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BINCIKEN LABARAI: Illolin zamantakewa da tattalin arziki na faduwar Naira

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 LABARI DA DUMI DUMINSA Tattalin Arzikin Da Tattalin Arzikin Kasa Da Tabarbarewar Naira Tafsirin Tattalin Arzikin Jama a da Fa uwar Naira Binciken Labarai daga Solomon Asowata Lydia Ngwakwe da Rukayat Moisemhe Masana harkokin kudi sun ce faduwar darajar Naira da ake ci gaba da yi ya kara tabarbare rayuwar yan Najeriya tare da kara hauhawa Masanan sun hellip
BINCIKEN LABARAI: Illolin zamantakewa da tattalin arziki na faduwar Naira

NNN HAUSA: LABARI DA DUMI-DUMINSA: Tattalin Arzikin Da Tattalin Arzikin Kasa Da Tabarbarewar Naira.

Tafsirin Tattalin Arzikin Jama’a da Faɗuwar Naira: Binciken Labarai daga Solomon Asowata, Lydia Ngwakwe da Rukayat Moisemhe.

Masana harkokin kudi sun ce faduwar darajar Naira da ake ci gaba da yi ya kara tabarbare rayuwar ‘yan Najeriya tare da kara hauhawa.

Masanan sun shaida wa kamfanin dillancin labaran Najeriya a wata hira daban-daban cewa idan har kudin kasar ya ci gaba da faduwa sabanin dala, hakan na iya haifar da babbar illa ga tattalin arzikin kasar.

Wani Farfesa a fannin Kudi da Kasuwar Jari, Uche Uwaleke, ya ce faduwar Naira kyauta ba ta da amfani ga tattalin arzikin kasa.

“Sakamakon yana da muni ga tattalin arziki. Tashin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki bai rasa nasaba da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da aka shigo da shi daga ketare.

“Kayan canji a hukumance wanda yanzu ya haura adadin kasafin kudin shekarar 2022 zai kawo karshen gibin kasafin kudin gwamnati.

“Hakazalika zai kara tallafin man fetur, wanda zai iya jefa tattalin arzikin kasar cikin zurfafa bashi.

“Haka nan kuma, dangane da Naira kwatankwacin bada lamuni na kasashen waje na gwamnati, nauyi ma zai karu,” inji shi.

A cewar Uwaleke, fa’idar faduwar darajar Naira ne kawai ga Gwamnatin Tarayya da kuma ‘yan kasa wanda Naira kwatankwacin Hukumar Raba Asusun Tarayya (FAAC) na iya karuwa.

“Amma meye amfanin karuwar adadin kudin da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya lalace?

“Rashin darajar Naira ya kamata ya taimaka wa Ma’aunin Biyan Kuɗi na Ƙasar ta hanyar hana shigo da kayayyaki da kuma sanya fitar da kayayyaki cikin rahusa.

“Abin takaici, hakan ba ya faruwa idan aka yi la’akari da raunin da Najeriya ke fama da shi wajen fitar da kayayyaki zuwa kasashen waje da kuma yadda ‘yan Najeriya ke son sayen kayayyakin kasashen waje.”

Ya ce Najeriya na bukatar kudi mai karfi domin samun damar samar da shugabancin da ake bukata a nahiyar Afirka, musamman ma a fannin ciniki cikin ‘yanci na nahiyar Afirka.

Sheriffdeen Tella, Farfesa a fannin tattalin arziki na Jami’ar Olabisi Onabanjo, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun, ya ce faduwar Naira ne ya jawo hauhawar farashin kayayyaki.

“Abin da ke haifar da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da wahalar samarwa a halin yanzu.

“Tsawon yanayi na iya shafar aikin yi da kuma jin dadin jama’a baki daya, kamar yadda zai iya haifar da koma bayan tattalin arziki da ake tsammanin zai taso daga yakin Rasha da Ukraine wanda zai shafi Najeriya ba karamin abu ba,” inji shi.

Ndubisi Nwokoma, darektan cibiyar nazarin manufofin tattalin arziki da bincike na jami’ar Legas, Akoka, ya bukaci babban bankin Najeriya (CBN) ya kara samar da kudaden musanya da kuma kula da bukatar.

“Faɗuwar Naira ya yi tasiri sosai a fannin zamantakewa da tattalin arziki ga talakawan Najeriya. Hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya yi ta tabarbarewa, kuma yanayin rayuwa yana kara tabarbarewa. Kalubalen rashin tsaro ma ya kara wa wadannan duka,” in ji shi.

Faduwar Naira ya yi matukar tasiri a harkar man fetur da iskar gas, wanda ke da matukar muhimmanci ga ci gaban zamantakewa da tattalin arzikin Najeriya.

Lamarin dai ya kara tabarbare ne sakamakon rikicin da ya barke tsakanin Rasha da Ukraine inda farashin danyen mai ya kai kusan dala 120 kan kowacce ganga a ‘yan makonnin nan.

Hakan ya janyo tashin farashin man fetur kamar Jet A1 (man fetur) dizal, kananzir, Premium Motor Spirit (man fetur) da kuma Liquefied Petroleum Gas (gas ɗin dafa abinci).

A halin yanzu dai farashin man dizal ya tashi daga N650 zuwa N800 ga kowace lita a fadin kasar nan, yayin da man jiragen sama a cewar kamfanonin jiragen sama na cikin gida ana siyar da shi tsakanin N600 zuwa N700 ga lita daya gwargwadon wurin.

Hakazalika, kananzir na siyar da kananzir akan Naira 650 a kowace lita a wasu gidajen mai yayin da ake siyar da silindar gas ɗin girki mai nauyin kilogiram 12.5 akan N9,000 zuwa N10,000 don kawo ƙarshen masu amfani da ita.

A cewar kungiyar manyan dillalan man fetur ta Najeriya MOMAN, farashin saukar PMS a halin yanzu ya haura Naira 400 kan kowacce lita, wanda hakan ya tilastawa gwamnatin tarayya kashe makudan kudade wajen tallafa wa kayan don sayar da litar mai a kan Naira 165.

Mista Clement Isong, Sakataren zartarwa na MOMAN, ya jajanta wa ‘yan Najeriya da gwamnati kan kalubalen da ake fuskanta a sakamakon tashin farashin danyen mai da sauran kayayyakinsa a kasuwannin duniya.

Ya ce rashin samun kudaden waje na daya daga cikin dalilan da suka sa farashin dillalan man jiragen sama da dizal ya tashi.

Isong ya kuma yi Allah wadai da tallafin man fetur da gwamnati ke yi da makudan kudade da za a iya turawa zuwa wasu muhimman fannonin tattalin arziki kamar ilimi, kiwon lafiya da samar da ababen more rayuwa.

“Komawa zuwa dawo da farashi da kasuwa kyauta da tattalin arziki mai fa’ida (ciki har da samun damar musayar kudaden waje a farashin gasa) ba makawa ne don dorewar tsarin samarwa da rarrabawa a cikin masana’antar mai na ƙasa,” “in ji shi.

Mrs Nkechi Obi, Manajan Darakta, Techno Gas Ltd., ta kuma yi kira ga gwamnatin tarayya da ta sa baki wajen dakile tashin farashin iskar gas a kasar nan.

Obi, wanda ya yi wannan roko a lokacin da yake jawabi a wani taron da aka gudanar a taron samar da man fetur da iskar gas na Najeriya da aka kammala kwanan nan a Legas, ya ce samfurin yana zama maras tsada ga ‘yan Najeriya.

Obi ya ce tun da ’yan kasuwa ke shigo da sama da kashi 60 na LPG da ake amfani da su a Najeriya, ya zama wajibi gwamnati ta samar musu da kudin sabulu a farashi mai gasa.

Obi ya ce hakan zai rage tsadar kayan da kuma sanya shi araha ga ‘yan Najeriya da tuni suka koma amfani da murhun kananzir da itacen girki.

Mista Michael Umudu, shugaban kungiyar masu sayar da iskar gas ta kasa (LPGAR) reshen kungiyar ma’aikatan man fetur da iskar gas ta kasa (NUPENG), ya bayyana lamarin a matsayin abin damuwa ga dillalai da masu siye.

“Babban abin damuwa na wannan ci gaban shi ne ya ci gaba da karuwa a kullum tsawon makonni a yanzu amma ya fara karuwa a cikin ‘yan makonnin da suka gabata wanda ya haifar da karuwa mai yawa a duka gidajen ajiya da kantuna.

“Mu a matsayinmu na ‘yan kasuwa, babbar matsala ce, domin ba ma iya samun damar tara shagunanmu, kuma ko da mun yi hakan, za a dauki lokaci kafin mu samu isashen tallace-tallace domin mu dawo da jarin mu.

“Abin da muka samu a yanzu shi ne, mutane ma suna shigo da silinda 12.5kg amma sun zaɓi cika su da ƙasa da kilogiram 6 na iskar gas kawai don sarrafa a gida.”

Umudu, don haka, ta yi kira ga gwamnati da ta samar da wata hanya ta musamman ga masu shigo da kayayyaki na LPG domin su taimaka wajen rage tsadar iskar gas.

Dokta Muda Yusuf, masanin tattalin arziki ya danganta faduwar Naira da sakamakon kayyadadden tsarin canji na babban bankin Najeriya CBN da kuma yadda ake tafiyar da harkokin canji.

Yusuf, wanda kuma ya kafa cibiyar bunkasa kamfanoni masu zaman kansu (CPPEs), ya ce manufofin sun haifar da wata babbar sana’a ta hada-hadar canjin kudaden waje, tabarbarewar al’amura, hasashe, kan daftarin kudi, jigilar kayayyaki da dai sauransu.

Ya ce matakin da babban bankin ya dauka ya yi daidai da magance alamomin maimakon magance matsalolin da ke haifar da hakan, wanda ba shi ne mafita mai dorewa ba.

“Abin takaici ne cewa CBN bai yarda da tsarin kasuwa ba, amma duk da haka ana gwada tsarin kasuwa a matsayin kayan aikin raba albarkatu masu inganci a cikin manyan tattalin arzikin duniya.

“Tabbas, an san gazawar kasuwa a fannin tattalin arziki, kuma waɗannan lokuta wasu keɓantacce ne waɗanda za a iya gano su kuma a magance su.

“Tsarin gudanarwa na kasuwa zai dawo da kwanciyar hankali da kwanciyar hankali a kasuwar canji.

“Kodayake, ana iya samun hauhawar farashin musaya na ɗan lokaci, amma kwanciyar hankali da ƙimar ƙimar za ta biyo baya nan ba da jimawa ba.

“Murkushe kasuwa kamar yin iyo ne a kan ruwa, yana da wahala a yi nasara,” in ji shi.

Yusuf ya kwatanta yadda ake tafiyar da harkokin dillalan dillalai daga Ofishin De Change (BDC) zuwa bankuna da “harba gwangwani a kan hanya”, yana mai cewa al’amura iri daya za su bayyana har ma da bankunan.

Ya lura cewa BDCs gabaɗaya sun fi dacewa, suna buƙatar mafi ƙarancin takaddun bayanai, suna da ɗan gajeren lokacin amsawa da kyakkyawar mu’amala tare da kanana da matsakaitan masana’antu da na yau da kullun, manyan ‘yan wasa a tattalin arzikin Najeriya.

Ya ce hanyar fita daga wannan faduwar darajar Naira ita ce, CBN ya baiwa kasuwa damar yin aiki.

Yusuf ya ce ya zama wajibi bankin koli ya rage karfin gudanar da bukatu tare da mai da hankali kan dabarun zaburar da kudaden kasashen waje.

A cewarsa, tsayuwar tsarin canjin canji babban abin takaici ne ga shigowar kayayyaki saboda yana haifar da matsananciyar matsin lamba na neman canjin kudaden waje.

Dokta Chinyere Almona, Darakta-Janar, Cibiyar Kasuwanci da Masana’antu ta Legas (LCCI), ta lura cewa Naira ta sami canjin yanayi wanda ba a taɓa ganin irinsa ba a farkon kwata na 2022.

Ta ce hakan ya faru ne saboda karuwar kudin da ake samu tsakanin hukumar (NAFEX) kan Naira 415 kan kowace dala da kuma farashin kasuwa na N580.

Ta ce matsayin masu masana’antu shi ne hukumomin hada-hadar kudi su samar da sassaucin ra’ayi a kasuwar canji ta hanyar hada farashin da yawa da kuma tabbatar da cewa farashin ya dogara da kasuwa.

Wannan, Almona ya bayyana yana da mahimmanci ga aiwatar da haɓaka kwanciyar hankali, daidaito, da bayyana gaskiya a cikin kasuwar musayar waje.

Ta ce hadakar za ta inganta tsarin tafiyar da kudaden kasar ganin yadda tsarin canji da yawa ke haifar da rashin tabbas da kuma hanyoyin yin sulhu.

“CBN na buƙatar fara sauyi sannu a hankali zuwa tsarin canjin kuɗin musaya tare da ba da damar yin hasashen farashin canji a kasuwa.

“Kasuwancin kudin har yanzu yana cike da kalubale na rashin ruwa da aka tabbatar a cikin fa’ida mai yawa tsakanin NAFEX da daidaitattun farashin kasuwa.

“Don karfafa ayyukan da aka fara tun farko, CBN na bukatar bullo da wasu tsare-tsare na sada zumunta don bunkasa hada-hadar kudi a kasuwa.

“Wannan zai taimaka wajen karfafa kwarin gwiwar masu zuba jari da kuma jawo jarin kasashen waje da ke shigowa cikin tattalin arziki.

Almona ya kuma jaddada bukatar kara himma da gangan wajen samar da yanayin kasuwanci mai inganci ga Kananan Hukumomi, Kananan Hukumomi da Matsakaitan Masana’antu (MSMEs) da manyan kamfanoni a matakin kasa, na kasa, da kananan hukumomi ya zama wajibi. (NANFeatures)

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