9 minutes ago, Delta State won a total of six gold medals, while Lagos picked three to dominate the second day of the festival's weightlifting events.
Team Delta claimed all three gold medals in the women's 49kg categories as well as the men's 67kg categories, while Lagos took all three gold medals in the men's 55kg category.
In the 49 kg… 12 minutes ago The crusade against human trafficking has registered successes, after the sentencing of seven people, yesterday, by Judge AA Adewemimo of the National Industrial Court, Benin Division, Edo State.
The Benin Zonal Command of the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP), secured the conviction of seven people in four different cases of.
13 minutes ago • Insists that consumers must sign an agreement for the reimbursement Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC), Yesterday in Abuja, said that it remains the responsibility of electricity distribution companies to provide meters, transformers, poles, cables and other things necessary for the supply of electricity to consumers.
Across the country, consumers, including some state governments, provide transformers, poles, cables, and also finance.
professionals globally by 2030.
They made the call yesterday at the Utilities Directorate's 15th annual scientific conference.
Nursing, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), organized in collaboration with Nursing.
14 minutes ago • Not aware of ransom payment, police say After seven days of ordeal in kidnappers' den , the monarch of the Oso community in Ajowa-Akoko, North West Akoko Local Council of Ondo State, Oba Clement Jimoh Olukotun has been released by his kidnappers.
The Guardian has learned that the 66-year-old traditional ruler, who was kidnapped from his palace.
The Kano state government, through a programme funded by the European Union(EU) in collaboration with United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), freed 31 children in conflict with the law.
The Justice for Children Forum has its inaugural sitting in the Kano remand home and was led by the Chief Judge of the state, Justice Nura Sagir.
The forum after questioning and screening the children freed 31 of them whose offence were mostly theft.
The committee also freed some on health grounds, some were granted bail and others were transferred to juvenile court while others were recommended for speedy trials.
Hajiya Amina Yargaya, the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Justice, who heads the forum, restated the commitment of the government to ensure a child-friendly law system in Kano. She said that the justice for children forum would promote efficiency and effectiveness in the administration of justice and the provision of child-friendly services to children.
“Some of the issues the forum will look into include violence, against children, abuse, neglect, bullying and those who could not be able to access justice and also advise on prevention and reformation of children in contact with the justice system,” she said.
The Chief Register of the state high court, Malam Abdullahi Bayero, said that the forum would ensure that the rights of children are respected at every stage of juvenile, justice administration including investigation, judicial hearing as well as custodial stages.
He explained that the Chief Judge would visit the home again to release more children with cases of theft and other minor offence.
Also speaking, Hajiya Binta Yakasai, the Director social welfare directorate, commended the efforts of the forum for giving access to justice for both vulnerable persons and children in the state.
Fatima Adamu, Child Protection Specialist, UNICEF, Kano, said that the forum was a programme funded by the EU in collaboration with UNICEF.
She said that the forum was established in the state to protect children that come in contact with the law.
Adamu explained that the members of the Forum were drawn from the Police, Ministries of Justice, Education and Health, Nigerian Correctional Centre, Immigrations Service and the Legal Aid Council of Nigeria.
Others include the National Agency for Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP), the National Human Right Commission (NHRC), the Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps (NSCDC), the International Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA), UNICEF, Media Organizations as well as Chief Registrars of Courts and the Justice Sector Reform Team. According to her, some of the issues the forum will look into include violence, against children, abuse, neglect, bullying and those who can not access justice and also advice on prevention and reformation of children in contact with the justice system.
“At the end of the project with UNICEF support, hopefully, the state will attain some child-friendly service provision for children in contact with the law including children in conflict with the law, that is client focus,” she added.
Adamu, who lamented the state of the remand homes, called for the intervention of the state government.
The child protection specialist also called for routine medical checkups for the children.
The Abiodun Essiet Initiative for Girls (AEIG), in collaboration with The Girls Pride Foundation, has called on stakeholders in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) to take cases of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) seriously, to help address teen abuse.
The group made the appeal at a town hall meeting with women, traditional rulers and some key stakeholders in the Kuje Area Council in Abuja.
They described the cases of SGBV in the country as alarming and worrying.
Ms Abiodun Essiet, Executive Director of AEIG, said the town hall meeting was aimed at educating rural communities in FCT about gender-based violence and the need to speak up when faced with such issues.
According to her, SGBV has become a current pandemic in society, proper awareness is paramount to help address the challenges.
Essiet said the goal of the awareness was to help eliminate teen gender-based violence in FCT schools through education.
“The organization feels there is a need to speak up; This project will be carried out in the six Area Councils of the FCT, to talk to people, especially girls, with a short video.
“We will continue to have the conversation with the community and with their traditional rulers, so that when there are cases, they know the proper authorities to report to.
“In addition, we will sensitize them to help them understand the narrative of the various forms of sexual and gender-based violence, ranging from rape, spousal abuse and domestic violence.
“We will do this with NAPTIP, the police, the NSCDC, human rights representatives, the Department of Social Welfare, among others, to support the community in addressing SGBV issues,” he said.
For her part, the CEO of The Girls Pride Foundation, Ms. Akinwole Ishaya, said that cases of SGBV needed to be quickly reported to the proper authorities so that victims could obtain justice.
Ishaya said the organization focuses on the disadvantaged who have little or no access to education and empowerment, and also advocates for greater economic opportunities for women.
According to her, the organization also aims to address the structural and systemic barriers that prevent women from taking advantage of an opportunity of equal economic outcome.
He said the meeting, which focused on the scorecard for community response to sexual and gender issues, revealed areas where the community needs improvement and help.
NAPTIP Director General, Dr. Fatima Waziri-Azi, in her presentation said that SGBV refers to any act perpetrated against a person's will and is based on gender norms and unequal power relations.
Waziri-Azi said that NAPTIP has trained and dispatched 12 protection officers to the six area councils in FCT, adding that Kuje council currently has two NAPTIP officers who have been inundated with many cases since taking up duty. in June.
According to her, most of the cases required the execution of the arrest of the suspects and were referred to the NAPTIP headquarters to facilitate the cases.
It said violence includes threats of violence and coercion, sexual and gender-based violence inflicting on women and girls, men and boys, and serious violation of various human rights, adding that sexual and gender-based violence can be perpetrated by anyone.
“Causes of violence include mental health problems, poverty and unemployment, education, young parents, relationship-keeping behavior, historical factors, cultural factors, and self-defense.
“The preventions are: find out about the root causes of violence, interrupt sexist and discriminatory language, be critical and question, interrupt abuse, stop sexual harassment.
“Stop blaming the victims, stop rape culture, awareness and sensitization, campaigns, workshops, meetings and if you see something, say so,” he said.
The head of the gender and social protection section of the Kuje area council, Mr. Emmanuel Magaji, thanked the group for the initiative and for raising awareness among community members about sexual and gender-based violence.
Magaji added that the knowledge gained from the town hall meeting would be shared with other traditional rulers within the community, to effectively mitigate the threat.
However, the head of the office maintained that the program had given the area council more knowledge on how to handle and report SGBV cases.
Edited /Muhammad Suleiman Tola
Source Credit: NAN
Delta Attorney General Mr. Isaiah Bozimo addressing the Human Trafficking and Irregular Migration Task Force in Asaba.
The Delta government held a symposium in Asaba to stop the rising tide of human trafficking and expose the dangers it poses to citizens.
State Attorney General and Justice Commissioner Isaiah Bozimo said the symposium was organized to mark the 2022 International Day Against Trafficking in Persons.
Bozimo, also chair of the Delta State Taskforce on Human Trafficking and Irregular Migrations, noted that the symposium provided an opportunity for stakeholders to continue discussing and interacting on ways to address the threat.
“Human trafficking is happening more regularly than we know; then, the need to constantly remind ourselves of this reality and the roles that we all must play to combat it.
“Technology has evolved to the extent that it is embedded in all aspects of our lives, jobs and society.
“Accessibility to smartphones, the Internet, social networks and cyberspace continues to grow exponentially.
“However, as we embrace the many advantages of technology, we must also prepare for the pitfalls.
“Traffickers exploit technology to prey on unsuspecting members of the public through social engineering.
“These criminals hide behind technology to influence, stalk, profile, lure and recruit victims. They also launder the proceeds of their crime in an elusive and undetectable way,” he said.
He stressed that the fight against human trafficking must be waged collectively, awareness is needed to defeat criminal gangs.
“The technology is not going to go away, so the solution is not to say let's destroy the technology; we have to make sure that we are technologically capable of fighting these crimes,'' he said.
Bozimo praised the organizers, the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) and the National Commission for the Migration of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons.
Other partners include security agencies, the government, the International Organization for Migration and the United Nations Agency for Drugs and Crime.
In a message of goodwill, Mr. Nduka Nwanwenne, Commander of the Benin Zonal Command, NAPTIP, praised the state government for establishing the working group and for the symposium.
According to him, traffickers have deployed technology to advertise fake jobs, scholarships and non-existent football clubs and to connect victims with sexual services.
“Technology has helped raise awareness and facilitated the rescue of victims from exploitative conditions, as well as aided in the arrest, investigation and prosecution of traffickers.
“Awareness cannot be enough because the problem of human trafficking continues to be driven by ignorance,” said Nwanwenne.
The Nigerian News Agency reports that other stakeholders and partners have pledged their continued support to stem the wave of human trafficking in Delta.
The theme of the symposium was: “Use and abuse of technology”.
Source Credit: NAN
The Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS) has expressed concern over the alarming rate of emigration of Nigerians to foreign countries describing it as “worrisome phenomenon”.
The Comptroller of Immigration Service (NIS) in Enugu State, Mr Joachim Olumba, made the disclosure on Thursday at sensitisation campaign on the scourge of Smuggling of Migrants (SOM) for stakeholders in Enugu State.
The NIS Directorate organised the enlightenment in collaboration with the International Center for Migration Policy and Development (ICMPD).
According to Olumba, said the situation is becoming a worrisome phenomenon.
“Indeed, this program couldn’t have been held at a more appropriate time, considering the alarming rate at which, not only the youth, but older generation of Nigerians exhibit interest to leave the country.
“This is creating a worrisome phenomenon which has come to be popularly known in local parlance as “Japa”, he said.
He said that the appetite to jet out of the country was usually driven largely by social, economic and security concerns.
He said that Ngerians, especially the youth, were leaving the shores of the country in their droves.
“To many, what is paramount is to achieve the goal of migrating from the country and not the means of reaching their destinations.
“Whether they are smuggled or trafficked, or they even get to leave the country by means of stowaway, does not really matter to them.
“The ultimate interest is to relocate to foreign lands.
As far as the vast majority are concerned, the end will eventually justify the means,” he said.
The comptroller said that the desperation had brought unspeakable and unprintable hardships on numerous Migrants.
He said that many have oftentimes been subjected to various degrees of harrowing experiences that eventually hunt them for the rest of their lives.
“This life of regret occasioned by the ill-advised mission to migrate by all means have exercised far-reaching consequences on countless victims of SOM.
“This is why this Sensitization and Enlightenment campaign has become auspicious and absolutely necessary.
“It is designed to equip migration managers and stakeholders with adequate knowledge to contain the scourge.
“And to arm the public with relevant information on how not to migrate in order to escape being victims of desperate promoters of SOM and TIP,” he said.
He said that the event would expose the reality that “not all offers to take our beloved ones overseas should be accepted.
” He commended the NIS and their collaborators for bringing the campaign to Enugu.
“You have undoubtedly taken a proactive action to stem the growing and troubling incidence of SOM in the state and beyond.
“We hope that the partnership will be sustained until the dangerous phenomenon is totally eliminated.
“We must not continue to watch while our children, the future hope of our beloved nation, are daily exposed to the grave danger posed by SOM,” he said.
In her goodwill message, the South East Zonal Coordinator, NAPTIP, Mrs Nneka Ajie, said it was time for every stakeholder to stand up against the menace.
“We all have stakes in the scourge; if you don’t stand firm, the scourge will continue,” she said.
Ajie commended the immigration service for her fight against smuggling of migrants.
She said that many migrants had met their untimely death through the menace.
The National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) on Monday in Abuja presented to its stakeholders the National Action Plan (NAP) on human trafficking for the year 2022-2026.
The Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Disasters management and Social Development, Hajia Sadiya Umar Farouq, during the presentation stated that the document was expected to foster greater collaboration among stakeholders.
Represented by Mr Charles Anielu, a Director in the ministry, Farouq said that the document would bring efficiency in the fight against human trafficking in Nigeria and set yearly bench mark for stakeholders on the implementation of activities.
The minister noted that the policy document could not have come at a better time than now when the country was facing a number of social, humanitarian and developmental issues.
“My ministry has risen to the challenges of delivering on its core mandate of developing humanitarian policies and providing effective coordination of national and international humanitarian interventions.
“The ministry has risen to ensure strategic disaster mitigation preparedness and response and managing the formulation and implementation of fair focused social inclusion and protection programmes in Nigeria.
“In a bid to effectively coordinate the wide mandate of the ministry, we developed L.
I.F.E Cycle – Lead an Inclusive and Innovative Future-thinking Ecosystem,“ she said.
The minister said it was an operational coordination initiative which aligned with the activities of all the agencies under the ministry, in collaboration with relevant stakeholders.
“This initiative finds expression in NAP on human trafficking in Nigeria (2022 – 2026), which is a coordination framework for counter-trafficking interventions.
“Since the approval of the document by the Federal Executive Council in February and its public presentation at the National Stakeholders Consultative Forum (NSCF) on human trafficking in April, the document was yet to be fully mainstreamed,” Farouq said.
She said that it was imperative to convene the meeting as a platform to engage heads of Ministries, Department and Agencies (MDAs) and other relevant organisations to understand their roles in the implementation of the document.
Earlier in her address of welcome, NAPTIP Director-General, Dr Fatima Waziri-Azi, stated that human trafficking had remained a source of threat to international, national, and human security and had become the greatest contemporary challenges.
She said that the Nigerian government had over the years realised the strategic roles of all segments of the society in combatting the social ill, hence the need why government through NAPTIP was approaching the menace in various dimensions.
Waziri-Azi stated that after the establishment of NAPTIP, the agency had continuously developed and expanded structures to deepen the involvement of relevant actors in stemming the tide of human trafficking in Nigeria.
“You would recall that in 2009, NAPTIP developed a Four-Year National Action Plan (NAP) on Trafficking in Persons (2009-2012) that became a collaborative framework that set the benchmarks for interventions by all stakeholders.
“The implementation of the first edition of `NAP On Human Trafficking (2009-2012)` provided the much needed framework for a coordinated response to human trafficking in Nigeria among the stakeholders.
“The first edition led to numerous achievements recorded by the agency in the succeeding years.
Some of these achievements were the landmark upgrading of Nigeria to Tier One status for three consecutive years in the US, 2009 – 2012,“ she said.
Waziri-Azi said that upon the expiration of the timeframe of the NAP 2009 – 2012, there were a number of unsuccessful attempts to develop the next Action Plan until 2017 when NAPTIP and stakeholders came together.
“This first activity heralded the commencement of the development of the new NAP (2022 – 2026) which we are presenting today,” she said.
According to her, the report of the appraisal and the findings from the baseline assessment of the trafficking situation in Nigeria were presented to the stakeholders at the first workshop held between Nov. 23 and Nov. 25, 2020. Waziri-Azi commended some relevant partners such as the UN Office on Drug and Crimes (UNODC), the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) which had been supporting NAPTIP on the fight against the menace.
The Nigeria Navy says it has rescued 50 prostitutes and arrested three suspected sex traffickers during a major raid on two brothels in Port Harcourt.
Lt.-Cdr. Richard Iginla, Base Information Officer, Nigerian Navy Ship (NNS) Pathfinder, paraded the suspects and rescued victims before newsmen in Port Harcourt on Sunday.
Iginla said the operation was carried out in collaboration with the Nigeria Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) and Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC).
According to him, the 50 prostitutes, mainly teenage girls were rescued in the early hours of Saturday after a tip-off from NAPTIP.
“We got the intelligence from NAPTIP, who had been tracking the brothels that camped juveniles with some of them as young as 14 years of age.
“So, after NAPTIP shared intelligence with us, a joint team was set up and we immediately went into action to rescue the victims.
“No fewer than 50 young girls forced into prostitution were rescued while three recruiters and operators of the brothels were arrested,” he said.
Iginla said the brothels; Royal Brothel and Cool Breeze Brothel both located on Azikiwe Road in Diobu area of Port Harcourt had been shut down.
He said that efforts were ongoing to trail and arrest the leaders of the sex trafficking ring, who recruits children from villages into prostitution.
“Children are gifts from God, and we must do everything humanly possible to protect them from all forms of abuse and exploitation.
“The Nigeria Navy will continue to collaborate with relevant agencies to bring to justice criminal elements that traffic persons either on land or through the waterways.
“On conclusion of our investigation, the suspects and victims will be handed over to NAPTIP for further investigation and possible prosecution,” he added.
Speaking, the Head of NAPTIP in Rivers, Mrs Nwa-amaka Ikediashi, said the agency would immediately rehabilitate the victims with focus to reintegrating them back into the society.
According to her, the victims, mainly under-aged girls, would also partake in different phases of counselling, to ensure they don’t continue prostitution.
“NAPTIP, as the focal agency mandated to fight all forms of human trafficking and sexual exploitation, will conduct proper investigation, to ensure justice is served,” she promised.
One of the rescued minors, an Anambra indigene, told the News Agency of Nigeria that she was trafficked from her village to work as a house help.
The victims said on her arrival to Port Harcourt in company of one of her kinswoman that she was forced into prostitution.
“One of my village women (trafficker) brought me and two other girls from our village with the impression that we are coming to serve in a hotel.
“Shortly after we arrived at the hotel, she (trafficker) went outside and collected money from one woman (brothel operator).
That was the last time I saw her (trafficker).
“Later, the woman, simply known as madam, put us in a room and told us that we would work as Ashawo (prostitute),” she said.
Ruth said she immediately refused to work as a prostitute but that after the operator threatened her with torture and starvation, she gave in.
“In a day I sleep with more than 10 men, and whatever money I make, I give it to my madam.
“We hustle by wearing pants to seduce the men.
After admiring what they see, they (men) take us into the room; have sex with us and give us money.
“We do a daily account of any money we collect to our madam’s sister, who calculates and gives us our cut,” she added.
Justice Yusuf Halilu of an FCT high court, Maitama, on Wednesday convicted and sentenced a self acclaimed pastor, Esther Oyinabo, to 15 years imprisonment for trafficking a four-day- old baby.
Also sentenced is Segun Oladele.
Oyinabo and Oladele were arraigned before the court by the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) on three courts bordering on conspiracy and trafficking in person.
Delivering judgment, Justice Halilu held that the prosecution has proven its case against the convicts beyond reasonable doubts.
He held that the offence they committed was tantamount to slavery, which is a great crime against humanity.
He, therefore, convicted the defendants as charged by the prosecution.
Counsel for the defendants, Remigius Ani, urged the court to tamper justice with mercy, saying that they are first time offenders.
“The first convict has an aged mother and is the sole breadwinner of his family.
The second convict, he said, is a widow with children to cater for.
The defence counsel, therefore, appealed to the count to impose fines on the convicts instead of sending them to correctional facility to serve terms there.
While sentencing the convicts, the judge held that the law under which they were charged stipulates imprisonment and fine for anyone convicted under it.
Justice Halilu, therefore, both convicts to five years imprisonment with a fine of N2million each on count one.
On count two, the judge sentenced Oladele to five years imprisonment with another N2million fine, while Oyinabo was sentenced to another five-year on count three with N2million fine.
The sentences, according to the judge, will run concurrently.
Justice Halilu ordered that the convicts serve their term at the Suleja Correctional Centre in Niger.
According to him, the sentence would serve as a deterrent to others with the intention of engaging in human trafficking,.
He added that for anyone wishing to adopt a child, there are many legal ways to do so.
Oladele was alleged to have approached Oyinabo to assist the mother of the baby, from Taraba to pay for her ceasarian operation in the hospital.
NAApTIP said the second convict, Oyinabo, paid N200,000 for the delivery and took the baby after delivery.
The baby was later given out to a woman from Enugu State.
The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) has received 542 stranded Nigerians from the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Mr Manzo Ezekiel, Head, Press Unit, NEMA, confirmed this in a statement on Sunday in Abuja.
According to him, the returnees arrived at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja on board Max Air Charted flight at 4:29 a.
m. He added that the returnees included 79 males, 460 females and three infants.
He added that the returnees were screened by health officials, profiled by various relevant agencies and cleared by the Nigerian Immigration Service, before being given a token to aid their transportation to their destinations by NEMA.
Earlier, Mr Mustapha Ahmed, Director-General, NEMA, who officially received the returnees on behalf of the Federal Government, admonished them to learn from their experiences and be law abiding citizens.
Ahmed, who was represented by the Director of Finance and Account of the agency, Mr Sani Jiba, added that the Federal Government had approved the evacuation and provision of the token to support their movement back to their various homes.
The Consul General of Nigeria in Dubai, Amb. Atinuke Mohammed, who accompanied the returnees back to the country, appreciated the Federal Government for the special intervention in the safe evacuation of the citizens.
The returnees were received by officials of NEMA, Airport officials, security agencies, National Commission for Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (NCFRMI), NAPTIP, NIDCOM, NDLEA, Nigerian Correctional Service, Nigerian Custom Service, NCDC, Port Health Services, among others.
The Network Against Child Trafficking, Abuse and Labour (NACTAL), a non governmental organisation, has called for stakeholders’ engagement to complement government’s effort to end human trafficking in the country.
This is contained in a statement by NATCAL’s National President, Mr Abdulganiyu Abubakar on Thurdsday in Dutse, Jigawa, as part of activities to mark the 2022 European Union Anti Trafficking Day. He said the call was impreative towards mobilising critical stakeholders including community and religious leaders, community influencers, opinion leaders, youth and women groups, the organised private sector and Civil Society Organisations to support the efforts of government in ending human trafficking in the country.
This, he said, could be achieved by empowering the poor and vulnerable families in their various localities.
“As the EU Anti trafficking Day is being commemorated, NACTAL Nigeria remains committed to supporting the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) and the Government of Nigeria in the fight against human trafficking,” he said.
He described human trafficking as global reality, gross human rights violation and a crime that deceitfully exploits people, including women, girls, youth and children.
Abubakar noted that the United Nations stressed the need for concerted efforts by stakeholders to end trafficking across the globe.
According to him, trafficking involves recruiting and transporting people into a situation of exploitation due to their vulnerability as a result of unemployment, homelessness, illiteracy among others.
He said victims and survivours of human trafficking faced different forms of exploitations such as forced and child labour, forced marriage, prostitution and organ harvest.
While quoting the UN Report on human trafficking, Abubakar said: “It is estimated that annually, there are between 20 and 40 million people who are in modern slavery globally.
“Human trafficking earns estimated profits of $150 billion annually for traffickers, with $99 billion from commercial sexual exploitation.
“Also, an estimated 71 per cent of human trafficking are women and girls while men and boys account for 29 per cent”.
According to him, in Nigeria, human trafficking affects the 36 states and Federal Capital Territory (FCT), adding that lack of data had made it difficult to establish prevalence of human trafficking in the country.
He, however, said statistics of the NAPTIP indicated that 75 per cent of victims were being trafficked across states, 23 per cent trafficked within states and two per cent trafficked outside the country.
“Many of our youths particularly women and girls have continued to be trafficked within and outside the country with some of them been seen on social media calling the government and the Nigerian people to come to their aid.
“The government spend huge amount of money to rescue them from their host country back to Nigeria where huge amount is also expended on rehabilitation and empowerment of the survivors.
“Nigeria is a source, transit, and destination state for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons including forced labour, sexual exploitation and forced prostitution,” he said.
He said that poverty, unemployment, lack of educational and economic opportunities, displacement and ignorance continued to predispose thousands of women and girls to dangers of traffickers who capitalised on their vulnerability to recruit, transfer and harbour them for the purpose of exploitation.