea headed by Mr. Osman Saleh, Minister of Foreign Affairs, held bilateral talks with the Foreign Ministers of the Republic of Iran and Cuba. In the meeting with Mr. Hossein Amir Abdollahhian, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iran, the two sides discussed strengthening bilateral ties and cooperation in all sectors.
Likewise, in the meeting that the Eritrean delegation held with Mr. Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cuba, they held a broad dialogue focused on strengthening bilateral relations as well as global developments of interest to the two countries.
Meskel, the Finding of the True Cross, was enthusiastically celebrated across the country today, September 27.
In the celebration held in Bahti Meskerem in which Ministers, senior Government and PFDJ officials, members of the Diplomatic Corps and numerous faithful participated, the prayer service presided over by His Holiness Abune Qerlos, V Patriarch of the Orthodox Tewahdo Church of Eritrea was conducted followed by religious hymns around the Damera torch.
On the occasion, Memhir Simon Beyene provided information on the historical background of Meskel Holiday and wished Happy Holidays to the Eritrean people in general and to the faithful in particular.
Sunday school youth also performed religious songs that represented the occasion.
His Reverend Abune Qerlos and Mr. Fessehaye Haile, Governor of the Central Region, jointly lit the 'Damera' bonfire.
Mr. Osman Saleh, Minister for Foreign Affairs, addressed the 77th General Assembly of the United Nations today, September 26.
In his speech, Minister Osman Saleh said that the annual session of the UN General Assembly, held under the appropriate theme: "A Watershed Moment: Transformative Solutions to Intertwined Challenges", is taking place at an extremely worrying time of deep , intertwined and multiple crises of epic proportions and these calamities have negatively impacted every corner of the global village.
Minister Osman went on to say that over the past two and a half years, the COVID-19 pandemic has exacted a huge human toll in global terms and has instilled chronic economic hardship and structural setbacks through domestic economic downturns and supply chain disruption.
and that While this scourge persists, the world is facing these days the equally dangerous consequences of climate change and global warming, which are exacerbating the already precarious situation.
Furthermore, Minister Osman said that the cyclical conflicts, which have assumed exceptionally dangerous and almost apocalyptic dimensions with the war in Ukraine, have increased the looming crises to unprecedented levels and, in addition to the Covid-19 pandemic, the other variables and The interlocking dimensions of the crises constitute the cumulative consequences and telltale symptoms of a tenuous and highly flawed global governance architecture and are by-products and manifestations of the systemic failure of the unipolar world order that has prevailed for more than thirty years.
Minister Osman emphasized that the much vaunted “rules-based international order” represents a lopsided set of misleading, asymmetric and non-consensual rules and regulations and was essentially designed to promote and safeguard the privileges of its chief architects; to the exclusion of the majority of other nations and peoples and promotes a monolithic and condescending ideological perspective that leaves no room for the historical context, the different realities and cultures and, above all, the independent political decisions of other peoples and nations sovereigns.
The costly wars of intervention, especially in Africa and the Middle East in the last thirty years; heavy-handed interference in domestic affairs; imposition of illegal and unilateral sanctions; distortion and militarization of human rights; In summary, all episodes of international and regional instability emanate and are direct derivatives of the faulty architecture of global governance, Minister Osman stressed.
Minister Osman emphasized that the negative ramifications of this dysfunctional system are not limited to the sovereign nations and peoples of the Global South but to extreme and ridiculous inequalities where less than 1% of the population owns 99% of the national wealth; the rampant consumerism that has spawned and continues to aggravate climate change; atomization of societies that have literally decimated social compassion and community care by fostering exclusive and unnatural individualism; they are dangerous trends that will ultimately undermine the social fabric and stability in individual countries and the global village at large.
Minister Osman further said that Eritrea has indeed borne the brunt of this unjust international order through unlawful sanctions; the use of proxy forces to create a situation of permanent conflict and instability; as much as; the militarization of human rights to isolate and ostracize the young nation.
Regarding Eritrea's opinion, Minister Osman stressed the need for the global village and the UN system to design a new international order that is based on consensus with the full and equal participation of its constituents; the sacrosanct principles of the equality of all Member States and respect for the sovereignty and political independence of the nations and peoples that must defend themselves; equitable representation of all member states in all international decision-making bodies will be ensured through viable and sustainable modalities and mechanisms; and the selective and partial parameters that prevent collective well-being and the promotion of a compassionate social system require a profound review.
Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian met with his Eritrean counterpart Osman Saleh Mohammed on the sidelines of the 77th annual meeting of the UN General Assembly in New York. During their talks, the two sides exchanged views on issues of mutual interest, namely the latest state of bilateral relations and regional developments.
Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian met with his Eritrean counterpart Osman Saleh Mohammed on the sidelines of the 77th annual meeting of the UN General Assembly in New York. At the meeting, Amirabdollahian praised the history of the Eritrean people's struggles, noting that the administration of Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi attaches special significance to the African continent, namely Eritrea's active role in the Horn of Africa.
He expressed the hope that the two countries will forge closer cooperation in the technical and economic fields based on respect for each other's values and interests.
The Eritrean Foreign Minister, in turn, highlighted his country's policy of improving relations with countries in the region, including Iran.
On the sidelines of the 77th United Nations General Assembly, Eritrea's high-level delegation led by Mr. Osman Saleh, Foreign Minister, held bilateral talks with delegates from various countries and participated in the Group of 77 and China .
The delegation, made up of Presidential Adviser Mr. Yemane Geabreab and Mrs. Sofia Tesamariam, Permanent Representative of Eritrea to the United Nations, met and spoke with Mr. Hussein Abdelbagi Akol-Agang, Vice President of South Sudan, as well as with Mr. Sergey Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al-Furhan Al-Saud of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Mr. Denis Moncada Colindres, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Nicaragua and the Mr. Abdulla Shahid, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Maldives, focusing on strengthening bilateral relations as well as regional and global developments.
It should be recalled that the Eritrean delegation held similar meetings with several Foreign Ministers from September 19 to 22, including Mr. Carlos Faria Torsoa, Minister of People's Power for Foreign Affairs of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Mr. Ramtane Lamamara , Minister of Foreign Affairs.
of Algeria, Mr. Nikola Selacovic, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia, Mr. Demeke Mokonnen, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Mr. Fayssal Mekdad, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Expatriates of the Syrian Arab Republic.
The delegation also participated in the Ministerial Meetings of the Non-Aligned Movement, Group of Friends in Defense of the United Nations Charter, Least Developed Countries, as well as several high-level meetings and side events, including the Transformative Education Summit .
On the sidelines of the 77th United Nations General Assembly, Eritrea's high-level delegation led by Mr. Osman Saleh, Minister for Foreign Affairs, has participated in several high-level meetings and held bilateral talks with delegates from several countries .
In the meeting between Minister Osman Saleh and the People's Power Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Carlos Faria Torsoa, both parties discussed bilateral diplomatic relations, as well as cooperation and solidarity in multilateral forums; both sides also agreed to further deepen their consultations and expand relations.
They also reaffirmed their commitment to strengthen the Group of Friends in Defense of the UN Charter, of which they are members.
Minister Osman Saleh also had an extensive discussion with his Algerian counterpart, Mr. Ramtane Lamamara, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Algeria, focusing on global, continental and regional issues.
Both sides, recognizing Africa's marginalization on the world stage, called for their legitimate position and proper consideration of their voices.
Appreciating the similar positions of their countries on most continental, regional and international issues, he recalled the historical, political and cultural ties between the two peoples; and promised to continue their consultations in any of their capitals.
In the meeting with Mr. Nikola Selacovic, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia, the two sides discussed bilateral diplomatic relations, cooperation and capacity building opportunities.
Minister Nikola Selacovic, for his part, appreciated Eritrea's principled position on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia.
Minister Osman Saleh also met with Mr. Demeke Mokonnen, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, and discussed regional dynamics, including mutual challenges and opportunities, and highlighted the consolidation and strengthening of the bilateral relations of the two brother peoples and countries.
In the meeting held by Minister Osman Saleh with Mr. Fayssal Mekdad, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates of the Syrian Arab Republic, the historical, political, social and cultural relations of the two brother peoples were reviewed.
Mr. Fayssal Mekdad expressed his country's appreciation for Eritrea's strong support and solidarity during his country's difficult times.
Minister Osman Saleh also participated in the Ministerial Meetings of the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of Friends in Defense of the Charter of the United Nations, the Least Developed Countries and the Group of 77 and China, as well as in various meetings of high level and side events including the Transformative Education Summit.
The high-level delegation from Eritrea is composed of Mr. Yemane Gebreab, Presidential Adviser, and Ms. Sofia Tesfamariam, Permanent Representative of Eritrea to the United Nations.
Once again, the people of Ethiopia are "plunged ...
into the intractable and deadly consequences" of the conflict between government troops and forces loyal to Tigrayan separatist fighters, who are likely to be responsible for war crimes, investigators from the human rights.
In its first comprehensive report to the Human Rights Council in Geneva, the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia said it believed crimes against humanity had also been committed in the intermittent war that broke out in the northern region in November 2020.
Worst Rights Violations Serious rights violations in Tigray were "ongoing", the report said, noting that fighting resumed last month, breaking a five-month ceasefire.
“Extrajudicial killings, rape, sexual violence and starvation of the civilian population as a method of warfare” have occurred in Ethiopia since the early days of the conflict, the Council heard.
Citing information from "credible sources," the Commission's chairwoman, Kaari Betty Murungi, who like the other two members of the panel is a UN-appointed independent rights expert, said there had been an "escalation" in attacks with drones by government forces that used explosives.
weapons “with wide-area effects in populated areas”, since hostilities resumed.
"Our research indicates that its use has exposed civilians to new and increased risks," she said.
"We have received reports of drone strikes in Tigray in the last four weeks, which have allegedly killed and injured civilians, including children."
As for the Tigrayan forces, Ms. Murungi insisted that they had also likely committed serious human rights abuses “that amount to war crimes”.
These included “large-scale killings of Amhara civilians, rape and sexual violence, and widespread looting and destruction of civilian property in Kobo and Chenna in August and September 2021.
“During their house searches in Kobo, for example, security forces of Tigrayan searched for weapons and dragged many men from their homes, executing them, often in front of their families.” Desperate conditions Today, international humanitarian access to Tigray remains blocked, despite the dire situation there, Ms. Murungi said.
There were reasonable grounds to believe that the federal government and its allies “looted and destroyed property essential to the survival of the civilian population in Tigray, killing livestock, destroying food stores and razing crops while implementing severe restrictions on humanitarian access to Tigray.
she added, noting that for more than a year, six million people have been denied access to electricity, internet, telecommunications and banking.
This denial and obstruction of access to basic services, food, medical care and humanitarian aid "is equivalent to crimes against humanity of persecution and inhumane acts," insisted the president of the Commission.
Starvation 'tactic' "We also have reasonable grounds to believe that the federal government is committing the war crime of using starvation as a method of warfare," the leading independent human rights expert continued, noting that Tigrayan forces reportedly looted the humanitarian aid.
According to the latest dire humanitarian data from the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), conflict and displacement in northern Ethiopia have left more than nine million people in need in the Tigray, Afar and Amhara, while severe drought affects millions.
more in the south.
Citing OCHA, Ms. Murungi said that the combined effect of the federal government's measures had left 90 per cent of the population in dire need, an increase of 80 per cent since the start of the conflict.
"The majority of Tigray's population must now survive on limited and nutritionally inadequate diets," he said, adding that there has also been "an increase in child marriages and child labour, human trafficking and transactional sex as desperate means."
Tigrayan women and girls not forgiven According to the Commission's president, rapes and crimes of sexual violence had occurred "on a staggering scale" since the early days of the conflict, "with Ethiopian and Eritrean forces and regional militias attacking the women and girls of Tigraya with particular attention”.
violence and brutality”.
Tigrayan forces also committed rape and sexual violence against Amhara women and girls and Eritrean refugees, Ms. Murungi said, highlighting the devastating long-term impacts on survivors that included trauma, unwanted pregnancies and HIV infection.
'Unfair and biased scrutiny' Rejecting the report's conclusions, the Ethiopian delegation repeated its claim that the federal government had been subjected to “unfair and biased scrutiny” in the Council for more than a year.
Addis Ababa pledged to respond to an "insurrectionary armed group that has endangered the territorial integrity of the country," the Council heard.
The international commission of human rights experts on Ethiopia was established after the Human Rights Council adopted resolution S-33/1 on December 17, 2021.
It tasked a panel of three human rights experts, appointed by the President of the Human Rights Council, “to conduct a thorough and impartial investigation into the allegations of violations and abuses of international human rights law and violations of international humanitarian law and international refugee law in Ethiopia committed since 3 December November 2020 by all parties to the conflict.”
The National Potato Conference starts today, September 21 at the Asmara Palace under the theme "A vision and harmonized work for the sustainable supply of seed potatoes".
The two-day Conference will be attended by eleven international organizations, including the International Potato Centre, the Agricultural Research Institute in the Center and Horn of Africa, the Irish Potato Research and Breeding Institute, the Food and Agriculture Development Authority of Ireland, the National Agricultural Research Institute of Tanzania, Self Help Africa and Vita. Speaking on the occasion, Mr. Tsegay Berhane, Director of the Halhale National Agricultural Research Center, said that the aim of the conference, the first of its kind, is to share Eritrea's experience in seed potato breeding and initiate selected seed potatoes that have not yet been introduced, as well as gain insights from the experiences of partners and other countries.
In the conference research papers focusing on the agricultural sector in general and the importance, progress and genus of the potato in particular, potato pests and means of control, laboratory potato breeding, the strategy and experience of the Irish Potato Research and Breeding Institute, as well as the influence and challenges of seed potatoes on small-scale farming in Kenya and the Horn of Africa region.
The 30th anniversary of the Fred Hollows Foundation was celebrated today, September 20, at the Hall of the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers, in the presence of senior government officials, representatives from the Fred Hollows plant, United Nations offices and the Ministry of Health, as well as religious leaders.
Speaking at the event, Dr. Andebrhan Tesfatsion, Acting Director General for Public Health at the Ministry of Health, said that Professor Fred was one of the eminent friends and supporters of the EPLF's eye health program from 1987.
Dr. Andebrhan went on to say that Prof. Fred Hollows was very excited when he visited the liberated areas and saw the installation of health services, including underground hospitals and pharmaceutical plants, and went on to say that his vision of the "right to sight" will have success in Eritrea and he was right.
Prof. Fred's contribution in the introduction of modern equipment and human resource development attests to his true friend from Eritrea and his people, Dr. Andebrhan added.
At the event, papers were presented and a panel discussion focused on comparative eye care in Eritrea, Berhan Ayni Hospital's experiences in eye health services and partnership with the Fred Hollows Foundation, progress towards elimination of trachoma as a public health problem in Eritrea, as well as Human resources for eye health and future direction.
A video showing the contribution of Prof. Fred Hollows in Eritrea was also presented.