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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) strengthens management capacities of Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Member States to high impact animal diseases

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  The livestock subsector in the Southern African Development Community SADC region is growing faster than most components of the agricultural economy The main drivers are rapid population growth urbanization and increased consumption of animal source foods due to rising incomes and a growing middle class In recent years new serotypes of foot and mouth disease FMD and other emerging transboundary animal diseases FBDs including African swine fever peste des petits ruminants PPR and highly pathogenic avian influenza HPAI have threatened animal safety food and security of the 16 countries of the Southern African region These diseases are responsible for significant losses in livestock production and limit socioeconomic growth In addition the lack of appropriate policy and regulatory frameworks undermines compliance with sanitary requirements limiting business opportunities and access to regional and international markets Apart from a handful of countries enjoying access to lucrative beef export markets most SADC member states have not yet been able to unlock the full potential of their livestock resources Through the Support for the Implementation of the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy STOSAR project FAO in partnership with the SADC Secretariat and the European Union is working to strengthen regional cooperation to address transboundary animal diseases and reduce their negative effects on food security nutrition and trade Managing high impact transboundary animal diseases is complex and can quickly exhaust countries containment and eradication capacities Therefore it requires a collective effort coupled with innovative approaches to manage animal disease and food safety risks that compromise food safety and international trade It is also necessary to develop and adopt harmonized standards and procedures validated and adapted to the context of the region The successful management of animal diseases depends to a large extent on a regional approach where the countries with the greatest capacity work together in a coordinated manner The STOSAR project embarked on strengthening the management capacity of high impact animal diseases in three main areas The first component is the development of regional strategies for the management of foot and mouth disease PPR and HPAI The SADC Livestock Technical Committee LTC validated the strategies in November 2021 and final approval by the SADC ministers responsible for agriculture and food security will ensure adoption and domestication of the regional strategies SADC member states are also receiving technical support to develop risk based national strategic plans and control programs for these diseases The second main area of capacity development is the provision of key laboratory equipment diagnostic kits consumables and a variety of laboratory reagents The team has improved the quality and efficiency of laboratory diagnosis and enhanced field surveillance for priority animal diseases For example the national laboratory in Madagascar received a real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction real time RT PCR machine Mr Donatien Ratenony Director of the Presidential Projects coordination unit said Acquiring this equipment and PCR reagents from the STOSAR project is very important for Madagascar This equipment will enable early diagnosis of viral infections and help us rapidly implement control measures that will facilitate the export of animal products The third and final area of capacity improvement carried out by the STOSAR project is the training of field and laboratory experts in the recognition diagnosis and control of the main TADs In partnership with two regional centers of excellence the French Center for Agricultural Research for International Development CIRAD and the University of Pretoria multiple training courses have been developed and delivered for the benefit of SADC member states Courses ranged from disease outbreak investigation to risk mapping methodologies clinical and laboratory disease detection quality management systems and laboratory accreditation Other training included food safety risk analysis contingency planning and the design of risk based surveillance protocols The risk mapping workshop introduced participants to the use of Q GIS and disease risk maps based on animal demographics movements and other variables The project also developed and disseminated awareness materials including a guide promoting Commodity Based Trading CBT This was presented to the political leaders of the SADC member states In total around 1 100 participants have been trained since January 2020 Commenting on the support provided to SADC member states through the STOSAR project South Africa Sub Regional Office Animal Production and Health Officer Berhanu Bedane said The project has contributed significantly to SADC s livestock development programme region by strengthening the capacities of member states to better manage emerging threats to animal health He also added FAO remains committed to addressing the challenges that limit the performance of the sector and improving the management of transboundary animal diseases creates opportunities for regional trade in animals and animal products and is a progressive step towards access to lucrative international markets Working closely with the SADC Secretariat and its member states the STOSAR project continues to make a significant contribution towards the realization of the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy RAP through the implementation of regional agricultural priorities strengthening of regional integration and improvement of trade in plants and animals products and merchandise
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) strengthens management capacities of Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Member States to high impact animal diseases

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Southern African Development Community

The livestock subsector in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region is growing faster than most components of the agricultural economy. The main drivers are rapid population growth, urbanization, and increased consumption of animal-source foods due to rising incomes and a growing middle class.

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Southern African

In recent years, new serotypes of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and other emerging transboundary animal diseases (FBDs) including African swine fever, peste des petits ruminants (PPR), and highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have threatened animal safety. food and security of the 16 countries of the Southern African region. These diseases are responsible for significant losses in livestock production and limit socioeconomic growth. In addition, the lack of appropriate policy and regulatory frameworks undermines compliance with sanitary requirements, limiting business opportunities and access to regional and international markets. Apart from a handful of countries enjoying access to lucrative beef export markets, most SADC member states have not yet been able to unlock the full potential of their livestock resources.

Implementation of the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy

Through the ‘Support for the Implementation of the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy’ (STOSAR) project, FAO, in partnership with the SADC Secretariat and the European Union, is working to strengthen regional cooperation to address transboundary animal diseases and reduce their negative effects on food security, nutrition and trade. Managing high-impact transboundary animal diseases is complex and can quickly exhaust countries’ containment and eradication capacities. Therefore, it requires a collective effort, coupled with innovative approaches, to manage animal disease and food safety risks that compromise food safety and international trade. It is also necessary to develop and adopt harmonized standards and procedures validated and adapted to the context of the region.

PPR and HPAI

The successful management of animal diseases depends to a large extent on a regional approach, where the countries with the greatest capacity work together in a coordinated manner. The STOSAR project embarked on strengthening the management capacity of high-impact animal diseases in three main areas. The first component is the development of regional strategies for the management of foot-and-mouth disease, PPR and HPAI. The SADC Livestock Technical Committee (LTC) validated the strategies in November 2021, and final approval by the SADC ministers responsible for agriculture and food security will ensure adoption and domestication of the regional strategies. SADC member states are also receiving technical support to develop risk-based national strategic plans and control programs for these diseases.

Donatien Ratenony

The second main area of ​​capacity development is the provision of key laboratory equipment, diagnostic kits, consumables and a variety of laboratory reagents. The team has improved the quality and efficiency of laboratory diagnosis and enhanced field surveillance for priority animal diseases. For example, the national laboratory in Madagascar received a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR) machine. Mr. Donatien Ratenony, Director of the Presidential Projects coordination unit, said: “Acquiring this equipment and PCR reagents from the STOSAR project is very important for Madagascar. This equipment will enable early diagnosis of viral infections and help us rapidly implement control measures that will facilitate the export of animal products.”

French Center for Agricultural Research for International Development

The third and final area of ​​capacity improvement carried out by the STOSAR project is the training of field and laboratory experts in the recognition, diagnosis and control of the main TADs. In partnership with two regional centers of excellence, the French Center for Agricultural Research for International Development (CIRAD) and the University of Pretoria, multiple training courses have been developed and delivered for the benefit of SADC member states.

Commodity-Based Trading

Courses ranged from disease outbreak investigation to risk mapping methodologies, clinical and laboratory disease detection, quality management systems and laboratory accreditation. Other training included food safety risk analysis, contingency planning, and the design of risk-based surveillance protocols. The risk mapping workshop introduced participants to the use of Q-GIS and disease risk maps based on animal demographics, movements, and other variables. The project also developed and disseminated awareness materials, including a guide promoting Commodity-Based Trading (CBT). This was presented to the political leaders of the SADC member states. In total, around 1,100 participants have been trained since January 2020.

South Africa

Commenting on the support provided to SADC member states through the STOSAR project, South Africa Sub-Regional Office Animal Production and Health Officer Berhanu Bedane said: “The project has contributed significantly to SADC’s livestock development programme. region by strengthening the capacities of member states. to better manage emerging threats to animal health.” He also added: “FAO remains committed to addressing the challenges that limit the performance of the sector and improving the management of transboundary animal diseases creates opportunities for regional trade in animals and animal products and is a progressive step towards access to lucrative international markets.

SADC Secretariat

Working closely with the SADC Secretariat and its member states, the STOSAR project continues to make a significant contribution towards the realization of the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy (RAP) through the implementation of regional agricultural priorities, strengthening of regional integration and improvement of trade in plants and animals. products and merchandise.

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