Tsohon shugaban mulkin sojan Koriya ta Kudu Chun Doo-hwan ya rasu yana da shekaru 90

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Tsohon shugaban kasar Koriya ta Kudu Chun Doo-hwan, wanda mulkinsa na katsalandan a kasar bayan juyin mulkin da sojoji suka yi a shekarar 1979 ya haifar da gagarumar zanga-zangar demokradiyya, ya mutu ranar Talata yana da shekaru 90 a duniya, in ji tsohon mai taimaka masa kan harkokin yada labarai.

Chun yana da ciwon myeloma da yawa, ciwon daji na jini wanda ke cikin gafara, kuma lafiyarsa ta tabarbare kwanan nan, in ji tsohon sakataren yada labaransa Min Chung-ki ga manema labarai.

Ya rasu ne a gidansa da ke Seoul da sassafe kuma za a kai gawarsa asibiti domin yi masa jana’iza da rana.

Wani tsohon kwamandan soji, Chun ne ya jagoranci kisan kiyashin da sojojin Gwangju suka yi a shekarar 1980 ga masu zanga-zangar neman dimokradiyya, wanda daga baya aka yanke masa hukuncin kisa.

Mutuwar tasa ta zo ne kimanin wata guda bayan da wani tsohon shugaban kasar da abokinsa Roh Tae-woo ya yi juyin mulki, wanda ya taka muhimmiyar rawa amma mai cike da cece-kuce a cikin rigingimun juyin mulkin da aka yi a kasar zuwa ga demokradiyya, ya rasu yana da shekaru 88.

Chun mai kauye, ramrod- madaidaiciya a lokacin shari’arsa a tsakiyar shekarun 1990, ya kare juyin mulkin kamar yadda ya dace don ceto al’ummar kasar daga rikicin siyasa kuma ya musanta tura sojoji cikin Gwangju.

Chun ya shaidawa kotu cewa “Na tabbata cewa zan dauki mataki iri daya, idan irin haka ta taso.”

An haifi Chun a ranar 6 ga Maris, 1931, a Yulgok-myeon, wani gari mai fama da talauci a lardin Hapcheon da ke kudu maso gabashin kasar, a lokacin mulkin Japan a kan Koriya.

Ya shiga aikin soja kai tsaye daga makarantar sakandire, inda ya yi aiki har zuwa lokacin da aka nada shi kwamanda a shekarar 1979.

Da yake jagorantar binciken kisan shugaba Park Chung-hee a waccan shekarar, Chun ya kai kara ga manyan abokan kawancen soji tare da samun galaba a kan hukumomin leken asirin Koriya ta Kudu inda ya buga labarin juyin mulkin ranar 12 ga watan Disamba.

“A gaban kungiyoyi mafi karfi a karkashin shugabancin Park Chung-hee, ya ba ni mamaki yadda (Chun) ya sami ikon sarrafa su cikin sauƙi da kuma yadda ya yi amfani da basirar yin amfani da yanayin.

Nan take ya zama kamar ya zama kato,” Park Jun-kwang, mataimakiyar Chun a lokacin juyin mulkin ta shaida wa dan jarida Cho Gab-je.

Shekaru takwas da Chun ya yi a fadar shugaban kasa ta Blue House na da nasaba da zalunci da danniya a siyasance.

Duk da haka, an yi masa alama da haɓakar wadatar tattalin arziki.

Chun ya yi murabus daga mukaminsa a cikin wani yunkuri na dimokuradiyya karkashin jagorancin dalibai a fadin kasar a 1987 yana neman tsarin zabe kai tsaye.

A cikin 1995, an tuhume shi da laifin tada kayar baya, cin amanar kasa kuma an kama shi bayan ya ki bayyana a ofishin masu gabatar da kara ya gudu zuwa garinsu.

A abin da kafafen yada labarai na cikin gida suka kira “gwajin karni”, shi da wanda ya yi juyin mulki kuma shugaba Roh Tae-Woo wanda ya gaji an same shi da laifin tada kayar baya, cin amanar kasa da cin hanci.

A hukuncin da suka yanke, alkalan sun ce hawan Chun kan karagar mulki ya zo “ta hanyar haramtacciyar hanya wadda ta yi barna mai yawa ga jama’a”.

An yi imanin an kashe dubban dalibai a Gwangju, kamar yadda wadanda suka tsira da rayukansu, da tsoffin jami’an soji da masu bincike suka shaida.

An dai daure Roh na tsawon lokaci a gidan yari yayin da aka yanke wa Chun hukuncin kisa.

Koyaya, Kotun Koli ta Seoul ta canza hakan don amincewa da rawar da Chun ke takawa a cikin saurin bunƙasa tattalin arziƙin tattalin arzikin Asiya na “Tiger” da kuma miƙa mulki cikin lumana zuwa Roh a 1988.

Shugaba Kim Young-sam ya yi afuwa kuma an sake shi daga kurkuku a cikin 1997, a cikin abin da ya kira ƙoƙari na inganta “haɗin kan ƙasa.”

Chun ya sake dawowa da yawa zuwa haske.

Ya haifar da cece-kuce a cikin kasa a shekarar 2003 lokacin da ya yi ikirarin kadarorin da suka kai 291,000 won ($245) na tsabar kudi, karnuka biyu da wasu kayan aikin gida – yayin da ya ci tarar wasu biliyan 220.5.

Daga baya an gano ’ya’yansa hudu da sauran ‘yan uwansa suna da manyan filaye a birnin Seoul da kuma wasu gidaje na alfarma a Amurka.

Iyalan Chun a shekarar 2013 sun sha alwashin biyan mafi yawan bashin da ya ke bi, amma har yanzu tararsa da ba a biya ba ya kai adadin biliyan 100 da ya samu a watan Disamba na 2020.

A cikin 2020, an sami Chun da laifi kuma an yanke masa hukuncin dakatar da shi na tsawon watanni takwas saboda bata sunan wani marigayi mai fafutukar dimokradiyya kuma limamin Katolika a cikin tarihinsa na 2017.

Masu gabatar da kara sun daukaka kara, kuma Chun ya fuskanci shari’a mako mai zuwa.

Reuters/NAN

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