The parliamentarians shouted “Down with America” and burnt a symbolic copy of the deal as well, according to
Iran’s hardliners had always been opposed to the deal, which was aimed at halting Iran’s nuclear weapons programme
in exchange for the easing of economic sanctions, and have attacked President Hassan Rowhani for signing it.
between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the UN Security Council—China, France,
Russia, UK, U.S.—plus Germany).
Formal negotiations toward the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear programme began with the
adoption of the JCPOA, an interim agreement signed between Iran and the P5+1 countries in November 2013.
For the next twenty months, Iran and the P5+1 countries engaged in negotiations, and in April 2015 agreed
on an Iran nuclear deal framework for the final agreement.
In July 2015, Iran and the P5+1 confirmed agreement on the plan along with the “Roadmap Agreement” made between
Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
Under the agreement, Iran agreed to eliminate its stockpile of medium-enriched uranium, cut its stockpile of
low-enriched uranium by 98 per cent, and reduce by about two-thirds the number of its gas centrifuges for
For the next 15 years, Iran will only enrich uranium up to 3.67 per cent.
Iran also agreed not to build any new heavy-water facilities for the same period of time.
Uranium-enrichment activities will be limited to a single facility using first-generation centrifuges for 10 years.
Other facilities will be converted to avoid proliferation risks. To monitor and verify Iran’s compliance with
the agreement, the IAEA will have regular access to all Iranian nuclear facilities.
The agreement provides that in return for verifiably abiding by its commitments, Iran will receive relief from
U.S., European Union, and UN Security Council nuclear-related economic sanctions.
On Oct. 13, 2017, Trump announced that the U. S. would not make the certification provided for under U.S.
domestic law, but stopped short of terminating the deal.
On April 30, the U.S. and Israel stated that Iran did not disclose a past covert nuclear weapons programme
to the IAEA, which was required in the 2015 deal.
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