News analysis by Sumaila Ogbaje, News Agency of Nigeria
The recent mass surrender of former fighters of the Boko Haram terrorist group alongside family members in different parts of Borno has continued to generate different opinions and views among Nigerians.
As of Wednesday, September 22, no less than 10,000 repentant terrorists have so far surrendered to the troops of Joint Task Force (Northeast) Operation Hadin Kai, since they began to leave their enclaves and camps there. is about three months old, the Commandant Theater, the Major-General. Christopher Musa, announced.
These terrorists and their families are received in different places by the troops and profiled before taking them to the holding cells where other measures are taken in accordance with international surrender in the event of war.
The insurgency war, which is currently confined to the northeast with Borno as its epicenter, began in 2009 in the state when a group of extremists declared war on the state and on Western education by killing , mutilating and destroying public and private property without cause.
Over the past 12 years, hundreds of thousands of citizens’ lives have been lost and millions have been left homeless while many wealthy farmers, transporters and other business owners have gone poor.
According to Governor Babagana Zulum of Borno, during these years they were able to cultivate about three percent of the arable land and as a result people became dependent on food aid due to donor fatigue and l potential food insecurity.
It is necessary to understand the principles and practice of surrender in wartime
According to Wikipedia, surrender, in military terms, is the surrender of control of territory, fighters, fortifications, ships or weaponry to another power.
A sovereign state can surrender after a defeat in war, usually by signing a peace treaty or surrender agreement.
Surrender of battlefields, whether by individuals or on the orders of officers, normally results in those who surrender become prisoners of war.
When the parties agree on the terms, the assignment may be conditional; which means that the surrendering party does not agree to submit until after the winner has made certain promises.
The leaders of the surrender group negotiate privileges or compensation for the time, expense and loss of life saved by the victor by stopping the resistance.
Alternatively, in surrender at discretion, which is unconditional surrender, the victor makes no promise of treatment and unilaterally defines the treatment of the defeated party.
However, over time generally accepted laws and customs of war have been developed for such a situation, most of which are set forth in the Hague Convention of 1907 and the Geneva Conventions.
Normally, a belligerent will only agree to surrender unconditionally if it is totally incapable of continuing hostilities. Traditionally, a surrender ceremony was accompanied by the honors of war.
The Third Geneva Convention stipulates that prisoners of war must not be mistreated or mistreated; it demands that those surrendered be secured and protected while they are evacuated from the battlefield.
There is also a false surrender which is generally used to lure the enemy out of cover and attack them off guard, but they can be used in larger operations such as during a siege.
Accounts of false surrender can be found relatively frequently throughout history. One of the most infamous examples was the alleged false surrender of British troops at Kilmichael, during the Irish War of Independence.
But analysts wonder: why do the terrorists surrender?
Several factors prompted the recent massive defection of fighters and commanders from the terrorist camp, such as the intensity of military firepower, the cut-off of supplies to their camps, the inability to meet their health needs. and to those of their family members as well as discontent in the ranks of terrorists.
One of the terrorists recently visited at one of Borno’s detention centers told reporters that he and other surrendered colleagues realized that their commanders lied to them about why they were recruited to fight the war. State.
He added that they also realized that they could not continue living in the bush and continue to flee the military assault.
They noted that they would have surrendered a long time ago, if they feared being captured and killed by the military.
He explained that surrendering is the best thing to do, saying he spent about six years in the war, but later realized they weren’t fighting a just cause.
“We were afraid of being killed if we went out but we didn’t because we were received without attacking each other and we have also been treated humanely since we left.
“I want to urge my former colleagues who are still in the bush to come out and surrender because they will be accepted,” he said.
The theater commander, the major-general. Musa, said the sustained attack on the terrorists and the window of opportunity offered to them were the main factors that forced the terrorists out and surrender.
Musa, however, advised those still in the bush to understand that they can never win a war against the state, urging them to disarm and join the nation to develop a greater Nigeria for the future of the younger generation.
“The bandits should not allow anyone to deceive them into taking up arms against the nation. They will never win and they will never be able to win.
“It is therefore important for them to understand that anyone who disarms will be treated fairly in accordance with international law,” he said.
Likewise, the acting general officer commanding the 7th division of the Nigerian army, the brigadier-general. Abdulwahab Eyitayo, said one of the reasons terrorists surrender en masse is the overwhelming firepower of the troops.
Eyitayo said terrorists also come out for the safety of their families, saying every man’s efforts are driven by the well-being of his family.
“The intensified military operations have blocked the roads and their logistics supplies, the bombings everywhere, that’s why they started to surrender and the diseases have controlled many of them and it’s better because in the end, the troops will eliminate them all as well as their sympathizers. combined.
He warned that a time would come when the window of surrender would no longer be available, urging supporters of terrorists to encourage them to come out.
Likewise, critics claim that the terrorists who surrendered are pampered, even when thought to have wreaked so much havoc on Nigerians.
The theater commander urged Nigerians to reject the insinuation that surrendered Boko Haram terrorists are pampered, stating that the military’s action to receive surrendered terrorists complied with international law and best practice.
Musa explained that even during combat, when an enemy surrendered, the capture forces were not allowed by law to shoot that individual.
According to him, people should not be mistaken about being pampered because if the surrendered terrorist is sick he must be treated, if he is hungry he must be given food as well as shelter as no any other person and that’s exactly what military officers do.
“We’re just keeping them as humans to make sure they’re fit enough to go through a proper procedure and that they will definitely go through those procedures.”
“Let me assure the audience that there is no aspect of being pampered, we sort them out so that those who played no role are treated separately while those who actively participated, the fighters, will be treated.” separately, ” he said.
Musa explained that some of those who surrendered were being screened, adding that some had been forcibly recruited, some had grown up in the system not knowing what was going on, while others were being held as ordinary slaves and used as farmers.
He assured Nigerians that any surrendered terrorists would be properly profiled, adding that the law would run its course.
“Some of the victims are soldiers, I can tell you that I lost wonderful officers and soldiers and so for us even accepting them was very difficult, but professionally we are supposed to do it.
“Once we have these windows and they work, we’re supposed to make sure that we shut them down, bring them in and then the nation will stand up for its cause through the constitution and that’s what’s going to happen,” he said. -he declares.
On how to deal with repentant terrorists, Musa noted that terrorists were secured separately based on their positions and involvement in the fight, ensuring they were not to be released through negligence.
He explained that profiling of surrendered terrorists was carried out by the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), Department of State Services (DSS) and other security agencies.
He also said that National Identity Management Agency (NIMC) staff were on the ground to take their profiles, including their thumbs and photos for proper surveillance, even though they were eventually released in the society. (Characteristics)
Short Link: https://wp.me/pcj2iU-3Cxt
- First Bank denies Otedola’s acquisition
- CBN supports healthcare sector with N200 billion to tackle medical tourism
- Court acquits ex-SEC boss, Munir Gwarzo, says ICPC failed to prove case against him
- Biden and Macron discuss ‘stronger’ European defense
- Swedish teen rapper killed in Stockholm shooting
- Kenya, Uganda launch synchronized mass delivery of drugs targeting trachoma
- Mali: alleged “disappearances”, executions by security forces
- 2023: Aregbesola in support of inmates’ right to vote – Aide
- Abuja-Kaduna train service resumes Saturday – FG
- NLC planning to open online TV for Nigerian workers – Wabba
- Declaration on the resumption of humanitarian activities in Burkina Faso
- Underdevelopment fuelling insurgency in North-East – Buratai
- US Ambassador Geeta Pasi and USAID Humanitarian Aid Office Administrator Assistant Sarah Charles visit Bahir Dar
- Over 80 million people affected as Africa launches new polio vaccine
- We’re still paying liquidation dividends to depositors of failed banks- NDIC
- Nigerian govt creates 74,413 employments through environmental projects
- African Development Bank launches consultations on new strategy for quality health infrastructure in Africa
- Nigerian fighter jets bombard ISWAP terrorists converging for meeting in 11 boats
- Global Director of TotalEnergies to speak at Libya Energy & Economic Summit 2021
- France and WFP respond to the food and nutrition emergency in West and Central Africa
- Nigerian troops engage gunmen in shootout, rescue 6 abductees in Ekiti
- $ 30 million urgently needed to address worsening humanitarian situation in South Sudan as heavier rains and more flooding is expected in the coming months
- FCTA arrests 217 street beggars
- We’re closing all IDP camps in Maiduguri December – Zulum
- Lagos NYSC tasks outgoing corps members on utilisation of skills acquired
- 26 years after, Buhari mulls pardoning Ken Saro-Wiwa, 8 other Ogoni activists
- Beware of new virus that steals banking information, NCC alerts Nigerians
- Why Education is the only Weapon to Tackle Insecurity, Restiveness – Sen. Adeola
- Issuance Of E-Third Party Motor Insurance Certificate Begins Soon In Ogun
- Residents laud suspension of Abuja-Kaduna train service
- Chinese President XI writes Buhari, seeks to bolster relations
- Court jails man for stealing water tank
- New Permanent Representative of Benin presents his credentials to the Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva
- Excessive use of antibiotic causes odour at private part – Gyneacologist
- IOM Resumes Voluntary Humanitarian Return Flights From Libya After Months Of Suspension
- Judge orders ‘Yahoo Boy’ to sweep court premises for 6 months
- Nigeria’s insecurity is going down – Ndume
- Babies conceived by women above 35 years risk Down syndrome – Therapist
- AMISOM trains police and HirShabelle officials in electoral security coordination
- Buhari tasks Ogoni leaders on protection of national assets
- Matawalle commissions 300-bed general hospital in Zamfara
- UK contributes £ 3million to help Malagasy families weather drought and food crisis
- World Energy Day 2021: Mauritius aims to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030
- Africa Cup of Nations 2023: Founder and President of APO Group meets with President of COCAN to discuss media coverage of CAN 2023
- Nigerian govt reveals graphic detail of Nnamdi Kanu’s acts of terrorism
- Nigerian govt reveals Igboho’s financers
- Cameroon: Mock trial for Kumba school massacre
- Barbados elects first president, to replace British Queen
- Payment of liquidation dividends to depositors of failed banks ongoing – NDIC
- 216 students bag First-Class degrees at Covenant University
- Payment of liquidation dividends to depositors of failed banks ongoing – NDIC
- UNICEF concerned for children of Eswatini as security situation deteriorates amid civil unrest
- Nigeria reports 247 new COVID-19 cases, 10 deaths
- India’s PM urges residents to keep wearing face masks
- Chinese yuan weakens against U.S dollar
- African Union urged to tackle threat of logging in Congo leading to extreme weather events in sub-Saharan Africa
- I won’t rest until Nigeria gets out of security challenges – Buhari
- Buhari restates commitment to address security challenges
- Cybercrime: NDIC calls for national, int’l collaboration
- CBN says banks remain stable, resilient despite pandemic
- Xi pledges support for UN, multilateralism
- Confusion reigns over Queen Elizabeth II’s health after hospital stay
- UN and Zimbabwe sign new cooperation framework
- Alleged diversion of funds: Court admits ex-chairman NSITF, Ngozi Olejeme to bail
- 46 students set for Turkey for cultural exchange programme
- FCT, foundation want voices towards eliminating sexual, domestic violence amplified
- We’ll consolidate on past BFN board’s achievements, says Orbih
- AMISOM Commission of Inquiry concludes its investigations into the unfortunate civilian victims in Golweyn
- FutureAssured@6: Aisha Buhari reaffirms commitment to maternal, child health
- COVID-19 vaccination: society urges more sensitisation of Nigerians to end pandemic
- Africa Blockchain Center (The ABC) Raises 7X Initial Investment to Next Chymia Consulting HK Limited
- Biden says US would defend Taiwan against China invasion
- WHO, partners call for action to protect healthcare workers from COVID-19
- N10m, luxury apartment, others up for grabs in 44th Miss Nigeria contest – Organiser
- AKON meets with Merck Foundation CEO and Senator Dr Rasha Kelej to discuss Africa’s development support programs
- Revenue formula review: Gov. Bello proposes 39% to FG, 61% to States, LGs
- Public office holders association honours OBJ, Lai Mohammed, others
- WHO unveils action plan to respond to findings of independent commission on SEA allegations in DRC
- FG, NSPRI train ADP staff on management of post harvest losses
- UNHCR calls on Libya to urgently develop plan for asylum seekers and refugees, welcomes permission to resume evacuations
- ISWAP: NSA confirms killing of Al-Barnawi’s successor, Malam Bako
- FG working hard to improve quality of electricity supply – Minister
- We are satisfied with level of preparations for Anambra governorship election – INEC
- PDP disqualifies 3 aspirants for national convention
- Nigeria’s new oil regulatory agency assures of no job losses
- Madagascar: severe drought could trigger first global famine linked to climate change
- 180,000 health workers died from COVID-19 – WHO
- AFD stakes $70m for renewable energy dev’t in Nigeria
- Days after killing of Al-Barnawi, Nigerian troops kill successor, Malam Bako
- Biden accuses Trump Republicans of white supremacy
- Group moves to unify public administration academics in tertiary, research institutions
- Minister flags- off training of 1,850 mobile money agents in Calabar
- Japan and WFP support public-private partnership to improve health and nutrition in Ghana
- Sub-Saharan Africa: one planet, two worlds, three stories
- Turkish embassy renovates, equips science complex at GSS Wuse Zone 3
- NATO pushes own defences as Afghanistan lessons weighed
- British troops engage with terrorist fighters in Mali
- Cross River State Builds on Polio Campaign Structure to Mainstream Covid-19 Vaccination
- Yahaya Bello tasks EFCC on fraud prevention, not recoveries alone
- Fashola urges states to enact laws on monthly payment of rent
- Supporting South Sudan on the Road to Peace: The Perspective of a United Nations Volunteer
- Our funds trapped in scrapped petroleum agencies, IPMAN cries out
- EFCC arraigns ex-NSITF chair, Ngozi Olejeme, over multi-billion naira fraud
- Nigeria’s economy to grow by 2.7% in 2022 — IMF
- Nigerian editors call on media to stop giving publicity to insurgents
- Terrorists release 30 abducted students of FGC Birnin Yauri
- New Permanent Representative of Equatorial Guinea presents his credentials to the Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva
- Bayern Munich coach tests positive for COVID-19
- Onion producers pledge quality production, profitable market in West Africa
- NITDA postpones 2021 Digital Nigeria Conference, Exhibition
- FRSC unveils body cameras for patrol operations
- USAID Achieves Prosper Africa Goals with Africa Trade and Investment Program
- WFP and Japan support nutritional response in Gambia
- New German chancellor may be appointed December 6 – SPD
- Bauchi-Gombe boundary crisis: ‘I was misquoted’, says lawmaker
- 4 Nigerians, others join YouTube Black Voices music class 2022
- Bishop Oyedepo to build ‘world class’ university in Nigeria
- Nigerian professionals must be involved in projects development – Senate
- NDLEA promotes 3,506 officers, 20 years after stagnation
- Man, 25, in dock over murder of UK MP David Amess
- EXCLUSIVE: How Nigerian security agencies ignored intel on Darul Salam’s planned attack on Abuja-Kaduna train
- FG reiterates commitment to reposition gas sector
- Baba Ijesha defiled minor, doctor tells court
- Ghana offers an attractive upstream alternative to East African domination
- Police arrest 6 suspected kidnappers in Adamawa
- Foundation launches app to assist Nigerians in emergency situations
- 10 years in a row – Liquid Intelligent Technologies named best African wholesale carrier for the 10th consecutive year at the Global Carrier Awards
- Court fixes Nov. 10 to hear Nnamdi Kanu’s application, challenging competence of charge
- Radisson Hotel Group to Double its Portfolio in West and Central Africa by 2025
- DR Congo pupils protest for schools to reopen
- Kanu challenges FG’s terrorism charges, court fixes November 10 for hearing
- Zambia arrests 14 government officials over corruption
- Japan’s ex-justice minister gets 3-years imprisonment over vote buying
- NYSC extends 10 corps members’ service year, remobilises 2 in Plateau
- US jobless claims dip to new pandemic low: govt
- FCC to commence nationwide infrastructure audit of Govt. projects – Chairman
- Zambia arrests 14 govt officials over corruption
- Gombe govt begins Tsangaya schools, engages15,000 facilitators
- Businesses support Africa Shared Value Leadership Summit – and lends its voice to benefit the goal movement
- PIA: FG inaugurates boards of new oil industry successor regulatory agencies
- Fraiser Suites bags Africa Luxury Hotel award, pledges consistency
- NRC confirms bomb attack on Abuja-Kaduna train
- COVID-19: Sri Lanka reopens schools after year of closures
- Gov. Diri presents N310.7bn 2022 budget to Bayelsa Assembly
- Morocco 2022: Falcons ready for rematch with Black Queens – Kanu
- FG strengthens private sector participation towards mass housing — PS
- COVID-19: India crosses milestone of 1bn vaccinations
- Court remands ex-chairman NSITF, Ngozi Olejeme in EFCC custody
- A year of coming recovery reflected in the upcoming flagship report on the outlook for the African Energy Chamber, The State of Energy in Africa 2022
- We’ve zero tolerance for impersonation, malpractice – JAMB Registrar
- UNICEF welcomes delisting of CJTF in “Children and armed conflict” report
- Cristiano Ronaldo’s late goal helps Manchester United rally to a win
- Family planning, most effective way to reduce maternal mortality – NGO
- Pique strike secures crucial win for Barcelona
- Chelsea thrash Malmo as strikers Timo Werner, Romelu Lukaku injured
- South Sudan’s oil and electricity return for the fifth edition in 2022
- Aliko Dangote: the richest man in Africa
- BREAKING: Terrorists attack Abuja-Kaduna train, bomb track
- All staff of defunct PPPRA, DPR, PEF will be retained – Minister
- 2023: Arewa youths beg all political parties to adopt Tinubu as sole candidate
- PHOTOS: Nnamdi Kanu appears in court as trial resumes
- In Sub-Saharan Africa and Elsewhere, We Need to Look Harder for TB
- The Ecobank Group acts on Mental Health as part of its commitment to Better Health
- National Aviation Services (NAS) strengthens its presence in Africa through a strategic partnership with Siginon Aviation in Kenya
- NNPC GMD Mele Kyari to present the benefits of Nigeria’s Oil Industry Law at African Energy Week in Cape Town
- Les listes NBA comprennent 109 joueurs internationaux de 39 pays
- Mondia Digital and Mondia Pay join Vodacom’s VodaPay Super App offer
- Awareness creation key to curtail cancer in Nigeria, says NGO
- Group CEO Oando PLC to promote role of indigenous energy companies during African Energy Week
- NBA and Formula 1 Announce Content and Promotion Partnership to Celebrate NBA 75th Anniversary Season and United States Grand Prix
- We have zero tolerance for exams malpractice – JAMB Registrar
- FG strengthens PPP towards mass housing, job creation
- Florival Mucave from the Mozambique Oil and Gas Chamber to attend African Energy Week to promote Mozambique’s booming energy sector
- OPEC to present Global Oil Outlook 2021 at African Energy Week in Cape Town
- Trump announces plans to launch new social network ‘TRUTH Social’
- Aisha Buhari hosts Turkish first lady
- Get involved in politics, Osinbajo charges Nigerian youths
- Senate President inaugurates NASS service commission office
- NGX: Capitalisation gains N55bn after holiday
- Oyo Govt promotes 16,500 teachers
- Alleged Lekki Killings: FG demands apology from CNN, Amnesty International
- Women outnumber men on voter’s register – Kwara REC
- Kinetic approach alone cannot address violent extremism, says NSA
- Turkish First Lady inaugurates cultural centre in Abuja
- Nigerians groan as Indian mission delays visa processing
- Piracy decreases by 77%, says NIMASA
- WFP supports Ghana School Feeding Program to digitize its monitoring system
- US, Ghana inaugurate new $ 64.7 million investment in energy infrastructure in Pokuase
- WFP and Chellaram Foundation partner to support school-aged children in Sao Tome and Principe
- Taliban vows to work with Russia, regional players over IS threats
- Gunmen abduct 13 passengers in Niger
- Nigeria develops drought, insect resistant maize seed
- Cultism: Court sentences 19 students to 6 years in Maiduguri
- Turkish First Lady inaugurates cultural centre in Abuja
- Convention: PDP will come out more united – Governors
- Pro-Buhari group condemns Saraki over #EndSARS comment
- Senate apologises to NCAA over directive to suspend NG Eagle Airline license
- Nigeria: African Development Bank Group and MTN sign $ 500,000 grant agreement to study women’s access to financial services
- FIFA Council approves world summit to discuss future of football
- Nigeria must look beyond kinetics to address violent extremism, says NSA
- Iran urges UN action against Israeli threats to nuke programme
- Royal rest: Take a break, doctors advise Queen Elizabeth
- NSCDC arrest man over alleged N1.9m employment scam in Ondo
- ‘Overzealous’ security services undermine peace in South Sudan: human rights experts
- Muhyi: Court summons Kano speaker, 5 others
- IsDB Institute Wins Again Award for “Best Islamic Research Company”
- US set to vaccinate kids aged 5-11 against Covid from November
- Jumeirah Group’s Dubai Turtle Rehabilitation Project Reaches Milestone with Latest Release
- NDIC to assist CBN in promoting stability in Nigerian banking system – MD
- Africa’s traditional, religious and civil society leaders commit to take bold action to end violence against women and girls on the African continent
- AMISOM trains South West state police to fight terrorism
- EndSARS: FG receives final reports of inquiry from 11 states
- African Union, RECs and RMs meet to coordinate the implementation of the continental integration agenda
- African Development Bank holds second virtual seminar on business opportunities for 2021, with special country on Angola
- The rise of social media in Nigeria
- Frank Fannon, former United States Assistant Secretary of State for Energy Resources, will be the keynote speaker at African Energy Week in Cape Town
- UNDP trains, empowers 525 youths, women in Adamawa
- States’ nonchalance to 10 million out-of school-children worrisome — Academic
- The “Civil Society Capacity Building Program” was carried out in Congo with the support of TİKA
- Alleged Lekki Killings: Nigerian govt demands apology from CNN, Amnesty Int’l
- Buhari, Turkish President in bilateral talks in Aso Villa
- US government supports socio-economic development and youth leadership initiatives in Cabo Delgado
- Statement on the situation in Ethiopia
- Pakistani-American ‘raped, beheaded’ former ambassador’s daughter
- Ethiopia: UN expresses concern as air strikes kill 9
- Benzema absent as sex tape blackmail trial begins
- #EndSARS: 11 states submit final reports on rights violations by SARS operatives – FG
- Olympic flame arrives in Beijing for 2022 Winter Games
- Cape Town partners with Africa Energy Week 2021 for continent’s premier energy event
- Insurance companies to pay N20bn #EndSARS protest destruction claims – Official
- Protecting the privacy of health data is essential for health equity in Africa (By Christopher A. LeGrand, Rachel Clad and Ruan Viljoen)
- Lekki massacre is a phantom conspiracy, Nigerian govt insists
- Indonesia, China begin feasibility study on $560m coal-to-methanol plant
- Mbappe, Messi found their groove after PSG’s comeback win against Leipzig
- Bangladesh slams developed nations over decades of climate ‘empty pledges’
- Taliban reaffirms commitment to preventing security threats for foreign countries
- India’s PM inaugurates new airport to boost tourism
- The International Islamic Trade Finance Company (ITFC) signs a 100 million euros Murabaha financing agreement with SENELEC, dedicated to supporting Senegal’s energy sector
- Former German soldiers held for planning mercenaries for Yemen
- Court fixes Nov. 22 for arraignment of ex-Aviation Minister, Stella Oduah
- Court fixes date for arraignment of ex-Aviation Minister Stella Oduah
- Paradigm Initiative publishes a short film “FOCUS” calling for the vigilance of citizens to protect digital rights
- UN needs to play central role in normalisation of situation in Afghanistan
- Canada-Africa collaboration: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to address Africa accelerating 2021
- QSL Gas & Power CEO places natural gas at the center of Africa’s energy transition during African Energy Week in Cape Town
- Imo community set to honour Actor Kanayo with chieftaincy title
- FCT lawmaker trains 520 constituents on mechanized farming
- Inna Ciroma, other aspirants submit nomination forms ahead of PDP National Convention
- Africa Oil Week will highlight unparalleled opportunities, boost investment and deal making on the African continent
- Buhari greets ex-Head of State, Yakubu Gowon, on 87th birthday