Backgrounder: Steps in U.S. national security legislation over the decades



Countries across the globe, including the United States, make every effort to safeguard national security and ensure the fundamental basis for their stability and development.

The United States has in recent decades taken a series of steps to strengthen national security through legislation and law enforcement.

The National Security Act of 1947 provides a legal basis for the U.S. government to craft foreign policy and establish military organizations, and has been a constant source of strengthening America’s national security over the years.

The National Security Council (NSC) is among the institutions that presidents use to handle long-term problems and more immediate national security crises. The NSC includes the president, vice president, secretary of state, secretary of defense, and the director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

For instance, then President Dwight D. Eisenhower used the NSC meetings to make key foreign policy decisions, while John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson preferred to work more informally through trusted associates.

To achieve the act’s stated goal of providing a comprehensive program for future national security, the former Department of War and the Navy Department merged into the Department of Defense, which also includes the Departments of the Army and Air Force.

As it also serves to coordinate national security with the intelligence community and its many capabilities, the legislation created the CIA, the government’s primary civilian intelligence-gathering organization, and established the position of director of central intelligence (DCI).

The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 established the director of national intelligence (DNI), a U.S. government cabinet-level official, to replace the DCI as head of the 17-member U.S. Intelligence Community.

After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the U.S. Congress greenlighted the Patriot Act, which covers Section 215, one of the most controversial programs for domestic and international surveillance.

The section, officially called the “business records” provision, authorized the National Security Agency‘s (NSA‘s) bulk collection of telephone metadata – information that includes who called whom when, but not what was said.

In June 2015, then President Barack Obama signed the USA Freedom Act, which includes a new surveillance program aimed at ending more than a decade of bulk collection of telephone records by the NSA.

But it makes records already held by telephone companies available for broad searches by government officials with a court order.


Short Link:


NNN: :is a Nigerian online news portal that publishes breaking news in Nigeria, and across the world. Our journalists are honest, fair, accurate, thorough and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting news in the best interest of the public, because truth is the cornerstone of journalism and they strive diligently to ascertain the truth in every news report. Contact: editor[at]

Coronavirus – Zambia: COVID-19 update (April 18, 2021) Canon Unveils Three New RF Lenses – Including a “World First” – Bringing Photographers Next Level Capabilities Dlamini returns for the Tour of the Alps CSCS Reports N6.93 Billion Profit, 2020 N 5.85 Billion Dividend Greenpeace et les groupes d’énergie anti-Afrique de l’Ouest adoptent la mauvaise approche du pipeline de pétrole brut d’Afrique de l’Est (EACOP) en Ouganda et en Tanzanie (par NJ Ayuk) 10 in the police net on an alleged clash between rival sects in Ekiti West Africa launches new payments digitization program End of era of violence in Niger Delta region – Amnesty boss Police arrest 15 suspects for criminal conspiracy 12 best European football clubs agree to found new Super League Iheanacho ends Leicester City’s long wait for FA Cup final Kwik Delivery publishes the Prestashop plugin; becomes the most integrated delivery platform with e-commerce frameworks in Africa Ecuadorian electorate proclaims Lasso winner of second round of presidential election Train derailment kills 11 passengers in Egypt – Ministry UEFA warns clubs of breakaway Super League plot NCDC records lowest daily case of 26 new COVID-19 Iheanacho ends Leicester City’s long wait for FA Cup final D’Tigress will make Nigerians proud at Tokyo 2020 Olympics – Amukamara IDB supports Kwara health insurance with $ 99,000 Rivers LG polls: RISEC declares PDP winners in 23 LGAs Zanfara Govt spends 2.9 billion naira on Ramadan welfare – Official Mother’s Day: instilling good moral values ​​in children – Catholic priest La Liga: Atletico Madrid rout Eibar as Real Madrid draw Getafe NASFAT unveils multimedia center in Kaduna Edo Queens and Delta Queens launch NWFL Super Six Premiership Governor AbdulRazaq does not touch LG funds – NULGE APC attacks PDP over printed naira allegation against CBN Air Peace to start Abuja-Gombe flights soon – Official Drug addiction: Marwa gives parents and religious leaders a rescue mission FUNAAB VC denounces the obsession of young people on social networks NCAA tasks airline operators with safety procedures Ekiti government to launch emissions tests on vehicles and generator sets NASS member pleads for better service to voters FirstBank unveils new corporate website for seamless service delivery Boko Haram: President Buhari satisfied with the performance of the troops – Minister of Defense Man gets in trouble for driving against traffic in Lagos NDLEA intercepts 834.5 kg of illicit drugs in Lagos SPOMO law improves Nigeria’s image – NIMASA Buhari welcomes former IG Smith at 75 More than 150 internally displaced people participate in a UNESCO / TIG sporting event – Official Yobe government provides naira 75million grant to 1,500 women Nigerians must unite to survive as a nation – Lagos Dep. Gov. Mothers Sunday: Anambra government woman denounces gender-based violence Delta closes illegal orphanage, transfers 22 orphans Coronavirus – Sierra Leone: COVID-19 update (April 17, 2021) Mother’s Sunday: a Catholic priest instructs mothers to become parents Coronavirus – Ethiopia: COVID-19 update (April 17, 2021) APC Governors disown Obaseki over currency printing allegation Coronavirus – Namibia: COVID-19 update (April 17, 2021) Senate Speaker calls for continued prayer for Nigeria