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Handling surrendering Boko Haram terrorists in Borno

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Handling surrendering Boko Haram terrorists in Borno

News analysis by Sumaila Ogbaje, News Agency of Nigeria

The recent mass surrender of former fighters of the Boko Haram terrorist group alongside family members in different parts of Borno has continued to generate different opinions and views among Nigerians.

As of Wednesday, September 22, no less than 10,000 repentant terrorists have so far surrendered to the troops of Joint Task Force (Northeast) Operation Hadin Kai, since they began to leave their enclaves and camps there. is about three months old, the Commandant Theater, the Major-General. Christopher Musa, announced.

These terrorists and their families are received in different places by the troops and profiled before taking them to the holding cells where other measures are taken in accordance with international surrender in the event of war.

The insurgency war, which is currently confined to the northeast with Borno as its epicenter, began in 2009 in the state when a group of extremists declared war on the state and on Western education by killing , mutilating and destroying public and private property without cause.

Over the past 12 years, hundreds of thousands of citizens’ lives have been lost and millions have been left homeless while many wealthy farmers, transporters and other business owners have gone poor.

According to Governor Babagana Zulum of Borno, during these years they were able to cultivate about three percent of the arable land and as a result people became dependent on food aid due to donor fatigue and l potential food insecurity.

It is necessary to understand the principles and practice of surrender in wartime

According to Wikipedia, surrender, in military terms, is the surrender of control of territory, fighters, fortifications, ships or weaponry to another power.

A sovereign state can surrender after a defeat in war, usually by signing a peace treaty or surrender agreement.

Surrender of battlefields, whether by individuals or on the orders of officers, normally results in those who surrender become prisoners of war.

When the parties agree on the terms, the assignment may be conditional; which means that the surrendering party does not agree to submit until after the winner has made certain promises.

The leaders of the surrender group negotiate privileges or compensation for the time, expense and loss of life saved by the victor by stopping the resistance.

Alternatively, in surrender at discretion, which is unconditional surrender, the victor makes no promise of treatment and unilaterally defines the treatment of the defeated party.

However, over time generally accepted laws and customs of war have been developed for such a situation, most of which are set forth in the Hague Convention of 1907 and the Geneva Conventions.

Normally, a belligerent will only agree to surrender unconditionally if it is totally incapable of continuing hostilities. Traditionally, a surrender ceremony was accompanied by the honors of war.

The Third Geneva Convention stipulates that prisoners of war must not be mistreated or mistreated; it demands that those surrendered be secured and protected while they are evacuated from the battlefield.

There is also a false surrender which is generally used to lure the enemy out of cover and attack them off guard, but they can be used in larger operations such as during a siege.

Accounts of false surrender can be found relatively frequently throughout history. One of the most infamous examples was the alleged false surrender of British troops at Kilmichael, during the Irish War of Independence.

But analysts wonder: why do the terrorists surrender?

Several factors prompted the recent massive defection of fighters and commanders from the terrorist camp, such as the intensity of military firepower, the cut-off of supplies to their camps, the inability to meet their health needs. and to those of their family members as well as discontent in the ranks of terrorists.

One of the terrorists recently visited at one of Borno’s detention centers told reporters that he and other surrendered colleagues realized that their commanders lied to them about why they were recruited to fight the war. State.

He added that they also realized that they could not continue living in the bush and continue to flee the military assault.

They noted that they would have surrendered a long time ago, if they feared being captured and killed by the military.

He explained that surrendering is the best thing to do, saying he spent about six years in the war, but later realized they weren’t fighting a just cause.

“We were afraid of being killed if we went out but we didn’t because we were received without attacking each other and we have also been treated humanely since we left.

“I want to urge my former colleagues who are still in the bush to come out and surrender because they will be accepted,” he said.

The theater commander, the major-general. Musa, said the sustained attack on the terrorists and the window of opportunity offered to them were the main factors that forced the terrorists out and surrender.

Musa, however, advised those still in the bush to understand that they can never win a war against the state, urging them to disarm and join the nation to develop a greater Nigeria for the future of the younger generation.

“The bandits should not allow anyone to deceive them into taking up arms against the nation. They will never win and they will never be able to win.

“It is therefore important for them to understand that anyone who disarms will be treated fairly in accordance with international law,” he said.

Likewise, the acting general officer commanding the 7th division of the Nigerian army, the brigadier-general. Abdulwahab Eyitayo, said one of the reasons terrorists surrender en masse is the overwhelming firepower of the troops.

Eyitayo said terrorists also come out for the safety of their families, saying every man’s efforts are driven by the well-being of his family.

“The intensified military operations have blocked the roads and their logistics supplies, the bombings everywhere, that’s why they started to surrender and the diseases have controlled many of them and it’s better because in the end, the troops will eliminate them all as well as their sympathizers. combined.

He warned that a time would come when the window of surrender would no longer be available, urging supporters of terrorists to encourage them to come out.

Likewise, critics claim that the terrorists who surrendered are pampered, even when thought to have wreaked so much havoc on Nigerians.

The theater commander urged Nigerians to reject the insinuation that surrendered Boko Haram terrorists are pampered, stating that the military’s action to receive surrendered terrorists complied with international law and best practice.

Musa explained that even during combat, when an enemy surrendered, the capture forces were not allowed by law to shoot that individual.

According to him, people should not be mistaken about being pampered because if the surrendered terrorist is sick he must be treated, if he is hungry he must be given food as well as shelter as no any other person and that’s exactly what military officers do.

“We’re just keeping them as humans to make sure they’re fit enough to go through a proper procedure and that they will definitely go through those procedures.”

“Let me assure the audience that there is no aspect of being pampered, we sort them out so that those who played no role are treated separately while those who actively participated, the fighters, will be treated.” separately, ” he said.

Musa explained that some of those who surrendered were being screened, adding that some had been forcibly recruited, some had grown up in the system not knowing what was going on, while others were being held as ordinary slaves and used as farmers.

He assured Nigerians that any surrendered terrorists would be properly profiled, adding that the law would run its course.

“Some of the victims are soldiers, I can tell you that I lost wonderful officers and soldiers and so for us even accepting them was very difficult, but professionally we are supposed to do it.

“Once we have these windows and they work, we’re supposed to make sure that we shut them down, bring them in and then the nation will stand up for its cause through the constitution and that’s what’s going to happen,” he said. -he declares.

On how to deal with repentant terrorists, Musa noted that terrorists were secured separately based on their positions and involvement in the fight, ensuring they were not to be released through negligence.

He explained that profiling of surrendered terrorists was carried out by the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), Department of State Services (DSS) and other security agencies.

He also said that National Identity Management Agency (NIMC) staff were on the ground to take their profiles, including their thumbs and photos for proper surveillance, even though they were eventually released in the society. (Characteristics)

Source: NAN

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