Ikokwu said this in an interview with the Nigerian News Agency on the occasion of World Diabetes Day in Abuja.
She explained that the theme for this year’s celebration is ‘Access to Diabetes Education’, which underpins the broader multi-year theme of ‘Access to Care’.
He advocated for preventative interventions, especially diets, saying that diets could trigger diabetes.
Ikokwu, who described diabetes as the body’s ability or inability to produce the necessary amount of insulin to control blood glucose levels, said there are broadly two types of diabetes.
“According to medical experts, type 1 requires the daily administration of an artificial insulin injection or an insulin pump.
“Type 2 is usually managed with dietary control and medication in tablet form,” he said.
According to her, it is recommended to replace most of the carbohydrates in the normal diet with vegetables.
He added: “Fonio (Digitaris exilis, a West African cereal), Tamarind, Moringa, Ewedu, Bitter leaf and Baobab are types of African superfoods that can effectively lower blood sugar and fight diabetes.”
Ikokwu stressed the importance of maintaining good control of your diabetes conditions to help reduce and avoid long-term complications.
Ikokwu stressed the need for regular monitoring of the body’s sugar level to prevent diabetes, saying the kit is inexpensive and available in most pharmacies.
She advised: “It is important that development work continues, to ensure that people with the condition can live as normal a life as possible.”
The SOHI chief said the incidence rate of type 2 diabetes was 1.6, 4.3, 3.9 and 3.4 per 1000 person-years for the age groups 18-29, 30-39 and 40 to 50 years and the total sample, respectively.
“Diabetes can affect anyone regardless of age with complications of blindness.
Ikokwu quoted the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) as saying that the latest prevalence figure is 425 million people living with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) worldwide, with nearly 50 percent of these undiagnosed.
The Nigerian News Agency reports that World Diabetes Day, which is observed on 14 November, provides an opportunity to raise awareness about diabetes as a global public health issue and what needs to be done, collectively and individually, for better prevention, diagnosis and management of the condition.
Source Credit: NAN