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G7: FAO ta gabatar da shawarwari na gaba don magance ƙarancin abinci na yanzu da na gaba

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														Shugaban Hukumar Kula da Abinci da Aikin Noma ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (FAO) a yau ya yi kira ga kasashen G7 da su taimaka wajen hasashen karancin abinci a nan gaba yayin da yakin Ukraine ke rage kayan masarufi da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da kuma barazana ga kasashen Afirka da Asiya da ke fama da rauni.
G7: FAO ta gabatar da shawarwari na gaba don magance ƙarancin abinci na yanzu da na gaba

Shugaban Hukumar Kula da Abinci da Aikin Noma ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (FAO) a yau ya yi kira ga kasashen G7 da su taimaka wajen hasashen karancin abinci a nan gaba yayin da yakin Ukraine ke rage kayan masarufi da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da kuma barazana ga kasashen Afirka da Asiya da ke fama da rauni.

“Muna buƙatar gano hanyoyin da za a bi don warware gibin da za a iya samu nan gaba a kasuwannin duniya, tare da yin aiki tare don samar da ci gaba mai dorewa a duk inda ya yiwu,” in ji Darakta Janar Qu Dongyu a taron ministocin aikin gona na G7 a Stuttgart, Jamus.

Shugaban kasar Jamus na G7 ya gayyaci Qu domin tattauna illar da rikicin gabashin Turai zai haifar kan samar da abinci a duniya.

Tuni a cikin 2021, kimanin mutane miliyan 193 ne ke cikin matsanancin rashin abinci kuma suna buƙatar agajin gaggawa, kusan miliyan 40 fiye da na 2020.

“A cikin wannan yanayi mai ban mamaki ne muke fuskantar yakin Ukraine,” in ji Qu.

Kasashen Rasha da Ukraine dai sune manyan ‘yan kasuwa a kasuwannin hada-hadar kayayyaki na duniya, kuma rashin tabbas da ke tattare da rikicin ya haifar da tashin gwauron zabi, musamman na alkama da masara da irin mai da kuma taki. Waɗannan haɓaka sun zo sama da farashin da aka riga aka ɗauka ta hanyar buƙatu mai ƙarfi da tsadar shigarwar sakamakon cutar ta COVID-19.

A cikin Maris, Ma’aunin Farashin Abinci na FAO ya kai matakinsa mafi girma (maki 160) tun lokacin da aka kirkire shi a cikin 1990 kuma kadan ya ragu a cikin Afrilu.

An yi bitar hasashen fitar da alkama ga Rasha da Ukraine a ƙasa tun farkon yaƙin. Kuma duk da cewa sauran ‘yan wasan kasuwa, kamar Indiya da Tarayyar Turai, suna haɓaka tayin su, wadatar ta kasance mai ƙarfi kuma farashin zai iya ƙaruwa a cikin watanni masu zuwa, in ji Qu.

Kasashen da suka dogara kacokan kan shigo da alkama sun hada da Masar da Turkiyya, amma kuma kasashen da ke kudu da hamadar Sahara da dama kamar su Kongo, Eritriya, Madagascar, Namibiya, Somaliya, da Tanzaniya. A halin da ake ciki kuma, kasashen da suka dogara da takin da ake shigowa da su daga kasar Rasha sun hada da muhimman hatsi da masu fitar da kayayyaki masu daraja kamar Argentina, Bangladesh da Brazil.

miƙa mafita

A cewar FAO, bayyana gaskiya a kasuwa yana da mahimmanci. Don haka ne FAO ke maraba da duk wani yunƙuri na ƙarfafawa da faɗaɗa tsarin bayanan kasuwannin noma (AMIS), wani dandali tsakanin hukumomin da aka tsara don inganta gaskiyar kasuwannin abinci da ministocin aikin gona na G20 suka ƙaddamar a shekarar 2011 bayan ƙarin farashin abinci a duniya a 2007/08 da 2010. FAO ce ke daukar nauyin AMIS.

FAO ta kuma ba da shawarar Cibiyar Bayar da Tallafin Shigo da Abinci ta Duniya don taimakawa ƙasashe shawo kan hauhawar farashin abinci. Tsarin, wanda ke da cikakken tushen bukatu kuma yana iyakance ga masu karamin karfi da matsakaici, kasashe masu shigo da abinci da zababbun wadanda za su ci gajiyar kungiyar ci gaban kasa da kasa, na iya amfanar kusan mutane biliyan 1.8 a cikin kasashe 61 masu rauni. na duniya.

An ƙera kayan aikin don haɗawa da kyakkyawan yanayi don yin aiki azaman mai daidaitawa ta atomatik don samun kuɗi na gaba. Ƙasashen da suka cancanta za su himmatu wajen ƙara saka hannun jari a harkar noma, don haka rage buƙatun shigo da kayayyaki nan gaba.

A cikin jawabinsa ga taron G7, Darakta-Janar na FAO ya kuma bukaci gwamnatoci da su guji sanya takunkumin hana fitar da kayayyaki zuwa kasashen waje, wanda zai iya ta’azzara hauhawar farashin kayan abinci da kuma lalata kwarin gwiwa a kasuwannin duniya. .

Madadin haka, muna buƙatar “tabbatar da cewa duk wani matakan da aka ɗauka don magance rikicin ba zai ta’azzara rashin abinci ba kuma a maimakon haka ya ƙara ƙarfin gwiwa,” in ji Qu.

Ministan noma na Jamus Cem Özdemir ne ya karbi bakoncin taron da aka yi a Stuttgart, kuma ya gabatar da sanarwar bako daga abokin aikinsa na Ukraine, Mykola Solsky.

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