“It won’t work,” he added. In the basic presentation, Jones estimated that he owed money to between 50 and 99 creditors, a list topped by the names of Sandy Hook’s relatives. His greatest creditor is Robert Parker, whose daughter Emilie died at Sandy Hook. For years, Jones played a videotape on Infowars of Parker’s tearful press conference the night after his daughter’s murder, calling the grieving father an “actor” and the press conference “disgusting.” Conspiracy theorists who believed Mr. Jones’ lies tormented, threatened, and personally confronted Mr. Parker and his family. Jones estimates his assets to be worth $1 million to $10 million at the filing. That number is sure to be disputed by the families, who said in their filing that Mr. Jones had diverted nearly $62 million from his business into financial vehicles that benefited him and his family beginning in 2018, when they filed the lawsuit. for the first time. In Texas court this summer, a forensic economist, Bernard F. Pettingill Jr., estimated that Mr. Jones and his business were worth $130 million to $270 million. At the heart of his bankruptcy filing is Mr. Jones’s assertion that Free Speech Systems, which he owns, owed $54 million to PQPR Holdings, a company owned and operated directly and indirectly by Mr. Jones and his fathers. The debt is fictitious, lawyers for the families said in Thursday’s filing, and “a centerpiece of Jones’ plan to avoid compensating the Sandy Hook families.” Jones has become increasingly emblematic of how misinformation and false narratives have gained a foothold in American society. It has played a role in spreading some of the most pernicious conspiracy theories in recent history, such as Pizzagate, in which an Infowars video helped inspire a gunman to attack a Washington, DC pizzeria, as well as myths about the coronavirus and falsehoods of “Stop the Steal”. on voter fraud prior to the assault on the Capitol on January 6, 2021.Mr. Jones is under scrutiny by the House Jan. 6 committee and the Justice Department for his role in planning events surrounding the attack on the Capitol, which he broadcast live. Emily Steel contributed reporting from New York.