1 The number of people facing acute food insecurity around the world is expected to continue to skyrocket, as the food crisis tightens its grip on 19 ‘hunger hotspots’, fueled by rising conflict, weather extremes and the economic instability aggravated by the pandemic and the domino effect.
3 The report ‘Hunger Hotspots: FAO and WFP Early Warnings on Acute Food Insecurity’, published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Program (WFP) of the United Nations, calls for urgent humanitarian action to save lives and livelihoods.
5 The report sets out country-specific recommendations on priorities for anticipatory action: short-term protective measures that are implemented before new humanitarian needs materialize.
6 ; and emergency response: actions to address existing humanitarian needs.
7 “The severe drought in the Horn of Africa has brought people to the brink of starvation, destroying crops and killing the livestock on which their survival depends.
8 Acute food insecurity is increasing rapidly and spreading throughout the world.
9 In particular, people in the poorest countries that have not yet recovered from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic are suffering from the effects of ongoing conflicts, in terms of prices, food and fertilizer supplies, as well as the emergency climate.
10 Without a massively scaled-up humanitarian response with urgent and vital agricultural assistance at its core, the situation is likely to worsen in many countries in the coming months,” said FAO Director-General QU Dongyu.
12 The 2011 famine was caused by two consecutive failed rainy seasons, as well as the conflict.
13 We are facing a perfect storm today: a likely fifth consecutive failed rainy season that will lead to a drought that will last well into 2023.
14 But people in the thick of the current crisis are also facing rising food prices and severely limited opportunities to earn a living.
15 following the pandemic.
16 We urgently need to help those who are at grave risk of starvation in Somalia and in other hunger hotspots around the world,” said David Beasley, WFP Executive Director.
17 The report highlights the hunger crisis in the Horn of Africa, where the longest drought in over 40 years is forecast to continue, with a failed fifth consecutive rainy season on the horizon, adding to the cumulative and devastating effects of successive rainfall deficits, Economic crises and conflicts have had on vulnerable households since 2020.
18 Water scarcity has led to below-average harvests, livestock deaths and has forced hundreds of thousands of people off their land in search of livelihood, while increasing the risk of resource-based and inter-community conflict.
21 With humanitarian assistance at risk of being cut due to funding shortages, the specter of large-scale starvation looms over Somalia, with famine likely to grip Baidoa and Burhakaba districts in the region.
22 of Bay from October.
23 Without an adequate humanitarian response, analysts expect that by December, as many as four children or two adults per 10,000 people will die each day.
24 Hundreds of thousands are already facing hunger today and staggering levels of malnutrition are expected among children under the age of 5.
25 Globally, an all-time high of 970,000 people are expected to face catastrophic hunger (IPC Phase 5) and are starving or projected to starve or at risk of deterioration to catastrophic conditions in Afghanistan, Ethiopia , South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen, if no action is taken, ten times higher than six years ago when only two countries had Phase 5 populations.
26 Key Findings According to the report, Afghanistan , Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia The US and Yemen remain on ‘high alert’ as hotspots, alone accounting for nearly a million people facing catastrophic levels of hunger (IPC Phase 5 ‘Catastrophe’) with hunger and death a daily reality and where Extreme levels of mortality and malnutrition can develop without immediate action.
27 The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Kenya, the Sahel, Sudan and Syria continue to be “very worrying” due to deteriorating conditions, as in the June edition of the quarterly report, but the alert extends to the Central African Republic and Pakistan .
29 Violent conflict remains the main driver of acute hunger and analysis indicates a continuation of this trend in 2022, with particular concern for Ethiopia, where escalating conflict and inter-ethnic violence in several regions is expected to further escalate, increasing humanitarian needs.
30 Extreme weather events such as floods, tropical storms and droughts remain critical factors in many parts of the world, and a “new normal” of back-to-back extreme weather events is becoming apparent, especially in hotspots.
31 Devastating floods have affected 33 million people this year alone in Pakistan and South Sudan is facing a fourth consecutive year of extreme flooding.
32 Meanwhile, a third consecutive below-average rainy season is projected in Syria.
33 For the first time in 20 years, the La Niña weather event has continued for three consecutive years, affecting agriculture and causing crop and livestock losses in many parts of the world, including Afghanistan, West and East Africa, and Syria.
34 On the economic front, persistently high global prices for food, fuel, and fertilizer continue to drive high domestic prices and economic instability.
35 Rising inflation rates have forced governments to enact monetary tightening measures in advanced economies that have also increased the cost of credit for low-income countries.
36 This is restricting the ability of highly indebted countries (the number of countries has increased significantly in recent years) to finance the import of essential items.
37 Faced with these macroeconomic challenges, many governments are forced to introduce austerity measures that affect income and purchasing power, particularly among the most vulnerable families.
38 These trends are expected to increase in the coming months, the report notes, with rising poverty and acute food insecurity, as well as risks of civil unrest caused by rising socio-economic grievances.
39 Humanitarian assistance is crucial to saving lives and preventing starvation, death and the total collapse of livelihoods, says the report, which highlights that insecurity, administrative and bureaucratic impediments, movement restrictions and physical barriers limit The access of humanitarian responders to people facing acute hunger in eleven of the hotspot countries, including the six countries where populations face or are projected to face hunger (IPC Phase 5), or are at risk of severe hunger.
40 deteriorate to catastrophic conditions.
41 Humanitarian action is critical to prevent hunger and death The report calls for targeted humanitarian action to save lives and livelihoods in the 19 famine hotspots, noting that in Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, humanitarian action will be essential to prevent further hunger and death.