Agriculture

Don advocates good agronomic practice among local farmers for bumper harvest.

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Kolawole Adebayo, a professor of agronomy, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB), has advised local farmers on the need to have good knowledge and practice of agronomy to reap bumper  harvest.

Agronomy is the science and technology of producing and using plants in agriculture for food, fuel, fibre, and land restoration

Adebayo, who gave the advice in an interview with the News Agency of the on Monday in Lagos said having good knowledge about plant diseases and how to manage them would help farmers experience good harvest.

He said that most diseases were inherent in plants “but can be prevented through best agronomic practice of the local farmer.

“All crops and plants have one disease or another and what a farmer can do is to prevent the spread of these diseases.

“Prevention of plant diseases borders around good farm hygiene, good selection of seeds you cultivate and good agronomic practices.

“Good agronomic practice involves appropriate spacing, planting at the right time, ensuring wind breaks on the farm and a host of all others.

“If a farmer notices an infectious disease on his farm, there are measures he can immediately take to treat them,” he told NAN.

Adebayo also revealed ways such farmers could prevent the spread of diseases on their farms and be able to cut down on their losses.

He said that natural elements like wind and water also help in the spread of diseases in crops spread by insects.

“Among most of our prominent crops, the most dangerous diseases to control are viral diseases.

“Some of the treatment may involve culling the infected plants. If the crops are not many, the farmer can cull the infected plants by uprooting and burning them so they do not spread across the entire farm.

“If the disease is widespread, there are fungicides that can be applied to the crops. There are large array of commercially available fungicides that can protect crops against the diseases.

The professor also urged local farmers to be wary of early detection of symptoms of diseases to avoid their spread.

“Most times irrespective of the plants, if the colour or shape of the leaf is not the way it ought to be, if the bark suffers any damage or if the roots are abnormal, you will observe that there are symptoms of diseases on the plant.

“Now these symptoms may be caused by various things, there micro organisms and larger organisms like rodents that can also cause these damages.

“When we talk of plants diseases, we think of both virus and bacteria diseases and fungi caused diseases and most times they vary a lot.

“Among most of our prominent crops, the most dangerous diseases to control are viral diseases.

“For example, the cassava mosaic virus, is an example of a very common viral disease, that even on seemingly good farms, you find them.

“One of the symptoms of the cassava mosaic virus is that you find patterns of yellow and green colours on the leaves of the plants,” he said.

Edited By: Kevin Okunzuwa/Grace Yussuf
(NAN)

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Omoike Mercy

Omoike Mercy: NNN is a Nigerian online news portal that publishes breaking news in Nigeria, and across the world. We are honest, fair, accurate, thorough and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting news in the best interest of the public, because truth is the cornerstone of journalism and we strive diligently to ascertain the truth in every news report. Contact: editor @ nnn.ng. Disclaimer.

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