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Africities 2022 Summit: Backbone of the continent, intermediary cities absorb most of the urban population growth, according to a report co-led by the African Development Bank

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 On the occasion of the Africities 2022 Summit which will take place from May 17 to 21 in Kisumu Kenya the African Development Bank www AfDB org and Cities Alliance published on Wednesday in Nairobi Kenya an important report entitled Dynamics of Secondary Cities in Africa Urbanization Migration and Development which provides a comprehensive overview enriched with hellip
Africities 2022 Summit: Backbone of the continent, intermediary cities absorb most of the urban population growth, according to a report co-led by the African Development Bank

NNN: On the occasion of the Africities 2022 Summit, which will take place from May 17 to 21 in Kisumu (Kenya), the African Development Bank (www.AfDB.org) and Cities Alliance published on Wednesday in Nairobi (Kenya), an important report entitled “Dynamics of Secondary Cities in Africa: Urbanization, Migration and Development” which provides a comprehensive overview, enriched with case studies, on the continent’s intermediate cities.

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“Intermediate cities are the backbone of the continent. They absorb most of Africa’s urban population growth. Yet they face a significant investment gap and have very little financial resources of their own,” said Nnenna Nwabufo, Bank Director General. African Development for East Africa.

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Intermediate cities are home to around 15% of Africa’s population. But its growth is accelerating. By 2040, two-thirds of people moving to urban areas will move to intermediate cities. Consequently, investment needs are growing. The challenge now is to guarantee basic social services and turn these cities into poles of economic growth to rebalance the territories.

“The rural exodus towards hypertrophied national capitals is generating enormous challenges. It is crucial to redirect part of these flows to intermediate cities, to reduce the pressure on the capitals”, says Babati Mokgheti, head of Urban Development at the African Development Bank. “By investing in medium-sized cities, we create a territorial network that strengthens the integration between the metropolises and the countryside,” he added.

Over the past decade, the African Development Bank’s annual investments in urban areas have more than tripled. Intermediate cities have been recipients of these investments. In Senegal, for example, the “Promovilles” program, launched in 2017, supports thirteen medium-sized cities by strengthening transport networks and consolidating the technical capacities of municipalities.

Approved by the African Development Bank in 2019, the guidelines to support subnational financial actors should help change the legal and regulatory frameworks of member states by promoting good decentralization practices. For local actors, these guidelines have provided access to a new range of financing tools and direct support from the Bank. In Morocco, for example, the Municipal Equipment Fund was able to directly benefit from a credit line from the Bank, these funds were transferred to the municipalities.

Finally, the new Urban and Municipal Development Fund should bring the African Development Bank and municipal actors closer together. The objective is to support them in the development of coherent urban strategies. The “City Program” launched by the Urban and Municipal Development Fund supports municipalities in the long term, allowing them to carry out a complete diagnosis of their situation, identify strategic investments and, above all, assist them in financing their projects.

The city of Kisumu, which hosts the Africities conference, is currently joining the “Cities Program”, which includes intermediate cities such as Bizerte in Tunisia and Dodoma in Tanzania. “Beyond the support provided to structure urban projects, the “City Program” will gradually build a network for the exchange of best practices between municipalities that share the same vision”, says Marcus Mayr, Coordinator of the Urban and Municipal Development Fund of African Development . Bank.

The African Development Bank also co-led another report with the Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC) of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) on the influence of large African countries. cities Released on April 26, the report is titled: “Dynamics of Urbanization in Africa: The Economic Influence of African Cities.”

To access the publication: “Dynamics of Secondary Cities in Africa: Urbanization, Migration and Development” (https://bit.ly/3lnBjOf)

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