Putin has carefully cultivated a macho image during his 19 years in power with photo-ops depicting him riding a horse bare-chested in Siberia, taking a dip in icy water and piloting a firefighting plane.
The 66-year-old, whose ratings have slipped in recent months, was shown on state television in jeans and a jacket with a raised collar, riding a brown horse flanked by female police officers on white horses.
They cantered gently around a training facility for horse-backed police in Moscow followed by other uniformed officers riding in rows.
Putin afterwards gave the police officers a horse named Golden Ray, Russian news agencies reported.
Ahead of International Women’s Day on Friday, Putin said women were increasingly taking an interest in working in law enforcement agencies and that just over a quarter of employees at the interior ministry were now women.
Pollsters say Putin’s ratings have dipped recently due to years of falling real incomes and an unpopular move by the government in 2018 to raise the retirement age.