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Experts demand enforcement of relevant laws to check incessant flooding

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 Environmental experts and other stakeholders in Northwest have called for the strict enforcement of laws on preservation of the environment to check the recurrence of flooding and other environmental disasters In their responses to a survey conducted by the News Agency of Nigeria stakeholders lamented that the daily habits of most people were hardly environment friendly thus providing conducive atmosphere for flooding and other related disasters to occur They also faulted some personnel of environmental laws enforcement agencies for not only failing in their responsibilities but also aiding and abetting practices inimical to the environment They warned that unless those in the habit of erecting structures on waterways disposing garbages in drains or violating town master plan provisions flood disasters would continue to occur with all its distasteful consequences The stakeholders also stressed the vital role that could be played by Town Planners but lamented that most times directives on doing the needful were hardly respected by individuals and sometimes even the authorities Dr Nurudeen Abdullahi Territorial Coordinator National Emergency Management Agency NEMA Kano said most environmental disasters could be attributed to unwholesome conduct of the people The Federal and State Governments are doing their best but there is need for enforcement as early warning prediction alone is not enough There is high resistance to warning predictions and we have people who always insist on doing things their own ways no matter the danger someone will say this is where my forefathers lived and where I was born and will therefore not leave the area he observed He stated that the role of Town Planners in redressing the issue could not be overemphasised as they were the ones who set the rules on building and allocation of land He noted that most town planning agencies limited their activities to satisfying the needs of authorities no matter how detrimental instead of insisting on doing the needful On the effect of flood on food production he said that flooding this year impacted negatively on food production as crops were washed away Many farms have been washed away houses destroyed and communities submerged when you are not secured on food a community or country is at risk he stressed On his part the Executive Secretary of State Emergency Management Agency SEMA in Kano Dr Saleh Jili explained that the state government had organised a workshop for stakeholders such as traditional rulers faith based and voluntary organisations on ways of curtailing disasters Dr Kabiru Getso Kano State Commissioner for Environment also blamed occurrence of most disaster incidents to the recalcitrance of residents who hardly heeded to warnings on environmental hazards The state government through various environmental agencies conducted a lot of activities since the warning was given by the Nigerian Metrological Agency NiMet yet people considered it a joke Government embarked on series of enlightenment to educate people on their expectations before during and after the rainy season but most residents never took the issue with utmost seriousness Therefore there is need to ensure the enforcement of laws bordering on management of the environment for people to be doing the needful he said NAN reports that SEMA confirmed that 23 persons were killed and 20 399 houses destroyed by flood and windstorm in 25 Local Governments Areas of the state from April 2022 to date The Agency further confirmed that 20 399 victims were affected by 23 persons lost their lives 20 persons were injured 14 364 farms destroyed and N2 1 billion worth of property lost In Katsina State Commissioner for Environment Alhaji Hamza Faskari revealed that from 2015 to date the State Government had expended over N8 billion in addressing flood erosion waste management and other ecological challenges occasioned by climate change The state government through the Ministry for Environment assessed the situation in various communities prone to ecological challenges in the state recommendations were made and the the problems were addressed The ministry undertook the construction of flood and erosion control structures in 122 sites covering over 150 communities across the 34 local government areas of the state he said Meanwhile a community leader in the state Alhaji Musa Bello observed that attitude of some people towards the environment had not helped matters Bello who is the Ward Head of Sabuwar unguwa in Katsina metropolis therefore advised residents to desist from practices that could cause flooding such as dumping of Refuse on drains and waterways Prof Aliyu Tambuwal of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoko also noted that human factors aggravated occurrence of flooding in Nigeria In Nigeria some times we are not proactive because the current problem of flooding had been envisaged earlier NIMET released its 2022 rainfall forecast and the likely areas to be affected just as the Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency did same and what was anticipated happened we always wait for disaster to happen before action is taken he lamented But in Kaduna State some Environmental Experts noted that incidents of flooding was minimal compared with what obtained in other states attributing this development to the effort of the state government Gloria Bulus Coordinator Network for Civil Society in Environment NCSE said strategic planning and synergy with all relevant stakeholders were responsible for minimal flood in the state Gloria observed that the state was able to control to a large extent man made hazards just as she emphasised that flooding could not be completely mitigated as there were other natural causes Yahaya Mohammed Controller Safety Awearness and Environmental Support Initiative SAESI said that non compliance with building regulations were some of the reasons responsible for the minimal flooding experienced in the state Mohammed said that many structures were erected on drains and in flood prone areas due to the compromise by some supervising agencies However he commended the state government s efforts at recovery of land as well as demolition of illegal structures hence the reason for minimal cases of flooding recorded Muhammed Mukaddas Executive Secretary of SEMA in Kaduna said that the Agency did not work in isolation but with stakeholders as a team to tackle disasters According to him the Agency coordinated all stakeholders in promoting access to multi hazard early warning systems another factor responsible for minimal incidents recorded across the state He said NIMET prediction on flooding had indicated that Kaduna North Kaduna South Chikun and Igabi Local Government Areas would be affected He stated that the Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project NEWMAP in collaboration with the State Ministry of Environment installed Automated Flood Early Warning System AFEWS in flood prone areas Christian Aid had earlier installed flood gauges in three communities of Unguwan Rimi Bashama and Karatudu in Romi These are clear demonstrations of the state government s collaborative efforts to promoting access to multi hazard early warning systems in our communities he said On the Agriculture sector Mr Bage Bungwon Director Agricultural Services State Ministry of Agriculture observed that the annual occurrences of flood had continued to threaten the country s food potentials Flood has washed away several farmlands in the northern parts of the country and this will affect food prices he said Also An Environmentalist with Kebbi State University of Technology Aliero Malam Muhammad Idris described the incessant flooding in some parts of the country as being human induced and exacerbated by human nature interactions Nigeria s flooding is mostly human induced and exacerbated by human nature interactions poor or non existent drainage system are a major cause of flooding Many residential areas have no drainage system and rely on natural drainage channels Poor waste management is another recognised factor citizens poor attitude to waste disposal and non provision of waste disposal services by municipal authorities contributes to flooding he enumerated He added that another factor is the unregulated urban expansion saying that the country now witnessed high urbanisation rate largely due to insecurity in some parts of the country Nigeria is experiencing high urbanisation rate largely due to insecurity and without commensurate provision of urban infrastructure and amenities Kebbi state in particular agricultural lands are increasingly being converted to residential areas to accommodate housing needs But there is laxity in the implementation of planning laws resulting in the construction of projects on natural floodplains and storm water paths This has exacerbated flooding It is not uncommon for Town Planning officials to accept bribes and overlook issues these may include unauthorised use of land and alteration of approved construction plans he added On her part Mrs Mariyatu Suleiman Project Manger Zauro PRODA Project Rima Basin Development Authority Birnin Kebbi said they had created awareness on possible flood We create awareness by distributing what we call Action Plan to Village Heads Ward Heads and Chairmen of Local Government Councils and Commissioner for Water Resources We often urge them to notify farmers about the quantum of water to be released daily or monthly Then we advise them on the kind of plant they should cultivate across these areas like short duration of plants or long grains so that even if there is any flood it may not affect them much she said Suleiman advised farmers to imbibe what she described as cropping calendar by obeying advices and instructions from NIMET NewsSourceCredit NAN
Experts demand enforcement of relevant laws to check incessant flooding

Environmental experts and other stakeholders in Northwest have called for the strict enforcement of laws on preservation of the environment to check the recurrence of flooding and other environmental disasters.

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News Agency

In their responses to a survey conducted by the News Agency of Nigeria , stakeholders lamented that the daily habits of most people were hardly ‘environment-friendly’, thus providing conducive atmosphere for flooding and other related disasters to occur.

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They also faulted some personnel of environmental laws enforcement agencies for not only failing in their responsibilities, but also aiding and abetting practices inimical to the environment.

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They warned that unless those in the habit of erecting structures on waterways, disposing garbages in drains or violating town master plan provisions, flood disasters would continue to occur, with all its distasteful consequences.

Town Planners

The stakeholders also stressed the vital role that could be played by Town Planners, but lamented that most times, directives on doing the needful were hardly respected by individuals, and sometimes even the authorities.

Nurudeen Abdullahi

Dr Nurudeen Abdullahi, Territorial Coordinator, National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Kano, said most environmental disasters could be attributed to unwholesome conduct of the people.

Federal and State Governments

“The Federal and State Governments are doing their best but there is need for enforcement as early warning prediction alone, is not enough.

“There is high resistance to warning predictions and we have people who always insist on doing things their own ways, no matter the danger; someone will say this is where my forefathers lived and where I was born, and will therefore not leave the area”, he observed.

Town Planners

He stated that the role of Town Planners in redressing the issue, could not be overemphasised as they were the ones who set the rules on building and allocation of land.

He noted that most town planning agencies limited their activities to satisfying the needs of authorities, no matter how detrimental, instead of insisting on doing the needful.

On the effect of flood on food production, he said that flooding this year impacted negatively on food production as crops were washed away.

“Many farms have been washed away, houses destroyed, and communities submerged; when you are not secured on food, a community or country is at risk”, he stressed.

Executive Secretary

On his part, the Executive Secretary of State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) in Kano, Dr Saleh Jili, explained that the state government had organised a workshop for stakeholders such as traditional rulers, faith-based and voluntary organisations, on ways of curtailing disasters.

Kabiru Getso

Dr Kabiru Getso, Kano State Commissioner for Environment also blamed occurrence of most disaster incidents to the recalcitrance of residents, who hardly heeded to warnings on environmental hazards.

Nigerian Metrological Agency

“The state government, through various environmental agencies, conducted a lot of activities since the warning was given by the Nigerian Metrological Agency (NiMet), yet people considered it a joke.

“Government embarked on series of enlightenment to educate people on their expectations before, during and after the rainy season, but most residents never took the issue with utmost seriousness.

“Therefore, there is need to ensure the enforcement of laws bordering on management of the environment for people to be doing the needful”, he said.

Local Governments Areas

NAN reports that SEMA confirmed that 23 persons were killed and 20,399 houses destroyed by flood and windstorm in 25 Local Governments Areas of the state, from April 2022, to date.

The Agency further confirmed that 20,399 victims were affected by , 23 persons lost their lives, 20 persons were injured, 14, 364 farms destroyed, and N2.1 billion worth of property, lost.

Commissioner for Environment

In Katsina State, Commissioner for Environment, Alhaji Hamza Faskari, revealed that from 2015 to date, the State Government had expended over N8 billion in addressing flood, erosion, waste management and other ecological challenges, occasioned by climate change

Ministry for Environment

“The state government, through the Ministry for Environment, assessed the situation in various communities prone to ecological challenges in the state, recommendations were made, and the the problems were addressed.

“The ministry undertook the construction of flood and erosion control structures in 122 sites covering over 150 communities across the 34 local government areas of the state” he said.

Musa Bello

Meanwhile, a community leader in the state,Alhaji Musa Bello, observed that attitude of some people towards the environment, had not helped matters.

Ward Head of Sabuwar-unguwa in Katsina

Bello, who is the Ward Head of Sabuwar-unguwa in Katsina metropolis, therefore advised residents to desist from practices that could cause flooding, such as dumping of Refuse on drains and waterways.

Aliyu Tambuwal

Prof. Aliyu Tambuwal of Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoko, also noted that human factors aggravated occurrence of flooding in Nigeria.

“In Nigeria, some times we are not proactive because the current problem of flooding had been envisaged earlier.

Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency

“NIMET released its 2022 rainfall forecast and the likely areas to be affected, just as the Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency did same, and what was anticipated happened; we always wait for disaster to happen before action is taken,” he lamented.

Environmental Experts

But in Kaduna State, some Environmental Experts noted that incidents of flooding was minimal compared with what obtained in other states, attributing this development to the effort of the state government.

Gloria Bulus

Gloria Bulus, Coordinator, Network for Civil Society in Environment (NCSE), said strategic planning and synergy with all relevant stakeholders were responsible for minimal flood in the state.

Gloria observed that the state was able to control to a large extent, ‘man-made’ hazards, just as she emphasised that flooding could not be completely mitigated as there were other natural causes.

Yahaya Mohammed

Yahaya Mohammed, Controller, Safety Awearness and Environmental Support Initiative (SAESI), said that non-compliance with building regulations were some of the reasons responsible for the minimal flooding experienced in the state.

Mohammed said that many structures were erected on drains and in flood-prone areas due to the compromise by some supervising agencies.

However, he commended the state government’s efforts at recovery of land, as well as demolition of illegal structures , hence the reason for minimal cases of flooding recorded.

Muhammed Mukaddas

Muhammed Mukaddas, Executive Secretary of SEMA in Kaduna, said that the Agency did not work in isolation, but with stakeholders as a team to tackle disasters.

According to him, the Agency coordinated all stakeholders in promoting access to multi-hazard early warning systems, another factor responsible for minimal incidents recorded across the state.

Kaduna North

He said NIMET prediction on flooding had indicated that Kaduna North, Kaduna South, Chikun and Igabi Local Government Areas would be affected.

Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project

He stated that the Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP), in collaboration with the State Ministry of Environment, installed Automated Flood Early Warning System (AFEWS) in flood-prone areas.

Unguwan Rimi

” Christian-Aid had earlier installed flood gauges in three communities of Unguwan Rimi, Bashama and Karatudu in Romi.”
“These are clear demonstrations of the state government’s collaborative efforts to promoting access to multi-hazard early warning systems in our communities”, he said.

Bage Bungwon

On the Agriculture sector, Mr Bage Bungwon, Director, Agricultural Services, State Ministry of Agriculture, observed that the annual occurrences of flood had continued to threaten the country’s food potentials.

” Flood has washed away several farmlands in the northern parts of the country and this will affect food prices” he said.

Kebbi State University of Technology

Also, An Environmentalist with Kebbi State University of Technology, Aliero, Malam Muhammad Idris, described the incessant flooding in some parts of the country as being ‘human induced’ and exacerbated by ‘human-nature interactions’.

“Nigeria’s flooding is mostly human induced and exacerbated by human-nature interactions; poor or non-existent drainage system are a major cause of flooding.

“Many residential areas have no drainage system and rely on natural drainage channels;
“Poor waste management is another recognised factor; citizens’ poor attitude to waste disposal and non provision of waste disposal services by municipal authorities, contributes to flooding”, he enumerated.

He added that another factor is the unregulated urban expansion, saying that the country now witnessed high urbanisation rate largely due to insecurity in some parts of the country.

“Nigeria is experiencing high urbanisation rate, largely due to insecurity, and without commensurate provision of urban infrastructure and amenities.

Kebbi state in particular, agricultural lands are increasingly being converted to residential areas to accommodate housing needs.

“But there is laxity in the implementation of planning laws, resulting in the construction of projects on natural floodplains and storm water paths.

This has exacerbated flooding.

Town Planning

“It is not uncommon for Town Planning officials to accept bribes and overlook issues; these may include unauthorised use of land and alteration of approved construction plans,” he added.

Mariyatu Suleiman

On her part, Mrs Mariyatu Suleiman, Project Manger, Zauro PRODA Project, Rima Basin Development Authority, Birnin Kebbi, said they had created awareness on possible flood.

Action Plan

“We create awareness by distributing what we call ‘Action Plan’ to Village Heads, Ward Heads and Chairmen of Local Government Councils and Commissioner for Water Resources.

“We often urge them to notify farmers about the quantum of water to be released daily or monthly.

“Then we advise them on the kind of plant they should cultivate across these areas like short duration of plants or long grains, so that even if there is any flood, it may not affect them much”, she said.

Suleiman advised farmers to imbibe what she described as “cropping calendar” by obeying advices and instructions from NIMET.

NewsSourceCredit: NAN

https://nnn.ng/naira-black-market-exchange-rate-today/

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